Fed up with the Fed?

"Thanks to the terrible power of our International Banks, we have forced the Christians into wars without number. Wars have a special value for Jews, since Christians massacre each other and make more room for us Jews. Wars are the Jews' Harvest: The Jew banks grow fat on Christian wars. Over 100-million Christians have been swept off the face of the earth by wars, and the end is not yet." (Rabbi Reichorn, speaking at the funeral of Grand Rabbi Simeon Ben-Iudah, 1869, Henry Ford also noted that: 'It was a Jew who said, 'Wars are the Jews' harvest'; but no harvest is so rich as civil wars.' The International Jew: The World's Foremost Problem, Vol. III, p. 180).

 

Maybe this will Illuminate you.

1. Person number one, useless and a shifty thief. Has nothing and is equal to all men. Does not work, does not til the soil.

2. Person number two, labors hard. Owns real property. Has agriculture to depend upon for barter.

3. Person number one goes to sheriff and makes alliance to steal person number two's property.

4. Sheriff is above the law.

5. Person number one schemes to make paper and convince's sheriff that it is legal real money which represents a Universal collateral of great wealth and desire. Sheriff makes alliance with person number one for his cut of the spoil.

6. Person number one and sheriff approaches person number two and offers this paper which does not have any collateral to purchase person number two's property.

7. Person number two refuses. Paper will not feed his family, his real wealth of property and food will.

8. Sheriff taxes people for his share.

9. Person one who has cut share to sheriff steals property from person number two by power of sheriff.

10. Then person number two who has no property of food, is forced to get that paper which has no real value to appease the theives and to purchase more property which person one has already stolen from others.

11.There is a deficit, getting worse each day of stolen property. Is any of it yours?

 

The Federal Reserve corporation is not the Government of the people for the People. Again insert here Rothschilds, who made a sitting at his dinner table for Satan. The richest man the world has seen, save Solomon who went apostate too.

The Federal reserve prints money out of thin air with no collateral and a few cents per hundred, then sales it to the United States Government at face value.

Then the same Federal Reserve which also owns the IRS, robs your real labor money with interest to collect that money they created with no collateral at face value and which cost them pennies to the hundred.

And you blindly say...." There is no conspiracy"

"I fear the Jewish banks with their craftiness and tortuous tricks will entirely control the exuberant riches of America. And use it to systematically corrupt modern civilization. The Jews will not hesitate to plunge the whole of Christendom into wars and chaos that the earth should become their inheritance." (Bismarck)

"If you do not believe there is a conspiracy, you are stupid"

Texe Marrs

 

( Hartford VanDyke and John Nolan are on trial at this time in the US District Court in Oregon. The feds and state are agressively retaliating against any who are onto their methods and exposing their FRAUD in the courtroom. It is all in the Questions. VanDyke and Nolan are asking the right questions that the government cannot answer without exposing themselves to be engaging in fraudulent contracting and deception of the Public Trust. Silence in court and no dispute confirms your facts and establishes guilt. We are all watching for the government to support a dispute to the facts and to support their lawful position of using these same standards to "create currency" - so far in court this is the barrier to the TRUTH - the government never is made to state facts, or dispute facts, or to support the burden of proof of the lawfulness of the acts of the state...... these are only prosecution courts now - tribunals about money, no people there, no inherent rights, no constitution or standard of credible evidence)

Please read the story and Oregonian article about the trial at the end

---Original Message-----
From: Lou Sutton <
lousutton@yahoo.com>
Date: Thursday, November 14, 2002 12:35 PM

HOW TO CREATE CURRENCIES

FOR LOCAL COMMUNITIES

By Hartford Van Dyke, Commercial Lawyer

Hartford Van Dyke School Of Universal Law

Established 1967


Commercial Law Department

Hartford Van Dyke Public Wealth Rebate Bank

A U.S. Constitutional First Amendment

Non-Chartered Altruistic Sole Proprietorship / Public Trust

Established 1997

P.O. Box 3100, Battle Ground, Washington 98604

Telephone: (360) 574-1767

This Publication Is Copyright (c) 2002 By Hartford Van Dyke

And Is Released Into The Public Domain By Hartford Van Dyke.

It May Be Reproduced In Any Form For A Profit By Anyone.

"Send it to a friend" via Internet or E-Mail.

-- TABLE OF CONTENTS --


HOW TO CREATE CURRENCIES

FOR LOCAL COMMUNITIES


By Hartford Van Dyke, Commercial Lawyer


This Publication Is Copyright (c) 2002 By Hartford Van Dyke

And Is Released Into The Public Domain By Hartford Van Dyke.

It May Be Reproduced In Any Form For A Profit By Anyone.

"Send it to a friend" via Internet or E-Mail.


PREFACE

Altruistic Government and Altruistic Banking

(Page 2)

At-one-ment

Nature Creates Energy -- Man Creates Money To Represent Energy

Allowance Currency and Transfer Currency

Money

The Source Or Backing Behind The Note

Allowance Notes – Responsibility Versus Theft

Energy Systems

The First Thing In An Energy System -- The Source Of Energy

The Second Thing In An Energy System -- The Energy Control Device

Passive Controls

Active Control – Gates And Amplifiers

The Automobile Engine

The Electrical System – Three Passive Controls – The Switch Amplifier

The Radio Receiver Or Cellular Telephone – Three Passive Controls –

Vacuum Tube Amplifiers and Transistor Amplifiers

The Money System – An Energy System

Comparison Of Energy Systems

The Money System

The Active Elements Of A Money System – Contracts – Transfer Notes

EVERY NOTE OF MONEY OR CURRENCY USED IN COMMERCE TO SELL,

TO BUY, OR TO CONVEY SOCIAL ENERGY MUST BE A CONTRACT.

Allowance Notes Currently In Use In America

Transfer Notes -- The Contract


An Overview Of The Minus Money Banking Scam

(Page 10)

Willie’s Money-Talks

Seed Money

The First Governments

The Food Chain

The First Banks

The Illusion of Honesty

Minus Money – Money Backed By Nothing

The Nature of Money


Understanding And Regulating The Quality Of Money

(Page 20)

Money is everybody’s responsibility.

It cannot be, it must not be, delegated to others.

If the people do not care about the valid ORIGINS OF MONEY, then they will become slaves to others, who will then be free to determine the ORIGINS OF MONEY, and who will then be free to unlawfully sell into circulation, their so-called "money", to gullible people.

Egoism is excessive thought of one’s self – (selfishness).

Egoist – One given over to egoism, or thoughts of one’s self.

Altruism is regard for, and devotion to, the interests of others –benevolence.

Altruist – One who believes in and practices altruism.

Altruistic – Regardful of others; beneficent; unselfish – (opposed to egoistic or selfish).

The Three Fundamental Industries

Old Industry and New Industry

The Most Important Service Industry

The altruistic services industry is the practical social foundation of an

honestly established paper currency that retains a stable purchasing power.

THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLE OF PRACTICAL ALTRUISM IS:

"If righteousness is not made profitable, then corruption will prevail."

HOW DID MONEY EVOLVE?

THE ORIGINAL REAL MONEY

The original Real Money of commerce is grain and other live food.

Metals Used As Symbolic Money

Printed-Paper Used As "Paper Contract Money" or Simply "Paper Money"

The Paper Contract Money/Currency Industry

Banking

(Page 26)

Good Banking – Honest Banking

Bad Banking – Corrupt Banking

Property – Exclusive and Non-Exclusive Property

Exclusive Property

Non-Exclusive Property

Non- Exclusive Property Converted to Exclusive Property

Title, Paper Money, Currency

Definitions

(Page 29)

Barter – Natural Commercial Law

The Barter Process

Money = Real Money

The Money Process

Money – Summary Of Above Example

Natural Money = The First Class Of Money = Positive Money = Plus Money

Lawful Money = A Government Defined Positive Money Or Plus Money

Currency – Current Money

Paper Money

Backing" – definition (The opposite of backed is non-backed.)

Positive Paper Money = Plus Paper Money

Maybe Money

Non-Backed Money -- Empty Money –

--Negatively Backed Money – Negative Money – Minus Money

THE BANKER STEALING THE AMOUNT OF THE NOTE INTO CIRCULATION,

The Blue Sky Banking Scam (Double B.S.)

Banker Thieves And Currency Criminals -- Banksters

The "National Debt" Is A Fraud

Bank Robbery – How Banks Rob People

Fraud – Trickery, Deception

Deception

"When you assume the appearance of power, people soon give it to you."


Corrupt Banking And Corporations

The Minus Money Banking Scam

(Page 38)

--- The Most Profitable Scam Of Dishonest And Predatory Bankers ---

--- Loaning Minus Money Backed By Stolen Property ---

Corrupt Strategy #3 – Blue Sky Marketing -- Selling "Money" Without Backing

Dishonest and Predatory Bankers

Rothschild’s method of banking has been described in a foregoing chapter titled

"An Overview Of The Minus Money Banking Scam".

The Creation Of A Bank That Robs You

The Scam

as if it were the banker’s own property to loan

Dazzle The King

Corrupt Strategy #1 -- When The Cat Is Away, The Mice Will Play.

Corrupt Strategy #2 – Keep All The Plates Spinning / Balls In The Air –

Also Known As "Kiting"

Cancellation Of Credit And Currency, The Twin Crime To Blue Sky Marketing

Summary

Bankers Cut Governments In On The Scam

1743-1812 A.D.

~~ 1791 A.D. – At The Beginning Of The united States Of America

Blue Sky Marketing – Banks + Governments + Media

Strategy #4 – Collecting Debts From Nations

The ABA And The ABA (Double Trouble)

Now you understand the origins of the most recent 300 years of world history.

Cancellation of Credit and Currency Method #1: The Federal Reserve Corporation achieves cancellation of credit and currency

The Low-Side Scenario

The High-Side Scenario

Cancellation of Credit and Currency Method #2:

No Redemption

THIS NOTE IS LEGAL TENDER

FOR ALL DEBTS, PUBLIC AND PRIVATE

The National Debt

Money, which does not disclose its backing or its surety is Negative Money, meaning that it is a receipt for stolen property, consisting of either deposits stolen from a depositor(s) or collateral stolen from the first borrower(s).

The total positive value, moved in this manner, is the

NATIONAL DEBT

which, therefore, is

THE AMOUNT OWED TO THE PUBLIC BY THE FED

and not the other way around.

The failure of government agents to perform in accordance with the Constitutions and Laws of the Land must be used as grounds to compel the governments to rebate taxes.

In that way, the intrinsic value or backing of the first community money can come from the enforcing of public accountability and from the consequent transfer of value back to the public through the rebating of government taxes.

Jews and Christians for the Preservation of America (JCPA)

(Page 55)


A Public Notice About History

(Page 56)

HISTORY ABOUT THE BANKING SCAM

2000 BC ---> present

2000 BC to the present (continuing)

1743 - 1812 AD – Mayer Amschel Rothschild

1776 (+) AD

1812 AD

1860 (+) AD

1913 AD

1913 AD

1914 AD, [1940 AD]

1935~ AD

1940 (+) AD

1960 AD

Street Currency of the Nation (Kennedy’s Executive Order)

The red-seal (covenant) United States Note

The Principles For Establishing A Lawful Local Currency

(Page 61)

Natural Persons, Unlimited Liability, Responsibility, Rights, Agreements,

Truth, Full Disclosure, Contract Law, Covenant Law, Commercial Law

Private Banker

Incorporated or Chartered Banks – State, "Silent" Partner

Protection Insurance Racketeering – Obey The State, Or Lose In State Court

Protection Insurance Racketeering – Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

The Unholy Alliance – Thieves, Fencers, And Other Accomplices

Summary -- Banker/Government Blue-Sky Minus Money Banking Scam

Breach Of Contract

The Definition And Character Of A Currency

>The natural right, which every person has, to contract with others, coupled with the fact that currency is a method of contracting, means that every natural person has the natural right to produce a currency to consummate contracts by the public collection of debts.

Allowance Currency

Allowance Currency is specifically created for the direct protection

of the purchasing power of the community’s Labor Dollar.

Citation Currencies, Executive Citation Currencies, etc.

Backing

The Scale Of "Statistically Average Prices Of Items" or Purchasing Power

(See the Standard Definitions Of U.S. Dollars, by Industries of Cap., Gds., & Servs.)

The Coinage Act of 1792

>President Abraham Lincoln and President John F. Kennedy

Red-Seal United States Notes vs. Green-Seal Federal Reserve Notes

The Gold Standard

The United States Government has never audited the Federal Reserve Corporation!

New Concept of Banking – Allowance Note Dollars

Honest Money

The Dollar’s – Purchasing Power Scale

NEGATIVE EXCHANGE RATE

If you take the profit out of loaning Minus Money

to governments for war, then there will be no war.

Appendix -- Exchanges Between A County And A Citizen

(Page 76)

THE COUNTY’S STATEMENT IN ITS LETTER >>>>>>

THE CITIZEN’S RESPONSE TO THE COUNTY LETTER >>>>>>

The Form And Substance Of Negotiable Instruments

NOTICE OF INTEREST

Lawful Money Of The United States

"THIS NOTE IS LEGAL TENDER FOR ALL DEBTS PUBLIC AND PRIVATE."

Regarding The Subject Note

Lawful Money Of The United States

The Coinage Act of 1792 defines "lawful money" as gold and silver

Allowance Notes

The term "natural person" excludes corporations and all other fictional limited liability entities, which do not think, and hence cannot be held accountable for the intent to commit criminal acts.

Fundamentally, each natural person has the power, under the unlimited liability of a natural person and the right to contract, and under his own seal and his easily readable executed signature, acting as an non-titled natural person, or as a sole proprietor, or as a non-incorporated and non-chartered private banker, to issue a uniquely distinct street currency as long as the currency has a truly, completely, genuinely and honestly disclosed economic basis or backing for its existence.

THE FUNDAMENTAL RULE OF A CORRUPT GOVERN MENT

Understanding and regulating the quality of currency money is everybody’s problem.

It cannot be, it must not be, delegated to others.

PREFACE

Altruistic Government and Altruistic Banking

A correct understanding of money and economics requires a big step back into the history of money to see how we got into the government and banking mess that we have today.

I can save the reader some time, if I bring forth some basics.

A philosophy is a view of life. Religion and science are two terms that could be loosely defined as two views of life. What today we call science, was, one hundred years ago, called natural philosophy. An open-minded person can learn from every source.

Closed-minded people reap the reward of closed-mindedness and mental laziness.

If you want to know what a Hebrew or Jewish person thinks on the subject of creation, then get a copy of the Holy Bible and read the Old Testament.

If you want to know what a Christian thinks, read the New Testament of the same Bible.

If you want to understand infinity, space and time, then study mathematics.

If you want to understand creation, then study how infinity, space and time are related.

If you want to understand the universe, then study the part of creation that survived.

If you want to understand the earth, moon, sun, and galaxies, then study astronomy.

If you want to understand the rocks, the oceans and the atmosphere, study science.

If you want to understand light and lightning, then study electricity and electronics.

If you want to know how the universe or nature communicates, then study about radio.

If you want to understand intelligence, then study electricity, chemistry, and logic.

If you want to understand life, then study computers, biology, and psychology.

If you want to understand medicine, then study life, death, nutrition and resuscitology.

If you want to understand nature, then study telepathy, parapsychology, and theocracy.

If you want to understand God or Nature, then study all of the foregoing.

If you want to understand living, then ask someone who is homeless.

If you want to be loved, then love others.

If you want to be cared about, then care about others.

If you want to believe in someone, then believe in yourself.

If you want to be understood, then be understanding of others.

If you want to be a successful person, then choose the kind of success you can live with.

If you want to live, then find someone who needs a friend, and spend a day in a library.

Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and you shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you. For every one that asks receives; and he that seeks finds; and to him that knocks it shall be opened. –Matthew 7:7...

At-one-ment

>The concept of at-one-ment is that God and God’s creation, Nature, are One Thing.

>Nature is the absolute and ultimate source of everything. No informed person denies it.

>All wealth and supply -- material, mental, and spiritual -- comes from the One Source that is infinite, all powerful, and all knowing, and man, as the expression of that Source, and acting as its servant, is worthy to be set free from the jeopardy of the food chain.

>One’s universal purpose is the management and protection of one’s portion of Nature.

>It is a self-evident truth that Nature has met and always will meet every human need.

>Mankind must fulfill its part and appreciate the gift, to be worthy and ready to receive it.

>An understanding of this leads naturally to enlightenment, invention, a natural supply of energy and wealth, distributed wealth in society, mutual respect, honor, and the peaceful solution of even the most difficult social and technological problems.

This attitude is also the basis of altruism, altruistic government, and altruistic banking.

The self-limiting condition of our society today is that man thinks that he is the most important source of everything, and that man must monopolize every aspect of nature for himself in order to survive. This view of life, leads to a sense of future limitation, greed, theft, and war.

This attitude is also the basis of egoism, egoistic government, and egoistic banking.

Our current government and banking systems are based upon egoism, and tend to reinforce the egoistic view of life.

The primary causes, of the system’s failure to perform for the public, have been greed and ignorance.

The greed causes an exercise of fraud consisting of very artful deceptions.

The ignorance has kept the public from being able to defend itself from the fraud.

The world is in disorder because the operators of its government systems and banking systems have learned certain methods of deception, which make government and banking profitable for themselves, but devastating for the public.

Government systems and banking systems have been deliberately operated on the basis of "Where there is confusion, there is profit, and the more confusion, the more profit."

It has been an egoistic system for thousands of years, with "each banker for himself", and against the public.

Clearly, the Altruistic and Egoistic viewpoints are very different.

Nature is the central object of Altruism.

Man is the central object of Egoism.

Altruism emphasizes the importance of Natural Supply.

Egoism emphasizes the importance of Personal Material Status.

Altruism emphasizes supply and charity.

Egoism emphasizes demand and greed.

Nature is the teacher.

Man is the imitator.

Nature presents to us the way, in which things work in Nature, and, being part of Nature,

we must extract the lessons of Truth from the experience, which Nature provides for us.

The Old Testament and the New Testament of the Bible show the evolution of man’s thinking from egoism to altruism.

The old egoistic view of government and banking arose from a hard-life food-chain survival experience in a harsh desert land, and so understandably it tended to be extremely self-serving, territorial, and monopolistic.

As time went by, the Hebrew prophets gained and expressed a greater understanding and respect for Nature. The twenty-third Psalm gives a view of this.


The altruistic view of government and banking evolved from the recognition of Nature’s gift to mankind, and evolved toward a new sense of distributed wealth.

(See Matthew 5: 43-48.)

Matthew 5: 45 : He makes His sun to rise on the evil and on the good,

and sends rain on the just and on the unjust.

This is a statement regarding the equal protection of the laws of Nature as it must be applied in civilized society, or self-destruction will be the result.

Nature Creates Energy -- Man Creates Money To Represent Energy

Nature creates and provides all of the energy that man uses whether it arrives as food, gasoline, or electric energy.

Man does not create energy.

Just as the energy of the world comes from Nature, so also all of the money of the world ultimately comes from Nature.

If Nature did not exist, man would not exist, man’s need for the money would not exist, and the money would not exist.

Allowance Currency and Transfer Currency

There are two fundamental classes of currency in a real-world economics system.

The two classes of currency are Population Notes and Transfer Notes.

The Population Notes can also be called Allowance Notes.

Money

Money represents the energy of Nature.

The creation and equal distribution of New Money, called Population Notes or Allowance Notes, is the fundamental basis of Altruistic Government and Altruistic Banking.

All other Notes are Transfer Notes that operate on the contract principles of reward for service, and rebate for disservice, and especially rebate of taxes by government because of its failure to provide the contracted service, and because of its delivery of disservice.

Man creates money, in the form of Transfer Notes or Transfer Currency, to be used as a moving record, to be able to sell and buy the matter and energy created by Nature, to be able to trade one form of matter or energy for another.

The Source Or Backing Behind The Note

The backing behind the Note of money is matter or energy, whether it is in the closed-loop form of stored energy, which we call matter (E = mcc), or in the open action-available forms, which includes what we call potential energy, or the energy of position like a rock standing on a hill, or what we call kinetic energy, or the energy of motion, like

a rock falling from a hill, or water falling from a lake through the turbine of a dam operating a generator to push electricity through wires.

The Note of money is not the matter or energy itself, but the evidence of the right to possess it, to sell it, or to buy it.

Allowance Notes – Responsibility Versus Theft

In an intelligently operated economy, each person is responsible for his own share of the creation of the money put into circulation.

But, if the public is kept ignorant about this responsibility, then greedy, dishonest, and predatory people can steal that natural right to create more than their equal share of the money.

And, since the money has the power to purchase the matter and the energy of life, those who steal the power to create the money also steal the property, which the money can purchase.

If we want a government system and a banking system, which will work continuously without depressions, then we must understand and imitate the workings of Nature, on both the supply side (altruism) and on the demand side (egoism).

Energy Systems

An energy system must have two things to make it useful, a source of energy and a control device.

We will view each of these two things with respect to each of several energy systems.

The First Thing In An Energy System -- The Source Of Energy

The first thing that every system must have is a source or supply of energy to make it work or it does absolutely nothing.

The body needs food.

The automobile engine needs gasoline.

The electrical system of a house needs electric energy from a generator, usually at a dam or steam plant.

The radio or cellular telephone needs a battery.

The system of commerce needs money.

The Second Thing In An Energy System -- The Energy Control Device

The second thing that all of the energy systems have in common is control devices, which control the flow of the matter and energy.

These control devices are called passive or active depending upon whether they are a steady-state control device or an active control device.

Passive controls regulate the steady state flow of matter or energy.

Active controls change the amount of the flow of matter and energy.

Passive Controls

A simple example of this is the flow of water through a garden hose.

If the water flows through a ten-foot long hose, then it meets a certain amount of opposition because of the friction between the hose and the water.

With a certain amount of water pressure, water will flow through that hose at the rate of so many gallons in each minute.

But, if we put one mile of the same kind of hose between the faucet and the output end or nozzle, then the water will meet more friction and resistance, and less water will flow out of the hose in each minute.

The length of the hose controls the flow of water by its natural property of friction, which is not a control by a gate or a valve.

The hose is said to be a passive controller of the water flow.

Active Control – Gates And Amplifiers

If a person stands on the hose or bends a kink into it, causing a part of the hose to be pinched flat, then this action causes the water to be stopped under the influence of the external interference or control.

This control is called a gate or amplifier.

The Automobile Engine

The amount of gasoline that an automobile engine gets in each second, determines how fast it rotates and how much work it can do in each second.

The idler screw on the carburetor controls the steady minimum flow of gasoline and the

minimum speed of the engine.

The accelerator pedal or gas-feed pedal controls the amount of gasoline that is added to the idling amount.

The gasoline control system and the engine are an amplifier. This is obvious because it takes very little work to push down on the gas pedal compared to the amount of work that is released from the explosion of the gasoline to propel the automobile and lift it over hills.

The Electrical System – Three Passive Controls – The Switch Amplifier

In an electrical system, various devices called conductors (or resistors), capacitors, and inductors control the steady state flow of the electric currents.

These are called passive electrical devices.

But, switches are used to turn the electrical flow "on" or "off".

Switches are active controls or amplifiers.

The operation of a simple switch with the pressure of one finger of the hand can easily switch "on" or "off" the electricity flowing to a one-horsepower motor, which can lift a five-hundred pound weight through one foot of elevation in each second.

The Radio Receiver Or Cellular Telephone – Three Passive Controls –

Vacuum Tube Amplifiers and Transistor Amplifiers

A radio receiver or cellular telephone (cell phone) operates on an electric current pushed through its wires by a battery or other source of electrical energy.

When the switch is turned to the "on" position, a steady state flow of electricity is established by the passive devices, which the electronic device contains called conductors (or resistors), capacitors, and inductors.

Then control devices, amplifiers called vacuum tubes or transistors regulate the electric current and power delivered to an earphone or loudspeaker under the control of a very weak electrical wave coming through the air like a light wave and received by a wire sticking out of the radio or cell phone.

The Money System – An Energy System

The money system is an energy system, and it works like any other energy system,

whether you compare it to an automobile engine, the electrical wiring in a house, or a radio receiver or cellular telephone.

Comparison Of Energy Systems

All of these energy systems are exchangeable.

Food, gasoline, electrical power, and money are all different ways of presenting or expressing energy.

Money is the most difficult to understand because food, gasoline, and battery chemistry are all real, and money is symbolic of all of them.

Money is the device used to trade the supplies of food, gasoline, and electric energy.

The Money System

In a properly established money system, Nature provides the flow of energy, which must be represented by a steady-state flow of money (Allowance Notes).

This steady state flow of money exists in proportion to the population of the people in the system and the ability of those people to use the energy.

Each person will be represented by the amount of money, which they need in order to survive (idling) and to grow (accelerating).

The same three passive devices exist in a money system, which exist in a radio or any other energy system, and these devices control the steady-state flow of money in the system.

Each of these three passive controls is represented by an industry.

The conductance (the opposite of resistance) of electronics corresponds to the goods industry in economics, and determines the daily flow of matter and energy through a production line to produce the daily output of consumable items for the consumer public.

The capacitance in electronics corresponds to the elasticity of the capital industry in economics and determines the stock, which must be kept on hand in a stock room for the future to maintain a production line (for example, in a squirrel’s world, how many nuts a squirrel must store in order to get through the winter).

The inductance in electronics corresponds to the mass or inertia (work habit) of the labor industry in economics and determines how many hours of labor must be supported each day in order to maintain an already established production line necessary to produce consumer products.

Every living thing is composed of an unimaginably large number of microscopic industries, each of which is governed in its steady-state condition by the same three factors of a large system, that are necessary for sustaining the economic processes of life.

The body has a very wonderful system of banking, industry, and government, much more complex than the system of banking, industry, and government of the whole human population of Earth.

The Active Elements Of A Money System – Contracts – Transfer Notes

The active elements of a money system are the devices, which turn "on" and "off" the flow of money.

These energy transfer controls are called contracts.

EVERY NOTE OF MONEY OR CURRENCY USED IN COMMERCE TO SELL,

TO BUY, OR TO CONVEY SOCIAL ENERGY MUST BE A CONTRACT.

Allowance Notes Currently In Use In America

The natural flesh-and-blood laboring individuals of this country are the real sovereigns of this nation because they are the productive elements of the society.

They have the natural right and power to protect their labor and the fruits of their labor, and to do this by being the ones to issue the money and the currency of the nation.

For more than two hundred (200) years, the overall behaviors of nearly every office and department of the U.S. Government, and especially of the U.S. Congress, have proven, beyond a shadow of a doubt, that they regard their common citizen constituents, the public, with contempt as ignorant and gullible slaves, and that the power to issue the money or the currency of the nation cannot be entrusted to them, must be taken away from them, and must never again be delegated to them.

The Allowance Notes necessary to establish the steady-state condition of the economy are being issued and sold to the government to be spent into circulation in the public domain at the whim of a private corporation, the Federal Reserve Corporation, with the blessing of the U.S. Congress, instead of their value being distributed freely and equally among the total population of the nation under the control of the common people, who are the laboring sovereign producers who finance the Government.

Allowance Note currency is a U.S. Constitutional First Amendment statement of the contract between Nature and Man, acknowledged and issued by the common citizens.

Transfer Notes -- The Contract

The contract of a Note must define seven specific things in order to describe a real money transfer or transaction and be consistent with the laws of Nature.

The Note of money must state:

>(1) the three parties who are sending, controlling, and receiving the matter or energy of the transaction.

>(2) the events (facts), which involve each party to the transaction. This includes the events, which determine the supply, the control, and the delivery of the matter or energy.

>(3) the ledger or amount of the matter or energy, which are to be transferred.

>(4) the surety or party, which guarantees the supply of the matter or energy.

>(5) the exhibits, which prove the facts and laws, which guarantee the Note value.

>(6) the certification of the Maker of the Note, given on his or her own liability that the Note is true, correct, complete, and not misleading (truth, whole truth, nothing but truth).

>(7) the evidence that the signature of the Maker is real, or that something is on file in a publicly accessible location that can be used to verify the foundation of the Note and confirm the Maker and Value thereof. The ability to communicate directly with the Maker of the instrument is one of the best source guarantees of the validity of the Note.

The Transfer Note currency in use on our public streets today is far below the lawful standard for money based on contractual information.

An Overview Of The Minus Money Banking Scam

Willie’s Money-Talks

Hello folks, my name is Willie, and I’m going to talk to you today about money.

It’s going be a short talk cause I don’t have much of it. The little I’ve got to say needs to be said. And, it’s easier to understand than the fancy theories of economics and money.

You know being a poor person, you just gotta love the small things of life, cause that’s all you got. When you lose a friend, you lose a lot, so you don’t want to hurt anyone. And when you look around and you see how the people who care never seem to have what the tough man has, you just naturally feel like life just isn’t fair. And you sometimes think that God is out to lunch. But if you pay close attention and listen to that small voice inside that tells you when things aren’t right, and give it a chance to speak its piece, you be surprised what an education it can give you. The school that a man makes and sends his kids to is never as good as the school that the Creator built and sends us all to. It doesn’t cost money and the lessons don’t stop until we close our minds, or die here. We’re given everything we need to eat and wear from the sunshine, the rain, and the earth, and the only thing that gets us into to more trouble than we can handle is the crazy idea that we got to have more than our fair share of something that’s supposed to be shared. But some people don’t take stock of what they have, and don’t see the tears in another man’s eyes. And after a while of man taking more than his share, the world gets ugly and life becomes a veil of tears.

I’m a simple man. I have lived most of my life on faith. I am over three score years old. I’ve never had much money because I always thought that money wasn’t as valuable as knowing where to set my foot down on the ground in the next step, not wanting to break a blade of grass. I never liked the idea of cutting a lawn of grass because I felt that if the Creator gave it the power to grow, then I should understand that there was a reason why it grew the best and got the greenest that way. And you know that man has got the green of money confused with the green of grass. If you don’t break the laws of nature, if you don’t cut the grass too short, then it can take care of itself. The same is true about money. If you don’t print too much of it, then the money that people earn by the sweat of their brow doesn’t get diluted, and money depressions don’t happen. If the people who printed the money for the street trade, understood that it represents the sunshine that the Creator freely gives to each and every person, and the printer freely gave to each and every person their same small amount of the money to spend in the marketplace, instead of loaning it for a price as if all of it was the property of the printer, then the struggle for the control of it would never become an object of greed, or a reason for taking a man’s land or a piece of his life from him. Some of Nature belongs to man, and a man’s money is his title to some of Nature, but some of Nature belongs to Nature. You got to know where to draw the lines or you are going to be eating your own foolishness. So let’s look at the thing that man worships, that’s green like grass, but won’t support life without a little help from the sunshine and the poor laborer. That thing is money.

Seed Money

In the old times, as the Bible says, people made their way by hunting and fishing. They went to and fro like other animals. But then someone saw that where he dropped part of his food, it grew up again. He learned that everything came from a speck of something else. He called it "seed". Well he didn’t know why or how, but he knew it worked and that it produced more food than it took to get it started. This was man’s first experience of getting more than he gave, but he had to work for it. It took earth, water, air and sunshine, planting, harvesting, and pulling the weeds. And it got to be so much of a job to keep up with it, that he had to get help to grow it, to collect it, and to pull the weeds. So he had to learn to get along with others. He had to make rules to keep the food coming from the earth, and after he got the food, then he had to have rules for distributing it to the laborers and to keep it away from thieves.

The food was valuable and could be traded for other things. It was manna or money. And when it was in the form of the seeds themselves, it was easy to divide and to trade with. Instead of counting the grains themselves, it was easier to make weights and to weigh the grain instead of counting each seed of grain. A person could always check the weight by counting the dry grains, which made the weight. But there were those who used false weights and measures so that they could get more than their fair share of things in the market.

The First Governments

A special group of people was appointed to check the weights and measures, and to protect the market from thieves and from barbarians and from vandals and from enemies from other lands, and to settle fights between the people. This method of governing the activity of the people became known as the government.

As time went on, the people who labored as workers in the government discovered that they could do things with the power of government that were what they wanted to do, and that the common people were so busy just trying to survive that the common people could not keep up with the governors.

The grain was the food, and the government people learned how to use the opportunities and power of government to steal the food and make the public labor five times for the food, once to plant it, once to grow it, once to harvest it, once to pull the weeds, and once to get it back from the government in services promised by government agents. This way those in power could lay back and enjoy the pleasures of life and send all of the misery to the poor common laborer.

The world got to here from there. But the common man was kept ignorant of all of this so that he could never get his natural freedom back again. The truth isn’t taught in school because an educated person is dangerous to governments. And that applies to the governments of religions as much as the governments of people.

The Food Chain

A person has got a body and a mind. Some other animals are smart, but man has the advantage over the animal as long as his body doesn’t run away with his mind, and the two don’t run away with his soul.

It all gets down to food, money, and greed. It doesn’t take much looking around to see that something is out of balance and about to tip over. So lets look at the pieces and solve the puzzle.

You see, in the beginning food is money, and greed is the wanting of all of it. To get the food, someone has to labor for it. The thief tries to get the food without doing the labor, and when he gets caught he gets to do the time if the court is honest, and that gets to be a bigger problem every day because the court gets a piece of the action from the thief.


At some point other things like gold and silver and copper metals are used for money in the place of grain because they don’t rot and they don’t wear out and they can be made in any weight and size and shape, and can be divided by cutting without losing value.

But then robbers steal the gold and silver and copper instead of the food.

The First Banks

So somebody sets up a business to protect peoples’ money.

He suggests and assumes the appearance of power, so the people soon give it to him.

He dresses smartly, and he puts their money in a safe and strong walled building that he calls a bank, that is powerful looking and permanent looking, and calls himself a banker.

People pay the banker to keep their gold and other money safe from thieves for them.

He is really a private banker because he is personally responsible for the money he takes care of, and, of course, those people have got to believe that the banker isn’t a thief.

The banker gives the money owner a writing called a warehouse receipt or bank receipt, which tells the money owner how much of his money the banker has got in his bank.

The receipt has got to look "real good" because the owner has got to look at it every so often to convince himself that its real, and that he hasn’t been hoodwinked. If the banker’s name is Mayer Rothschild, then the bank receipt is called a Mayer Rothschild Bank Receipt.

So far, everything is about as simple as protecting gold is ever going to be.

The banker’s receipt contains a promise from him to pay the money back to its owner.

Eventually some money owner gives or assigns a bank receipt to someone else, who then becomes the holder or bearer of the bank receipt, and then gets the power to present the bank receipt to the banker to get the money. Now the banker must give up or redeem the money or property of the original money owner to the holder of the bank receipt instead of giving it to the original money owner. The banker can arrange these events to happen.

Now that the bank receipt, that represents the gold or other property in the bank, can travel around from any person to any other person, and can be used to get the gold or other substance or valuable thing from the bank on demand, it becomes very much like money and people use it as if it has its own value. The bank receipt begins to look alive.

Of course this is an illusion, because the bank receipt is only a written or printed piece of paper. The bank receipt can be used to get something of value, so it seems to have value. This suggested or mystical value of the bank receipt paper comes from the hypnotic acceptance of the paper as a valuable thing because of the public’s faith in its human creator, the banker.

The bank receipt is a religious device, because both the original owner of the value or property and the current holder of it must have a personal faith in its human creator.

Banking is a religious experience and a bank is like a synagogue or a church.

This is a very important concept, because, as you will see, it is the suggestive or hypnotic effect of the bank receipt that later allows a dishonest banker to do miracles with it.

The banker keeps accurate and detailed records of how much money he has in the bank and how much money comes and goes each day.

The banker discovers that people find his bank’s receipts so much easier and safer to carry and to move from hand to hand than the gold itself, that only about one dollar out of every ten dollars of the gold ever leaves the bank to pay back, or redeem a bank receipt.

The banker notices that the people that have the bank receipts are being careless and lazy.

They should be checking up on their bank receipt money, and they aren’t.

There should be a public record of paper bank receipts that are being used as money, even if it is for no other reason than to prevent the counterfeiting of more bank receipts.

But, in the beginning there is no simple means of sufficient communication to do this.

The only way for the people to know whether or not the banker’s receipts are good is for all of the holders of the receipts to bring in their receipts at the same time to find out if the banker has enough gold to redeem all of them at the same time.

Without this test, it is difficult to know what the banker is doing, and the banker knows it.

The banker has noticed that the holders of the bank receipts are leaving nine out of every ten dollars of the money standing idle in storage in the bank, with nobody but the banker watching it. When the cat’s away the mice will play, which here means that when the owner is away, the banker will play with the owner’s money and property.

If that banker is predatory, and that’s what this story is about, he sits there staring at all that glittering gold, knowing that the common people can’t know what he knows, about what he is doing, about what he is tempted to do, and about what he is about to do.

Even he can’t believe that he is thinking it. He is asking himself if he is missing some kind of good deal, or if he just lost his marbles. He knows that the true character of a man is what he would do if he knew he would never be found out, but he doesn’t care about character, and he doesn’t think he can be found out if he is clever. His attitude is that a person who doesn’t use his brains, even to make risky or socially wrong decisions, is no better off than a man who has no brains and is therefore a beast of burden and steaks on the table by choice and consent. His attitude of contempt is as shallow as the attitude of contempt of some of this nation’s forefathers in taking the religious position that a black man’s got no soul because he’s black, so as they can claim that dominion over the black man is dominion over a beast of the Earth, and then use that as an excuse to take away his freedom and to make a slave of him and to sell his wife and to sell his children for a profit. That’s a heart breaker.

The Illusion of Honesty

Let us say that ten people each give the banker one dollar of gold to take care of and to guard. He gives each of them a one-dollar bank receipt for their one dollar of gold. He then has only ten real dollars of gold in his bank, and only ten dollars worth of real bank receipts out into the world. He is still an honest banker.

Now we are going to watch the banker move in slow motion like looking at a piece of movie film frame by frame to see how the banker moves like a lion and works like a magician to do his slight of hand magic tricks and become a very wealthy predator.

His experience tells him that only one dollar out of the ten dollars of gold in his bank will be active and will move out of the bank, but nine dollars of this gold will stand idle in storage in the bank, while nine of his bank receipts circulate on the street as if they were ordinary cash money not needing the nine dollars worth of gold in the bank for their existence. Because of the physical distance between those gold dollars and the bank receipts, it appears that those bank receipts have a real existence of their own. Nobody sees a physical umbilical chord connected between the gold in the bank and the receipts on the street that gives the bank receipts their real life force and feeds them with energy. The connection between the gold in the bank and the bank receipts is a private agreement between the banker and the owners of the gold. The public does not actually see this limitation, and prefers its own sicky sweet fantasy of the banker being infinitely wealthy and able to do with the gold as he wishes, because then it is one step closer to being theirs. It is like the destitute people of the thirties going to the movies to see how the wealthy people live and wish they were one of them. It is also important to see that every bank receipt that gets redeemed builds the reputation of the banker as being an honest man, and is an advertisement for his services and a statement that he has gold, more and more gold. The public hunger for that gold begins to hypnotize the public and magnify the banker’s real size to something bigger than reality. He is human, but every day he grows to look more and more like a god to the public. Before very long, he looks so god-like that nobody who wants to get close to some of that gold is going to criticize the banker’s judgment for fear that they will not be able to have some of that gold some day if they anger the god. Public covetousness is making the banker into a god.

>One dollar of gold moving out of the bank to redeem a bank receipt has been enough activity to create the public impression of an honestly operated bank, and ten dollars worth of gold in the bank has given the banker the power to issue into the world ten dollars worth of publicly accepted paper bank receipts, all of which are real and redeemable. For the moment, he is not sending out any bank paper for any of the gold standing idle on the bank’s floor.

You see, the gold isn’t really standing idle on the floor, because it is the power behind the bank receipts on the street, which will circulate outside the bank as cash with no one trying to redeem them until people need the gold itself. The god-like appearance of the banker’s honesty coupled with his god-like power to display a mountain of gold to anyone who comes into his bank to see it at any time, coupled with the needs and the covetousness of someone who would borrow some of it just to be able to say that he held some of the god’s gold in his own two hands, will allow the banker to hypnotically stretch the reality into an illusion that makes his subject’s heart pound like a hammer.

The banker appears to be a lord, with the magical power to raise up life out of dust, and to give something for nothing by redeeming paper bank receipts with gold, and so he is also believed to have the power to give to others the wealth that appears to be his own, and the power and the responsibility to take away that which he declares to be not properly used. For doesn’t the Bible say that what the Lord giveth, the Lord taketh away?

The stage is set. He has a plan.

>(1) He will loan the gold which has been deposited into his care and appears to be unused and standing idle on the floor of his bank.

>(2) He will charge interest for the loan.

>(3) He will require the borrower to pledge collateral property to him to secure the loan.

>(4) He will demand that he have some power to manage the use of the money, which he has loaned.

>(5) The people have already accepted other paper of his bank as money. So, he will loan the gold out in the fantasy form of paper loan receipts, which he will call "Bank Notes".

The use of his "Bank Notes" as money will make it unnecessary for the gold to leave his bank, as long as he can get the money back as Interest and Foreclosure Booty as fast as it goes out the door of his bank as "Bank Notes". This will require that he call in his loans before the due date of the loans by undermining the position of the borrower, by the use of informal meetings with, and clever interrogations of, the borrower to discover the borrower’s weaknesses, and by the use of a pattern consisting of suggestions, leading to arguments, leading to entrapments, leading to conspiracies, all of which will be easy for him to manipulate because he has the reputation of being a god in the world of finance, and someone to be heeded, not to be argued with..

Minus Money – Money Backed By Nothing

When he uses his "Bank Notes" to loan gold, which only appears to be his own gold,

he is jeopardizing the property rights of the real owners of the gold, even if the gold stays in his bank while his "Bank Notes" circulate as money on the street, because the borrower could come into his bank at any time and ask for some of the Notes to be paid in gold.

In other words, the banker is technically committing the crime of embezzlement.

This means that his "Bank Notes" are backed by nothing.

This means that his "Bank Notes" are Minus Money Bank Notes.

The banker is now in the position of being able to "loan the gold standing idle" on the floor of his bank, gold that belongs to someone else, gold that belongs to the depositors,

gold that is already represented by bank deposit receipts circulating on the street.

The banker suggests and represents to a possible borrower that he has gold that he can loan, to test the ignorance, suggestibility, and hypnotic susceptibility of the borrower.

If the borrower shows a strong interest in borrowing the gold, then the banker knows that the borrower will be as pliable as clay in his hands.

The banker loans the depositor’s gold to the borrower by making the borrower write to him a Promissory Note in which the borrower pledges that the borrower will repay to the banker a certain amount of money on a certain day, or, if he fails to do this, the borrower will give up his other personal property down to his innermost garments, and turn it over to the banker. The other personal property, which the borrower promises to surrender to the banker under the conditions of the promise, is called a collateral property or a surety, and it is like money or a ring or jewels or even the title to a piece of real estate that a man puts down on a gambling table in order to be able to sit at the table and play the game. If the man loses the game, then the money moves across the table to the winner of the game. The pledge of the collateral property or surety is there in the promise to make it look like the banker is trying to force the borrower to perform on his promise to pay, and to make it look like the banker is making an honest deal with the borrower. But the banker really wants to foreclose on the promise, because he made sure that he didn’t make the loan unless the collateral property was worth more than the loan repayment.

The banker knows that he has to foreclose on plenty of property in order to have enough money to cover his crime of creating minus money, when the scam starts falling apart.

Before this event, the banker had to honor his own bank deposit receipts and surrender the gold in his bank to redeem his own bank deposit receipts that he had to sign as a protector and trustee of some owner’s gold. But now the shoe is on the other foot, and it feels fine, and it doesn’t pinch unless, of course, the banker finds that he can’t be ruthless enough to people to get enough real interest money and foreclosure money flowing to him to keep his minus-money scam from being discovered.

As soon as the borrower gives the banker a Promissory Note, the banker pulls a bait and switch scam on him. No good magic act will work without some kind of slight of hand gimmick, and no slight of hand act will ever leave out a bait and switch scam because that is what slight of hand is. It is bait and switch. That banker is going to keep as much of the gold at his bank as he can even if he has to hire thieves and newspaper reporters to stand outside of the front door of his bank to make people afraid to take the gold out the front door of his bank. Gold is lumpy. Bank Notes are flat. And checks are flatter. That’s because gold is easy to move, bank notes are traceable, and checks are billboards that say, "Come and get me. That isn’t my name on that check." He baited the borrower into signing his Promissory Note, so now he keeps the gold in his bank by offering the borrower the banker’s own fancy printed Mayer Rothschild Bank Notes. Whoopty ding!

Now who, in his right mind, is going to tell that benevolent and highly respected human god, that has just loaned him a small fortune, that he isn’t going to take the fancy printed Bank Notes that everyone in the community is going to honor as redeemable for gold at Mr. Rothschild’s bank.

The banker knows the animal side of human nature. The banker has learned by experience that if he has the gold, then he has got the look of power, even if it isn’t his gold, and even if the world knows it isn’t his gold, because there is always going to be somebody wanting to use something that doesn’t belong to them. He can feel the power, by the way people are affected by him having the gold, even if it isn’t his. Even his most knowledgeable customers know they don’t want any responsibility for stealing money from its owners, but he figures they don’t mind letting him pretend that it is his to loan, as long as they can make it look like a deal to borrow it for a price and use it. The banker’s belief that the borrower is often of a like mind as his own, makes it easy for him, in the privacy of his own heart of stone, to turn all the blame on them later for letting him steal something for them, and makes it easy for him to take it all back again before it’s time for it to go back, on the grounds that they didn’t deserve it, they didn’t use it right, and he’s the guardian of the community’s money, so he has just naturally got to get it back before they spend it on something crazy and screw up the community’s financial condition. He plays the savior role and makes the borrowers think they have got to give the money back before the time it is due to be paid back, in order to help the banker, the community, and also the borrower if the borrower ever expects to borrow money from him again. How is that for flim flam. Knock it if you want to, but look around you real good. It sure does work. The borrowers don’t care how the banker got the money, whether it was by a good way or a bad way, as long as the banker could loan them money, and it worked for them.

And he’s going to rely on the same shallow logic to get it back with interest by foreclosure. That’s the food chain mentality, and he figures that they are his lawful prey.

This illusion will work to the advantage of the banker, if the persons who get the minus money bank paper don’t bring it back so fast that it starts sucking the gold reserves out of his bank. If the people who present bank receipts or bank notes are turned away they will be very angry. Even worse, if any of the original people who deposited gold in his bank do not get their bank deposit receipt changed back (redeemed) for gold, they might be angry enough to seek revenge on the banker.

When the demand on his gold increases, his banking business gets terribly dangerous because he has loaned paper minus money to people based on gold that they thought was there, but was an illusion that he put into their minds. He has to cut back on making new loans of minus money. This causes a business depression in the community. This makes money even harder to get, and this causes even more returns or redemptions of his Bank Notes for gold, making his banking business even more dangerous. But there is a bright side to this picture for the banker if he has planned things right so that he can survive the fall of the scam, and that bright side exists for him because the scarcity of money in the community means that the borrowers will not be able to repay their loans on the due dates of their loans and the banker, with the help of the courts, will be able to foreclose the loans and take the surety or collateral property that the borrower promised in his Promissory Note to deliver over, down to his innermost garments.

The community would not have to sink into periodic financial depressions if it were not necessary for the banker to eventually foreclose on his bank loans in order to steal his money back before the minusness of his Bank Notes was discovered.

As time goes on, the communication between people improves greatly and the chance that the banker’s scam will be exposed also increases greatly.

The banker finds that he must include an ever-widening circle of friends and accomplices, including government officials, officers, and their agents in order to perpetuate his Minus Money Paper Bank Note Scam, and to prevent discovery or correction of the Minus Money Paper Bank Note Scam.

This is when things get very interesting for the banker, as you will see as you read on.

The Nature of Money

In America, a "dollar" is the name given to a certain money weight measure of gold.

I have been using gold as an example of money because everyone can understand it,

but money doesn’t have to be gold or silver.

Money includes also bank checks and demand deposits.

The Webster Dictionary says that money is anything having a conventional use as a medium of exchange and a measurement of value.

Well, that means that carrots, measured by the pound, could be used as money if they were taken good care of, or were used fairly soon before they dried out or rotted.

If people are starving they will give up the orange of Gold for the orange of the carrot.

And if they got cancer they will give up the orange of Gold for the orange of the carrots, because carrots cure cancer, so do grapes, and asparagus, and peace of mind, and sleep.

And gold won’t always bring you peace of mind, because too many people think it’s worth stealing. That’s a fearful situation that the wealthy can have. I don’t need it.

Better is a crust of bread eaten in peace, than a banquet held in fear.

So, you see, there is no such thing as a gold standard unless you want to measure everything in terms of gold. Then the value of gold has to be measured by the labor it cost to dig it up.

Or maybe gold is valuable because gold is near impossible to digest, so that gold wire much thinner than a human hair can be used for surgery for tying people up inside because the body can’t digest it. That gold wire took time and labor to produce.

Or maybe gold is important because if it is plated on wires it will make them conduct an electric current on the slightest contact with each other.

Gold has its usefulness, but it is overrated.

Life and love are both more valuable than gold.

And time is more valuable than gold, because all the gold in the world won’t buy one second of it directly. It has got to be purchased as labor, or as a part of someone’s life.

So, we have come closer to the truth by looking at the things that are really important.

A dollar is the measure of a man’s willingness to sacrifice of himself to be able to purchase something else, for it takes honest labor to get an honest dollar.

Abraham Lincoln said it simply for the most humble of occupations, that of a sage.

He said that a lawyer’s time and advice are his only stock in trade.

There is no gold standard for the Dollar, unless some ruler wants to rule the market.

The Dollar of money is simply defined by what a man can expect to get for it.

Every material thing he wants is somewhere on the price scale of purchasing power.

He labors to get a measure of purchasing power, measured in Dollars, and after he labors for that purchasing power, he expects to be able to exchange it for that which he labored.

Circumstances and situations can cause some things to change their average prices or positions on the scale of purchasing power, but a little shopping will establish the general amounts and ranges of the expected prices relative to food.

Many people enter politics and government for honorable reasons.

They don’t realize that many of the people who got hold of the governments of this world, did it because they were greedy.

The more they worked the government their way, the better they got at using it for their own purposes.

They got clever at it.

So many got so clever at it that it became an organized effort.

The goal of the organized effort was to get all of the property of the world into the hands of one group of people, before the world could figure out what happened.

Now that sounds like an impossible task, so who would even think that it could be done. And if you said that was the object of somebody or some group, you would be punished by anybody that didn’t want to deal with the pain of thinking about it.

Being a bearer of bad news is a bad news situation for the bad news bringer.

Well, many books have been written on this subject, so the cat is out of the bag.

So, now the predators have got to hurry to steal all of the world’s property before enough of the world can figure out the Minus Money Paper Bank Note Scam and bring them under control.

There, you have it, and you probably already had it, and now you recognize you had it.

I have told you what I learned about how the Minus Money Paper Bank Note Scam works.

Mind you it has taken about three hundred years for the bad bankers to steal the world.

Every group involved in the theft has realized some profit from the scam on the way getting there. Now it is time for the Government of the People, by the People, for the People to include the Common People and their Communities, and to issue honest money.

And while you are trying to do this for yourselves, don’t let the Predatory Bankers get your male population out of the country fighting a foreign war so that there won’t be anyone at home loyal to you to protect you from the final act of The Great Foreclosure.

Understanding And Regulating The Quality Of Money


Money is everybody’s responsibility.

It cannot be, it must not be, delegated to others.

If the people do not care about the valid ORIGINS OF MONEY, then they will become slaves to others, who will then be free to determine the ORIGINS OF MONEY, and who will then be free to unlawfully sell into circulation, their so-called "money", to gullible people.

Egoism is excessive thought of one’s self – (selfishness).

Egoist – One given over to egoism, or thoughts of one’s self.

Altruism is regard for, and devotion to, the interests of others –benevolence.

Altruist – One who believes in and practices altruism.

Altruistic – Regardful of others; beneficent; unselfish – (opposed to egoistic or selfish).

Extreme EGOISM could be manifested in the form of theft, economic enslavement, etc.

Extreme ALTRUISM could be manifested in the form of the enforcement of natural human rights, and the correction of government by individual people and by organizations.

The Three Fundamental Industries

As civilization evolves, three distinct types of industries become recognized.

These three types of industries are the capital industry, the goods industry, and the services industry.

The capital industry is basically engaged in the extraction of raw materials and energy from Nature to provide the means of life and labor. Food, which provides the raw materials and energy for life and labor, is the original Real Money of commerce.

The first capital industry is hunting, and the second capital industry is agriculture.

They both yield FOOD for LIFE and LABOR,

The goods industry is engaged in the manufacture of useful things from the raw materials and the energy provided by Nature. This industry is already well understood.

The goods industry is also called the consumables industry, meaning that it produces articles that are consumed. The consumable articles referred to are those things, which are immediately used or lost, and those things, which are used in the manufacture of consumable items, such as tools and machinery.

The services industry is the labor industry. The fundamental service of the services industry is procreating and raising laborers.

The best-known service of the services industry is providing the labor force for the manufacturing and supplying of goods.

Old Industry and New Industry

In the early civilizations, it is not necessary to recognize the distinct industries.

As the knowledge of the Laws of Nature increases,

...the technology increases,

...the human access to the raw materials and energy increases,

...the lust for power increases,

...the self-servedness increases,

...the egoism increases,

...the impatience and contempt toward others increases,

...the corruption of government increases,

...the power to make war increases, and

...the senseless death and grief of war increases.

...For all of the wrong reasons,

...the knowledge of the Laws of Nature becomes more valuable.

The egoistic application of technology

...leads to war between self-serving egos,

...destroys the altruistic foundation of civilization, and

...collapses civilization.

But one could hope that all of the grief produced from all of the mistakes

would teach a lesson, and that intelligent man could learn from his mistakes.

In a highly advanced civilization, it becomes necessary to mathematically define every step of every industry involved in every industrial operation in the civilization in order to get the maximum yield, use, or value out of a given supply of material and energy.

Everything in the civilization gets cataloged, measured, and mathematically related.

As civilization evolves, three distinct types of industries become recognized.

These three types of industries are the capital industry, the goods industry, and the services industry. The science of "the definition and control of industry" is known as Operations Research. Understanding the economic interrelationship of the industries is the objective of Operations Research. The misuse and mal-use of Operations Research can result in a ruthless automation of the society, which ultimately strips every citizen of his or her natural/constitutional rights, their property and their lives.

(See Silent Weapons For Quiet Wars, and the Scientific American magazine for September, 1980, 14-page article by Wassily W. Leontief)

Whether or not this ruthless automation of society happens, depends upon whether the reasons, motives, and attitudes of "those in power" are altruistic or egoistic.

The phrase "those in power" refers both to people who work in government offices and to concerned people who have non-governmental occupations/jobs.

Remember that real power or authority always arises from the genuine and lawful assumption and exercise of responsibility. (42 USC 1986, 18 USC 4)

A non-official person who appreciates the essence of life, and who voluntarily walks the highway with a bag and picks up the garbage, is a more powerful person than a Judge who has contempt for the common Golden Rule because a legislature did not enact the Golden Rule, and because the Golden Rule does not specifically refer to the public service of voluntary garbage collection.

In this example, the garbage collector is real and the Judge is a fraud.

One would not want to do battle with the garbage collector, because he would have the respect of every honorable citizen.

One would have no difficulty doing battle with the Judge, because he is out of

communication with the citizens who finance his office and his actions.

The Most Important Service Industry

The most important service provided by the services industry is the application of altruism to governments, with the goal of preventing the destruction of everything the labor force has produced, namely, civilization and high quality life.

This is accomplished by promoting altruistic self-government, so that civilization will become a government of the people, by the people, for the people.

The most important public servants of a government are the public altruists who lawfully compel public accountability of the egoists within the government by fining them in the same manner that a traffic policeman fines a traffic offender, and, by this process, raise lawful citation currency by fines to finance communities and encourage more altruism.

The altruistic services industry is the practical social foundation of an

honestly established paper currency that retains a stable purchasing power.

THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLE OF PRACTICAL ALTRUISM IS:

"If righteousness is not made profitable, then corruption will prevail."

HOW DID MONEY EVOLVE?

The direct method for getting food is through egoistic motivation and taking, which emphasizes hunting, the manufacture of weapons, and eventually delivers war.

The indirect method for getting food is through altruistic motivation and sharing, which emphasizes agriculture, the understanding of life and cooperation, and eventually leads to civilization.

As agriculture improves, and more food becomes available, human population also increases.

THE ORIGINAL REAL MONEY

Real Money, in the form of grain or food, is the fuel of life, labor, and commerce.

Real Money is the primary tool of trade and commerce.

Without Real Money (grain/food), labor stops and commerce dies.

The original Real Money of commerce is grain and other live food.

As long as the supplies of grain and other valuable items increase in direct proportion with the population increase, and can be used as a medium of exchange by barter, then the need for a special medium of exchange or money does not exist.

When there is not enough Real Money (grain/food, animals, people (slaves), labor, gold, jewelry, hardware) to provide each member of the population with enough money for engaging in commerce, or for the acceleration of commerce, or when spoilage or the inconvenience of carrying large amounts of grain become considerations, it then becomes necessary to invent a new tool of trade, Symbolic Money/Coins, redeemable in Real Money (grain/food, substance).

So, long ago, pieces of metal, coins, became representative of large amounts of grain, etc.

Imagine a civilization that has commercial activity, which extends beyond agriculture.

We have that kind of civilization.

It would be difficult to conduct business today if the only medium of exchange or money was grain, grains of barley, or grains of wheat. Grain spoils and is not convenient to carry as money, especially when large quantities of value must be represented and exchanged in selling and buying.

Metals Used As Symbolic Money

Metals can be melted into a liquid and poured into molds to form pieces of various sizes, weights, and shapes. After they have cooled and returned to a solid, they can be hammered, cut, and filed until they have a specific weight.

A metal piece made with a specific weight and design produced to circulate in commerce as a medium of exchange, instead of a measure of grain or some other valuable item, is called a "piece" or "coin". The bits of metal that are left over from this manufacturing process can then be re-melted and be added to the same kind of metal to make more of the same kind of pieces or coins.

Many metals will combine with the oxygen of the air, or with water, or with the sweat of the body, to produce tarnish, or a powder, or some other liquid or solid.

For example, iron metal, which combines with the oxygen of the air, is changed into a powder called rust. Metals which easily combine with the oxygen of the air, or with water, or with the sweat of the body will be lost from the original piece, which therefore will no longer have the required amount of the uncombined or pure metal.

However, some metals do not easily combine with other substances, so they have a sameness of character and weight over a long time that makes them a stable measure of value. Therefore, they are referred to as valuable, precious, or noble metals.

Some examples of precious metals are gold, silver, and platinum.

Copper is a semiprecious metal, because it is very resistant to destruction by air, or water, or soil, and forms a protective layer of tarnish on its surface, which does not powder and break away like the rusting of iron.

Gold, which is a soft metal and subject to wear, is found in small rocks called nuggets, and in veins through other minerals.

Copper, which is a harder metal than gold, has been found in much larger pieces and concentrations, even as, for example, a five-ton solid copper boulder reported by the Anaconda Mining Company.

Gold, silver, copper, and nickel, and combinations of these metals in various proportions called alloys, are some of the common metals used for making coins, to act as a substitute for grain as the medium of exchange, or money, of trade or commerce.

Printed-Paper Used As "Paper Contract Money" or Simply "Paper Money"

Now, we live in a civilization that has substituted printed-paper contracts, called "paper money", for gold and silver coins.

What is a piece of paper worth, when the people who create it and the people who use it do not have the same knowledge and understanding about what that paper is doing?

Answer: It can become worth whatever devious and more knowledgeable people choose it to be. If you don’t know that there is a war going on, then you lose by default.

The Paper Contract Money/Currency Industry

The people who create Paper Contract Money/Currency will use that money/currency:


>(1) to do that which is their reason, motive, or attitude to do, and

>(2) to do that which the Paper Contract Money/Currency is designed to do for them.

Its use is certainly not accidental, for "where there is confusion, there is profit."

Their reasons, motives, and attitudes, and uses will range from egoism to altruism.

President Franklin Delano Roosevelt once said, "In politics, nothing happens by accident. If it happens, you can bet it was planned that way."

Paper Contract Money/Currency created and applied by egoists, will not be created with the interests of others in mind.

Paper Contract Money/Currency created and applied by egoists will tend to be applied to benefit only the egoistic maker, hence victimize the user.

Ignorance of the nature of a society’s circulating money (currency) victimizes the common man.

At first, Paper Contract Money/Currency, like all new political power inventions, will have as its first function, the theft of property from others, and have, as its second function, the use of economic information as a weapon of war. (See Silent Weapons For Quiet Wars.)

The first, Paper Contract Money/Currency, arising from an egoistic system of thinking, consisting of egoistic motives and egoistic controls, will be used to finance that part of corruption and organized crime, which will support the egoistic system, its motives, and its controls.

Lawful Printed Paper used as Paper Contract Money/Currency is a presentment of Information called an Instrument, which is specifically identified by giving it a unique serial number, and which entitles the bearer of the paper Instrument to claim some exclusive substantial property or value (substance) from some specified source. It has a value only if it contains, or provides a means of obtaining, a full disclosure of the source of its value, and it must ultimately be redeemable in substance of value to the bearer.

Banking

Banking has a good and worthy social function, which, when properly applied, can improve man’s civilization. Banking also has a bad and ugly side, which can put mankind into hell.

To understand banking you have understand theft, because no industry is better than banking for opening up the opportunity to steal from other people, to kill other people, and to wage war against other people -- to take the time, property, lives, and freedoms from the people.

I am going to teach you how banks steal money, so that you can understand banking, as it exists today.

If you use this information to steal from others, then you deserve punishment.

If you use my instructions to understand and properly govern banking, then you will be able to improve your conditions of life.

Good Banking – Honest Banking

The first public rule of honest banking is:

"Provide true, correct, complete, and not misleading FULL DISCLOSURE of bank policies, procedures, and finances, excluding only private customer account information".

Bad Banking – Corrupt Banking

The first public rule of corrupt banking is:

"Do everything secretly." This means, "Steal in secret. Profit in secret. Cover crimes in secret. Combine with others in secret." Cover private crimes in public by a use of the media to discredit whistle-blowers, and seal public information leaks, which might reveal the minus money Blue Sky Banking Scam.

Property – Exclusive and Non-Exclusive Property

>If we are going to talk about PROPERTY, then we are going to define PROPERTY.

>As civilization evolves, two distinct types of property become recognized:

"exclusive property" and "non-exclusive property".

Exclusive Property

An exclusive property is something that you cannot use, if I am using it.

My use of it excludes your use of it, and your use of it excludes my use of it.

A Material Object is a general example of an exclusive property.

For example, a certain piece of food is a type of thing that,

if I have it, then you don’t have it, and if you have it, then I don’t have it.

Therefore, it is an EXCLUSIVE PROPERTY.

Non-Exclusive Property

A non-exclusive property is something that both of us can have and use at the same time, and my use of it does not exclude your use of it, and your use of it does not exclude my use of it.

Information is a general example of a non-exclusive property.

For example, I can have a copy of a book on carpentry, and you can have a copy of the same book. We can both enjoy the use of the information in that book, and it has a value for both of us, but my having and making valuable use of that information does not exclude you from having and making valuable use of that information.

Therefore, it is a NON-EXCLUSIVE PROPERTY.

A very powerful example of non-exclusive property is the information on how to construct a flower. The flower publishes a "book" about the creation of its life in the form of its "seeds", many of which will produce more flowers and more seeds. The use of that information by one flower does not prevent any other flower from using that information.

The power of non-exclusive property is evidenced by the abundance of life it produces.

Non- Exclusive Property Converted to Exclusive Property

If my copy of some information has one identification number written on it, and

If your copy of the same information has a different identification number written on it,

and if these different numbers give a separate use or separated use to the information,

then the separate use or separated use of the information is an exclusive property.

Title, Paper Money, Currency

If the specific separate use of the information, has as its purpose,

>(1) the stating of a claim upon, or

>(2) the gaining of possession, or control, of some EXCLUSIVE PROPERTY.

Then the information

>(1) is called a TITLE if it is a settled (static) specific claim upon property and rights to property, and

>(2) is called PAPER MONEY, or CURRENCY, if it is a general transfer (kinetic) claim upon the assets of a lien debtor, treasury, warehouse, or other depository of substance.

Definitions

Barter, Natural Commercial Law, The Barter Process, Money = Real Money,

The Money Process, Money Summary, Natural Money, Lawful Money, Currency,

Paper Money, Backing, Positive Backing, Plus Money, Maybe Money, Negative Backing, Minus Money

Barter – Natural Commercial Law

Barter is the natural system of commerce and commercial law.

Barter consists of trading or exchanging things.

Barter is a mutual sale and purchase action, called an exchange or transaction,

which involves only two persons.

Barter is a private, commercial verbal, and/or written, contract process.

The stages of the action or transaction are offer, counter offer, and acceptance.

The Barter Process

Person number one brings valuable thing number one to the market place.

Person number two brings valuable thing number two to the market place.

Each person offers to the other person that valuable thing which they have.

Person number one gives valuable thing number one to person number two.

Person number two gives valuable thing number two to person number one.

Person number one leaves the market place owning valuable thing number two.

Person number two leaves the market place owning valuable thing number one.

The barter transaction is complete.

Selling and buying by barter is usually a finished matter at the time of trading things.

Money = Real Money

Money is any thing of real value, which passes from hand to hand as a medium of exchange.

Money is any thing of real value,

which can be purchased to be a temporary or substitute possession,

which can be passed from hand to hand as a medium of exchange,

which can be used among two or more people who want to exchange things in barter, but who have not been able to succeed with the barter because no two of them have mutually acceptable things of real value to offer to each other.

The Money Process

Let us study a money process in slow motion.

Person number one owns thing number one.

Person number two owns thing number two.

Person number three owns thing number three, called Money.

Person number one wants thing number two that belongs to person number two.

Person number two does not want thing number one that person number one has to offer.

Therefore, barter will not work between person number one and person number two.

Person number one does not personally want, or desire, to possess a thing called Money.

But person number two will accept a specific type of Money in trade for thing number two.

Person number one then locates a person number three, who meets two necessary conditions, namely that

>(1) he has the specific type of Money to offer which person number two will accept, and

>(2) he is willing to give his Money to person number one in exchange for thing number one.

The exchange is done.

Now person number three has thing number one, and person number one has Money.

Now person number one can offer person number two the Money, and

person number two will accept it in exchange for thing number two.

Person number one has thing number two,

person number two has Money from person number three,

and person number three has thing number one.

Everyone wins.

Money – Summary Of Above Example

Money can be a temporary possession or value, which we can call the third thing in transaction,

or thing number three, which person number one gets from person number three in exchange for thing number one, which is then used by person number one to get thing number two from person number two, a thing which person number two would not give to person number one for thing number one, but which person number two will give to person number one for Money.

This is as difficult to follow as the old shell game, unless you study it in slow motion.

Is it any wonder that money can be used to create a scam?

Natural Money = The First Class Of Money = Positive Money = Plus Money

Natural Money is a measure of a food, salt, gold, labor time, or time value of money (interest), or some other substance or service of real value.

A natural unit of money can be a specific count of the dry seed of a specific type of grain.

Note: One pound of weight (avoirdupois) is defined as the weight of 7000 grains of barley.

4000 grains of wheat will have nearly the same weight as 3000 grains of barley.

(This information on English weights and measures came from the Internet.)

Therefore, a nation could use the pound weight of barley (food) as a money measure of trade value instead of the U.S. Dollar of gold as defined by the Coinage Act of 1792.

Counting the seed of the dry grain is a method of checking the measure.

Nature sets the standard through genetic uniformity.

Lawful Money = A Government Defined Positive Money Or Plus Money

(Lawful) Money is "Gold and silver coin." (Bouvier’s Law Dictionary)

Our nation’s government guarantees the accuracy of its system of weights and measures.

Lawful Money of the United States is defined as coins guaranteed by government laws,

called The Coinage Act of 1792, to contain a certain grain weight of gold or silver.

On April 2, 1792 the U.S. Congress set the standard for the U.S. Dollar at 416 grains of standard silver. In 1837 the standard silver U.S. Dollar was changed to 412.5 grains 0.9 fine silver, meaning that a silver coin weighing 412.5 grains could contain up to ten per- cent alloy metal, or 41.25 grains of some alloy, and the balance of 371.25 grains of silver.

The standard gold U.S. Dollar had nearly one-sixteenth of the silver weight or 25.8 grains 0.9 fine gold, meaning that a gold coin weighing 25.8 grains could contain up to ten percent alloy metal, or 2.58 grains of some alloy, and the balance of 23.22 grains of gold.

(Lawful Money of the United States does not include copper or nickel coins. – Bouvier)

Currency – Current Money

Some of the common definitions of "Currency" are as follows.

Currency means "that which is in circulation, or passes from hand to hand, as a medium of exchange, including coin, government notes, and bank notes. (Webster)

Currency includes coins or banknotes. (Funk and Wagnall)

Currency includes copper and nickel coins. (Bouvier)

Currency includes coins, banknotes or other paper money... (Black’s)

Currency includes coins, paper money, and demand deposits in banks. (Barron’s)

(This is the end of the standard definitions.)

Putting these definitions together, and adding a little more truth, we get:

Currency includes coins, government notes, bank notes, and other paper money, and demand deposits in banks (which become bank ledger entries), all of which are used as a medium of exchange, whether they have actual intrinsic value or not.

(This can include collector coins, specially minted coins, diamonds, jewelry, stock, contracts, labor exchange, promises, I.O.U.’s, etc, or anything else acceptable in trade.)

This can be reduced to a simpler definition.

Currency includes coins, paper money, or ledger entries in a bank, used as a medium of exchange instead of Natural Money.

Coins made of gold or silver are clearly a thing that can be used in barter, because the gold or silver itself is generally accepted as valuable, or intrinsically valuable, meaning that it is valuable even if it is not presented in the form of a coin, so gold or silver coins will not pose a problem to society as long as these coins contain the correct weight of the valued metal substance.

But when the coins are no longer made of gold or silver, then they may as well be paper money.

This leaves the structure and the operation of Paper money and ledger entries to be further defined and studied, as a medium of exchange, in order to discover how they can be, and are, used as the basis of money scams.

Paper Money

Paper Money is of three types, namely

>(1) Positive Money or Plus Money,

>(2) Maybe Money, and

>(3) Negative Money or Minus Money.

Backing" – definition (The opposite of backed is non-backed.)

Money is said to be positively "backed" or to have positive "backing", when:

it represents "some thing" of value and it is redeemable for that "some thing" of value independent of somebody’s belief, that

it represents "some thing" of value and it is redeemable for that "some thing" of value.

Positive Paper Money = Plus Paper Money

Paper Money is said to be Positive Paper Money or Plus Paper Money if the backing is positive, meaning that the backing has real value, which has been honestly acquired.

Positive Paper Money or Plus Paper Money is paper money that is guaranteed by real value (of substance or service), and by weapons.

The Backing of a positive paper money,

must be identified and guaranteed on the paper money, and

must be something of real value

which can be gotten in exchange for the paper money,

>(1) from the maker of the paper money, or

>(2) from someone obligated by the claim stated on the paper money,

>(a) to perform for the public,

>(b) to perform for the bearer/owner of the paper money, or

>(c) to perform for the maker of the paper money.

The word "backing" usually implies "positive backing".

The term "paper money" usually means "positive paper money" or "plus paper money".

Maybe Money

Maybe Money is "money" that sometimes works, and sometimes does not work.

When a coin, paper currency, note, check, draft, IOU, or any other instrument of exchange, without a declared and enforceable substantial backing, is used to complete a sale and purchase, then the sale and purchase relies on the seller’s and buyer’s faiths in the instrument and on a "banking religion", which is complete with a human hierarchy, which runs a carefully graded range from human creators of Maybe Money, to government gods and judicial priests in black robes who operate and protect the banking "church", to the faithful common public "congregation" who believe that the banker and the government officers care about them, have the public’s well being at heart, and would not abuse the public with their power to create valueless paper Maybe Money.

Non-Backed Money -- Empty Money – Negatively Backed Money –

Negative Money – Minus Money

Negative Money is circulated money that is backed by nothing or by stolen property, which must be redeemed by stolen property to cover the crime of creating it, meaning that one or more people will be criminally victimized in order to make it work.

Empty Money is currency, which does not represent anything of value, which is backed by Nothing, which is "non-backed", which has no "backing".

A Note is said to be Empty Money if it represents no thing of value, hence, no backing.

The use of an Empty Note or Empty Money by putting it into circulation or by transferring it constitutes a serial theft committed by each person who hands the Empty Note to the next person. The intermediate holders and passers of the Empty Note might believe that the Note is valid, and because of their ignorance could not be held accountable for the commission of a crime, but they are nonetheless the unwitting accessories to the serial theft of the person who originally put the Empty Note into circulation. Eventually the Note will have to be redeemed to cover the original crime of THE BANKER STEALING THE AMOUNT OF THE NOTE INTO CIRCULATION, and this redemption will generally happen by the theft of property, so the act of stealing the amount of the Empty Money into circulation converts it from an Empty Note or Empty Money into Negative Money or Minus Money.

Minus money begins as Empty Money.

Minus Money is the illusion of something, and the harbinger of theft.

THEREFORE, Paper money is said to be Negative Money or Minus Money if it is not backed (non-backed), if or the backing is negative, meaning that either

>(1) the money has no backing, and real value will have to be stolen in order to redeem the money, or

>(2) the money has real value backing, but the real value was dishonestly acquired,

so that the paper money will have to be redeemed

>(1) by something of real value which will have to be stolen from someone, or

>(2) by something of value, which has already been stolen from someone.

Negative Money, created by a corrupt bank is diplomatically presented to the public as "fractional reserve currency", meaning that, of the money that the bank has created and loaned into circulation, a fraction of it has backing of real value called "reserves", and the other fraction of it has no backing whatsoever and will have to be redeemed with stolen property. But the money all looks the same, so part of each and every Dollar of a "fractional reserve system of banking" is stolen property.

A person who creates Paper Money without some sort of backing consisting of honestly acquired real value, will eventually have to be able to redeem that paper money in order to continue to appear to be credible and honest, or his criminal act of creating non-backed paper money will be discovered and he will be seriously punished. Therefore, he or his agents, must eventually obtain backing for the paper money by committing a crime of theft consisting of:

>(1) a theft of large amounts of property from a few of the people by serial theft, fraud, and foreclosure, and, if they have the financial connections,

>(2) a theft of some property from all of the people of the public (e.g., by taxation).

The Blue Sky Banking Scam (Double B.S.)

Blue Sky Marketing is a term used for the criminal act of selling someone property that exists in the blue sky, or, in other words, selling something that does not exist, like riverfront property in an arid desert.

Blue Sky Marketing is the basis of the Minus Money Banking Scam, which is selling Empty Notes or empty paper contract money, which, therefore, could just as well be called the Blue Sky Banking Scam (Double BS).

The Scam is based on public hypnosis, a form of mass hypnosis.

Paper money is said to be Plus Money or Minus Money depending whether the inducement used to convince a person to accept it in place of Natural Money is either logical or emotional.

Banker Thieves And Currency Criminals -- Banksters

The first rule of hypnotism is:

"In the battle between logic and emotion, emotion always wins."

The public is encouraged to accept Minus Money on faith, emotion, and ignorance, instead of reason. The public’s faith in the value of Minus Money hypnotically arises from

>(1) their physical and emotional need to have some sort of money with which they can buy the necessities of life and conduct business,

>(2) their consequent willingness to accept Minus Money in exchange for food or for other things of real value if the process works to their own immediate advantage with the acceptance of their peers, and

>(3) their simple observation of events, which demonstrates to their satisfaction that the process seemingly works without injury to themselves, their loved ones and their friends generally.

The public uses the Minus Money as if it was real, and gets a benefit of immediate convenience from it, as one might get from counterfeit money, a bad check, or other empty money. But it is the public and the person who is victimized through an unlawful foreclosure action, garnishment, or other minus money fraud cancellation crime, causing a serious, even devastating loss of his or her personal property to the Minus Money Blue Sky Banking Scam, who picks up the tab that covers the predatory banker’s or Federal Reserve Corporation’s criminal issue of non-backed or fractional reserve minus money, and who experiences the minus effect of Minus Money.

It is a human slaughterhouse operation in which the public does not see the victim get privately economically slaughtered to offset the stolen value of the serial theft committed by the currency criminals by issuing a non-backed currency, so that they can operate and make a gain from issuing a dishonest paper money.

It also causes a public bankruptcy and an incremental bankruptcy of the United States.

What the public does not understand is that if the predatory bankers cannot get enough money to cover their crime in the manner just described, then they raise the money by starting a war which involves all of the public, and gives the predatory bankers the opportunity to loan their "money" to governments, at great interest.

The cancellation of credit and currency, that is, Minus Money, by garnishments, seizure of retirement benefits and foreclosure causes money starvation and business depressions. (1929+).

Every citizen who understands and uses Minus Money without caring that it subjects one’s fellow citizens to plundering, becomes an accessory to the crimes of

>(1) plundering one or more of their fellow citizens,

>(2) improving the life of the dishonest or predatory banker- thieves, and

>(3) encouraging the dishonest or predatory banker- thieves to commit even more crime.

Every time that fake or minus money changes hands, it is mistaken for real money, and in being deposited in corrupt banks and used by corrupt banks as an excuse to re-loan a multiple amount, increases inflation and the public debt, which in turn causes more debt, disaster, and financial ruin, and silently and fraudulently transfers the wealth of a nation into the hands of the corrupt bankers.

The "National Debt" Is A Fraud

The banker thieves owe to the public, the "national debt", plus all of the money stolen in the minus money banking scam.

If the Principal of a Note is based on a Nothing fraud,

then the Interest, being based on the fraudulent Principal, is also fraud.

If the National Debt is based on the fraudulent Principal and the fraudulent Interest,

then it also is a fraud.

Fraud vitiates all contracts, meaning that fraud impairs the use and value of all contracts.

Bank Robbery – How Banks Rob People

The following are strategies used by banks for robbing/stealing money and property from, its customers or its debtors.

Fraud – Trickery, Deception

Fraud is gaining at the loss of another using trickery or deception, hypnotism (suggestion) or uncivilized, unlawful, destructive magic.

We need more details in this definition.

FRAUD is gaining the PROPERTY of another person, without that other person getting a fair exchange of value in return for their PROPERTY, done by the first person using trickery or deception, hypnotism (suggestion), or uncivilized magic (illusion).

Trickery, deception, suggestion, and illusion are methods of survival in the food chain and in war, but, they have no place in a civilization during times of peace, except as a source of amusement, to which all participants, the entertainer and the entertained, consent.

Corrupt and uncivilized banking is done by fraud, and by the violation of this set of rules.

Deception

Banking is the representation and exchange of things by information and ideas.

Ideas are harder to keep track of than things, so ideas are more useable for fraud.

Banks without real money are like flowers without a scent; they only look impressive.

If we are going to talk about banking, we are just naturally going to have to talk money.

The first quality of today’s money is that it isn’t what it seems to be.

Money is a valuable thing used, or which represents something of value.

Food is not labor, but it is used to represent labor.

Gold is not food, but it is used to represent food.

Paper money is not gold but it is used to represent gold.

Paper money represents gold, which represents food, which represents labor.

So paper money represents gold, food, and labor.

Every step is a mere representation of the real thing.

And this is where the opportunity for fraud comes in, to convert the real thing into a model, to convert the model into a representation, to convert the representation into an imitation, and to convert the imitation into an illusion.

The belief of the people, that they must have the illusion of the real thing in order to have the life and the power to survive, gives the illusion the magical appearance of life and power that is called animation.

The banker applies this principle when he presents himself and his bank to the public.

It is actually a universal principle of human psychology, which I will quote from the book Twenty Steps To Power, Influence, And Control Over People by F. W. Gabriel.

"When you assume the appearance of power, people soon give it to you."

Corrupt Banking And Corporations


The Minus Money Banking Scam

--- The Most Profitable Scam Of Dishonest And Predatory Bankers ---

--- Loaning Minus Money Backed By Stolen Property ---

Corrupt Strategy #3 – Blue Sky Marketing -- Selling "Money" Without Backing

Blue Sky Marketing is accomplished by permanently selling, or by temporarily selling (loaning) property that one does not own or have, also known as selling property in the blue sky. The first laws against Blue Sky Marketing were established in the State of Kansas in 1911.

In 1913, the Federal Reserve Corporation was enacted into "law". The Federal Reserve Corporation, and the U.S. Congress, which gave the Federal Reserve Corporation its banking charter, ignored these Blue Sky Marketing Laws, which stood against the establishment of the Federal Reserve Corporation.

Dishonest and Predatory Bankers

The tendency to commit the crime of dishonest banking can be either an acquired skill, or an inherited predatory instinct.

There are dishonest bankers, and there are predatory bankers. They are not the same. Conscience is the knowing of the difference between right and wrong.

Compassion is the capacity of a person to mentally put himself in the position of another person, to feel the hurt that he is causing to that person, to know that the hurt he is causing to that person is socially wrong, and to correct his behavior.

A soldier in war suppresses his compassion in favor of the need to survive.

A dishonest banker yields his conscience to greed, to over-guarantee his survival.

A successful predatory banker, who exhibits sufficient intelligence to stalk and snare his prey in a very complex money scam, obviously has sufficient intelligence to comprehend dishonesty, but he functions as if his brain never inherited and never developed the nervous system necessary for the conscience and compassion functions of the brain.

He is truly dangerous.

Dishonest banking is the first step in the transition from dishonest banking to predatory banking. The behavior is animal-natural, and the perversion is automatic by necessity. Once the dishonest banker has committed the crime of dishonest banking, fear of discovery sets in, and the next natural step is to cover the crime at all costs, including the act of murder. The sequence is lust, rape, and murder applied to money instead of sex.

The first well-known predatory banker was Mayer Amschell Rothschild.

His famous saying was:

"Give me control of a nation’s currency, and I care not who makes its laws."

Rothschild believed that the only legitimate form of government was Anarchy, social

government by the natural food chain and survival of the fittest, with no special regard for man, truth, religion, God, or the continuity of intelligence, life or soul in the Universe.

The dictates and policies of Rothschild’s "Bank of England", which financed and controlled the King of England, were manifested in the predatory banking acts committed and described in historical writings such as the Declaration of Independence, and the provisions in the Constitution for the united States of America barring such schemes in America.

Rothschild’s method of banking has been described in a foregoing chapter titled

"An Overview Of The Minus Money Banking Scam".

The Creation Of A Bank That Robs You

The classic historical example of this sort of scam was and is conducted by the Rothschild family.

The Scam

The banker took in deposits of gold, which therefore belonged to the depositors, and

then proceeded to display the stock of the depositor’s gold to potential borrowers

as if it were the banker’s own property to loan

to "prove" to the potential borrowers that the banker was personally wealthy and that the bank’s paper was credible. In other words, the banker’s act of loaning the appearance of the gold in the form of bank notes which people could bring back to the bank to redeem for gold, put the banker in the bad position of not having enough gold to redeem the paper, which could cause a run on the bank, jeopardize the return of the gold to its rightful owners, and therefore "technically embezzle" (stole) the gold.

The banker pretended to loan the gold to governments on paper as a Blue Sky Marketing Scheme, and collected it back, with interest, in the form of substance and government power, on the collateral property credit backing of the nation’s common public,

thus creating negative national debts, based on the loan of Minus Money,

Predatory bankers begin their economic feast by economically eating out the substance of their customers, and then, by diluting and adulterating the money system and skimming off more than ninety percent of the nation’s wealth transfers for themselves, they economically eat out the substance of the whole nation until all real wealth is in their hands and increasing billions, called the national debt, appear to be owed to them.

Dazzle The King

Rothschild found that controlling the ruthless monarchies was a simple matter because he did not have to directly deal with a great number of people. He only had to dazzle the king with the stores of gold left in the banker’s/his care, in order to induce the king to borrow the mere appearance of the money, which the king did not know belonged to someone else.

When the king did not or could not pay for the use of the minus money, which Rothschild loaned to him for ant reason, all Rothschild had to do was secretly finance the king’s enemies with some of the same kind of minus money, to make their enemies victorious as his debt collectors. Then he got control of the rulers’ money systems as the collateral reward for financing what they believed was their armies and their wars.

Rothschild communicated by way of carrier pigeons with his banking sons who lived in the several countries that he wanted to control.

He learned to finance into existence well-timed and synchronized wars, revolutions, market crashes and other social disorders to force people to borrow minus money from him, to run up minus national debts to him, and to pay the minus interest to him, all in exchange for real property and substance. . "Where there’s confusion, there’s profit."

This is point at which his Minus Money Banking Scam gets very ugly and also very interesting, because the predatory bankers have to do a series of things to conceal their crimes of fraud and to protect themselves from public discovery. Ultimately, the things that they have to do, explain more mysteries about our national economic system and national social system than one would expect to discover.

Corrupt Strategy #1 -- When The Cat Is Away, The Mice Will Play.

Single Cycle Theft, or Transient Embezzlement, is accomplished by stealing money on Friday night, putting it to work over the weekend, and having it back in the bank on Monday morning before its absence can be discovered.

Corrupt Strategy #2 – Keep All The Plates Spinning / Balls In The Air –

Also Known As "Kiting"

Multiple Cycle Theft, or Kiting is accomplished by moving an ever-increasing amount of money around a circle of accounts, faster than the system can catch up with it.

Cancellation Of Credit And Currency, The Twin Crime To Blue Sky Marketing

Cancellation of Credit and Currency is an absolutely necessary step in the success of the predatory banking scam because it covers up the crime of printing and spending Minus Money by preventing the public discovery that the dishonest or predatory banker has loaned more "paper money"/currency than he has backing for.

Creation of Minus Money is a technical theft of the depositors’ property by a violation of the terms of the Contract of Care for the deposit, and Cancellation of Credit and Currency is a technical theft of the borrower’s property by a violation of the terms of the Promissory Note of the loan, to cover the crime of the first technical theft. The second crime is quickly manifested by the actual violent theft of corporate property or personal property by foreclosure. "To foreclose", means literally, "to close before its time", and is used as if it means, "to close upon judgment". That term has an interesting legal subtlety, and has become a side scam, co-operated through court system accomplices.

It is also obvious that the debtor whose loan is called early, and whose loan collateral property is in jeopardy is going to be angry and want to stop or injunct the actions of the dishonest or predatory banker.

Summary

The dishonest bankers and predatory bankers commit the crime of creating and loaning more of their "paper money" than they have backing for (Blue Sky Marketing), and they use various sub scams to call in their loans before the due date (Cancellation of Credit and Currency), so that they can foreclose the loan, and take away the loan collateral property of the borrower to cover their Minus Money crime.

They were operating this "something-for-nothing, everything for us and nothing for you" scam before this nation began.

Bankers Cut Governments In On The Scam

As Rothschild applied the method of stolen-credit minus money creation to lower ranking people, he encountered a greater number of people who contested his method. This was not a matter of financing two nations against each other, but was the more delicate operation of initiating and financing wars between people and their governments, and then initiating and financing wars between the people within the same nation.

The natural response of a manufacturer, when his bank loan was collapsed before its contracted due date and his collateral property was foreclosed upon, was to hire a legal counsel to do battle in a court of law to recover his property from the private banker.

The suits that arose in this connection also threatened to expose the predatory banking scam. The predatory bankers were going to be severely limited in their predatory opportunities if they did not get control of the courts.

The problem faced by the predatory bankers was to gain control of the court and all of its procedures.

Many judges, attorneys, and police officers, gravitate into their jobs because of anti-social attitudes and only want to increase their political power, and

>(1) on the one hand, will use the egoistic system to excuse criminals

to encourage repeated offenses and to give themselves job security, or

to blackmail criminals into servitude to increase their political army, and,

>(2) on the other hand, will persecute altruists, who might expose their scam to the public, or destroy altruism, to reduce political opposition.

For example, they cause the court system, the correctional system, and the plea bargaining system to deteriorate into a slaughterhouse-type revenue-extortion racket.

They figure that they will get what they want for their lifetime, and do not care what kind of condition it creates or leaves behind them for others to live in. They do not care that what they do is collapsing civilization.

The bankers hired the best judges that money can buy.

The States were used to grease the process to make it work more smoothly.

The most powerful corporations are the non-assessable predatory banking corporations.

The States were urged to encourage the businesses to incorporate as non-assessable corporations. The carrot or inducement to incorporate was that the corporations would be endowed, by the State, with immunity from commercial responsibility both inside of and outside of the State operated courtroom, and be endowed, by the State, with immortality.

The privilege of immunity meant that a non-assessable corporation could not be sued beyond the limits of its assets, the corporate executives could not be sued beyond the limits of their responsibility, and the stockholders could not be assessed with any portion of the damages arising from suits brought against the non-assessable corporation.

The privilege of immortality meant that a corporation, as a fiction, was guaranteed a super-human capacity to survive a long-term court action by concert and conspiracy with the court, which also acted as an immune and immortal corporate fiction, whereas the common natural individual had limited funds and a limited life with which to fight the battle.

"Duly Incorporated Banks" called "chartered banks" were to be "protected" as unassailable creditors that were above reproach and unreachable because they could do no wrong as long as they did not violate the "banking policies and regulations" of the "banking association".

The very profitable operation of the Courts became what is called "protection insurance racketeering".

Debtors "obligated to" predatory banks would be treated with open suspicion and were always to be shamefully portrayed as trying to evade the payment of their bank "debts".

To make a predatory bank unapproachable in a suit by any of its contesting victim corporations, a legal barrier or insulator had to be constructed between the contesting victim corporations and the predatory bank by laying down the condition that all non-natural legal entities, including corporations, had to be represented by State-trained and State-licensed counsels, known as a attorneys, with titles of nobility of "esquire", who could operate as civilian soldiers, spies, informers, and traitors for the State.

Another problem remained which threatened to expose predatory banking. This was the active existence of the Constitution for the united States of America. This Constitution guaranteed natural persons the Seventh Amendment right to due process which included the First Amendment right to exercise one’s own conscience, and hence to appear before a court and a jury "at law" or "at common law" without an attorney.

A citizen not controlled by the State through an attorney could say things to a Common Law Jury that would expose the money scam of the predatory banks. It was easier to control the Jury problem than to control the complaining and testifying citizen. To achieve this end, it was necessary to create a "new" court, which would be forcibly substituted for both the Jury controlled Court operating "at law" and the Judge controlled Court operating "in equity".

The court operated in basically two modes known as "law" and "equity".

A court operating "at law" had a Jury, a Trial by Jury, and the expense of the process.

A court operating "in equity" had no Jury, was tried by a Judge, and could not operate to bring a judgment without the prior written consent of all of the opposing parties.

It was easier and less dangerous to bribe one Judge than to bribe twelve Jurors (common citizen Judges).

The problem with the Equity Court was that a citizen could refuse to consent to its use.

When a party to an Equity process was a Corporation, there was no problem obtaining the Corporation’s consent to the Equity process, because the State was a silent partner in every corporation of the State, and automatically gave its consent to be governed by the jurisdiction of its own court.

There was a third kind of court, called a Summary Court, which dealt only with resolving problems between corporations within the State. All parties to the controversy had to be represented by State authorized attorneys, officers of the Court, because the State was the controlling silent partner to those corporations. The State controlled the courts, and it therefore had the last controlling word, UNLESS the corporations were the State creations of different States, raising the issues of diversity of domicile or residence known as venue, and therefore raising the existence of federal jurisdiction over the controversy of the suit.

Changing the titles of legal briefs from Commercial Affidavits to Motions or Declarations, and from Commercial Demands to Petitions, allowing Motions in Limine’ (limiting the giving of testimony), compelling court Reporters to perjure the court records, and construing natural persons to be corporations, are only five of the very long list of legal frauds and restrictions that were devised by the American Banker’s Association and the American Bar Association to prevent the obtaining of evidence against, and the exposure of, the predatory banking profession.

The next step taken by the Courts in favor of the predatory banks was to establish a nation-wide conventional method of representing a natural person as a corporation by spelling that natural person’s name in all capital (upper case) letters as if it were an Assumed Business Name, and, by that device and deception, represent and construe that natural person to be a corporation instead of a natural person, fraudulently force that natural person into a corporate status, open the door to stripping that natural person of their lawful right to a Trial by Jury, eliminate the presence of the Common Law Jury, and protect the minus money banking scam of the predatory bankers and banks in a Summary Court.

That is where things stood until recently when the natural persons of this country began claiming the misuse and mal-use of their uppercase name to be common law and commercial law trademark infringement capable of being invoiced and collected upon for damages.

1743-1812 A.D.

Mayer Amschell Rothschild (1743-1812) boasted:

"Give me the control of a nation’s currency, and I care not who makes its laws."

~~ 1791 A.D. – At The Beginning Of The united States Of America

The Rothschild family’s greatest conquest was and is the United States Congress of The United States Government.

In this case, in 1791 the U.S. Congress legalized, for the Rothschild "First Bank Of the United States", the creation of non-backed Minus Money, which, since 1911 in Kansas Law, has been called Blue Sky Marketing, and also its twin crime, the Cancellation of Credit and Currency.

Since 1911, the U.S. Congress has legalized the Minus Money creation and sales scam of the predatory bankers by allowing it to operate as a recognized type of scam referred to as "Blue Sky Marketing".

The U.S. Congress also legalized Minus Money cancellation, that is, they passed laws that favored predatory bankers by allowing them to collect on their loans of Minus Money before the due dates, hence, causing the debtors to be foreclosed upon and to lose their real collateral to the banker, before the predatory Banker’s fraud could be discovered. This is called "Cancellation of Credit and Currency", the twin crime to "Blue Sky Marketing" in the banking system.

Blue Sky Marketing – Banks + Governments + Media

This strategy cannot work effectively at a high value level in practice unless the thief has the protection of government agents, and the two together create and constitute a symbiotic system of theft.

Symbiotic Theft is accomplished by a "keep-away" routine, wherein, for example, two corporations, for example a bank and a government, keep property away from the citizen by pitching the property back and forth over the top of him, usually in a court of law.

If the symbiotic thief consists of a bank and a government, then:

>(1) when the bank gets into trouble,

>(2) then the government uses the public’s money to help the bank to look honest and credible, and

>(3) when the government gets into trouble,

>(4) then the bank uses the public’s money to help the government to look honest and credible.

When either the banks or the governments, or both, get into trouble, the spin-doctors in the media use the public’s money to make the banks and the governments look honest and credible. Media System Phase #1 is the educational system. Media System Phase #2

is the newspapers, radio, television, videos, etc.. It is the public’s money that is used, because no corporation ever pays taxes. All of the expenses of all of the corporations are paid by the consumer, the public.

A scammer, through the use of a government as an alter ego, second self, or front organization, can conduct the highest-class Printed-Paper Symbolic Money scam.

Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and some others strongly objected to the predatory Minus Money Banking System. Some of the scam was established after Franklin died.

Alexander Hamilton, and some others strongly supported the effort of the predatory Rothschild "Bank of England" to charter and establish its Rothschild "First Bank Of The United States". When the charter of the first Rothschild "First Bank Of The United States" expired, and the Rothschild "Bank of England" met U.S. Congressional resistance to that bank being re-chartered, the Rothschild "Bank of England" waged the War of 1812 against the United States through the government of England to force the renewal of its charter.

Strategy #4 – Collecting Debts From Nations

If a bank (like Rothschild’s "Bank of England", "First Bank Of The United States", or "Federal Reserve Bank")

cannot collect a debt from a country’s government (the United States of America =USA),

then it can finance an enemy (Great Britain)

of the debtor government (the USA)

and a War (the War of 1812)

against the debtor government (the USA) (Great Britain vs. USA, in the War of 1812),

and insist that the winning government (Great Britain)

reward the loaning bank (Rothschild's Bank)

by giving it control of the winning government’s (Great Britain’s)

money system (Rothschild already had control of Great Britain’s money system)

or by guaranteeing a renewal of its Bank Charter (the Bank Charter of the Rothschild "First Bank Of The United States")

in the defeated country (the USA).

Therefore, Rothschild’s "First Bank Of The United States" Charter was renewed in 1812 by the United States Congress as the means of stopping the war of 1812.

President Jackson took Rothschild’s "Bank Of The United States" Charter away in 1836, but Rothschild retaliated twenty-five years later through the U.S. Civil War (1861-1865) (Issuing of War Loans).

"For example, during our Civil War, the North was financed by the Rothschilds through their American agent, August Belmont, and the American South through the Erlangers, Rothschild relatives." - None Dare Call It Conspiracy by Gary Allen, page 40.

Lincoln was well aware of the Minus Money Banking Scam, and the attempts of private bankers to establish non-assessable corporations that they could operate without conscience and without responsibility for their actions. Lincoln was very concerned that the rise of corrupt banking corporations would destroy America. Lincoln tried to return the country to monetary independence by issuing non-cancelable interest free United States Notes based on taxation and the Full American Faith In And Credit Of The United States.

This effort by Lincoln threatened to take away the profit, and unveil the fraud, of the predatory bankers and predatory banks, so the predatory bankers murdered him.

The ABA And The ABA (Double Trouble)

As soon as the Civil War was over, the predatory bankers moved to strengthen the bank/court symbiotic bond by establishing the American Banker’s Association (for the banks) and the American Bar Association (for the courts).

The American Banker’s Association, a monopoly, was established in 1875 to operate as the Military Academy of the predatory banking profession.

The American Bar Association, a monopoly, was established in 1878 to operate as the Military Academy of the predatory legal profession.

The American Bar Association was and is a national labor union, which guarantees that the Court will be, and will operate as, a closed union shop where only attorneys can work so that predatory bankers can easily win battles against natural persons, etc..

The Judges act as the local union bosses. In each state, the Supreme Court Chief Justice is the State Union Boss of the State Bar Association and of the State Courts.

By creating a government-housed system of economic fraud that well-served the theft from the public done by predatory bankers and banks, the most profitable money scam in history, the sale and collection of minus money backed by stolen credit, was covered, and nearly every other predatory legal process, being subordinate to the money scam required by governmentally-housed organized crime, was automatically provided for.

As soon as the Civil War was over, the predatory bankers moved to establish:

>The American Banker’s Association (ABA)

(The control of capital - 1875),

>The American Bar Association (ABA)

(The control of the Legal-Military establishment/ Esquires - 1878),


>The Federal Reserve Corporation (FRC)

(The control of issuing money, currency, and credit – 1913),

>The Federal Reserve Corporation’s Internal Revenue Service (IRS)

(The cancellation of credit and currency by tax collection – 1913),

>The Federal Reserve Corporation’s Anti-Defamation League (ADL)

(The control of pro-FRC media propaganda – 1913),

>WW I (the issuing of war loans),

>WW II (the issuing of war loans), etc..

(Study the origins of the "Bank of England".)

Now you understand the origins of the most recent 300 years of world history.

The Rothschild’s Printed-Paper Symbolic Money in the United States of America is the Federal Reserve Note, which is Minus Money, backed by stolen property.

The Federal Reserve Note is not, and cannot be, lawful money of the United States.

The U.S. Congress has done the same thing for the Rothschild-Warburg "Federal Reserve Corporation (1913), an extension of the Rothschild "Bank of England", as it did for the Rothschild First Bank Of The United States.

Federal Reserve Corporation Blue Sky Marketing is accomplished by selling non-backed money to the U.S. Government,

>(1) by loaning green-seal non-backed Federal Reserve Notes to the U.S. Government at interest

>(2) to be repaid by the people of the USA out of their own labor and property.

Every time a dollar is deposited in a bank, it is used, by that bank, as an excuse to justify a loan, by the bank, in the amount of ten to twenty green-seal Federal Reserve Note Dollars.

Federal Reserve Corporation Blue Sky Marketing is accomplished by using the U.S. Government’s apparent need to repay the Federal Reserve Corporation, to get the U.S. Government’s corrupt officials, officers and agents to steal the Federal Reserve Corporation’s non-backed money from the public and return it to the Federal Reserve Corporation.

One would think that this would not be necessary because the Federal Reserve Corporation could print, or have printed, all the money it required, but this is not so because the Federal Reserve Note must have credibility in the international money market, and so, in order to "fly level" in international commerce, the Federal Reserve Corporation must steal back as many of its Federal Reserve Corporation Dollars as it can.

Cancellation of Credit and Currency Method #1: The Federal Reserve Corporation achieves cancellation of credit and currency

>(1) by using its FDIC banks to collect real money (capital, goods, labor, time value of substance, etc.) and real property for its loans of minus money, and real interest on its minus money, before the loan due dates, and thereby seize collateral by foreclosure, precipitating suits,

>(2) and by using the State Courts and the U.S. Courts as agencies to declare the bank’s action to be valid, thus repelling or dismissing the suits.

The Low-Side Scenario

>The state governments incorporate the bank’s borrowers, or treat them as corporations,

>The state and federal governments create the law that the complaining "corporate" borrowers will have to be represented in court by attorneys.

>The attorneys, knowing that the bank must win (or the attorney will be disbarred or worse), will sabotage the position of the borrower in the court action in a way that it will make the borrower appear to be at fault, allow the bank’s loans to be called before their due date, and allow the borrower’s collateral to be foreclosed upon, which takes the pressure off of the corrupt banker.

Since everyone who furthers the scam gets a "piece of the action", the bank, the banker, the court, the judge, the attorneys, and their agents, legislators, government, and their agents (IRS, regulatory agencies, etc.) all get very wealthy in exchange for their mutual cooperation.

The High-Side Scenario

In order to compel obedience to the Federal Reserve Corporation, the United States Government, and all States, either directly or through the U.S. Government, must be on the dole from the Federal Reserve Corporation, and be using only Federal Reserve Dollars and Federal Reserve Notes as their currency, so that the Federal Reserve Corporation has the power to demand that:

>(1) the States will have absolute control over all attorneys,

>(2) attorneys will have absolute control over all corporations (i.e., the corporations must be represented by attorneys, which, in turn, must be controlled by the States), and

>(3) both adversaries in a suit will be deemed to be corporations, even if it is obviously not true.

Cancellation of Credit and Currency Method #2:

The Scam Formula for this scam is = RCW 60.68.045 + 28 USC 1746

RCW 60.68.045 – Revised Code of Washington – A federal mandate that the county recorder is to misfile a non-negotiable Notice of Federal Tax Lien (NFTL) as a negotiable Federal Tax Lien (FTL).

28 USC 1746 – United States (Civil) Code – Law that allows a person to lie by omission.

The Federal Reserve Corporation achieves cancellation of credit and currency

>(1) by using its own debt collection sub-corporation, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), to fabricate "taxpayer" debt by non-negotiable (non-collectable) Notice(s) of Federal Tax Lien(s),

>(2) and by using the fraudulent Federal Tax Lien Registration Act to compel County Recorders of every County in every State to record each non-negotiable (non-collectable) Notice of Federal Tax Lien (NFTL) as a negotiable (collectable) Federal Tax Lien (FTL) on a Tax Lien Index. (See, for example, the Revised Code of Washington at RCW 60.68.045.)

The IRS then gets, or has automatic access to, a Certified True Copy of the false

Statement entered by the County Recorder that a Lien (FTL), not a Notice of Lien (NFTL), has been filed, to show to anyone that the IRS wants to procure, to enforce their fraud and to do their dirty work for them.

For example, the IRS can take a Certified True Copy of the County Tax Lien Index to banks and to the sheriff to get garnishments and foreclosures.

No Redemption

Because of the money ignorance of the public, the operators of the Federal Reserve Corporation were eventually able to

>(1) take the promise of "redemption in gold or silver" off of their bank currency,

>(2) give no source of value for the backing,

>(3) promise nothing, and

>(4) say only that:

THIS NOTE IS LEGAL TENDER

FOR ALL DEBTS, PUBLIC AND PRIVATE

-- which means that it will work as long as you and your neighbor are money-ignorant.

The National Debt

Money, which does not disclose its backing or its surety is Negative Money, meaning that it is a receipt for stolen property, consisting of either deposits stolen from a depositor(s) or collateral stolen from the first borrower(s).

In a transaction, the value and the receipt (for the value) move in opposite directions.

When a thief steals from a victim,

the act of theft passes positive value from the victim to the thief, and

the act of theft passes negative value from the thief to the victim.


Negative money/value moving From the thief To the victim, is the same thing as

Positive money/value moving From the victim To the thief.

When the Federal Reserve Corp. (the Fed) loans (passes) negative money to the U.S. Government (U.S. Gov.), and the U.S. Gov. passes the positive money/property (collateral) of the American public to the Fed, the Fed is the thief and the public is the victim. The Fed is the debtor and the American public is the creditor.

The total positive value, moved in this manner, is the


NATIONAL DEBT

which, therefore, is

THE AMOUNT OWED TO THE PUBLIC BY THE FED

and not the other way around.

The U.S. "National Debt" arises from negative money (minus money)

Spent into circulation by the Federal Reserve Corporation

by loaning it to the U.S. Government.

It is money owed

to the people of the United States of America

by the members of the United States Congress,

by the United States Government, and

by the Federal Reserve Corporation and its agents

to repay the positive value, which they stole, when they issued their Negative Money.

The Federal Reserve Corporation has the egregious gall to enforce the collection of the negative national debt, owed to it for the loan of minus money to the United States Government, as if it were a positive national debt. The operators of the Federal Reserve Corporation expect the United States to repay the negative national debt in real substance money, that is, in positive money instead of the negative money, which they loaned.

If we do not repay in positive value instead of negative value the Fed sends us to war.

This is the ultimate method by which the Rothschild Federal Reserve Corporation keeps the U.S. Congress and the U.S. Government, generally, under its economic control.

Anytime that you want to read between the lines to understand what controls this nation, get The Congressional Directory from the mid 1970’s and look up the honors bestowed on our Congressmen.

Also take a little time to read to discover for yourself who finances the United Nations.

Anytime the Banker’s want to destabilize the economy, they create a world problem.

Cancelable credit-money causes money starvation and business depressions (1929+).

By the 1930’s the federal courts were also acting in favor of the predatory bankers and banks in this strategy because:

>(1) the U.S. Congressmen and the U.S. Judges remembered what had happened to Lincoln and others who had stood against the Federal Reserve Corporation, and so were afraid to personally stand against the private military forces of the Federal Reserve Corporation to reestablish the United States Note,

>(2) the predatory Federal Reserve Corporation Banking System was granting the federal government loans of minus money backed by pretended credit called Federal Reserve Notes that were acceptable to the public,

>(3) the Federal Reserve Note was working well, for the moment, with an economically uneducated public, on their faith that the government was not injuring their rights by its use, and

>(4) there was no second currency in circulation, to which the public had recourse to use.

So, the federal courts would also operate Summary processes to protect the special privilege of the predatory bankers and banks to call in loans prematurely.

The U.S. Congress has had 200 years to operate the money system correctly.

The U.S. Congress has delegated the control of the money system to thieves.

The U.S. Congress has passed laws to legitimize Blue Sky Market Banking, which allow

the banker-thieves (banksters) to loan "pretended currency" / Minus Money.

The U.S. Congress has passed laws to legitimize Cancellation of Credit and Currency, to cover the crimes of Blue Sky Market Banking.

The U.S. Congress has proven that it cannot be trusted with the control of the money system.

The Courts have helped the banker-thieves call in loans of Minus Money before their due dates, and to foreclose, to protect banker-thieves in their production and loaning of pretend currency/Minus Money.

Except for Lincoln and Kennedy, the Presidents have not enforced the money laws.

The nation can only rely on a government of the people, by the people, for the people.

In effect, the Rothschild-Warburg Federal Reserve Corporation, through its System of Banks, through its banking policies, rules, and regulations, and through its monopolistic control of the nation’s money supply, is the primary predator bank in control of this nation’s money and currency, and is very nearly the government of the United States,

except that would be a step downward.

It should now be clear that there are other strategies built upon the foregoing strategies by conspiracy, creating a system of international organized crime, then known as the Order of the Illuminati, and now known as The New World Order.

The failure of government agents to perform in accordance with the Constitutions and Laws of the Land must be used as grounds to compel the governments to rebate taxes.

In that way, the intrinsic value or backing of the first community money can come from the enforcing of public accountability and from the consequent transfer of value back to the public through the rebating of government taxes.

Both this nation’s money system and this nation’s money, as they are in effect today, are dishonest/corrupt.

Every effort to produce an alternate system of currency is met with a banking boycott.

But this occurs only if the money system relies upon the cooperation of the Banks.

If the invoiced government agents, acting without a lawful dishonor of the currency for cause, i.e., without a lawful rebuttal of the claim stated on the currency made against the government, refuse to pay the tax rebate out of the government tax coffers, then the currency will be a Re-Lien Currency, meaning that it can run on the street as an unsatisfied tab against the government until the public can install some honest politicians into the government who will enforce the rebate and prosecute the offending agents.

With this basis, neighboring communities will be able to help each other with financing.

To Re-Institute Honest Money:

Every community must have its own citizen-operated honest and sound money system.

Every citizen must be involved in understanding and controlling the money system.

The community money must represent the labor value of each and every citizen’s efforts or achievements in the community, including the service of correcting the government.

The truth about our predatory banks, predatory bankers, predatory politicians, predatory court system, and predatory media has become common knowledge. The improvements in national and international communication are making it difficult for the predatory banking system and court system to conceal their symbiotic Minus Money Banking Scam.

The people at the top of the Minus Money Banking Scam are trying to distract the public with created emergencies, and are now trying get our male population out of the country on the excuse of a necessary foreign involvement, so that there will not be enough of them here at home, loyal to you, to protect you, to protect your family, and to protect the United States of America from the final act of predation, The Great Foreclosure.

The American people need to understand the treachery of the predatory bankers and their influence and control over our government, and begin establishing alternative community currencies and better community communication and cooperation.

Jews and Christians for the Preservation of America (JCPA)

The forefathers of both the Jews and the Christians were of one race, the Hebrews.

The forefathers of both the Jews and the Christians were of one nation, Israel.

When Israel became divided, one group went to Babylon, and the rest were scattered.

The Babylonian group, which included the Tribe of Judah, became known as the Jews.

Part of the scattered group, containing the other tribes, became known as the Christians.

The Jews kept to themselves as a race, and became a people with a closed gene pool.

The Christians mixed with other races, and became a people with an open gene pool.

The Jews specialized in natural law, money, the letter of the law, and were not forgiving.

The Christians specialized in theology, charity, the spirit of the law, and were forgiving.

The Jews became humanistic, and determined to solve the human problems on Earth.

The Christians became theistic, and determined to prepare for a personal trip to Heaven.

The Jews brought strictness and accountability to the law, and used law to rule others.

The Christians brought patience and grace to the law, and used law to rule themselves.

Both Jews and Christians were quick to find fault, and slow to correct political evils.

When the "united States of America", a.k.a. the "United States of America"(USA), was established, it became a melting pot of the many races and philosophies of the Earth.

Two of the most influential components of that union of races became labeled, according to their respective predominant views of Hebrew history as Jews and Christians.

When these two hereditary branches reunited in the evolution of the USA, the best of both evolutions became united into an almost unconquerable combination or soul.

The major portion of the Jews that came to this country made it their chosen land and their home, and invested their lives in becoming a part of its soul, and loyal to its spirit.

A minor portion of the Jews that came to this country, who held no loyalty to it, termed the "International Jews", laid covetous plans to possess it, even if by blood sacrifice.

These Jews had a foreign loyalty that never included a concern for their fellow Jews.

From the very beginning of this nation, the foreign money institutions of the predatory International Jews, primarily the Rothschild "Bank of England",

>(1) imposed their predatory banking policies on the nation via the "Bank of the U.S.".

>(2) waged the War of 1812, to force renewal of the charter of their "Bank of the U.S..

>(3) financed both sides of the United States Civil War, (N. /Rothschilds, S. /Erlangers)

>(4) established predatory organizations, such as:

the American Banker’s Association (1875), the American Bar Association (1878),

the Federal Reserve Corporation (FRC) (Rothschild-Warburg)(1913),

the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) (FRC "debt" collection department)(1913),

the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) (the FRC "public relations" department)(1913),

>(5) financed both sides of World War One,

>(6) financed Adolph Hitler and The Holocaust (via Warburg, a.k.a. "Daddy Warbucks"),

>(7) financed Winston Churchill, F. D. Roosevelt, and both sides of World War Two, etc.

The Enemy consists of a very small group of very intelligent, very determined predators.

The Enemies of this great land would like to destroy its natural soul.

The union of the loyal citizens of this great land is a part of that natural soul.

The Enemies of this great land can take this land, without destroying the wealth of the land itself and the structures upon it, only by destroying the union of its loyal citizens.

The Enemies of this great land know that the key to taking it is to divide the people.

The Jews and the Christians, loyal to this nation, must not be divided against each other.

A Public Notice About History

Informed and Loyal American Jews do not like what International Jews are doing to

this nation, and what they are using this nation to do worldwide in the name of Israel.

Many common Loyal American Jews, and non-Jews for that matter, do not even know

of the International Jews, or the real motives for their operation in the United States. Loyal American Jews want to stop what the International Jews are doing, but are out-numbered, out-financed, and out-gunned by the International Jews and their unholy alliance with corrupt officials, officers, and agents of the U.S. government.

Loyal American Jews do not have direct control over the International Jews.

Loyal American Jews do not want to be blamed by their fellow Americans for what International Jews are doing to this nation, and using this nation to do worldwide.

American patriots have pointed to Hitler’s confiscation of guns in Germany in 1935 as the turning point of Hitler’s political maneuvering against common Jews and the world.

Loyal American Jews do not want to become the victims of a United States Holocaust.

Loyal American Jews established Jews For The Preservation of Firearms Ownership.

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HISTORY ABOUT THE BANKING SCAM

2000 BC ---> present

If you want to understand the letter of the law, in its logic, in its consistency, and in its strictness, with its territorial objective of ownership, then study the Old Testament of the Holy Bible.

If you want to understand the spirit of the law, in its respect for all life, in its civilization of human kind, and in its grace and patience, with its objective of human atonement (at-one-ment) with Nature and Nature’s God, then study the New Testament of the Bible.

If you want to understand commercial law, and be successful in its application,

then you will want to study both the Old Testament and the New Testament of the Bible.

You will also want to study The Art of War by Sun Tzu, Silent Weapons For Quiet Wars,

and the Scientific American, September 1980, 14-page article by Wassily Leontief.

(continued)

2000 BC to the present (continuing)

The Jews have a four thousand year history in banking, finance, and money control.

The Ten Commandments (Ex.20) list all five of the steps of all of the scams in the world.

The five steps of all of the scams in the world are:

Covet, Lie (Bear False Witness), Steal, Be Non-Loyal, and Kill.

A scam can be ranked in its seriousness by how many of these steps have been taken.

In Hebrew/Jewish Tribal Social Law, these acts/steps were all declared to be crimes when they are committed against a fellow Jew.

Lying, Stealing, and Killing were, and still are, capital offenses when a Jew injures a Jew.

The capital punishment of a Jew by his fellow Jews is prohibited in America due to American Law, but an offending Jew is ostracized both socially and commercially.

In regard to Adultery, the tribal legal standard of behavior for Jewish men was different than the tribal legal standard of behavior for Jewish women. Jesus made this very clear.

Covetousness is an internal mental attitude, and so it is difficult to establish it in fact.

1743 - 1812 AD – (Mayer Amschel Rothschild – an International Jew)

The "Bank of England", the "Bank of France", the "Bank of Germany", etc., were private incorporated Rothschild banks, not government banks.

The banker members of the Rothschild Family have no loyalty for the American people, only an unlimited desire for, and an absolute determination to possess, the United States, as well as the remainder of the world, and to establish a New World Order.

The Rothschild’s are not the only wealthy family engaged in this enterprise.

1776 (+) AD

The Rothschild Family of bankers established the "Bank of the United States".

The "Bank of the United States" was a private corporation, operating in the United States.

Rothschild Family banker’s controlled the "Bank of the United States".

The U.S. Congress gave the "Bank of the United States" a Banking Charter.

The United States Congress’ Charter allowed the Rothschild "Bank of the United States"

>(1) to issue and spend the Rothschild’s minus money Bank of the United States Note Dollars into circulation in violation of the U.S. Constitution, Article 1 Section 8 Clause 5,

>(2) to loan the Rothschild’s minus money Bank of the United States Note Dollars to the United States Government, and

>(3) to charge the United States Government interest for the use of Rothschild’s minus money Bank of the United States Note Dollars.

The Rothschild "Bank of the United States" printed and spent into circulation its minus money Bank of the United States Note Dollars. Each "Bank of the United States" Note was minus money.

1812 AD

In 1812, Congress refused to renew the charter for the Rothschild "Bank of the United States".

Rothschild retaliated by ordering England into the War of 1812 against the United States.

1860 (+) AD

Lincoln’s personal origin, educational background, and training in law were part Jewish.

Lincoln said that we have a government of the people, by the people, for the people.

This means that the ultimate power to issue currency belongs to the common people.

Lincoln tried to reestablish the power of Congress to "coin money and regulate the value thereof ". (*U.S. Constitution - Article 1 Section 8 Clause 5)

Lincoln tried to reestablish the non-interest bearing United States Note as the Street Currency of the Nation.

The United States Note

>(1) would eliminate the U.S. Government’s borrowing of minus money from the Rothschild Banks.

>(2) would eliminate the interest being paid by the U. S. Government to Rothschild Banks for the use of its minus money,

>(3) would eliminate the Rothschild minus money from our streets, and

>(4) threatened to expose the minus money scam of the Rothschild Banks.

The banker members of the Rothschild family ordered the assassination of Lincoln.

1913 AD

Rothschild-Warburg International Jews established the Federal Reserve Corporation.

The Federal Reserve Corporation is a private corporation, operating in the United States.

The Federal Reserve Corporation is commonly referred to as "The Fed".

Rothschild-Warburg International Jews control the Federal Reserve Corporation.

In 1913, the U.S. Congress gave the Federal Reserve Corporation a Banking Charter.

The United States Congress’ Charter allowed the Federal Reserve Corporation (the Fed)

>(1) to issue and spend the Federal Reserve Corporation’s minus money Federal Reserve Note Dollars into circulation in violation of the U.S. Constitution, Article 1 Section 8 Clause 5,

>(2) to loan the Federal Reserve Corporation’s minus money Federal Reserve Note Dollars to the United States Government, and

>(3) to charge the United States Government interest for the use of the Federal Reserve Corporation’s minus money Federal Reserve Note Dollars.

The Federal Reserve Corporation spends into circulation Federal Reserve Note Dollars that it does not have backing for.

Each Federal Reserve Note is minus money.

The Federal Reserve Corporation pays its minus money to the United States to print its Federal Reserve Notes.

The Federal Reserve Corporation controls the creation and distribution of money in the United States, and prevents the use of plus money through the use of banking boycotts.

1913 AD

The Rothschild-Warburg Federal Reserve Corporation International Jews established the psychological warfare media system known as the Jewish Anti-Defamation League, the JADL, also known as the Anti-Defamation League, the ADL.

The Jewish Anti-Defamation League is not Jewish, it is Rothschild, and it is predatory.

Many common Jews do not know of the motive for the creation of the ADL.

The Anti-Defamation League attacks any American person who in any way challenges the banking policies of the Federal Reserve Corporation International Jews.

Loyal American Jews do not ascribe to the tactics of the Rothschild International Jews.

The Anti-Defamation League does not represent Loyal American Jews.

1914 AD, [1940 AD]

Rothschild-Warburg International Jews caused World War I [and World War II] so that they could loan governments their minus money, charge interest on their minus money, and create national debts based on their minus money.

1935~ AD

Rothschild-Warburg International Jews financed Adolph Hitler and the Holocaust.

American patriots have pointed to Hitler’s confiscation of guns in Germany in 1935 as the turning point of Hitler’s political maneuvering against common Jews and the world.

History proves that Federal Reserve Corporation International Jews are treacherous.

Loyal American Jews have established Jews For The Preservation of Firearms Ownership.

1940 (+) AD

Hitler’s sacrifice of the common Jews at that time, made it easier for the ADL to criticize the people who criticized the Federal Reserve Corporation International Jews later.

1960 AD

President John F. Kennedy tried to reestablish the power of Congress to "coin money and regulate the value thereof ". (*U.S. Constitution - Article 1 Section 8 Clause 5)

Kennedy tried to reestablish the non-interest bearing red-seal United States Note as the Street Currency of the Nation (by Executive Order).

The red-seal (covenant) United States Note

>(1) would eliminate the U.S. Government’s borrowing of minus money from the private Rothschild-Warburg Federal Reserve Corporation,

>(2) would eliminate the interest being paid by the U. S. Government to the private Federal Reserve Corporation for the use of its minus money,

>(3) would eliminate the Federal Reserve Note minus money from our streets, and

>(4) threatened to expose the minus money scam of the Federal Reserve Corporation.

Therefore, the Rothschild-Warburg Federal Reserve Bank ordered the assassination of Kennedy.

Kennedy said, " The high office of president has been used to foment a plot to destroy the Americans’ freedom, and before I leave office I must inform the citizen of his plight."

- John F. Kennedy at Columbia University, 10 days before his assassination.

The Constitution for the united States of America is the finest political-commercial contract in the world, but cowardly U. S. officials, officers, and agents dare not obey it.

The Principles For Establishing A Lawful Local Currency

Natural Persons, Unlimited Liability, Responsibility, Rights, Agreements,

Truth, Full Disclosure, Contract Law, Covenant Law, Commercial Law

>Natural persons, also known as "flesh and blood persons", have unlimited liability for both their acts and their omissions. [The plural of "natural person" is "people".]

>Each and every natural person has the natural survival-right to enter into agreements with each and every other natural person or group of persons (people).

>It is understood that such an agreement contains true and full disclosure and no deceit.

>Such an agreement is called a contract if it involves the exchange of material things.

>Such an agreement is called a covenant if the exchange is for liberty or for life.

The Declaration of Independence was/is a covenant ["...we pledge our lives" ...].

>The social law governing the making of contracts is called contract law.

>Contract law is also known as commercial law.

Private Banker

>A natural person, acting with unlimited liability, who buys and sells written contracts,

is called a Private Banker.

>A Private Banker has unlimited liability and unlimited responsibility for his actions that establish his unalienable (un-alien-able = not lien-able) personal rights, and also his fully lien-able person, property, and rights to property.

>Private bankers, because of their unlimited liability responsibility, which is the basis of rights, do not have to be chartered and do not have to follow the special privilege statutes or policies set down by the government for corporations and other limited liability creators and operators.

Incorporated or Chartered Banks – State, "Silent" Partner

>A bank, incorporated or chartered by the State Government, an Incorporated/Chartered Bank, is in reality an alter ego or second self of the State Government.

>This situation makes the State a silent partner to the Incorporated Bank.

>As long as an Incorporated/Chartered Bank does the State’s bidding, the State is silent.

>But, if an incorporated bank is disobedient, then the State does not remain silent.

Protection Insurance Racketeering – Obey The State, Or Lose In State Court

An Incorporated/Chartered Bank has limited liability/responsibility for its actions in the State Court in exchange for obedience to the State’s laws, policies, control, and interests.

Protection Insurance Racketeering – Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

>If an Incorporated Bank seeks the protection of the bigger banks,

then those other bigger banks regulate the Incorporated Bank.

>If an Incorporated Bank does not seek the protection of the bigger banks,

then the corrupt bigger banks put subtle but violent financial pressure on the officers of the Incorporated Bank to convince its officers of the importance of having Deposit Insurance.

The Unholy Alliance – Thieves, Fencers, And Other Accomplices

Predatory Bankers use the People’s ignorance of the Minus Money Blue-Sky-Marketing Scam, to steal property from money-ignorant common People, in order to have the money power, with which they can buy political powers from Governments.

The political powers, which Governments sell to Predatory Bankers, are:

>(1) the regular daily power of the Government to cover the regular daily crimes of the Bankers creating Minus Money, this power being delivered to the Bankers through government legislators, attorneys, judges, courts, the police, the armies, the navies, etc., many of whom do not even realize that they are being used as an accessory to a crime.

>(2) the power of a Government to "borrow-and-spend" launder the (non-backed) minus money of the Predatory Banks into circulation on the street for what the Government wants, but declares to be "in behalf of the public good, making the People the Debtor.

>This is actually the power of the Government Agents, acting as "Agents" of the Public, to embezzle the labor value of the ignorant People/Public, by establishing another loan of Minus Money from the Predatory Banker for the Government’s/Agent’s use, on the implied signature of the People/Public.

This creates a perceived National Debt", and through the Public’s "repayment" of this perceived debt to the Predatory Banker, again acts to steal property from money-ignorant People/Public for the Government’s/Agent’s use of the Predatory Bank’s Minus Money, and the interest of the Predatory Banker.

Summary -- Banker/Government Blue-Sky Minus Money Banking Scam

In other words, the Predatory Banker

>(1) proves that he is a super-thief by stealing from the People/Public for himself using his Minus Money, then

>(2) gives the Government Agent the same opportunity to use his Minus Money to steal value from (unlawfully tax) the People/Public for the Government, by a misuse of the government office, and

>(3) saddles the People/Public with a perceived debt to the Predatory Banker for the Government’s use of the Minus Money.

Breach Of Contract

>The failure of a person to perform according to a contract is called a breach of contract.

>If the performance according to an agreement has a value, then the failure to perform according to an agreement, called breach of contract, also has a value.

The Definition And Character Of A Currency

>A currency is a contract to transfer value. It is a value-transfer sub-contract.

>A currency is usually expressed in whole units of measure, usually "dollars".

>A currency provides some purchasing-power value to the bearer of the currency.

>The purchasing-power value of a currency is that value which is being reserved

>(1) from part or all of some original contract, or

>(2) from a claim for part, or all of, the breach of some original contract.

>The said original contract is specified upon the currency.

>For example, if a public official deliberately violates his tax-financed job,

described in the Constitution for the united States of America, and the other officers and agents of government do not immediately bring him or her under control, then the breach of contract with the public makes the official, the accessory officers and agents of the official of the government, and the government itself, all liable to the public for the damage specified in the U.S. Code, and the damage must be rebated back to the public from the U.S. Treasury out of the taxes paid into the government by the public, by the use of a Public Contract Tax Rebate Note,

or a Public Wealth Rebate Note.

>The natural right, which every person has, to contract with others, coupled with the fact that currency is a method of contracting, means that every natural person has the natural right to produce a currency to consummate contracts by the public collection of debts.

>No state shall pass any law impairing the obligation of contracts. (* U.S. Const.101)

(* U.S. Const. 101 = U.S. Constitution Article 1 Section10 Clause 1)

Therefore, no State, or union of States (the united States),

shall pass any law impairing the natural right of any Private Banker

to produce or circulate a currency to secure, or to compel, fulfillment of the obligation of contracts.

All power of a lawful government comes from the consent and support of the governed, so that every community is endowed with the benefit of its natural citizens’ right to exercise the U.S. Constitutional Ninth Amendment Right and First Amendment Right to survive, to exercise their conscience, and to exercise their right to contract, all applied to produce a community currency, provided that the currency is has a fully disclosed LAWFUL BACKING by some thing or some things of value, and provided that the people of that community are:

>(1) are educated about the operation of money,

>(2) are educated about the responsibility for issuing money, and

>(3) are actively involved in overseeing and controlling the quantity of current money or currency issued into circulation by the members of that community or by the community itself.

The Community can issue Allowance Currency, and Executive Citation Currency, and the individual members of the community can issue Public Service Citation Currency.

Allowance Currency

Allowance Currency is specifically created for the direct protection

of the purchasing power of the community’s Labor Dollar.

Allowance Currency is printed and put into circulation by the community government, not for the benefit of the community government, but for the specific purpose of guaranteeing that there is a sufficient amount of currency in circulation in the community, to provide a sufficient amount of the commercial medium of exchange, to make possible commercial transaction and to maximize the possibility of full gainful employment.

Allowance Currency is made available at a central point in the community, by the community government, under the control of the community government, to be equally divided and equally disbursed among all of the natural person people of the community,

to be spent into circulation by the people of the community, not by the government or any other corporate entity or legal fiction.

Allowance Currency fundamentally represents Nature’s supply of energy and raw materials as the true and fundamental basis of a community’s wealth and backing, so the creation of Allowance Currency requires the gathering of statistical data on the availability and use of local natural raw materials, on the availability and use of local natural sources of energy (agricultural, etc.), on the prices, costs, and production in the community in connection with staple commodities, and on the local manufacturing costs and the gross community product (GCP) of the community, and either the willingness to keep an Office of Trends and Educated Guessing, or the willingness to use mathematical input-output analysis to deduce from this data the most likely value of the Allowance Currency Disbursement, all of which must be public information available to anyone in the community.

The statistical method and the input-output analysis method of economics are not an exact science, which means that the good common sense and the vote of a well informed community should be sufficient to experimentally arrive at a disbursement value if any disbursement is necessary.

The disbursement of Allowance Currency must never be used to create a welfare fund, because that would rob the laborer of the purchasing power of his hard earned money.

The ratio of the amount of Allowance Currency to the amount of Labor Currency in circulation in a community is the Currency Dilution Index or Inflation Index of the community. Two communities with the same currency dilution index, arrived at by the same valid mathematical processes, will have nearly equally exchangeable currencies.

Citation Currencies, Executive Citation Currencies, etc.

Municipal Citation Currency is an Executive Citation Currency backed by the revenue collected by a Municipal Corporation from the payment of traffic fines and the fines for all other violations of the public property, health, safety, or well being.

As a general rule of tithe or commission, ninety percent (90%) of the value derived from the fines for local crimes and local infractions must be divided equally amongst the people of the community, and ten percent be provided to the Municipal Corporation to maintain its service for the public. Otherwise, the public must, through taxation, support the Municipal Corporation. If a Municipal Corporation is allowed to keep all of the revenue, which it collects from fines and punishment, then it is the tendency of public officials to create more laws simply to enrich themselves at the expense of the public.

Law: U.S. Constitution Amendment 5 "...nor shall private property (compulsory taxes) be taken for public use (municipal corporate investment) without just compensation (compulsory corporate dividends)" + 42 USC 1983,1985,1986, 1994, and 18 USC 4, 241, 242, 1581, 3571.

Public Service Currency is currency, issued by natural persons engaged in public service, backed by accounts receivable, arising from matured lien claims against government and its agents, arising from public service labor or civic involvement actually performed by the said natural person acting as a public servant, and mandated by law (for example 18 USC 4 and 42 USC 1986). (United States Constitution Ninth Amendment (the right to survival), and the United States Code: Title 42 Section 1994 and generally 42 USC 1983,1985,1986, 1994, and 18 USC 4, 241, 242, 1581, 3571)

Backing

>The redemption value, or purchasing-power value, suggested and transferred by a Note of currency, is the thing of value called the THE BACKING OF THE CURRENCY.

>The thing of value, the backing, can be:

>(1) an item of barter such as a loaf of bread, a pair of shoes, a car, a bar of soap, etc.

>(2) a U.S. Note Dollar of purchasing power,

which represents labor already actually rendered in the past.

>(3) hours of promised future labor known as "credit", etc..

In other words the BACKING can be anything real.

The power of a government to issue a lawful currency to the public

arises out of its power to tax the public, and

arises out of its ability to tax the public,

which come from either the consent or the acquiescence of the public.


Every Dollar, which the government obtains from a natural person in the form of taxes, represents the labors of thought, word, and deed/doing performed by that person, either

>(1) as direct labor in the form of services actually rendered, or

>(2) as direct or indirect labor exerted to get raw materials and energy from Nature.

The natural person pays the tax dollars to the government

>(1) to pay for the labor of those employed by the government,

labor presumably exerted or rendered for the benefit of the public, and

>(2) to provide a backing for the labor currency issued by the government,

presumably issued for the benefit of the public.

>Consider the saying, "A laborer is worthy of his hire."

>This saying means that a laborer must be paid for his labor.

>He can be paid in food, if that is the agreement or contract.

>The quantity, type, and quality of the food will be stated in the contract.

>He can be paid in clothing, if that is the agreement or contract.

>The quantity, type, and quality of the clothing will be stated in the contract.

>He can be paid in currency, if that is the agreement or contract.

>The quantity, type, and quality of the currency will be stated in the contract.

The Scale Of "Statistically Average Prices Of Items" or Purchasing Power

(See the Standard Definitions Of U.S. Dollars, by Industries of Cap., Gds., & Servs.)

>If he is paid by a contract in the form of a currency, and that currency is denominated in dollars as "ten dollars", then he will expect "ten dollars" of that currency to have a nearly certain buying power or purchasing power as presented upon the scale of statistically average prices of items.

The term "a U.S. Dollar" means "a one-dollar red-seal "United States Note" paid out of the United States Treasury from collected taxes, which is the purchasing power of the public paid over to the government.

>A paper Note of currency is not the thing of value, the backing.

>A paper Note of currency only represents the thing of value, the backing.

>The Note of currency gives the bearer of the currency a portion of the thing of value, the backing.

>The thing of positive value, the backing, being represented by the Note of currency must be real, and it must be declared somewhere on the Note of currency.

"Lawful Money" of the United States is currency, which, pursuant to U.S. law, must be backed by at least some legally established minimum weight of gold or silver in return for each U.S. Tax Dollar of the Note of currency, and be redeemable in substance, or redeemable in the power to march over territorial boundaries and to seize the backing substance or its equivalent value in some medium. In that respect, real currency is a private commercial letter of marque and reprisal.

(Marque = "marches in order to take", and reprisal = "taking in return".)

The Coinage Act of 1792 was the law, which was first used to establish this "standard".

The Fundamental Standard Dollar can only be defined in food, because food fuels life.

>If the Note of currency does not declare the thing of value backing the Note, OR

>if the Note of currency is not issued as a red-seal Note of the United States Government, backed by the power to tax, the collection of taxes, and the taxes already collected, or

>if the Note is not lawful money of the United States, by way of gold, silver, or wheat,

>then the Note of currency is called a "legal tender", which means that it is merely an offer in settlement of a debt on mere faith alone that the Note will effect a forgiving of the debt. This is at least a better redemption than getting more "legal tender" Notes.

>A Non-Assessable Corporation, a corporation whose stockholders are not responsible for the damage caused by the corporation,

having limited liability, and therefore not being able to declare a backing on its Note,

cannot lawfully issue a currency Note.

>Nevertheless, The United States Congress has unlawfully granted a private corporation, the Federal Reserve Corporation, the privilege of violating the U.S. Constitution by creating and spending into circulation its own minus money currency, as a "legal tender".

>President Abraham Lincoln and President John F. Kennedy were assassinated because of their attempts to issue public-tax-backed U.S. Notes.

Red-Seal United States Notes vs. Green-Seal Federal Reserve Notes

Red-seal United States Notes represent labor value, meaning that they are backed by the positive value of the labor of American citizens actually performed in the past, and paid into the United States Treasury as U. S. taxes.

Labor actually performed thereby creates lawful service-based currency money

of the United States of America, denominated in United States Dollars, i.e., United States Tax Dollars, with actual/real purchasing power based on reward for labor performed.

Under the United States Labor Laws, common labor must be paid for at the minimum rate of about six Dollars for each hour of labor in lawful labor money of the United States, which means red-seal United States Note Dollars.

A paycheck for labor is presumed to be paid in red-seal United States Note Dollars, meaning that the paycheck should be redeemable at its face value at any bank in red-seal Notes of the United States Government. However, the U.S. Congress allows the Federal Reserve Corporation’s Banks to loan, and therefore spend into circulation, at least ten green-seal Federal Reserve Note Dollars for each red-seal United States Note Dollar, which is deposited at, and handled by, a Federal Reserve Corporation FDIC Bank.

We can think of each of those green-seal Federal Reserve Note Dollars as being worth ten cents in red-seal United States Note Money, which means that some the laborer(s) will eventually be robbed of ninety cents of the Dollar by the corresponding inflation of prices, part of which becomes used by the Federal Reserve Bank owners to spend the way that they want to, for example, to finance the organized crime which sustains their money scam, and another part loaned to the United States Government by the Federal Reserve Bank at interest, the sum of the principal and interest being called the National Debt.

The thing that helps the scam to work is that, the immediate use of the Laborer’s paycheck Dollar does not get diminished, so that the laborer does not see the damage which his bank deposit has precipitated, but somewhere downstream some citizen is going to be robbed by the IRS, or some other agency of the Federal Reserve Corporation in order to make up the ninety cent difference for each unlawfully created non-backed and circulated minus-money Federal Reserve Note minus Dollar.

The American Laborer, ignorant of this situation, would eventually have to slave to pay the National Debt as a penalty for not resisting the issuing of Minus Money, because those extra green-seal Notes must be collected back by the Federal Reserve Corporation in order for the Federal Reserve Corporation to be solvent in the International Monetary Community. An educated public could stand against the Minus Money and the minus "National Debt", which is actually represents the money, which the Federal Reserve Corporation owes to the people of the United States of America.

Therefore, the amount of extra minus-money green-seal Federal Reserve Note minus Dollars is a measure of the degree of necessity for the IRS or the Banking Industry to steal plus-money red-seal United States Note plus Dollars of property from the Public by unlawful taxation and unlawful foreclosures against property, to cover the crime of dilution of the buying power of "the Dollar" to the negative value of the minus-money green-seal Federal Reserve Note minus Dollar.

Therefore, a person can pay a debt on contract in plus-money red-seal United States Notes.

A person, without recourse to any plus-money medium of exchange, including plus-money red-seal United States Notes, can only discharge a debt on faith of having a forgiven debt, if tendering (making an offer in) payment by presenting minus-money green-seal Federal Reserve Notes.

When a community uses green-seal Federal Reserve Notes, it is the same as if the whole community is using one common credit card, which will eventually have to be paid off by every member of the community by a personal loss of something, money, life, etc.....

This means that, while some people in the community will get the instantaneous convenience of the face value use of minus-money green-seal Federal Reserve Notes as if they were plus-money red-seal United States Notes, some other people will "pay the price" for the whole community for that apparent convenience by the unlawful and devastating loss of their personal property to theft by the IRS and other Federal Reserve Corporation operated scams.

Like credit cards, green-seal Federal Reserve Notes buy food now and slavery later.

Congress has allowed the Federal Reserve Corporation to make extra minus-money green-seal Note Dollars, which everyone has become conditioned to accept as valid.

Therefore, the Federal Reserve Corporation has unlimited local and national power to use its minus Dollars to buy everybody’s property and to finance the IRS to steal everybody’s property through a process of plucking the easiest duck to pluck.

Green-seal Federal Reserve Notes represent, hence, are backed by, the negative value of the fraud of the Federal Reserve Corporation and its I.R.S. agents performed in the past by unlawfully producing Minus Money, which must be replaced in the future by

stealing by deception and trickery, and foreclosing against, the private property of American citizens. The private Federal Reserve Corporation has created fraudulent Rob-From-Peter-To-Pay-Paul Minus Money, denominated in Federal Reserve Corporation "Dollars", actually Federal Reserve Corporation minus Dollars.

Federal Reserve Notes have purchasing power only because people do not know the ultimate truth about their creation and their use.

Each labor-paycheck Dollar is the equivalent of one red-seal United States Note plus Dollar. When a person deposits his or her paycheck into a bank controlled by the

Federal Reserve Corporation’s Federal Reserve System, the Federal Reserve Corporation uses it as the basis (excuse not reason) to unlawfully issue ten green-seal Federal Reserve Notes for every labor paycheck Dollar, one of which is lawfully backed and nine of which are non-backed or empty, and therefore unlawful, and by circulation are minus money.

The U.S. Congress orders and allows the United States Treasury to do the job of printing Federal Reserve Notes for the private Federal Reserve Corporation. This creates the illusion that the printing of the Federal Reserve Notes is a lawful function of the United States Government, and therefore must be lawful, because, of course, the U.S. Congress would not do anything to betray the people of the United States of America.

This unlawful creation of Federal Reserve Note minus Dollars allows the Federal Reserve Corporation an unlawful opportunity to issue nine Federal Reserve Note empty Dollars, which become nine Federal Reserve Note minus Dollars as soon as they are spent or loaned into circulation by the operators of the Federal Reserve Corporation, a criminal act which can only be balanced by an IRS theft of property, by garnishments and foreclosures in the name of repaying the National Debt.

The Federal Reserve Corporation encourages every Federal Reserve Corporation "chartered bank" to ultimately loan somewhere between ten and twenty-five fraudulent minus-money green-seal Federal Reserve Note minus Dollars, for each labor generated equivalent red-seal United States Note Dollar (paycheck dollar) a person deposits into a bank.

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) is a Federal Reserve Corporation "protection" insurance racket.

How The Protection Insurance Racket Works

An FDIC "chartered" ("protected") bank is allowed to keep only a minimum amount of "money" on hand. Any amount in excess of this minimum must be taken out of the "protected" bank by an FDIC armored car.

Here again we see an illusion, which enforces positive faith and belief in the Federal Reserve Note. The appearance of the armored car is a hypnotic suggestion that the Federal Reserve Note has real/positive value instead of a minus value, which must be replaced by theft of property from the common citizen.

If a banker does not follow the mandates of the Federal Reserve Corporation, then the FDIC armored car does not show up at the "protected" bank when it needs cash, thus proving the value of its "protection".

If there is a "run" on the bank, then the FDIC takes control of the bank for the Federal Reserve Corporation on the grounds that the bank was being improperly managed, and hence a risk to the community. This guarantees the fraudulent-to-real loan ratio of the bank, the exchange ratio of green-seal Notes to red-seal Notes.

The commission of more theft, by the Cancellation of Credit and Currency Scam, is necessary to cover for the theft involved in the creation of the Federal Reserve Note, so the exchange rate between a red-seal United States Note Tax Dollar and a Federal Reserve Note Fraud Dollar is a negative number, and the magnitude of that number is admitted to be ten, and suspected to be somewhere between ten and twenty-five.

This means that the Federal Reserve’s Internal Revenue Service (the well known IRS) will have to steal somewhere between ten and twenty-five dollars worth of current purchasing power, reckoned in green-seal Federal Reserve Note Dollars, in order to cover the crime of counterfeiting the value of each labor based red-seal United States Note Dollar paid in taxes or used in the American market place by an American citizen.

The Gold Standard

"Money is anything having a conventional use as a medium of exchange and a measurement of value." – Webster Dictionary

Money does not mean only gold and currency. Money means also bank checks and demand deposits.

The value of gold is no more fixed than the value of anything else.

The value of every thing changes constantly with every change of circumstances.

During a period of great hunger for food, carrots are worth more than gold.

So, bags of good carrots, weighed and priced by the pound, can be used as money.

Therefore, a quantity of gold cannot be the standard measurement of the Dollar.

The Fundamental Standard Dollar of currency is a given number of grains of wheat, or an equivalent weight of some quality food, able to fuel labor. For example, the U.S. Dollar might be defined as the average price of a high quality one-pound loaf of bread. Otherwise, the U.S. Dollar is a specific amount of gold, measured by weight, and is represented by the red-seal United States Note of the government, denominated "one U.S. dollar.

The U.S. Dollar is the unit of the money paid to and paid by the nation’s laboring force out of which it pays taxes to the governments, and to businesses like the Federal Reserve Corporation (the biggest tax collector of all).

Practically speaking, One Dollar is the reference point on a price list of items, which can be purchased with dollars. The dollar purchasing power/price list is arranged in the order of the increasing average number of dollars required to purchase items on the list.

The people who are operating the dishonest banks have determined the commercial standard for the dollar by discriminating against and boycotting every other currency.

This allows them to control the international money exchange market.

By the mid 1930’s, England had gained a monopoly of gold ownership and had assumed the privilege of pricing all goods including silver in terms of gold, thereby forcing all other nations to be mere "legal tender" countries. This was America’s reward for financing England’s survival of World War One, from which America emerged as the creditor and England the Debtor.

The quantity of money in dollars that must be kept in circulation in a community to support healthy commercial activity is roughly proportional to the average productivity of the Community, which in turn is roughly proportional to the population.

When the amount of currency in circulation exceeds this "best average amount of currency" the public becomes euphoric and daring, loses its awareness of the laws nature and its self-control, and becomes lazy, apathetic, corrupt, and vulnerable to its enemies.

When the amount of currency in circulation is below this "best average amount of currency" the public becomes frustrated and depressed, gains an increased awareness of the laws of nature and especially an awareness of the food chain, becomes self-controlled, self-motivated, temperamental, cautious, alert, and ready to go to war.

Therefore it is said,

"The hand that controls the supply of money controls the nation." (President Garfield)

The people of a nation have sovereignty/self-rule only if they control the money supply.

To survive, the people must be a government of the people, by the people, for the people.

Every actual-labor paycheck dollar (equivalent to one red-seal United States Note Dollar) that a person pays in taxes to the U.S. government from his actual/real labor, is funneled through Federal Reserve Banks and is used by the Federal Reserve Banks as grounds to loan ten green-seal Federal Reserve Note Dollars into circulation through FDIC "chartered" Banks. Nine of the ten Federal Reserve Note Dollars have no backing in capital, goods, or services, and so they must later be stolen back by the Federal Reserve’s IRS agents and be delivered to the Federal Reserve to cover the crime of unlawfully loaning the citizen’s future labor credit at interest to the public in behalf of the Federal Reserve Bank.

This means that every real U.S. Dollar, representable by a red-seal United States Note Dollar, that a laborer earns is converted by the Federal Reserve Banks into ten green-seal Federal Reserve Note Dollars, nine of which the Federal Reserve Corporation spends for its own purposes, including the financing of the protection of its own syndicated organized crime in the currency marketplace. The primary reason that the Federal Reserve Note does not lose face in the world banking system is that the Federal Reserve Corporation has a method of covering the crimes of its operators before the public detects them.

The United States Government has never audited the Federal Reserve Corporation!

Any citizen could lawfully loan his own future labor credit to the community, without interest, and become fully employed if

>(1) the people of the community could become aware that anyone can lawfully declare their own intrinsic labor value by a community currency issued in their own name, and

>(2) the community would process that currency through a central processing system set up by the local community chamber of commerce to track its flow and validity.

Now you understand the bank loan and the credit card systems and how to replace them.

New Concept of Banking – Allowance Note Dollars

Money derives its value from acceptability

When the government is an offender, it becomes a debtor, and it must be held to public accountability and must rebate taxes to the public at the criminal charge level of Title 18 of the United States Code, which denominates damages in Dollars of Lawful Money of the United States, i.e. Gold and Silver. Otherwise, the operators of the government, which get paid by the government, will not correct its mis-function or mal-function, or the application of the government power.

There is a reward or commission for the exposure of crime and for processing claims for the public on the public’s behalf. (tithe or commission of approximately 10%, of which approximately 9% covers personal damages, and approximately 1% covers labor costs of administration of the correction process. (18 USC 4, 241, 242, 1581, ... , 42 USC 1983, 1985, 1986,1994)

The remaining 90% must be disbursed to the public, ideally equally per capita, but at least practically to charitable entities, which will serve the greatest public population.

An industrial nation is controlled by Nature through a system of credit, meaning the representation of Nature’s gift and reward to civilized society, by the issue of Allowance Note Dollars in direct relation to the population and to the actual average gross community productivity (GCP, like GNP), disbursed equally per capita in an amount necessary to just satisfy the need for a street currency.


Honest Money

It is time for American’s to examine their money system and make some simple and intelligent changes in the operation of their money system to restore property values, employment, and Constitutional equal protection of law and due process in the courts. Honest full-disclosure money will reduce or eliminate the danger and injury, caused by false principles and corrupt "money" creators.

The Dollar’s – Purchasing Power Scale

The starting reference points on the price scale of purchasing power are as follows. Whole Grain Wheat is a storage device for the energy of life and labor, a staple item.

The U.S. Capital Dollar, called "lawful money of the United States", is backed by whole- grain wheat, and is equivalent to so many ounces of whole-grain wheat for each U.S. Dollar (or the equivalent current value in gold, or silver, or in some other precious metal, staple substance, or staple commodity).

The U.S. Goods Dollar is the price of a standard loaf of bread derived from whole-grain wheat and labor, and the sun’s heat to bake it, in the combined value of part of one capital dollar (for the wheat), and part of one services dollar (for the labor).

The U.S. Services Dollar is backed by casual labor time rated at minimum wage, which is so many minutes of casual labor time for each U.S. Dollar.

Then a pair of shoes is worth so many loaves of bread.

An architect’s skilled drawing time will be worth so many loaves of bread per hour.

All three of the cited types of U.S. Dollars, issued for trading in Capital, Goods, and Services, are kept at an equal value and interchangeable so that all three types of U.S. Dollars are simply denominated in United States Dollars (U.S. Dollars) represented by red-seal United States Notes.

The Government Legislatures of the States and of the united States set, by law, the remedy-of-crime prices, measured in lawful money of the United States, U.S. Dollars.

Predatory bankers, who want control of the money system of the U.S.A., unlawfully discriminate against other money standards and currencies, which challenge and expose their unlawful Minus Money.

The Federal Reserve Note is the Note of the private Federal Reserve Corporation Bank.

It is a green-seal imitation of the red-seal United States Note.

The Federal Reserve Corporation will not let the United States Government publicly audit the Federal Reserve Corporation because it would disclose and prove the NEGATIVE EXCHANGE RATE which relates the red-seal United States Note and the green-seal Federal Reserve Note. Also, the men and women of the U.S. Congress won’t demand the public audit of the Federal Reserve Corporation. Therefore, the Federal Reserve Corporation is nearly the U.S. Government.

We are supposed to have a government of the people, by the people, for the people.

War is the method used by the Predatory Banker’s to accelerate national borrowing, and war is the method used by the Predatory Banker’s to kill off the real creditor, the public, to avoid prosecution by the public for the creation of Minus Money. Until the Predatory Bankers and their Predatory Banks are brought under public scrutiny and public control, the world will be at war.

If you take the profit out of loaning Minus Money

to governments for war, then there will be no war.

Appendix -- Exchanges Between A County And A Citizen

(Highpoints excerpted from an earlier writing, with few corrections or improvements.)

THE COUNTY’S STATEMENT IN ITS LETTER >>>>>>

"This note is not an acceptable form of payment for property taxes in the State of Oregon. According to ORS 311.260, ‘except as provided in ORS 311.265, all taxes levied in this state shall be collected and paid in lawful money of the United States, and not otherwise.’ Acceptable forms of payments include checks, money orders, and cashier’s checks with the proper U. S. Bar and MICR encoding and with a U.S. bank’s ABA routing symbol in the lower left corner which are payable through normal banking channels. Cash is also an acceptable form of payment."

THE CITIZEN’S RESPONSE TO THE COUNTY LETTER >>>>>>

Your Letter is not an Affidavit. Your "account summary" is also a non-sworn Statement of an Account. In that case the "account summary" would not be an Affidavit Invoice known as a Lien, upon which taxes could be levied.

Therefore, your Letter is a street-styled, non-judicial Notice of Interest, which is being used as a legal tender of a demand for payment of property taxes, a so-called gentleman’s demand, or soft demand.

The Form And Substance Of Negotiable Instruments

It is internationally understood that an Instrument, represented to the public to be Negotiable, i.e. redeemable in substance, shall contain a full disclosure, by Affidavit, of the Seven Essential Elements or Points of a Negotiable Instrument, which are:

1-Parties to the action or contract,

2- Allegation of Claim,

3-Explicit ledgering of a Relief,

4-Attachment of a Forfeitable Surety (the Debtor’s Surety),

5-Presentment of Exhibits setting forth Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law,

6-The Certification of Liability of the Maker of the Claim, sworn to be at least true, correct, and complete (and not misleading) (the Maker’s/Creditor’s Covenant Surety)

7-Confirmation of Identity of the Maker of the Instrument by a Commercial Witness,

also known as a Notary Public, or by three witnesses (when three witness are available), making it Publicly binding on all parties to the action or contract,

to protect the fruits of labor and the equal application of the law.

(Due Process"; Article 1 Section 10 Clause 1 of the Constitution for the United States of America, "No State shall pass any Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts.").

>This list is the Natural Form of the Law of Commerce. Its purpose is to protect substance / property, and to prevent the unreasonable use of force in commerce.

An instrument containing less than these seven points is merely a non-negotiable NOTICE OF INTEREST which expires in three weeks, is not renewable except upon a new legal issue, and must be replaced within the three weeks by one or both of the two durable processes, (1) The Affidavit Invoice, known as a Lien (a Paper Debt Collector) and (2) a Bonded Distress, which includes Bonded Tax Impoundments (Distraint Warrants) (a Paper Sheriff), known as a United States Constitutional First Amendment Petition for Redress of Grievances, presented to any government within the Nation as a citizen’s criminal complaint pursuant to 18 USC 4 and 42 USC 1986, can be used as a Bond on a Distress.

Lawful Money Of The United State

It is obvious that,

IF the Federal Reserve Corporation’s economic strategists could lawfully declare on their Federal Reserve Note that it is

Lawful Money of the United States of America,

THEN they most certainly would do so.

Instead they have given their Federal Reserve Note the low rank of a mere "legal tender" by their own statement,

"THIS NOTE IS LEGAL TENDER FOR ALL DEBTS PUBLIC AND PRIVATE."

They do not even say that the Federal Reserve Note is "a legal tender". There is a difference between using the word "tender" as a verb, and using the word "tender" as a noun, but it will not be necessary to go into the theory of grammar. The facts are enough.

On the face of the Federal Reserve Note, and any Bank Paper based on it, there is a clear statement, by commission, that it is "legal tender", and an implied statement, by omission, that it is not "lawful money of the United States".

There is much law on this subject.

For example, Article 11 Section 1 of the Constitution for the State of Oregon prohibits the circulation of the currency Notes of any corporate company, or any other limited liability company, on the streets of Oregon.

This prohibition would include Federal Reserve Notes and any Paper backed by the

Federal Reserve Note, including, but not limited to checks, money orders, cashier’s checks, and cash, redeemable only in Federal Reserve Notes, all of which are

denominated in Federal Reserve Corporation Dollars, or undefined "legal tender Dollars", not in U. S. Dollars, or lawful money of the United States of America.

All of the above stated options and conditions set forth by Letter for the payment of property taxes rely upon agreements established by and between the Government of the United States and the Federal Reserve Corporation, and directly violate the Oregon law that taxation processes must be transacted in lawful money of the United States.

Regarding The Subject Note

>The Letter does not state why the County officers believe, or have a cause to believe, that the subject Note is not a valid medium of exchange.

>The County officers and agents do not give an affidavit Certificate of Dishonor of the subject Note.

>The County officers and agents, instead, give a summary denial and a summary dishonor-without-cause of the subject Note.

>The Letter does not contain an affidavit swearing FOLLOWED BY the signature of its Maker.

>No one has assumed any liability for any claim made in the Letter.

>The Letter cannot stand as testimony of the maker in a court of law.

>The Letter is not a seven-point full-disclosure commercial instrument.

>Therefore, the Letter is not a negotiable instrument.

>Mr. XXX has attempted to make a good faith presentment of payment for property taxes, and the County has not provided a lawful affidavit Certificate of Dishonor of the Note.

>The County officers and agents have not exercised commercially lawful discrimination against, or lawfully dishonored for cause, the subject Note.

>The Letter cannot support or declare any commercial backing by statutory citation, which the County Commissioners might have and can use, to establish a four corner denominated Draft against Mr. XXX, as a Drawee.

>People can lawfully be compelled to pay a Seven Point Full Disclosure Affidavit Invoice (Lien), but cannot lawfully be compelled to pay on a mere Statement of an Account.

>The Letter’s value cannot be lawfully represented by numbers in the corners of the

Letter representing U.S. Dollars, Federal Reserve Inc. Dollars, or the "dollar"-money of any other person or entity.

>The Letter cannot be circulated in trade as a lawful trade currency, nor can it be presented as a currency on the street, nor can it lawfully be sold to bill collectors for the deliberate or express purpose of the enforced collection of a debt purportedly owed to the County or The State of Oregon, nor can it be used to establish a Lien, Foreclosure, or Forfeiture process against Mr. XXX his property or his rights to property.

Lawful Money Of The United States

The Coinage Act of 1792 defines "lawful money" as gold and silver, which, by contract, even in the form of a street currency, can be extended to include Notes mandatorily redeemable to the Bearer of the Note on demand, in gold and/or silver.

The amounts, of each of the "precious metals" such as gold or silver, which are defined to constitute and to be a Lawful U.S. Dollar, are also specified in the Coinage Act of 1792.


A Note which does not promise redemption in gold or silver, or other backing of substance or property, is merely a "legal tender" or an "offer in settlement of a debt", meaning that it is an offer of anything which a creditor will accept in settlement of a debt—whether it has value for other people or not.

It is not a payment of debt in lawful money of the United States.

A government or a private corporation, by definition, having the unnatural quality of limited liability, does not have the real world privilege of spending into circulation, on the streets of the Nation, anything but gold or silver or other valuable substance to be circulated as Money or as an economic medium of exchange.

The Tenth Amendment to the Constitution for the United States of America states that

IF the United States Government ever chose to delegate the first option of power to "coin money and regulate the value thereof" to any entity other than Congress,

THEN the States would have the second option of power to "coin money and regulate the value thereof", and

IF the States did not exercise the second option of power to "coin money and regulate the value thereof",

THEN the People would have the necessity, the duty and the right to exercise the third option of power to "coin money and regulate the value thereof".

The only commercially lawful system for putting necessary new currency money, or Allowance Notes into circulation on the street, on the full faith in, and on the credit of the United States of America (i.e., the natural persons of the Nation), is a system in which the application of the law would be equal relative to all natural persons, meaning that an equal amount of Money would have to be given to each natural person to spend into circulation on the streets of the Nation.

The term "natural person" excludes corporations and all other fictional limited liability entities, which do not think, and hence cannot be held accountable for the intent to commit criminal acts.

Fundamentally, each natural person has the power, under the unlimited liability of a natural person and the right to contract, and under his own seal and his easily readable executed signature, acting as an non-titled natural person, or as a sole proprietor, or as a non-incorporated and non-chartered private banker, to issue a uniquely distinct street currency as long as the currency has a truly, completely, genuinely and honestly disclosed economic basis or backing for its existence.

A Federal Reserve Note is described as a "legal tender" on its obverse or portrait side.

The Federal Reserve Corporation does not promise anywhere on its Federal Reserve Note to redeem any Note of the Federal Reserve Bank Corporation in substance or in any other medium of exchange except other Notes of the Federal Reserve Corporation, and it does not promise to perform for the public in any other meaningful or significant way.

That is why a number of countries will not accept for value the Federal Reserve Note as a viable international currency in trade for substance.

Therefore,
>the Federal Reserve Corporation cannot lawfully create mere "legal tender" as money,

>it cannot lawfully loan mere "legal tender" as money to the United States Government,

>the United States Government cannot lawfully borrow mere "legal tender" as money from the Federal Reserve Corporation, and

>the United States Government cannot, itself, lawfully spend mere "legal tender" into circulation as money on the streets of the Nation.

>The People of the United States are operating on the Federal Reserve Corporation’s

"it looks-like-money" or "currency-like" paper system of commerce.

>This is being done without Recourse, meaning that the "it-looks-like-money" or "currency-like" Paper that is used by the Public as if it were money is not "lawful money of the United States".

>However, the Public has no recourse to an alternative system because of the secret and unlawful political and economic arrangements made by our Government Leaders with the Federal Reserve Corporation and its international extensions, for example, the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

All of the above stated options and conditions set forth by The Letter rely

upon agreements established by and between the Government of the United States and

the private limited liability Federal Reserve Corporation, and are designed

>(1) TO FRUSTRATE OR PREVENT the Payment of Bills with lawful Money of the United States, or with a lawful paper-type Currency ultimately redeemable in Substance by the Debtor/Drawee Party by a lawful Application of the Force of Collection, and ultimately capable of operating in a Real Commercial System, and

>(2) TO ENFORCE the Settlement of Debt with "legal tender" "it-looks-like-money" "currency-like" Paper of the privately owned and operated Federal Reserve Corporation, or any other directly related non-backed Paper, ultimately NOT redeemable in Substance by the Drawee / Debtor Party by a lawful Application of the Force of Collection, hence, ultimately capable of operating ONLY in a Fictitious Commercial System, not a Real Commercial System.

>The Letter does not contain Positive Identification of the Maker, which, for the purposes of tax-collection by a State Proxy or State Revenue Collection Agent, would have to be a valid Social Security Number or other positive identification, by which the Agent could be held Publicly Accountable for bearing false witness, followed by a Notary seal.

>The County Letter is public proof that its Officers, unless they are acting in ignorance, are engaging in what would be termed Unlawful Restraint of Trade with respect to the subject Note, and appear to support the currency monopoly of the private Federal Reserve Corporation, a private Corporation and organization, which issues only non-backed, non-redeemable mere "legal tender" Notes, and has never been audited by the United States Government during its eighty-nine years of activity in the Nation’s economy and government.

>The County Letter is simply a letter, constructed upon fraud committed by government agents, who use the government institutions as their business offices.

>This makes the officers and agents, of the County, accessories to the debtor, and, therefore, makes them co-debtors, severally and jointly liable, to Mr. XXX.

>That is a very telling combination of factors, suggesting economic treachery, even treason (giving aid and comfort to the enemies of this Nation).

If the County officials and officers of the Court of the State of Oregon are going to make special rules for the Federal Reserve Bank and its Federal Reserve Notes, which dishonor or disqualify the subject Note by an UNLAWFUL COMMERCIAL BOYCOTT in violation of Article 1, Section 10, Clause 1, of the Constitution for the United States of America,

then the government of the County and the government of the State of Oregon must be prepared to demand and enforce an explanation and an audit of the Federal Reserve Corporation.

If the people do not care about the valid ORIGINS OF MONEY, then they will become slaves to others, who will then be free to determine the ORIGINS OF MONEY, and who will then be free to unlawfully sell into circulation, their so-called "money", to gullible people.

>Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1743-1812), the Financier of both sides of wars, and the father of the Fed Family of Financiers, the FFF, said it simply:

"Give me control over a nation’s currency, and I care not who makes its laws." – Mayer Amschel Rothschild

NOW PERHAPS YOU CAN UNDERSTAND

THE FUNDAMENTAL RULE OF A CORRUPT GOVERN MENT IS:

>The quality of the LEGAL WRITINGS of a Nation’s legal system MUST NOT BE any better than what is necessary to sell the "currency-like" "legal tender" PAPER of the Government’s "Financier" to the Public in the name of government wages, government loans, government grants, government subsidies, etc..

>The quality of the LEGAL PROCESSES of a Nation’s legal system MUST NOT BE any better than the processes necessary to steal more than enough private property from the citizen people in the name of TAXATION, to cover the government’s unlawful disbursement of the "currency-like" "legal tender" PAPER of the Government’s "Financier".

Understanding and regulating the quality of currency money is everybody’s problem.

It cannot be, it must not be, delegated to others.

THE CREATION OF CITATION CURRENCY

AND PUBLIC WEALTH REBATE BANKS

by Hartford Van Dyke

If righteousness is not profitable, then corruption will prevail. - HV

THIS WRITING IS RELEASED INTO THE PUBLIC DOMAIN

THE CREATION OF CITATION CURRENCY

AND PUBLIC WEALTH REBATE BANKS

by Hartford Van Dyke

If righteousness is not profitable, then corruption will prevail. - HV

THIS WRITING IS RELEASED INTO THE PUBLIC DOMAIN

INTRODUCTION - By Gordon Wayne Rogers

#1A - THE CONSTANTS OF LIFE

#1B - Religion - The Laws of Nature, Generally Understood

#1C - The Food Chain

>FOOD FUELS LIFE AND LABOR.

>COMMERCIAL LAW.

>The first objective of commercial law is the protection of food.

>FOOD IS THE NATURAL ROOT OF COMMERCIAL LAW.

>The second objective of commercial law is the protection of the definition and production of symbolic or current money or currency.

#2A – Real Government

#2B – Invented Government

An error uncovered is two-thirds destroyed, and the remaining

one-third is destroyed by division of the house from within.

#2C - Reasonable Diligence:

The survival-necessary act of serving the public is more fundamental than the government laws, which mandate it, and which promise remuneration for it.

#2D - The Evolution of Maturity

>The key to human survival is the evolution of sensitivity, understanding, wisdom, and humility.

>Survival is a matter of eternal vigilance, mutual assistance, and prayerful thinking.

#2E - THE NATURAL PRINCIPLES GOVERNING GOVERNMENT

Let no man forget these truths. >>>>>>>

>1 - Nature came first, then came man, then came society, and then came government.

>2 -- Nothing happens in Nature without a force or motive,

which is created by the delivery of energy or reward.

>3 -- People are real. People think and deliberate. And some people kill people.

>4 - Guns do not think or deliberate. Guns are not killers. Guns do not kill people.

>5 - Likewise, governments are mere social machines, Public Trusts with bit players called trustees, officers, clerks, and agents. Governments are absolutely nothing without the deliberate cooperation and Public Accountability of the people.

>6 -- Power corrupts people, and absolute power corrupts people absolutely.

>7 -- If a Government appears to be corrupt, then look at who is operating it.

>8 -- Governments never corrupt themselves; people corrupt governments.

>9 -- Every corrupted government stays in power and increases in power by its People/Operators limiting truth and righteousness, by its People/Operators declaring truth and righteousness to be a crime, and by its People/Operators punishing and injuring people for demanding a just reward for truth and public service.

>10 -- If the forces of truth, righteousness, and righteous service are to prevail over the forces of false witness, corruption, and crime, then the reward provided for truth, righteousness, and righteous service will have to be greater than the reward provided for the bearing of false witness, the commission of corruption and crime, and the suppression of righteousness and righteous service.

#3A - A Pattern of Social Procedure for Government

#3B - Example - The Traffic Incident

>Mr. Officer issues an ordinary traffic citation/draft , against Mr. Smith, the traffic offender/drawee on the citation/draft, in the amount of one hundred dollars.

>Then Mr. Smith, the traffic offender/drawee, must pay one hundred dollars as a fine or penalty to buy the citation/draft out of public circulation, and thereby retire the public’s claim of the offender’s/drawee's debt to society.

#3C – The Collection Process – Public Service Citation Currency

>3D – Revenue Dividends

>3E – Rebate as a Protection against the Corruption of Government

#4 - WHEN PUBLIC OFFICIALS VIOLATE THE LAW

>Public Officials, Officers, and Agents are bound to obey the Supreme Law of the Land, the Constitution for the United States of America.[[[u]]]

>Their public Office is their vehicle, and the Law is the justification of their exercise of their power.

>When they violate the law, then the exercise of their power is not justified, they become an offender against the peace and dignity of people, and they can be subjected to the same public service citation currency process that is applied to a traffic offender.

#5 - THE CODE LAW

THE TOP TEN CODES

U.S. Code Law at 18 USC 1621, 1622, 4, 241, 242, 1581

U.S. Code Law at 42 USC 1983, 1985, 1986, 1994

U.S. Code Titles 42 USC 1994 and 18 USC 1581 promise and guarantee

>(a) that public service WILL BE REMUNERATED BY THE U.S. GOVERNMENT,

>(b) when done by a citizen in support of the U.S. Government, and

>(c) when enforcing the laws in support of the public health and welfare of the U.S.;

>(d) THUS MAKING THE CLEANSING OF THE GOVERNMENT AS PROFITABLE AS, OR MORE PROFITABLE THAN, THE USURPATION OF GOVERNMENT POWER.

#6A – Drafts Defined

#6B - THE FORM AND SUBSTANCE OF NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS

THE SEVEN POINTS OF A FULL DISCLOSURE INSTRUMENT

1-Parties to the action or contract,

2- Allegation of Claim,

3-Explicit ledgering of a Relief,

4-Attachment of a Forfeitable Surety (the Debtor’s Surety),

5-Presentment of Exhibits setting forth Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law,

6-The Certification of Liability of the Maker of the Claim, sworn to be at least true, correct, and complete (and not misleading) (the Maker’s/Creditor’s Covenant Surety)

7-Confirmation of Identity of the Maker of the Instrument by a Commercial Witness,

also known as a Notary Public, or by three witnesses (when three witness are available), making it Publicly binding on all parties to the action or contract,

to protect the fruits of labor and the equal application of the law.

The commercial draft is a seven-point, full-disclosure, whole-truth, three-party, negotiable, commercial affidavit instrument, created by a flesh-and-blood Maker, on the Maker’s own testimony or deposition, and on the Maker’s own unlimited commercial liability.

#7A – Liens Defined - Commercial Due Process

#7B - The Default Debtor

#7C - The Notice of Lien

#7D - The Proposed Lien Assignment

#7E – The Responsibility of the Lien Debtor, the Seller, and the Buyer

#7F – The Recording of Commercial Instruments

>Recording Offices and Title Insurance Companies provide "buyer beware" protection for buyers, but this is not, and never will be, a substitute for personal investigation.

#7G – Liens and Guns

>A COMMERCIAL LIEN is the LEGAL EQUIVALENT OF A LOADED FIREARM, a gun, a cannon, a bomb, a hand-grenade. It is a COMMERCIAL WEAPON, NOT A TOY.

>IT IS EQUALLY IMPORTANT FOR THE CITIZEN WHO APPLIES THE COMMERCIAL LIEN PROCESS TO HAVE THE SAME DEEP RESPECT FOR THE PROCESS, AS IF IT WERE A GUN, AND TO NOT ABUSE PEOPLE WITH IT.

#7H – Judicial Orders are Commercial Liens

>(1) a Seven-Point Commercial Contract, or by

>(2) a Seven-Point Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law.

#7I – Judicial Contempt and Incredibility

#7J - The Notice of Interest –

and the two adjudicative processes of Commercial Law

#7K - DRAFTS GENERALLY - AND TYPES

>(1) Documentary Drafts/Soft Drafts/Slow Drafts/Limited-Process Drafts, or

>(2) Demand Drafts/Hard Drafts/Fast Drafts/Unlimited-Process Drafts.

#7L- SOFT DRAFTS / SLOW DRAFTS / LIMITED-PROCESS DRAFTS [[[-]]]

>The Soft Draft is best known as a Documentary Draft.

A Documentary Draft is a Draft, which is dependent upon attached or referenced info.

>To COLLECT money from a drawee/debtor pursuant to the terms of a draft, ...

>The Collector of a Soft Draft can only ask for an affidavit Certificate of Dishonor.

>In fact, the Collector must ask for an affidavit Certificate of Dishonor.

#7M - Hard Drafts – Recourse to the Laws of Nature [[[LMR]]]

A Bank Check is the most automatically and most quickly processed type of hand-written Demand Draft in common use on the street, and, for that reason, it is called "checkbook money". (See The Coinage Act of 1792.)

#8A - PUBLIC WEALTH REBATE BANKS AND PUBLIC WEALTH REBATE NOTES

Survival requires that, when the going gets tough, then the tough get going.

When the government’s actors become dishonorable,

then the honorable citizens must become the acting government.

>42 USC: LEGIS[1986], ADJUD[1983, 1985, 1986], EXEC[1994],

correspond, respectively, to

> 18 USC: LEGIS[4], ADJUD[241, 242], EXEC[1581].

#8B - PUBLIC WEALTH REBATE BANKS

#8C - To lawfully take tax money from a malfeasant official, officer, or agent ...

#8D – A Valid Citation/Draft

#8E – Proposed Lien Assignment or Soft Draft – (see #7D)

#8F - Rebate

#8G - Summary - Public Service Citation Currency

-- A PSCC will have the legible hand signature of the Maker given in red.

#9A - PROTECTION OF RIGHTEOUSNESS IN COMMERCE

"And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free." (Jesus Christ)

#9B - Conflict of Interest

>Conflict of Interest is defined as conflict between public obligation and self-interest.

>... if it were their own personal lever power, to license the corrective activity taken against them by honorable citizens in order to be able to prohibit the corrective activity of those citizens, or to pass laws to make the corrective activity unlawful or unprofitable.

>They erode the values, which support our Nation. They destroy our Nation.

>[They]... must never be given control over public service citation currencies or public wealth rebate banks.

>Government Courts must never be given jurisdiction over commercial contracts or over altruistic sole proprietorships, as long as those two great tools are being used in such a manner that the fundamental, international, non-statutory, commercial clean hands doctrine and the rules of fair business practice, good faith action, and honor are not being violated.

#9C – First Amendment Money – God’s Money versus Caesar’s Money.

"Render Unto Caesar that which is Caesar’s, and unto God that which is God’s."

Render unto Caesar’s service that money, which arises out of Caesar’s corruptness,

and render unto God’s service that money, which arises out of God’s righteousness

The Second Amendment Right to Keep and Bear Arms includes

The Ninth Amendment Right to Survive by the use of Economic Weapons, and

The First Amendment Right to Design and use a Conscience Currency.

Live food is the original money.

Agriculture, however primitive, is the original commerce.

Gold, and a paper currency redeemable in gold, are both symbolic money.

Money is a social tool, used to make the conduct of commerce easier.

Money is a convenience, but the obsession to possess money/power is a sickness.

>Caesar prints, and spends into circulation, more currency-type money than he has in gold, goods, or services for backing or redemption of Caesar -money.

That is why Caesar calls it "legal tender", not "lawful money".

>Caesar must violently over-tax the use of Caesar-money, and precipitate enough foreclosures, in order to recover enough Caesar-money to back his Caesar-money.

>Without that taxation, Caesar would be caught short, and be exposed as a thief.

Otherwise, If you want to stop Caesar’s criminal damage to the Public in commerce, then you must stop financing Caesar’s banking system.

You must lawfully avoid paying taxes to Caesar.

Caesar has no conscience, so a credible Caesar cannot tax that which Caesar declares to be without value.

Create your own lawful public service citation currency.

Do your righteous business with righteous-service money.

[see the book silent weapons for quiet wars.]

#10A - THE HARTFORD VAN DYKE PUBLIC WEALTH REBATE BANK

#10B - The Hartford Van Dyke Public Wealth Rebate Bank (HVPWRB) is a First Amendment Public Claims Bank [[[ #10B ^ ]]]

The Hartford Van Dyke Public Wealth Rebate Bank (HVPWRB) issues a public service citation currency which operates on identically the same legal and lawful basis as the ordinary statutory traffic citation, but is directed toward official violations of the law committed by public officials, officers, and their agents, instead of being directed toward violations of law committed by some common citizens.

#10C - THE BACKING OF THE HARTFORD VAN DYKE PUBLIC WEALTH REBATE BANK AND ITS NOTE-CURRENCY

#10D - THE REASON FOR THE FIRST NOTES

If righteousness is not profitable, then corruption will prevail. - HV

#10E - THE BACKING OF THE PUBLIC WEALTH REBATE NOTES (PWRN’S)

#11A - THE PUBLIC WEALTH REBATE NOTE (PWRN)

#11B – The Lawful Claim

#11C – [[[...]]]

Pursuant to the 9th and 10th Amendments to the Constitution for the United States of America, the people of this Nation do not yield their sovereignty to the agencies that serve them.

(See, for example, The Revised Code of Washington State at RCW 42.17.251)

#11D - Public Circulation and Use

PWRN’s are lawfully spent into circulation

>(1) by the Public;

>(2) by the needy; and

>(3) by a person rewarded for his or her public service.

#11E - Disbursement

#11F - Charitable Disbursements

This Commercial Law Manual and all other legal works by me, Hartford Van Dyke, are released into the Public Domain

(1) as a public service of Hartford Van Dyke, operating as a citizen-agent of the United States of America pursuant to the Constitution for the united States of America, 42 USC 1986, 18 USC 4, and 42 USC 1994,

(2) as a public service of the Hartford Van Dyke School of Universal Law, and

(3) as a public service of the Hartford Van Dyke Public Wealth Rebate Bank/Trust, an Altruistic Sole Proprietorship.

The said works may be reproduced and sold in any quantity without permission, and without paying any royalties.

The Commercial Law is a non-exclusive Public Property.

#12A - Claims

#13A – Administration Costs of the Bank

This Bank's administration expenditures are a matter of public information.

#13B – Production and Output Costs

#14 - Liability

#15 - THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PUBLIC WEALTH REBATE NOTES

#15A - NO COUNTERFEITING

#15B - CUSTOM CRAFTED

#15C - DIFFERENT DENOMINATIONS

#15D - COMMEMORATIVE EXAMPLE

#15E - LARGER SIZE

#15F - NO FRAUD RELATIVE TO THE GOVERNMENT

It is absolutely impossible for the Public Wealth Rebate Notes of this Bank to be construed to be instruments defrauding the United States of America, because:

>(1) The said Notes are backed by unchallenged and fully defaulted claims against the United States of America and its Agents, statutorily valued pursuant to its own laws.

>(2) The drawee/debtor United States of America is obligated by its own laws, on the call of the drawer/claimant-trustee, to pay lawful money of the United States of America to the bearer/payee on demand, to compensate the Public for the government’s transgressions of law.

>(3) The said Notes accordingly patently bear the statement "THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA SHOULD PAY TO THE BEARER ON DEMAND".

>(4) That payment is a declaration of commercial honor, and a consummation of loyalty to the American people, and to the American soldiers who gave their lives and their fortunes to protect the commercial honor of the United States of America.

>(5)That payment is an international test of our government’s own internal and external credibility in commerce.

#15G - NO FRAUD RELATIVE TO THE COMMON CITIZEN

> No intent exists, and no effort is being made, to deceive, trick, or unlawfully coerce any person into accepting, honoring, or using the Notes, or to give up any thing, or property, or right to property, without full disclosure of contract and fair reciprocal gain.

IF YOU WANT GOVERNMENT CORRUPTION TO STOP,

THEN USE THE NOTES OF THIS BANK IN COMMERCE TO BRING ATTENTION TO THE NEED TO STOP CORRUPTION.

#16A – Life Cycle Symbology in Legal

#16B – The Three Human Facilities

#16C – The Human Life Cycle – 2x3+1=7 Phases

The seventh element is the objective of the three ideality phases and the three reality phases.

#16D – A Trust – In Seven Phases

#16E – A Corporation – In Seven Phases

#16F – A Public Trust or Government– In Seven Phases

#16G – The Public Trust / Government of the united States of America

#17A – The Seven Seals

#17B – The Declaration of Independence

#17C – The Constitution of the united States of America

#18 - THE SEVENTH SOCIAL ELEMENT AND THE SEVENTH DENOMINATION - The Gettysburg Address

The seventh denomination, 230, represents the perpetuity of the Public Trust

#19 - Denomination Symbology

#20 - THE SERIAL NUMBERS

#21 - THE PEARL HARBOR ATTACK COMMEMORATIVE NOTE-CURRENCY

THE CREATION OF CITATION CURRENCY

AND PUBLIC WEALTH REBATE BANKS

by Hartford Van Dyke

If righteousness is not profitable, then corruption will prevail. - HV

THIS WRITING IS RELEASED INTO THE PUBLIC DOMAIN

Do not let anyone claim to be a true American if they ever attempt to remove religion from politics…. Government is not reason. It is not eloquence. It is a force, like fire: a dangerous servant and a terrible master…. The very atmosphere of firearms anywhere and everywhere restrains evil interference-they deserve a place of honor with all that is good." --George Washington, First President of the United States

INTRODUCTION

By Gordon Wayne Rogers

The Government which came forth in the maturity stage of the evolution of the United States of America has been eminently successful in facilitating the rise of a Nation consisting of the World’s happiest and most prosperous people. Such success prevails only as long as our Nation’s Constitution is strictly obeyed. Unfortunately, the Constitution does not contain sufficient politically usable machinery for enforcing its provisions against wrongful practices of government officials who choose to not follow common standards of righteousness.

Consequently, such individuals have found ways to reap benefits for themselves at the expense of the general population without affording equal or just values in return. As a result, government jobs have degenerated virtually into a racket, which has undermined and all but destroyed our system of justice and law enforcement to a point where redress of grievances can no longer be obtained in a court of law. Governments, both national and local, are no longer accountable to the People.

Therefore, We the People are left with no readily accessible political means for obtaining redress of grievances. In the alternative, we are forced to use commercial means, i.e., some way of diverting the flow of money from the corrupt politicians back to our own benefit. We can accomplish this by the same method as is used by the controllers of the banking industry for controlling the flow of money toward their own benefit. In this endeavor, we have the advantage of laws made long ago which provide monetary punishment for those who disobey the provisions of the Constitution, and which provide monetary remuneration to those who make possible the punishment.

The Public Wealth Rebate Notes of the Hartford Van Dyke Public Wealth Rebate Bank are crafted and adapted to make use of these said laws, and to follow all of the Laws of our Land faithfully and strictly. Therefore, users of these Notes can rest with assurance that they are lawful tender redeemable in lawful money of the United States.

Gordon Wayne Rogers

#1A - THE CONSTANTS OF LIFE

#1B - Religion - The Laws of Nature, Generally Understood

>Nothing happens in Nature without the action of force. (The first law of physics.)

>The Laws of Nature are generally the same everywhere and everywhen for everywhat in the Universe.

#1C - The Food Chain

>FOOD FUELS LIFE AND LABOR.

>The social rules that govern the behavior people with respect to food, labor, and agriculture are known as COMMERCIAL LAW.

>The first objective of commercial law is the protection of food.

>Therefore, FOOD IS THE NATURAL ROOT OF COMMERCIAL LAW.

>Live food (primarily grain) always has been, still is, and always will be, the fundamental substantial medium of exchange called "money" used for barter or trade of commerce.

>The fundamental measure of weight is the grain.

>The common pound is 7000 barley grains.

>Four grains of wheat = three grains of barley.

>The wheat grain is the basic unit of money weight.

> Precious metals, as gold and silver coin, are a symbolic substitute for food as a medium of exchange.

>Therefore, the second objective of commercial law is the protection of the definition and production of symbolic or current money or currency.

>A social group operating under commercial law and order is called a civilization.

>Every civilization in the Universe operates on agricultural energy.

>Commercial law is eternally ever present in Nature for every society everywhere and everywhen in the Universe.

#2A – Real Government

>All Civilizations have the same necessities and problems of survival and procreation,

and necessity is the mother of invention, so invention generally follows the same paths.

>During the evolution of each specific civilization, some semi-civilized people will allow the animal element of their being to dominate their fellow man. They will commit theft, use deceit and trickery, and pervert the processes of commercial law, in order to keep the knowledge of commercial law to themselves, and to monopolize the powerful benefits of commercial law. (See Silent Weapons for Quiet Wars.)

>This unreasonable and unlawful exercise of social force destroys invention and civilization.

>Thus, the Code of Hammurabi - "The strong shall not oppress the weak."

>The law of the food chain is a man standing guard at the door of his domain (exclusive property) with a weapon in his hand, and standing porter at the door of thought and information (non-exclusive property) exercising righteousness (right thinking).

This is natural government. This is real government.

#2B – Invented Government

>A Government, spoken of as if it were separate from man, is an invention, specifically a public service system, operated by people, that is intended to protect property, commerce, invention, and civilization.

>(1) If there is only a political incentive to corrupt the government,

by stealing the taxes and the power of the public, and

>(2) if there is no financial incentive to clean up the corruption of government,

>(3) then the government will move in the direction of the animal force of human nature,

>(4) then the government will become corrupted,

>(5) then the government will not be fit to govern a free people.

>(6) then the government will become the primary enemy of the Public,

>(7) then the people will wish that they had taken better care of their government.

>George Washington is said to be the Father of our country.

We give that title to him because of his knowledge, understanding, wisdom, and sacrifice.

To appreciate his words, to see the value of them in our life, we must study his words.

>"Government is not reason. It is not eloquence. It is a force, like fire: a dangerous servant and a terrible master." (George Washington)

>A government must be understood, must never be trusted, and must always be kept under careful observation and tight control.

>"The very atmosphere of firearms anywhere and everywhere restrains evil interference-they deserve a place of honor with all that is good." (George Washington)

An error uncovered is two-thirds destroyed, and the remaining

one-third is destroyed by division of the house from within.

>The ultimate purpose of all legal paperwork is the justification of the exercise of social force or social violence.

>Government officers and agents must always be required to justify their actions, by a writing to the public, followed by the witnessed certification of their own commercial liability for the truth of their statement.

#2C - Reasonable Diligence:

>The U.S. Government is not, and never was intended by our forefathers to be, a substitute for the religion and the conscience of the people of this Nation.

>George Washington expressed it well when he said, "Do not let anyone claim to be a true American if they ever attempt to remove religion from politics." (GW)

>The Constitution and Laws of the United States only emphasize what already exists as a necessity for the survival of any civilized Nation.

>Even if the Constitution and Laws of the United States [e.g., Titles 42 USC 1986 (Brother’s Keeper Statute), and 18 USC 4 (Responsibility to Report Crime)] did not mandate the personal service of correcting the path of government, the ultimate responsibility of the individual person to prevent injury to, and to support equal justice for, his fellow human beings, would still compel the service (brother’s keeper concept).

The survival-necessary act of serving the public is more fundamental than the government laws, which mandate it, and which promise remuneration for it.

#2D - The Evolution of Maturity

>During the evolution of each specific civilization:

>(1) The masses will eventually have to awaken to the Natural Science of Commerce.

>(2) They will have to gain a mature understanding of the abundance of Nature.

>(3) They will have to overthrow their human self-serving self-limiting sense of Nature.

>(4) And they will have to admit to the small mindedness of human nature,

in order to wisely obtain and wisely use natural resources, tap into Nature’s gifts of perpetual energy and perpetual supply, and thereby survive.

>The key to human survival is the evolution of sensitivity, understanding, wisdom, and humility.

>Survival is a matter of eternal vigilance, mutual assistance, and prayerful thinking.

#2E - THE NATURAL PRINCIPLES GOVERNING GOVERNMENT

Let no man forget these truths. >>>>>>>

>1 - Nature came first, then came man, then came society, and then came government.

>2 -- Nothing happens in Nature without a force or motive,

which is created by the delivery of energy or reward.

>3 -- People are real. People think and deliberate. And some people kill people.

>4 - Guns do not think or deliberate. Guns are not killers. Guns do not kill people.

>5 - Likewise, governments are mere social machines, Public Trusts with bit players called trustees, officers, clerks, and agents. Governments are absolutely nothing without the deliberate cooperation and Public Accountability of the people.

>6 -- Power corrupts people, and absolute power corrupts people absolutely.

>7 -- If a Government appears to be corrupt, then look at who is operating it.

>8 -- Governments never corrupt themselves; people corrupt governments.

>9 -- Every corrupted government stays in power and increases in power by its People/Operators limiting truth and righteousness, by its People/Operators declaring truth and righteousness to be a crime, and by its People/Operators punishing and injuring people for demanding a just reward for truth and public service.

>10 -- If the forces of truth, righteousness, and righteous service are to prevail over the forces of false witness, corruption, and crime, then the reward provided for truth, righteousness, and righteous service will have to be greater than the reward provided for the bearing of false witness, the commission of corruption and crime, and the suppression of righteousness and righteous service.

#3A - A Pattern of Social Procedure for Government

>A group of people who want to live by laws, create a legislature with their tax money.

>A group of people who want a law to exist, pass a petition around and get enough signatures on the petition to get it presented before the tax-financed legislature.

>The petition is from a group of citizens who pay taxes to support government services.

>The petition for a law is read before the legislature.

>The legislature makes a law according to the petition.

>The legislature makes, argues about, votes on, and enacts the law in behalf of the public.

>In this example, we will assume that the enacted law states that:

"The act of driving a vehicle through an intersection against a red light or stop signal will be considered to be an act which is potentially dangerous to the public safety and will warrant, justify, and bear a penalty of one hundred dollars against the offending party."

>This law is to be administrated by a municipal corporation.

>The municipal corporation (county government) is established to operate in behalf of the public.

>The municipal corporation hires the policeman, Mr. Officer.

>The municipal corporation hires Mr. Officer to be a police officer, to apply and enforce the laws established by the legislature, and, more specifically, to arrest offenders from time to time, when the job of enforcement requires it.

>The law, the citation, and the collection process establish an offender-backed debt to be administered by the municipal corporation,

#3B - Example - The Traffic Incident

>A motor vehicle operator, Mr. Smith, drives through a red light at a traffic intersection.

>He has operated his motor vehicle in a way or manner that is in violation of a law.

>Mr. Smith violates, or breaks, a rule of the road.

>Mr. Smith becomes a traffic offender.

>The law states that this traffic offense bears a penalty of one hundred dollars.

>Mr. Officer is a witness to this traffic offense.

>Mr. Officer enforces the law.

>Mr. Officer issues an ordinary traffic citation/draft , against Mr. Smith, the traffic offender/drawee on the citation/draft, in the amount of one hundred dollars.

>The officer is said to be the Maker of the citation/draft.

>Then Mr. Smith, the traffic offender/drawee, must pay one hundred dollars as a fine or penalty to buy the citation/draft out of public circulation, and thereby retire the public’s claim of the offender’s/drawee's debt to society.

>The fine or penalty is paid to the municipal corporation, which acts as a bank and clearinghouse for offender/drawee drafts.

#3C – The Collection Process – Public Service Citation Currency

>The traffic citation is the initial public citation currency of the municipal corporation.

>Such a citation is a public service currency.

>This public service citation currency is backed/financed by the offender’s assets.

>This public service citation currency is a form of public service money.

>The debt, valued in accordance with positive law, is collectable in lawful money of the United States, or by foreclosure on property or rights to property of the offender. >Municipal corporations sell their citation currency/public service citation currency to debt collectors.

>The municipal corporation could issue, on the street, a one hundred dollar Currency Note with a 100 in each corner of the Note, with Mr. Smith’s name on the top as "Mr. Smith Note", designating Mr. Smith as the Debtor/Drawee of the Note.

>The Debtor/Drawee Note is sellable to a debt collector.

>The debt collection agencies can use public service citation currency as lawful money of the United States to justify redemption by lawful marque and reprisal, that is, the right to march across territorial boundaries and to seize property. (see: garnishee, repossess, etc.)

>3D – Revenue Dividends

>The public aggregately financed the law, its administration, and its enforcement, so the public, aggregately, must be the commercial beneficiary of the debt collection process.

>The tax investment in this legal structure is mandatory relative to the common tax-paying citizen investors, because they are under penalty of foreclosure upon their real property if they do not "voluntarily" pay taxes.

>Therefore, the rebate of revenue as dividends to those investors must also be mandatory. >What goes around, comes around.

>Therefore, all of the revenue collected from the offenders, except administrative costs, belongs to the public.

>It must be rebated back to the public, to the taxpayer-financiers of the state legislature, municipal corporation (county), and the police officer, as corporate dividend payments, disbursed to the public, lest the strong oppress the weak.

>3E – Rebate as a Protection against the Corruption of Government

>The citation revenue is not a property of the municipal corporation.

>The revenue is a dividend property, a property to be divided amongst the members of the public acting as investors in the municipal corporation.

>When the officers and agents of the counties/municipal corporations are able to put the revenue money into investment funds, that embezzlement and possession gives them an independent financial basis to do what they wish to do without having to give an accounting to the public for their actions, in other words, to become corrupt. They can provide special retirement benefits for themselves, and buy the favorable political services necessary to enforce the payments of those special benefits. The successful financing of their own corruption gives them an incentive to establish more revenue generating schemes and laws against the public/people to further increase their corruption. The common people of the public are the ultimate victims of this corruption.

>Therefore, municipal corporations cannot lawfully put the revenue money into investment funds.

#4 - WHEN PUBLIC OFFICIALS VIOLATE THE LAW

>Public Officials, Officers, and Agents are bound to obey the Supreme Law of the Land, the Constitution for the United States of America.

>Their public Office is their vehicle, and the Law is the justification of their exercise of their power.

>When they violate the law, then the exercise of their power is not justified, they become an offender against the peace and dignity of people, and they can be subjected to the same public service citation currency process that is applied to a traffic offender.

> In this case the Citation Currency is a currency that is dedicated to the public service of cleaning up the government.

> The government officials and agents are being compelled to return or rebate tax money to the public. This rebate is a penalty for their official violation of the law, and a penalty for their breach of their official contract with the public.

#5 - THE CODE LAW

THE TOP TEN CODES

>(1) U.S. Code Law at 18 USC 1621 - See Exodus 20 - against bearing bear false witness.

>(2) U.S. Code Law at 18 USC 1622 - Subornation of Perjury - procuring a false testimony.

>(3) U.S. Code Law at 18 USC 4 mandates that every State citizen or U.S. Citizen has an obligation to complain to a judge or other person of civil or military authority, against government officials, government officers, and their agents and attorneys, etc., who violate the Constitution or other Laws of the United States. And also,

>(4) U.S. Code Law at 42 USC 1986 mandates that every State citizen or U.S. citizen has the responsibility to prevent injury to his fellow human beings, and to do so with reasonable diligence (This is the U.S. Brother’s Keeper Statute or Golden Rule.); and

>(5) U.S. Code Law at 42 USC 1983 and

>(6) U.S. Code Law at 42 USC 1985 and

>(4) U.S. Code Law at 42 USC 1986 mandate obedience to the Constitution for the United States of America.

>(7) U.S. Code Law at 18 USC 241 and

>(8) U.S. Code Law at 18 USC 242

>(a) corresponds U.S. Code 42 USC 1983, 1985 and 1986, and

>(b) set a fair market value on the damage caused by an Official’s violation of the Constitution for the U.S.A. or the statutes 42 USC 1983, 1985, and 1986.

>(c) 18 USC 241 applies to a conspiracy of two or more violators and provides a penalty of $10,000 for each violation of the Constitution by each conspirator.

>(d) 18 USC 242 applies to a lone actor and provides a penalty of $1,000 per violation.

>(9) U.S. Code Law at 42 USC 1994 prohibits Peonage and Involuntary Servitude.

U.S. Code Law at 18 USC 1581 declares a monetary penalty for the violation of 42 USC 1994 and the 13th Amendment to the Constitution for the U.S.A.

>(10) U.S. Code Titles 42 USC 1994 and 18 USC 1581 promise and guarantee

>(a) that public service WILL BE REMUNERATED BY THE U.S. GOVERNMENT,

>(b) when done by a citizen in support of the U.S. Government, and

>(c) when enforcing the laws in support of the public health and welfare of the U.S.;

>(d) THUS MAKING THE CLEANSING OF THE GOVERNMENT AS PROFITABLE AS, OR MORE PROFITABLE THAN, THE USURPATION OF GOVERNMENT POWER.

#6A – Drafts Defined

A Draft is a three-party legal instrument, which is used to move valuable substance, called value, money, funds, or backing, from a first party to a second party, under the control of a third party.

The three parties to a Draft are termed the Drawee or Debtor, the Payee, and the Drawer or Creditor.

>1 - The Drawee/Debtor OWES the funds or backing. 1[gov't]*

>2 - The Payee RECEIVES the funds or backing from the Drawee/Debtor pursuant to the instructions of the Drawer/Creditor. 2[the public as receiver of the rebate]*

>3 - The Drawer/Creditor OWNS the funds or backing. 3[the public]*

A Drawer/Trustee is a person who claims and/or manages the funds or backing for the Creditor, but in either event the Drawer/Creditor OWNS the funds or backing.

A Proxy Claimant is a person who claims funds or backing for a Drawer/Creditor.

*[This relates the parties to the PWRN.]

#6B - THE FORM AND SUBSTANCE OF NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS

THE SEVEN POINTS OF A FULL DISCLOSURE INSTRUMENT

It is internationally understood that an Instrument, represented to the public to be Negotiable, i.e. redeemable in substance, shall contain a full disclosure, by Affidavit, of the Seven Essential Elements or Points of a Negotiable Instrument, which are:

1-Parties to the action or contract,

2- Allegation of Claim,

3-Explicit ledgering of a Relief,

4-Attachment of a Forfeitable Surety (the Debtor’s Surety),

5-Presentment of Exhibits setting forth Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law,

6-The Certification of Liability of the Maker of the Claim, sworn to be at least true, correct, and complete (and not misleading) (the Maker’s/Creditor’s Covenant Surety)

7-Confirmation of Identity of the Maker of the Instrument by a Commercial Witness,

also known as a Notary Public, or by three witnesses (when three witness are available), making it Publicly binding on all parties to the action or contract,

to protect the fruits of labor and the equal application of the law.

(Due Process"; Article 1 Section 10 Clause 1 of the Constitution for the United States of America, "No State shall pass any Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts.").

>This list is the Natural Form of the Law of Commerce. Its purpose is to protect substance / property, and to prevent the unreasonable use of force in commerce.

The commercial draft is a seven-point, full-disclosure, whole-truth, three-party, negotiable, commercial affidavit instrument, created by a flesh-and-blood Maker, on the Maker’s own testimony or deposition, and on the Maker’s own unlimited commercial liability.

#7A – Liens Defined - Commercial Due Process

>Article 1 Section 10 Clause 1 of the Constitution for the United States of America states that "No State shall pass any Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts."

>An Obligation of Contract, stated on paper, is an Affidavit Invoice called a Lien.

>Therefore, "No State shall pass any Law impairing a Lien."

>Without Commercial Affidavit Invoices / Liens, nations could not collect debts from each other without war.

>Therefore, International Commercial Treaty Law mandates the continuity of the commercial collection process, which has, at its very foundation, the Commercial Lien. >Part of that continuity is the lawful and honorable application and support of the Lien process, both inside and outside of every nation.
>The Constitution for the United States of America, was established as a commercial contract with the world at large, known as a commercial TREATY. It told, to all of the world, that the people of the United States of America would operate as a viable nation with full commercial respect for all of the other nations, in the conduct of international business. The Constitution is not dead. Those who violate it are economically dead.

#7B - The Default Debtor

If the Purported Debtor does not challenge the Affidavit Claim/Lien by an Affidavit of Rebuttal of Claim within three months, then the Affidavit Claim/Lien evolves, by the default of the Purported Debtor, into an Accounts Receivable and the Purported Debtor becomes a Default Debtor.

#7C - The Notice of Lien

>Technically speaking, the three month rebuttal period, the grace period, of the Lien process does not begin until the purported debtor is able to get a copy of the Lien.

>A Notice of Lien is only/merely a Notice, not a Lien. Generally speaking, any legal instrument having less than seven-point full-disclosure structure and content is only a Notice, is non-negotiable, and cannot lawfully be used to seize, hold, or sell property or rights to property. The purpose of a Notice is to warn a purported debtor that the Lien exists. It is supposed to tell the purported debtor where the Lien can be found, copied, read, and studied, so that the purported debtor will have a reasonable opportunity to defend himself or herself against the claim of obligation.
>The best service of Notice of Lien is to provide the purported debtor with a complete copy of the Lien process itself.

#7D - The Proposed Lien Assignment

The mere existence of the Affidavit Claim / Lien justifies the immediate issue of a Proposed Lien Assignment, which states the imminent intent of the Claimant / Potential Creditor to monetize the Affidavit Claim/ Lien in three months, by transferring it to someone who may collect it.

This alerts the Purported Debtor to the imminent need to exercise due diligence by rebutting the Affidavit Claim/Lien while it is still possible for the Purported Debtor to do so.

#7E – The Responsibility of the Lien Debtor, the Seller, and the Buyer

>On the other side of this process is the responsibility of the purported Debtor.

>Any encumbrance on a property or rights to property caused by any commercial obligation is a Commercial Lien.

>The sale or purchase of any property or rights to property, which has a commercial encumbrance or Lien on it, is theft.

>In a sale or purchase of property or rights to property, the responsibility of a seller and of a buyer is mutual.

>The seller has the responsibility to disclose the facts, and the buyer has the responsibility to be informed about, and to ask for, the facts.

>Deliberate ignorance of the facts or of the law regarding an encumbrance is no excuse.

>It does not matter that only one party to the transaction knows of the encumbrance, be it the seller or the buyer.

>He who knows of the encumbrance is the thief. And if both parties know of the encumbrance, then the theft is a conspiracy, and the penalty is ten-fold for each offending party.

>If the purported debtor party, the seller, the buyer, or any of their agents, deliberately fail or refuse to read materials offered to him or her by the lien claimant, or by a holder of interest in the matter, about the commercial transaction, then the commercial transaction involving them is commercially faulty.

#7F – The Recording of Commercial Instruments

>Although the first three articles of the Constitution for the United States of America

reserve the right of governments to establish courts, the fourth article, on interstate commerce, coupled with the First Amendment to the Constitution, recognizes the right of the citizens to establish commercial recording offices.

>Recording Offices and Title Insurance Companies provide "buyer beware" protection for buyers, but this is not, and never will be, a substitute for personal investigation.

#7G – Liens and Guns

>A COMMERCIAL LIEN is the LEGAL EQUIVALENT OF A LOADED FIREARM, a gun, a cannon, a bomb, a hand-grenade. It is a COMMERCIAL WEAPON, NOT A TOY. >"The very atmosphere of firearms anywhere and everywhere restrains evil interference-they deserve a place of honor with all that is good." (George Washington)

>George Washington was an expert in the construction and production of commercial instruments. He had the same respect for the power of law as he had for firearms.

>There is absolutely no excuse for an officer of a Government to treat a Commercial Lien with contempt, or to cast off a Lien, whimsically or frivolously. Such an act proves the officer to be an ignoramus, a fool, or somebody’s lawful prey.

>Commercial Liens can be dealt with by a trial, by a fully informed common law jury.

>IT IS EQUALLY IMPORTANT FOR THE CITIZEN WHO APPLIES THE COMMERCIAL LIEN PROCESS TO HAVE THE SAME DEEP RESPECT FOR THE PROCESS, AS IF IT WERE A GUN, AND TO NOT ABUSE PEOPLE WITH IT.

#7H – Judicial Orders are Commercial Liens

>No slavery, involuntary servitude or peonage is allowed in the United States.

See the 13th and 14th Amendments to the Constitution for the United States of America, the Civil Rights Act of 1871, 42 USC 1994, and 18 USC 1581.

>Every Order handed down by a Judge of any court is a Commercial Lien.

The Order, as is the case with any Commercial Lien, has to be supported by:

>(1) a Seven-Point Commercial Contract, or by

>(2) a Seven-Point Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law.

>That "Law" has to be positive law, actually enacted by a legislature, and be so stated, not merely a private copyrighted revised codification of the enacted law.

>A violation of both of these two conditions constitutes grounds to make a claim against the Judge’s Performance Bond.

#7I – Judicial Contempt and Incredibility

>A Judge’s statement that a Lien is null and void and of no legal effect, or that it is frivolous, or invalid, or any other such ridicule of a lien instrument, has no credibility in Commerce. These claims have to be proven. And, if the ridiculing judge, after being warned three times of his transgression against the Lien, has not proven that the Lien is invalid, then the judge has to be removed from the bench immediately.

>All of his court rulings from the very first transgression forward must be nullified, and the judge and his or her employing government must pay the full amount of all of the damage which that judge has caused, to be determined by a common law Trial by Jury.

#7J - The Notice of Interest –

and the two adjudicative processes of Commercial Law

A Notice Of Interest is an instrument containing less than the seven points, is non-negotiable, expires in three weeks, is not renewable except upon a new legal issue, and must be replaced within the three weeks by one or both of the two durable processes of Commercial Law.

>(1) The Affidavit Invoice, known as a Lien (a Paper Debt Collector), and

>(2) The Affidavit Invoice known as the Criminal Complaint or a Bonded Distress (a Paper Sheriff), known as a United States Constitutional First Amendment Petition for Redress of Grievances, presented to any government within the Nation as a citizen’s criminal complaint pursuant to 18 USC 4 and 42 USC 1986, can be used as a Bond on a Distress.

>A Bonded Tax Impoundment (Distraint Warrant) is also a distress process.

(The corresponding judicial process is known is a Lis Pendens Lien.)

#7K - DRAFTS GENERALLY - AND TYPES

Generally, a Draft can look like a Bank Check, but, unlike a Bank Check, its processing and collection can be subject to the satisfaction of special contractual conditions, which are specified on the front or the back (obverse or reverse) of the Draft instrument, and placed somewhere before the space reserved for the indorsement of the Payee. The conditions governing the processing of a Draft can range from many to few, and from conditions, which are easy to satisfy, to conditions which are difficult to satisfy.

>Drafts are classified by the method used to provide backing money or funds for the Drafts, or to achieve a transfer or collection of the backing money or funds.

>Drafts are either

>(1) Documentary Drafts/Soft Drafts/Slow Drafts/Limited-Process Drafts, or

>(2) Demand Drafts/Hard Drafts/Fast Drafts/Unlimited-Process Drafts.

#7L- SOFT DRAFTS / SLOW DRAFTS / LIMITED PROCESS DRAFTS

>The Soft Draft is best known as a Documentary Draft.

A Documentary Draft is a Draft, which is dependent upon attached or referenced documents, which establish the backing of the Draft. A Documentary Draft will provide information on how to locate the documents necessary to prove the backing of the Draft. >The speed with which a Documentary Draft is processed Depends upon the honor of the Debtor party. If the Creditor-Debtor relationship is amicable, especially for contract (documentary) reasons, then the Documentary Draft does not pose a problem, or cause any inconveniences.

>A Documentary Draft requires cooperation, so it is not automatic and it is not instant, so it cannot be classified as a Fast Draft / Hard Draft. It is clearly a Slow Draft / Soft Draft.

>The Accounts Receivable can be presented as a Proposed Lien Assignment before or after the 3-month maturity of the Lien, or it can be presented publicly for the payment of debts as a Soft Draft/Slow Draft after the 3-month maturity of the Lien.

If the Claimant / Potential Creditor, has not, early in the three month Claim/Lien rebuttal grace period, presented a Proposed Lien Assignment to express his or her intent to monetize the Affidavit Claim/Lien, then the next honorable debt collection step for the Claimant to take, after the three month grace period and the Debtor's default, is to issue Soft Drafts, also known as Documentary Drafts, to pay debts which are thereby drawn against the Default Debtor as the drawee, who then has three more chances to redeem himself or herself as honorable, not an Absconding Debtor, by a honoring or giving a positive response to the Soft Drafts.

>A Soft Draft is a Documentary Draft.

>A Soft Draft should contain, in plain language, on its face, in an area physically near to the Draft Issue Number, a statement that it is a Soft Draft or a Documentary Draft or some other semi-executive commercial street process like a Mechanics Lien, such as the case might be, and that the processing and collection of the Soft Draft is subject to the consent of the Drawee party, for example, the statement:

"The processing and collection of this Documentary Draft is subject to the consent of the debtor/drawee party."

>This statement gives the Debtor Party absolute control over the effect of the Draft.

>This statement makes it impossible for the drawer/creditor to use the Draft to commit fraud against the drawee/debtor.

>Therefore, this statement makes it impossible for the drawee/debtor to use the Draft to make any claim of fraud against the drawer/creditor.


>Do not attempt to directly deposit a Documentary Draft, or any other type of Soft Draft or other Limited-Process Draft, into a bank account.

>Drafts are supposed to be processed by full service commercial banks, by putting them through a process called "COLLECTION".

>To COLLECT money from a drawee/debtor pursuant to the terms of a draft, the bank/collector in possession of the draft must communicate directly with the drawee/debtor party and obtain the drawee’s/debtor’s consent to release the drawee’s/debtor’s money or funds to the drawer/creditor.

>There are Collectors other than banks, but all of them must honor the limitation placed upon the draft by the drawer/creditor of the draft.

>The Collector of a Soft Draft can only ask for an affidavit Certificate of Dishonor.

>In fact, the Collector must ask for an affidavit Certificate of Dishonor.

>The term "Documentary Draft" prevents the Draft from being called a "Check".

>A prosecutor can bring charges with respect to Checks, but not with respect to Documentary Drafts.

>Other methods of declaring the draft to be limited in its power are possible, but no other statement is as direct as the statement already given.

>The Soft Draft or Documentary Draft is subject to a testing process and/or grace period, which establishes the actual physical collect-ability of the Soft Draft. For example, three dishonors of a Soft Draft without an Affidavit of Cause for Dishonor or Certificate of Dishonor, establishes (firstly) negligence, (secondly) intent, and (thirdly) malice, hence, the conclusion that the debtor/drawee is an absconding debtor, a thief to be dealt with using reasonable force.

If a Default Debtor party dishonors three Soft Drafts without the presentment of an Affidavit of Dishonor or a Certificate of Dishonor, that is, dishonors three Soft Drafts without written cause, then the Default Debtor's show of contempt by his or her negligence, intent, and malice justifies the issuing of a Hard Draft, the processing and collection of which may reasonably involve the exercise of physical and/or economic force.

The force is justified because an absconding debtor is a thief, one due the just desserts of theft.

>If the offender/debtor/drawee dishonors the Soft Draft without cause, then the accounts receivable against the offender becomes

>(1) lawfully collectable by reasonable force taken against the offender, by making the offender the debtor/drawee party on a hard draft, also known as a demand draft, sight draft, or currency note, or, in a worse case,

>(2) lawfully collectable by a Dutch Auction, or in a worse case,

>(3) lawfully collectable by a commercial letter of marque and reprisal, that is, by marching and seizing (garnishee, repossession, etc.), or, in the worst case,

>(4) lawfully collectable by an express (written), formal (posted), and public (widely advertised) declaration of private war, which puts the adversary party on guard, levels the battlefield, and lawfully reinstates the use of physical combat, lethal force, dueling, and private war. Study the law very well before engaging in these solutions. The law is a stick that beats from both ends, so, you had better have a good hold on your end of the stick.

#7M - Hard Drafts – Recourse to the Laws of Nature [[[LMR]]]

>Strictly speaking, the Hard Draft, is a lawful Commercial Letter of Marque and Reprisal,

a "letter of the law", which can range from a process in the nature of a writ, a garnishment, a foreclosure, or a forfeiture, to a recognition or declaration of private war or mixed war.

>A Hard Draft grants the holder of the Hard Draft the commercial right to march (marque) over territorial boundaries and to seize (reprisal) the property or the rights to property of the drawee wherever it can be found.

>The force of the Hard Draft is minimized only by the grace of Commercial Law, which means that the executor must exercise graduated escalation, so that the process which must be used first is that process which is the least forceful but most realistic under the circumstances.

A "Demand" Draft, "Hard" Draft, or "Solid" Draft, is a Draft, for which almost all of the restrictions of the processing of the Draft are waived, making the processing of the Draft, and the collection of the funds which are backing the Draft, almost automatic and almost instant.

A Demand Draft, a Sight Draft, or a Bank Check are examples of Hard Drafts requiring payment of backing funds to the bearer of the Draft:

>(1) on demand of the bearer, or

>(2) on sight of the bearer and the Draft, or

>(3) to the order of the bearer of the Draft.

A Bank Check is the most automatically and most quickly processed type of hand-written Demand Draft in common use on the street, and, for that reason, it is called "checkbook money". An example of the "hardest" or "most solid" type of Draft would be a lawful paper currency useable as money, meaning a paper currency, which is redeemable in a measured weight of gold or silver, usually conveniently produced as a coin, denominated in United States Dollars, also known as "lawful money of the United States." (See The Coinage Act of 1792.)

The Hard Draft, also known as a Demand Draft, a Sight Draft, or a Street Currency, can also be executed pursuant to the Judgement of the Court of Public Opinion as a Citation Draft, meaning that it can be executed pursuant to the universal disgust of the public toward Absconding Debtors, towards those who want something for nothing, and towards those Politicians who pretend public service but in fact only intend to eat out the substance of their tax paying constituents.

#8A - PUBLIC WEALTH REBATE BANKS AND PUBLIC WEALTH REBATE NOTES

Survival requires that, when the going gets tough, then the tough get going.

When the government’s actors become dishonorable,

then the honorable citizens must become the acting government.

A Public Wealth Rebate Bank:

>(1) is a privately operated public institution, which any reasonable altruistic citizen can create and manage as a non-incorporated non-chartered private bank.

>(2) is supported and managed by a private altruistic sole proprietor, a private banker.

>(3) acts as part of a system of checks and balances against the corruption of government.

>(4) operates on strict moral principles of right versus wrong, of fairness, of justice, of Commercial Honor, and of Commercial Law.

A Public Wealth Rebate Bank (PWRB) Note/currency (PWRN/C)

>(1) is a public service currency,

>(2) is backed by the assets of an offending person, persons, entity, or entities,

>(3) exists pursuant to the spirit of the law set forth in the Bible at Exodus 20,

the spirit of the law

> 42 USC: LEGIS[1986], ADJUD[1983, 1985, 1986], EXEC[1994], and, corresponding to this, the letter of the law

> 18 USC: LEGIS[4], ADJUD[241, 242], EXEC[1581], respectively.

#8B - PUBLIC WEALTH REBATE BANKS

A Public Wealth Rebate Bank, PWRB, is a bank that is dedicated to

lawfully taking tax money from the government and

lawfully returning it to the public,

as a penalty:

>(1) for the official breach of the official contract with the public (e.g., an Oath of Office),

and /or

>(2) for the official violation of the laws governing the behavior of public officers, officials, and their agents, and of the employing government.

#8C - To lawfully take tax money from a malfeasant official, officer, or agent of the government,

and from the employing government, hereinafter collectively, the Proposed Debtor,

a Citation Draft, as

a constitutional, statutory, and commercial Affidavit Claim of Criminal Violation, or

a constitutional, statutory, and commercial Affidavit Claim of Breach of Contract,

either of which is statutorily valued in U. S. Dollars,

meaning lawful money of the United States valued in gold or silver,

is made against the person or persons, and/or

is made against the entity or entities,

who or which has or have,

Committed, or financed the commission of,

the constitutional, statutory, and commercial breach of their public duties, and/or,

who or which has or have violated the peace and dignity of the Public.

#8D – A Valid Citation/Draft

>A valid citation/draft, from the time of its expression, is a statutorily valued commercial Affidavit Invoice, an Affidavit of Obligation known as a Commercial Lien, potentially collectable in lawful money of the United States.

>If the citation/invoice/draft is not challenged within a certain time frame, which is uniformly established by law (usually three months), then it becomes a commercial judgment known as a an accounts receivable against the offender, the debtor/drawee.

#8E – Proposed Lien Assignment or Soft Draft – (see #7D)

#8F - Rebate

To lawfully return the money to the public, a Public Wealth Rebate Bank, PWRB, issues a citation currency, which is called a Public Wealth Rebate Note, PWRN. The first Public Wealth Rebate Notes (PWRN’s) of a PWRB are a Public Accountability Currency in the form of hand-written three-party unconditional bearer demand Drafts. Public Wealth Rebate Notes are backed by matured constitutionally, statutorily, and commercially righteous claims of criminal violation and/or public breach of contract. Public Wealth Rebate Notes are statutorily valued and statutorily redeemable in United States Dollars. United States Dollars are defined by law as coins containing a specific weight of gold or silver pursuant to the Coinage Act of 1792.

The Drawee party of a Public Wealth Rebate Note is referred to herein as the Default Debtor party.

A Public Wealth Rebate Bank (PWRB) Note/currency (PWRN/C)

is established by commercial law on behalf of the peace and dignity of the Public, and makes the Government accountable to the Public.

#8G - Summary - Public Service Citation Currency

The Fifth Amendment to the Constitution for the United States of America clearly states that no private property shall be taken for public use without just compensation. Both the Public Wealth Rebate Bank and the Public Wealth Rebate Note are dedicated to the public service of cleaning up the government, by rebating tax money to the public to compensate the public for official malpractice. A Public Wealth Rebate Note is a public service citation currency denominated in dollars of lawful money of the United States, redeemable in gold or silver pursuant to the Coinage Act of 1792.

PWRN’s are regulated by voluntary true, correct, complete, and not-misleading, full-disclosure content, and personal covenant commercial liability, which makes them more fundamental than, and hence superior to and immune to, statutory regulation so long as they are applied according to the higher commercial covenant/blood-contract standard. This is positively and unmistakably indicated and declared on the Notes by the personal legible hand signature of the Maker given in red.

Public Wealth Rebate Currency Notes are established for general disbursement of tax rebates to the Beneficiary Public. The Public is the primary commercial beneficiary of the Rebate Notes.

Therefore, at least 90% of the statutory value backing the PWRB currency must be rebated to the Public without purchase, and only about 10%, established in the nature of a First Amendment Tithe, can be allotted to the labor, materials, and personal sacrifice necessary for the administration, production and distribution of the PWRB Note Currency.

#9A - PROTECTION OF RIGHTEOUSNESS IN COMMERCE


"And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free." (Jesus Christ)

St. John 8:32

#9B - Conflict of Interest

Conflict of Interest is defined as conflict between public obligation and self-interest.

Those who usurp the power of government do not want the honorable Constitutions and Statutes of the governments to be understood, implemented, or employed to correct their mal-behavior. They use their intelligence to destroy righteousness, and to corrupt our governments and the public. They take the position that, "Where there is confusion there is profit, and the more confusion, the more profit." (KA) So, they want to confuse and confound any corrective activity. Therefore, "Never confuse motion with progress."(KA)

They know that if they can prevent righteousness from becoming and being profitable, then they can do as they wish to corrupt the government in the direction which is most favorable to their own interests. Therefore, they want to use the power of government, as if it were their own personal lever power, to license the corrective activity taken against them by honorable citizens in order to be able to prohibit the corrective activity of those citizens, or to pass laws to make the corrective activity unlawful or unprofitable. They erode the values, which support our Nation. They destroy our Nation from within. They give aid and comfort to our enemies. They are traitors.

They should be prosecuted accordingly.

Any and every opportunity for government agents to prevent the correction of the corruption of the government deepens the problem of the corruption of the government.

Therefore, government officials, officers and their agents, and others with whom they contract, must never be given control over public service citation currencies or public wealth rebate banks. Government Courts must never be given jurisdiction over commercial contracts or over altruistic sole proprietorships, as long as those two great tools are being used in such a manner that the fundamental, international, non-statutory, commercial clean hands doctrine and the rules of fair business practice, good faith action, clean hands, and honor are not being violated.

[#9C – Render Unto Caesar ..., and ...]

The First Amendment to the Constitution for the united States of America guarantees the free exercise of conscience. The First Amendment prohibits the government from interfering with the people’s righteous regulation of government, so that a government of the people, by the people, and for the people, shall not perish from the Earth. The First Amendment is an absolute bar to the government's prohibition of a private corrective citation currency.

>The First Amendment, in essence, states: [[[["Render ]]]]

The common citizen maintains control over his/her altruistic private bank and currency by operating his/her Bank and Currency under Article 1, Section 10, Clause 1 of, and the First Amendment to, the Constitution for the United States of America, as a private banker.

The Second Amendment Right to Keep and Bear Arms extends to

The Ninth Amendment Right to Implement Economic Weapons.

See the book Silent Weapons For Quiet Wars.

#10A - THE HARTFORD VAN DYKE PUBLIC WEALTH REBATE BANK

I, Hartford Van Dyke, have for many years, operated a School of Universal Law (SOUL) (established 1967).

The Hartford Van Dyke School of Universal Law specializes in instruction in Natural Law, which can be used to explain the social energy systems of money, commerce, and commercial law, and publishes a manual on the subject of Commercial Law, which explains the basis of the Hartford Van Dyke Public Wealth Rebate Bank (HVPWRB).

The Hartford Van Dyke Public Wealth Rebate Bank (HVPWRB) was established February 11, 1997.

The Hartford Van Dyke Public Wealth Rebate Bank (HVPWRB) is an altruistic sole proprietorship, not an aggregate corporation.


I, Hartford Van Dyke, this Bank's Altruistic Sole Proprietor, operate the HVPWRB/Trust.

#10B -

The Hartford Van Dyke Public Wealth Rebate Bank (HVPWRB) is a First Amendment Public Claims Bank

The Hartford Van Dyke Public Wealth Rebate Bank (HVPWRB) issues a public service citation currency which operates on identically the same legal and lawful basis as the ordinary statutory traffic citation, but is directed toward official violations of the law committed by public officials, officers, and their agents, instead of being directed toward violations of law committed by common citizens.

Therefore, I, Hartford Van Dyke, my bank and my bank’s Notes, are protected under the First Amendment of the Constitution for the United States of America, and are protected under The Bill of Rights generally, of the Constitution for the United States of America, for the objective of protecting life, liberty, property, and prosperity, due process, justice, and national government integrity and honor, in perpetuity.


#10C - THE BACKING OF THE HARTFORD VAN DYKE PUBLIC WEALTH REBATE BANK AND ITS NOTE-CURRENCY


#10D - THE REASON FOR THE FIRST NOTES

If righteous is not profitable, then corruption will prevail. - HV

The first Notes of this bank were disbursed to create a flow of public tax money from the U.S. Department of the Treasury back to the American People:

>(1) to assure the punishment of U.S. District Court Judge John C. Coughenour for crimes committed by him against the public while operating in his official capacity, including, but not limited to, his attempt to generally violate the State's Rights of the government of the State of Washington, and to specifically violate the rights of the citizens of the State of Washington to keep and bear arms,

>(2) to induce the U.S. Government to remove U.S. Judge John Coughenour from the Judicial Bench of the U. S. District Court for the District of Washington State, at Seattle,

>(3) to reimburse the Public for the damage which he has caused to their peace and dignity, their freedom, their Constitution and their Nation, and

>(4) to reimburse the Public for his contempt for the soldiers who sacrificed their lives and freedom to protect this Nation and its Constitution against its enemies both foreign and domestic, Judge Coughenour being one of those domestic enemies.

It has been recounted to me by people who were first-hand witnesses to Coughenour's behavior in court Case CR96-500C, that Coughenour pointed to the world outside of the window of the courtroom and said (approximately) "out there the First Amendment applies, but in this courtroom it does not apply, and neither does the Second or Ninth Amendment apply".

All of Coughenour's actions, that I have heard about, personally witnessed, or been subjected to, confirm his attitude of defiance against the Constitution for the United States of America.

#10E - THE BACKING OF THE PUBLIC WEALTH REBATE NOTES (PWRN’S)

The current government obligation backing this Bank's Notes is a three-month default-matured Lien in excess of ten billion U. S. Dollars, carefully calculated pursuant to 18 USC 241,

using the ordinary, well known, and easy to understand rules of arithmetic and bookkeeping. This Lien is filed at the King County, Seattle, Washington, Recording Office, at file number 9702110859. A copy of this Lien is available for two dollars post-paid by writing to the Hartford Van Dyke Public Wealth Rebate Bank at P.O. Box 3100, Battle Ground, Washington, 98604, [phone (360) 574-1767]. Other supporting information is also available.


#11A - THE PUBLIC WEALTH REBATE NOTE (PWRN)

#11B – The Lawful Claim

The Public Wealth Rebate Note (PWRN)

is a public citation currency

>(1) issued pursuant to law,

>(2) against specific official violations of the law, and

>(3) against the consequent corruption of our government from within our government.

>(4) is a lawful claim on the public tax money held by the U. S. Department of the Treasury,

>(5) is in an amount equal to the constitutionally directed statutory value of the criminal malpractice of the officials, officers, and agents of the U. S. Government,

>(6) because that Government has been notified of criminal malpractice (18 USC 4),

>(7) because that Government has done nothing to stop and punish that crime, and

>(8) because that Government continues to finance the criminal offender and the criminal offense.

On these tax rebate notes, the Corporate United States of America is the debtor party, because its officers used our government offices and our public taxes to finance the cited crimes and are continuing to do so.

The very first Public Wealth Rebate Note issued by this Bank was issued June 1, 1997.

The Notes (PWRN’s) of this Bank have been, and still are, Public Accountability Currency

in the form of hand-written and hand-signed three-party unconditional bearer demand Drafts.

#11C -

Pursuant to the 9th and 10th Amendments to the Constitution for the United States of America, the people of this Nation do not yield their sovereignty to the agencies that serve them.

(See, for example, The Revised Code of Washington State at RCW 42.17.251)

No government, governmental agency, or any other person has ever made an affidavit challenge, or followed through with any challenge, of my Notes as being either unlawful or inaccurate.

Some government and financial persons have been upset by the appearance of these corrective Notes in commerce and have stolen them or placed a temporary boycott on them on behalf of the U. S. government or the Federal Reserve Corporation.

These Notes cannot be construed to be groundless or fraudulent because these Notes are founded upon the application of Constitutional Law and Statutory Law to the actual official breach of Statutory Law and Constitutional Law.

#11D - Public Circulation and Use

This bank does not spend or loan its PWRN’s into circulation.

This Bank’s PWRN Money:

>(1) generally belongs to (is the property of) the common people of the Public.

>(2) generally is not the property of the Bank.

>(3) generally is managed by the Bank acting as a Trust for the people of the Public.

PWRB Notes/currency of this Bank are lawfully disbursed to the Public to be lawfully and freely spent by the public.

PWRN’s are lawfully spent into circulation

>(1) by the Public;

>(2) by the needy; and

>(3) by a person rewarded for his or her public service.

#11E - Disbursement

This Bank disburses these Notes, based upon receiving Invoices by Affidavit,

>(1) to any citizen,

>(2) as a reward for a public service activity,

>(3) as a reward for an activity of a charitable nature,

>(4) as an emergency need, or

>(5) as an activity of a governmental-correctional nature.

>(6) Charitable organizations and county governments have been gifted with generous amounts of this bank's Notes.

#11F - Charitable Disbursements

Most of the PWRB’s PWRN currency is issued to charities for charitable purposes,

>(1) free to the beneficiary public; that is,

>(2) generally at no cost whatsoever,

>(3) irrespective of how much money is involved in the charitable disbursement

>(4) because the money generally belongs to the Public, not to the Bank. (18 USC 241 and 242)

..., for examples, Washington State's Counties over One Billion Dollars, Washington State Citizens over One Billion Dollars, Washington Hospitals over 300 Million Dollars, Washington State VFW 60 Million Dollars, disaster relief funds 30 Million Dollars, American Indians 25 Million Dollars, etc..

Every charitable disbursement is accompanied by explanatory material, which can be as much as a several-hundred page manual when this is necessary.

A manual is available, which contains a complete description of the HVPWRB and its Notes.

The Manual can be purchased separately as a single-sided quality photocopy master.

This Commercial Law Manual and all other legal works by me, Hartford Van Dyke, are released into the Public Domain as a public service of Hartford Van Dyke, operating as an agent of the United States of America pursuant to the Constitution for the united States of America, 42 USC 1986, 18 USC 4, and 42 USC 1994, and as public service of the Hartford Van Dyke Public Wealth Rebate Bank/Trust, an Altruistic Sole Proprietorship.

The said works may be reproduced and sold in any quantity without permission, and without paying any royalties. The Commercial Law is a non-exclusive Public Property.

#12A - Claims

A Public Wealth Rebate Bank receives from the public, and honors, public service claims presented in the form of sworn bills, invoices, and statements for the rendering of public service, such as legal or paralegal aid, charitable activities, etc.,

A Public Wealth Rebate Bank receives from the public, and honors public breach-of-contract claims, disservice claims, and fraud claims, presented in the form of sworn affidavits, criminal complaints against public officials, public officers, and their public agents, including attorneys, IRS agents, etc. These criminal complaints are an example of a process known as a Petition for Redress of Grievances guaranteed to the public by the First Amendment to the Constitution for the United States of America.

To assure the processing of a claim, the HVPWRB has a department, which develops strictly lawful proxy criminal complaints, or helps others to develop strictly lawful criminal complaints, against public officials, public officers, their agents, attorneys, etc., who operate the public government in a corrupt manner, or who operate the government in violation of the Constitution and Laws of the Land.

A Public Wealth Rebate Bank screens these claims to assure accuracy of content and purity of intent, and pays all or part of each accurate claim.

No claim is treated with contempt.

#13A – Administration Costs of the Bank

This Bank's administration expenditures are a matter of public information.

#13B – Production and Output Costs

Pursuant to 42 USC 1994, there can be some charges for handling some claims payments, because of the cost of the intensive labor involved in administering the claim, including:

>(1) The cost of educational materials;

>(2) The cost of private instruction;

>(3) The cost of screening the claims;

>(4) The cost of printing the currency notes; and

>(5) The cost of defending the process in a court of law.

However, in most cases, the administration charges of this bank (HVPWRB) are not significant, and bear no direct relationship to the absolute amount of the disbursement.

#14 - Liability

The recipient of a standard or already existing PWRN has no legal liability for the content or use of the Bank’s Notes.

The recipient does have a legal responsibility for the accuracy of any information provided to the bank for inclusion on any Note which is custom engineered to the recipient’s specifications and/or for a recipient’s special application of a Note.

#15 - THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PUBLIC WEALTH REBATE NOTES

#15A - NO COUNTERFEITING

It is absolutely impossible for a person of ordinary experience to construe the Notes of this Bank to be counterfeits of any current Notes of the government of the United States, or the Notes of the private Federal Reserve Corporation for the reasons which follow.

#15B - CUSTOM CRAFTED

The Public Wealth Rebate Note street currency has seven custom hand crafted art designs, which are entirely different from any current Note of the government of the United States, or Notes of the private Federal Reserve Corporation.

These designs depict the historical evolution of the nation.

#15C - DIFFERENT DENOMINATIONS

The Public Wealth Rebate Note street currency is issued in seven denominations, which, except for the one-dollar note, are unmistakably different from the denominations of any current Note of the government of the United States, or the Notes of the private Federal Reserve Corporation. The denominations are 1, 3, 7, 12, 23, 71, and 230. Any person using the Currency Notes of this Bank in commerce will immediately recognize that their denominations are not as easy to calculate with as the denominations of other Notes. The denominations were chosen as symbolic of certain Public Trust and Commercial Ideas. They also commemorate empirical and religious philosophy and Hebrew/Jewish Commercial Law.

Interesting Properties of the Denomination Numbers

>Another benefit of this choice of denominations, which was not discovered until they had already been chosen, is that less Notes of these denominations are necessary to make up the average values in trade than are required of Notes of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 Dollar denominations.

>After the 1,3,7,12,23,71,230 dollar denominations were chosen, and as the production quantities and costs of the Notes were being studied, it was discovered that these denominations made it possible to produce about 25% less currency notes than would be required of the common currency denominations of 1,5,10,20, and 50, to deal in trade values less than one hundred dollars.

We have, for example, 19 = 12+7, instead of 19 = 10+5+1+1+1+1.

After the denominations were chosen it was also discovered that 1+3+7+12 = 23.

#15D - COMMEMORATIVE EXAMPLE

For example, the one-dollar denomination portrays Benjamin Franklin, and the well-known inventor, Thomas Alva Edison holding a light as a youth and holding a light as an aged man.

Benjamin Franklin was a Natural Philosopher and a diplomat, a savvy legislator. Franklin said, "Give me twenty-six lead soldiers and I can conquer the world." The twenty-six lead soldiers were the twenty-six letters of the alphabet, cast in lead for typesetting. Franklin was, foremost, a printer, with a deep appreciation for the power of the printed word to illuminate the minds of mankind. The other Notes each tell a story.

#15E - LARGER SIZE

The Public Wealth Rebate Note street currency is approximately 30 % larger than today's United States Note, or the so-called "Note" of the private Federal Reserve Corporation. The Public Wealth Rebate Note street currency won’t fit into the standard size of wallet without being folded. It is large primarily because it contains so much legal information, that the print would be too small to read if the Note had the standard 2+5/16 inches by 5+3/4 inches border dimensions.

It is a matter of interest that even a reprint of an actual United States Note or a Federal Reserve Note is not considered to be a counterfeit as long as its physical size is 150% of the physical size (50% larger than the size) of the common United States Note or the Federal Reserve Corporation currency-like paper.

#15F - NO FRAUD RELATIVE TO THE GOVERNMENT

It is absolutely impossible for the Public Wealth Rebate Notes of this Bank to be construed to be instruments defrauding the United States Treasury, because

>(1) The said Notes are backed by unchallenged and fully defaulted statutorily valued claims against the U.S. Government and its agents,

>(2) The said Notes bear the statement "THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA SHOULD PAY TO THE BEARER ON DEMAND…", making the Government’s payment of the Notes A MATTER OF HONOR AND LOYALTY TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, AND AN INTERNATIONAL TEST OF OUR GOVERNMENT’S OWN INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL CREDIBILITY IN COMMERCE,

#15G - NO FRAUD RELATIVE TO THE COMMON CITIZEN

> No intent exists, and no effort is being made, to deceive, trick, or unlawfully coerce any person into accepting, honoring, or using the Notes, or to give up any thing, or property, or right to property, without full disclosure of contract and fair reciprocal gain.

IF YOU WANT GOVERNMENT CORRUPTION TO STOP,

THEN USE THE NOTES OF THIS BANK IN COMMERCE TO BRING ATTENTION TO THE NEED TO STOP CORRUPTION.

#16A – Life Cycle Symbology in Legal

#16B – The Three Human Facilities

The three human facilities, types of human labor are "thought", "word", and "deed".

"Word" also denotes "argument".

The legal processes of commercial law are modeled after the three (3) human facilities, thought, word (argument), and deed, and the corresponding words used for these commercial activities in legal writings, debt collection (liens), behavioral control (distresses), and social government are "legislation", "adjudication", and "execution", respectively.

#16C – The Human Life Cycle – 2x3+1=7 Phases

In the human life cycle, the three phases of evolution are:

For the three facilities in childhood:

>(1) gestation, (genetic thought – procreative information applied - principle)

>(2) childhood, (word, argument, testing – discovery of meaning and purpose)

>(3) adolescence. (deed, doing, preparation to become independent - endowment)

For the three facilities in adulthood:

>(4) loyalty, (thought – to establish loyalties – according to one’s principles)

>(5) productivity, (occupation – according to one’s sense of meaning and purpose)

>(6) benefit. (reward/benefit – to fulfill one’s life-goals, life-objectives)

>(1) the three phases of the evolution of a legal minor prior to emancipation from the parental jurisdiction, namely, gestation, childhood, and adolescence; and

>(2) the three phases of the evolution of a person of majority age after emancipation, namely, loyalty, productivity, and reward or benefit.

The seventh element is the objective of the three ideality phases and the three reality phases. The objective of all of this system is to guarantee remuneration for labor and materials and to protect the equal application of the natural law to the social law for all persons.

The number "seven" (7) symbolizes:

#1- spiritual completeness,

#2- the seven stages of life, namely, the three stages, thought, word, and deed in the years of minority, namely, Gestation, Childhood, and Adolescence, the three corresponding stages in the years of majority, namely, Loyalties, Occupation, and Profit, and the Objective, the enjoyment of the fruits of one’s labor throughout Longevity.

#16D – A Trust – In Seven Phases

These seven stages are imitated by the elements of the standard fictional legal entity, the Common Law Trust, which is the model entity from which all other fictional legal entities are derived, the elements of which are Principles, Purposes, Endowment, Trustees, Productivity, Benefit, and Perpetuity.

#16E – A Corporation – In Seven Phases

For example, a Corporation is stably established by an incentive consisting of a monetary feedback connection from Benefit to Endowment. When the money moves into Endowment, it is called an Investment, and when it leaves as a Benefit it is called a Dividend. When production profits cause the increment of Benefit to exceed the increment of Investment, the feedback loop guarantees the corporate Perpetuity.

#16F – A Public Trust or Government– In Seven Phases

Abraham Lincoln defined the seven steps of the foundation of the American Public Trust by his Gettysburg Address. The twenty third Psalm and the Lord’s Prayer are two other examples of seven point Trust instruments which can be found in the Bible and could very well have been the model which Abraham Lincoln understood and used in his construction of the Gettysburg Address.

#16G – The Public Trust / Government of the united States of America

All of the artificial/legal and lawful persons, artificial/legal and lawful entities, or symbolic/ legal and lawful mediums of exchange(paper currency) of commerce are imitations of the real physical energy transport systems of Natural Law applied to social organization and social commerce.

>(1) The thought-labor element of commerce is termed legislation, or "legislative".

>(2) The word/argument-labor element of commerce is termed adjudication, or "adjudicative" (judicial).

>(3) The deed-labor or doing-labor element of commerce is termed execution, or "executive."

The American Public Trust has the same three elements as an ordinary Trust.

The first three elements are supplied by the Declaration of Independence.

The second three elements are supplied by the first three articles of the Constitution for the united States of America.

The seventh element, the objective, is supplied by the fourth article of the said Constitution, and is commercially emphasized by the Bill of Rights, the first ten Amendments to the said Constitution.

The objective-the seventh phase-was to be declared in Article 4 of the Constitution; but, because its content was incomplete and inadequate to protect citizens’ rights against government encroachment and usurpation, the representatives of the Colonial governments required that it be made certain by the addition of the first ten Articles of Amendment to the Constitution, known as "The First Ten Amendments" or "The Bill of Rights," which contained "further declaratory and restrictive clauses" (PREAMBLE to the Bill of Rights) binding down the Government from imposing its commercial and domestic energy, power, and force upon the people.

The emancipation of the colonial "child" to become the national "adult" was the American Revolutionary War.

#17A – The Seven Seals

The front content (seals, etc.) of the seven denominations of the Notes represents the seven phases of evolution of the government of the United States of America, the objective of which is

>(1) the protection of labor and property, and

>(2) the protection of the equal application of Law to all persons, with liberty and justice for all.

#17B – The Declaration of Independence

The front content (seals, etc.) of the first three denominations of this bank’s PWRN’s, specifically (1, 3, 7) represents events in the American Colonies before the American Revolution.

From a public viewpoint, the first three phases, the age of youth phases, correspond to the first colonial phases, which were stated in the Declaration of Independence, which was a Solemn Recognition of Mixed War, an express (written) recognition that a government (King George) had declared war on his subjects (the Colonists). The three parts were

>(1) Principle - a collection of the ideals of society,

>(2) Purpose/Meaning - the criminal complaint type of Petition for Redress of Grievances against King George, and

>(3) Endowment - the pleading for English brotherhood, or, in the alternative, international commercial independence by emancipation.

#17C – The Constitution of the united States of America

The front content (seals,etc.) of the second three denominations of this bank’s PWRN’s, specifically (12, 23, 71), represents events in the American Nation after the American Revolution.

From a public viewpoint, the second three phases, the age of adulthood phases, correspond to the second three national phases, which correspond to the establishment of the three branches of the government that were stated in the first three articles of the Constitution for the united States of America, as

>(4) Article 1 - governing thought / legislation;

>(5) Article 3 - governing word and argument / adjudication / judicial power.

>(6) Article 2 - governing deed / ordering execution of the laws devised and passed (enacted) by the legislature and the vote of the common people.

#18 - THE SEVENTH SOCIAL ELEMENT AND THE SEVENTH DENOMINATION - The Gettysburg Address

The seventh denomination, 230, represents the perpetuity of the Public Trust which will exist with Liberty and Justice for All, as long as the American people exercise reasonable diligence, demand public accountability from public officials and abide in principle, righteousness and brotherhood, with all due respect for Nature and Nature’s God, as they understand the laws of Nature, so that labor and the equal protection of the law are protected.


#19 - Denomination Symbology

The Notes are issued in seven (7) denominations, namely, 1, 3, 7, 12, 23, 71, and 230.

The denominations 1,3,7,12,23,71 are of ancient or Hebrew/ Jewish Biblical use.

These denominations also commemorate religious and empirical philosophy, and Hebrew/Jewish commercial law.

The number "one" (1) symbolizes (legislative):

A = 1, the unit denomination, represents the root of all numbers, and symbol of creation and existence.

#1- the beginning of all things, and

#2- the measure of everything else, the Standard.

B = 3, is a Hebrew/Jewish number for completeness of events in law and motive, e.g., 3 days, 3 weeks, 3 months, 3 years, the number of Rabbis in a Jewish Civil Court, etc.

The number "three" (3) symbolizes (Adjudicative):

#1- the stability of structure, namely, the triangle, and the three dimensions of space.

#2- the three successive levels or degrees of human expression, namely, thought, word, and deed, also known legally, i.e., in law, as legislation, adjudication, and execution.

#3- the minimum number of steps in the perceivable progression of a complete cycle of events, hence 3 times, or, 3 steps of motive: negligence, intent, and malice, 3 warnings, 3 notices.

A thing done three times in commerce is said to be completely done.

#4- the times for the completion of actions in law, namely, 3 days, 3 weeks, 3 months, and 3 years.

C = 7, the Hebrew/Jewish number for thought, word and deed in both spiritual completeness and full disclosure of reality (the whole truth) in law.

(See Revelation … the 7 Churches of the Apocalypse.) (Executive)

D = 12, is another Hebrew/Jewish number for completeness (detail), divisible by (1, 2, 3, 4, and 6), the number of people in a jury, the number of months in a year, the number of signs in the Zodiac, the one-fifth part of the sexigesimal (base 60) numbering system of the ancient world, and still important in our own time and angle measuring systems.

The number twelve (12) is:

#1- a symbol of completeness,

#2- a number which is divisible by several different smaller numbers

#3- a factor of the number 60 used as a base of ancient number systems still in use in the modern world for measuring angles and time in navigation and astronomy.

E = 23

> (23 = 2 x 12 - 1) is the indivisible/prime number nearest to 2 x 12 = 24

> 23 is the number of persons in a small Sanhedrin (Hebrew/Jewish domestic grand jury)-- an odd number so as to avoid a tie vote.

F = 71

> (71 = 10 x 7 + 1) is the indivisible/prime number nearest to 10 x 7 = 70

> 71 is the number of persons in a large Sanhedrin (Hebrew/Jewish religious grand jury)-- an odd number so as to avoid a tie vote.


G = 230

> 230 = 10 x 23.

#20 - THE SERIAL NUMBERS

The serial numbers of PWRN currency street Notes contain a leading letter, followed by a ten-digit number, followed by a closing letter.

The current lead letter is "A". The first four digits of the ten-digit number are currently related to the four digit numbered accounts established on the original PWRB Draft-type hand-written Notes, which were disbursed to charitable organizations.

The closing letter or end letter of the serial number denotes the denomination of a Note as follows:

A=1, B=3, C=7, D=12, E=23, F=71, G=230,

H=1, I=3, J=7, K=12, L=23, M=71, N=230,

P=1, Q=3, R=7, S=12, T=23, U=71, V=230,

with W, X, Y, and Z open for other uses.

The letter "O" would be confused with zero, so it is not used as a closing letter.

#21 - THE PEARL HARBOR ATTACK COMMEMORATIVE NOTE-CURRENCY

The first PWRB Note Currency (PWRN-C) with fixed low dollar denominations

was issued on December 7, 2001, the 60th Anniversary of the Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor. That event, on December 7, 1941, was President F. D. Roosevelt’s Day of Infamy, for he guaranteed the loss and the grief caused by the Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor by deliberately withholding information from the Hawaiian Field Commanders, Kimmel and Short, a crime of Treason. I was there on Oahu, a baby eighteen months old. My Father's Uncle, Gerald Mason Van Dyke, in Hawaiian G-2 Intelligence sent his warning message about the attack to Washington, D.C., on Thursday afternoon December 4, 1941, at 2:00 P.M. Hawaiian time (7:00 P.M. Washington, D.C., time), warning of the impending attack, sixty-six (66) hours before the attack. That message was received in Washington, D.C., by Rear Admiral Paulus Prince Powell. Powell delivered that message to Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox, who in turn notified Secretary of War Henry Stimson, who in turn notified President Franklin Roosevelt. Roosevelt came to them. Knox and Under-Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal wanted to pull the ships out of Pearl Harbor and use them to form a defense perimeter around the Hawaiian Islands, but Roosevelt wanted the United States to be in the War alongside of Great Britain, and had Knox, Forrestal, and Powell put under military guard and held at gun-point until after the Pearl Harbor Attack, to prevent the Hawaiian Commanders, Kimmel and Short, from being alerted. Lt. Colonel Clifford Andrew had been sent to the Hawaiian Islands six months earlier to manage the radio receiving and transmitting equipment at the Iolani Palace to intercept and prevent the delivery of any messages that would have warned the Hawaiian Commanders. Uncle Mason had to send all of his information through military channels and believed that the message would be delivered to Kimmel and Short. The rest is known history.

I published a book in 1973 on the subject of my family's involvement in the Pearl Harbor Attack titled The Skeleton in Uncle Sam's Closet. This information appears on the obverse, or backside of the first HVPWRB currency street notes, pursuant to 18 USC 4. I learned the truth about the Pearl Harbor Attack in 1967. That was the year I entered the long path of public service, which has delivered this method of financing the reward of righteousness and the clean up of government. The serial numbers of the Notes, which I have issued to commemorate the Pearl Harbor Attack, begin with the six-digit date of the Attack, specifically 411207.

SECTION LOCATOR

TP – 1

TOC – 2

Preface – 8

Overview – 16

Understanding Money – 26

Banking – 32

Definitions – 35

Corrupt Banking – 44

JCPA – 61

Public Notice – 62

PELC – 67

Appendix – 82

TP -- Creation Of Citation Currency – 89

TOC – 90

Creation Of Citation Currency (Body of Text) – 98

End – 128

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Hartford VanDyke and John Nolan on trial in federal court

These men are asking the RIGHT questions of the court. We expect a rush to judgement, a directed verdict and conviction, as the court refuses to "show cause" as to the fraudulent processes they are engaging sovereign people.

These questions address CORE issues - and the most important thing for the People to notice is that the state/fed/government NEVER has to support their burden of proof that anything they are doing is in fact lawful.

IT IS NOT. The state/fed/government is acting in fraudulent process far
beyond anything they have charged these men with. Also interesting to note, as with the recent Sizemore case, the courts use their "laws" to
automatically convict those who question the fraud openly, or try to make
changes via courts and initiative processes. The same "crimes" they are
alleging are games they only allow for themselves and private BAR
associates.

This TRIAL should open up many arenas of government fraud - but there is no lawful courts to allow constitutional redress.

Note also that it is always the money - many of us advocates are about
children and human rights - they don't take us into court except to beat us
up on peripheral made up cases. When it is MONEY at the core, as in this case, and Sizemores too, they convict on any of countless "rules" that may have been violated. At the same time, the court violates the rights of the People routinely, in these administrative courts.

VanDyke and Nolan need to have a counter claim affirmative defense filed, and I don't know if they do - most people do not understand court process and that if you do not have a counter suit in with its own case number, you are NOT THERE with standing to dispute the claims against you.

Without a counter suit in their own names, they have no defense that the
court cares about - this is 99% likely to be another rushed judgement,
automatic conviction and prison for more freemen asking the right questions, and NO ONE MAKES THE GOVERNMENT ANSWER.

THAT IS THE REAL PROBLEM.

And reporters who don't even understand what they are witnessing when
jurisdiction is being challenged - refers to this as "arguing with the
judge". All I can say to all people who do not go deeper into the fact the
court does not answer these lawful questions of jurisdiction, wait till you
are in there being rendered and have no rights whatsoever. That is what is really happening.

The court cannot lawfullly proceed against the People without upholding a
constitutional standard of law - and that is the very point across the
nation why we the People have not yet been able to find redress - only more denial and silence from the BAR operators of the courts - NO ACCOUNTABILITY

WHO WILL PROSECUTE????

This is why the administrative processess are being used by the People in an effort to enforce accountability. Peoples juries see the evidence that the state and fed courts deny, and upon seeing evidence of complete fraud by the government, the People form administrative panels to issue a judgement . But as this article states, no court, no office or officer will act on these leins and judgements - the BAR and courts themselves have written rules now that only what their own judges sign is legitimate - the people have NO REDRESS at this time.

This quote shows what the court thinks of the UCC processes alot of people are using, and the administrative leins and judgements created outside of the states own corporate courts. "Nolan and Van Dyke filed a lien against the company with the Oregon Supreme Court. Although it wasn't binding, they allegedly issued fictitious financial instruments against the company's accounts."

The state BAR operators come into the courts, say and do anything they want without having to support it, while directinng verdicts and juries will
convict every time, the judges set it up that way in the instructions so
that they CANNOT do anything but convict........

We will be watching this closely.

The double standard comes out now, as they refuse to admit their own
policies are unlawful - just like the IRS case, where Bob Shultz has
challenged the courts, they do not appear or answer, yet every day put more people in prison for refusing to VOLUNTEER for this abuse !

The BAR has written their "new rule" DR102, and at federal level the
"Federal Investigatoin Enhancement Act" to allow themselves to literally lie
cheat and steal, and commit "other wise legal acts" and call it legal in a
court now...... there IS NO COURT now.

A LAWFUL COURT IS AN INTENSE SEARCH FOR THE TRUTH. THE COURTS TODAY ARE ONLY FOR CONVICTION AND PROSECUTION.

WHO WILL PROSECUTE THE CRIMINAL JUDGES AND PROSECUTORS? WHO CAN FORCE THE
GOVERNMENT TO ADMIT IT IS ALL FRAUD?????

VanDyke is asking the RIGHT questions and we ALL better be supporting these men that PUBLIC RIGHT TO KNOW wants the answers to these questions.

pamela gaston



Tax protester argues way through arraignment

10/03/02

MARK LARABEE

It started as a routine arraignment Wednesday afternoon in federal court.

But almost an hour later, the defendant, John S. Nolan,
was still arguing with the judge that she never answered
the criminal complaint he filed against her more than a
year ago. He called the indictment against him illegal
and argued that the United States is a corporation and
can't file criminal charges, only a person can.

A federal grand jury last week charged Nolan and Lyle
Hartford Van Dyke Jr. with conspiracy, manufacturing
and passing false financial notes dating to September
1998. Nolan also was charged with mail fraud in the
21-count indictment filed in Portland.

The two men are what officials have called tax protesters
and are associated with the Freemen, a mostly
underground movement whose followers think, among
other things, that the U.S. government is acting illegally
by collecting taxes and operating the Federal Reserve bank. The
prosecution is part of a continuing
Justice Department crackdown on Freemen-type banking and lien schemes.

Nolan and Van Dyke and have been under investigation by federal agents for more than a year.

They are charged with creating three series of fraudulent notes and
drafts -- about $3 million worth -- they say were collectable from Jackson National Life Insurance Co. and the U.S. Treasury. They allegedly sold the financial notes on the Internet and to unwitting clients of Nolan's insurance business for pennies on the dollar. About $600,000 worth were sent to the U.S. Internal Revenue
Service to pay the tax debts of Nolan and seven others, the complaint
says.

If convicted, they could face at least 10 years in prison, prosecutors
said.

Nolan, a Lake Oswego resident arrested last week, once sold policies for Jackson National. He has
been embroiled in court battles with the company for years since he made himself the beneficiary on a $1 million insurance policy he sold to a client, according to court records and the IRS.

Jackson National fired Nolan, and Nolan and Van Dyke filed a lien against the company with the Oregon Supreme Court. Although it wasn't binding, they allegedly issued fictitious financial instruments against the company's accounts. The notes included a picture of Nolan and the Queen
of England.

Nolan, who in court was mostly soft-spoken and often complained that he
couldn't hear, battled U.S Magistrate Janice Stewart on seemingly routine procedural questions.

When asked whether he understood the charges as read to him by
prosecutors, Nolan said that the indictments was illegal because grand jurors acted without giving him the right to face them, that the
words in the document were not defined and that the United States cannot file criminal charges.

He and the judge went in circles over his insistence that he would seek
"counsel," not a bar-appointed "union" attorney. Stewart urged him to hire an attorney because he did not seem to understand court procedures, but eventually allowed Nolan to represent himself.

Nolan also argued over his name, saying the indictment was illegal because it included his name in all capital letters although he uses lowercase letters. He wouldn't enter a plea, so Stewart entered a
not guilty plea for him and set a trial date for Nov. 26.

"It's fake," an incensed Nolan said of the indictment after the hearing.
"It's not set in the criminal court. It's impossible to plea to that."

Several supporters attended the hearing, including Lon Mabon, an anti-gay rights activist and independent candidate for the U.S. Senate. He said the government is using the judiciary to punish people they think "stray off the reservation a little bit."

"I think John followed the same principle the Federal Reserve follows,"
Mabon said. "John Nolan's instrument is sounder than the Federal Reserve note is. This case will bring all that out."

Assistant U.S. Attorney Allan Garten filed a motion Tuesday asking the
court to bar Nolan and Van Dyke from suing government agents involved in the case. Both men have a history of filing harassing
liens and lawsuits against those they have disputes with, Garten said,
calling the filing a form of economic harassment.

Jeff Gordon, a U.S. Treasury agent, said in an affidavit that Nolan and
Van Dyke tried to pay Nolan's tax bill last year with the fake notes. Gordon said agents serving a search warrant on Nolan's office
in June 2001 found hundreds of tape recordings of Nolan and Van Dyke
discussing liens and lawsuits against judges and agents.

"Get every name and address of people on the grand jury," Nolan is quoted as saying. "I want to know who was on that grand jury, because they have liability to me if they have brought an indictment without an affidavit to support it."

Van Dyke, who was arrested last week in Spokane, is well known in tax
protester circles. He was a witness in the 1998 Montana Freemen trial, the criminal case stemming from the 1996 case in which two dozen heavily armed Freemen kept hundreds of FBI agents at bay for 81 days.

U.S. District Judge John Coughenour of Seattle, who presided over the
Freeman trial, cited Van Dyke for contempt of court for disrupting the proceedings. Van Dyke has filed a lien against the judge and several Seattle prosecutors.

Coughenour said he gets similar documents at least once a month saying that he owes millions of dollars. " A lot of imagination goes into drafting these things and making them look really official," the judge said. "Once you look beyond that, you realize that they're really a bunch of silliness.

"Unfortunately, the patriot movement has had tragic consequences for a lot of unwitting people who fell prey to the seeming logic of some of the positions they've taken," Coughenour said.

Van Dyke is to make his first court appearance in Portland next week.

Mark Larabee: 503-294-7664;
marklarabee@news.oregonian.com

Copyright 2002 Oregon Live. All Rights Reserved.

_________________________

"Affidavit of Prejudice" - Hartford VanDyke
Sat Dec 14 21:52:26 2002
208.152.73.228

Ken: You think that's bad take a look at what I'm sending you about what
is going to happen to Hartford VanDyke.

(From Terressa, see below)

liaisongroup@juno.com
_________________________________________

First of all, I'm asking for your help which I will state in more detail
at the end of this email, but I wanted to give you some preliminary facts
first, and I'm so proud of you for keeping up the good work you do.
There is a national emergency that has come up and I'd like to address it
to you in the hope that you may take an interest as part of a radio show.
Hartford VanDyke (HVD), President of the National Association for
Commercial Accountability has been on trial for 7 days in Federal Court
in Portland, Oregon. Judge Robert E. Jones stated at the end of the trial
that Commercial Law is "Polluting the Economy." The trial was instigated
by the Federal Reserve and possibly including the Treasury Dept.
To attrack your attention I'm going to give you the following list off of
an "Affidavit of Prejudice" which witnesses who attended the 7 day trial
filled out noting the Judge's violations of Hartford's Constitutional
rights. O.K. here goes:
The Judge:
-Forbids defendant to speak; allows only his attorney to speak (HVD did
not use an attorney).
-Ignored defendant's challenge to Court's jurisdiction.
-Allowed an insufficient or defective indictment to stand.
-Disregarded defendant's challenge of the indictment.
-Argues with defendant in place of plaintiff.
-Interrupts defendant when defendant is speaking.
-Gives plaintiff more freedom to speak that defendant.
-Forbids allies of defendant to speak.
-Refuses to allow defendant to question the plaintiff.
-Overrules objections of defendant, but sustains plaintiff's objections.
-Tries to steer the discussion in a direction favorable to plaintiff.
-Suppresses discussion of relevant issues.
-Encourages discussion of irrelevant issues.
-Allows emotion more leeway than pure fact of law.
-Makes the jury leave the courtroom while arguments favorable to
defendant are discussed.
-Instructs jury to judge only the facts, not the law.
-Tells the jury only those items of law that favor the plaintiff.
-Fails to tell the jury items of law that favor the defendant.
-Violation of Court Rules and Fair Trial by exclusion of evidence.
-Violation of Antitrust Acts; Plaintiffs's Attorneys and Judge are
members of Bar Association.
-Does not allow defendant to define words that will help witnesses to
answer questions.
-Denial of witnesses.
-Stacked the jury by eliminating jurors knowledgeable about Government
corruption.
At the end of the trial Hartford and John Nolan, who was a codefendant,
were ordered by Judge Jones to be detained for psychological evaluations.
I was told that the judge will not do sentencing for 2 months from now
which leads me to believe (and has happened to many patriots before) they
will keep Hartford and John in a Mental facility shooting them full of
drugs, etc. for 2 months.
They moved and separated both Hartford and John on Friday, December 13th,
2002. No one, so far will tell us where Hartford is.
The Feds want Americans to stop using Commercial Law aka Contract Law. It
is the law our Country was founded on, and even the Bible speaks to it.
So how do they expect Commerce to continue around the globe without the
use of Commercial Law?
Hartford's been teaching and practicing Commercial Law for 30+ years.
Also Judge Jones was the one who conducted the voir dire of the jurors
and he made sure that none of the jurors picked had ever had ANY
difficulties of any kind with any government agency, especially the IRS.
Hartford is a sovereign American states citizen. If we don't get him out,
or at least draw a lot of attention to this matter; Hartford's a dead
man. The government, especially the Feds have tried in the past to take
him down, but this time the Feds will be putting him in a mental
institution for an indefinite period of time where they will be injecting
him with all sorts of drugs. Hartford is now 60 years old. He will be
doing a fast; he will not eat their food or drink their water. He's been
threatened too many times and he's done nothing illegal.
Now here is what I hope you can help me with: Because Hartford's life is
in serious jeopardy, I wonder if you know of any friendly Judges, or FBI
agents I could speak with personally. And would you please send this out
nationally so the Americans across the country who have been helped by
Hartford can be notified. I will need their help in keeping track of
Hartford wherever they keep moving him so the government won't be able to
keep him secretly hidden. He's not a terrorist for God's sake. He's a
kind man who helps people with their various problems. And most the
people he helps are poverty stricken, but he helps them anyway.
There's much more to the story, but I wanted to keep this email as short
as possible, for now. Time is of the essence.
I'm praying that you will take interest in this matter.


Original Message --------
Subject: "Affidavit of Prejudice" - Hartford VanDyke
Date: Sat, 14 Dec 2002 18:32:19 -0700
From: APFN <apfn@apfn.org>
Reply-To: apfn@apfn.org
Organization: http://www.apfn.org
To: Douglas Palaschak <dlawyerdude@hotmail.com>, APFN Yahoogroups
<apfn-1@yahoogroups.com>, APFN SMARTGROUP <apfn@smartgroups.com>
CC: liaisongroup@juno.com

Friday, February 21, 1997
SEATTLE (AP) -- Supporters of seven defendants on trial in U.S. District
Court in an anti-government conspiracy case have filed a $ 1.76 billion
lien against Judge John C. Coughenour and five federal prosecutors.

The document was filed Tuesday in federal court by Hartford VanDyke
Jr. of Battle Ground on behalf of the National Association for
Commercial Accountability, which has a Lynnwood address, and on
behalf of nine people who were charged in the alleged conspiracy
against the government.
Full Story here:
http://www.milnet.com/milnet/domestic/backup/Lein-case.htm

 

______

Declining Dollar, Declining Fortunes

by Rep. Ron Paul, MD

Save a link to this article and return to it at www.savethis.comSave a link to this article and return to it at www.savethis.com  Email a link to this articleEmail a link to this article  Printer-friendly version of this articlePrinter-friendly version of this article  View a list of the most popular articles on our siteView a list of the most popular articles on our site   Save a link to this article and return to it at www.savethis.comSave a link to this article and return to it at www.savethis.com  Email a link to this articleEmail a link to this article  Printer-friendly version of this articlePrinter-friendly version of this article  View a list of the most popular articles on our siteView a list of the most popular articles on our site   Save a link to this article and return to it at www.savethis.comSave a link to this article and return to it at www.savethis.com  Email a link to this articleEmail a link to this article  Printer-friendly version of this articlePrinter-friendly version of this article  View a list of the most popular articles on our siteView a list of the most popular articles on our site  

I recently had an opportunity to hear testimony by Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan at a hearing of the Joint Economic committee. I always relish the opportunity to question Mr. Greenspan at such hearings, because I disagree so strongly with Fed policies. Mr. Greenspan is a remarkable man, with a background as a devotee of novelist Ayn Rand, a supporter of the gold standard, and a fervent advocate of capitalism. So I’m at a loss to explain his metamorphosis into a believer in fiat currency and centralized economic planning.

Of course capitalism is based on the premise that centralized economic planning is bad. I’m always amazed that otherwise pro-market conservatives, who rightfully scorned disastrous Soviet economic policies, are so willing to accept centralized monetary planning by the Fed. True capitalism requires a free market for money and interest rates, just as surely as it requires a free market for wages and prices.

Mr. Greenspan declined to answer my question about the tumbling value of the dollar, citing a kind of gentlemen’s agreement between him and the Treasury department not to discuss dollar policy. This is preposterous, of course, because he is unquestionably the one man on earth most responsible for the value of the U.S. dollar. If a member of Congress cannot ask the Federal Reserve Chairman a straightforward question about dollar policy, how can we expect the American public to have the faintest idea about what the Fed really does? The answer is that very few Americans pay any attention to the Fed, which has successfully insulated itself as a “nonpolitical” entity.

Mr. Greenspan’s two greatest sins are easy to understand. First, he has wildly inflated the money supply by creating more than $5 trillion in new dollars since he became Fed chairman. Second, he has relentlessly cut interest rates below market levels. These actions make money too plentiful and too cheap. When dollars are abundant and the cost of borrowing is low, people and businesses spend money less carefully. The stock market bubble of the late 1990s is all the proof we need that Fed printing presses can create money, but not wealth.

Because of Fed expansion of the money supply, the dollar has suffered a precipitous decline in the past year when measured against other world currencies. A Euro note worth only 89 cents shortly after its introduction is now worth about $1.16. Some consequences of this decline are obvious to the American public; a trip to Europe costs a lot more than it did a few years ago. But the long-term significance of this decline has not yet begun to sink in. Our relative wealth as a nation is measured in dollars, and the steady erosion of the value of those dollars means we will all be poorer in the future.

Both Congress and the Fed should be promoting sound dollar policies, because a sound and stable currency is required for sustained economic growth. Instead, both have through default and deliberate action promoted fiat policies that systematically depreciate the dollar. The financial markets understand this, and investors track the minute-by-minute fluctuations in value of the dollar seeking an investment advantage. This kind of speculation would not exist in a sound monetary system.

Mr. Greenspan certainly basked in the glow of admiration during the 1990s, when money and credit seemed limitless. He was deemed a genius by both the financial press and a general public eager to let the good times roll. Even today, with the nation mired in the inevitable bust following the Fed’s artificially-created boom, his detractors are few. In fact, President Bush plans to offer Mr. Greenspan another term as Fed chief. If our economic woes continue, however, the nation someday may regret not taking a closer look at the Federal Reserve and its manipulation of our financial fortunes.

June 24, 2003

Dr. Ron Paul is a Republican member of Congress from Texas.

________

Patriotism, are they who deny feeding the beast to conquer and destroy. The food: Taxation.

http://www.patriotist.com/taxquest.htm

31 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THE IRS [Courtesy of The Stanley Scoop]

31 Questions and Answers about the Internal Revenue Service, Revision 3.2 certified by Paul Andrew Mitchell, B.A., M.S. Citizen of California, Federal Witness, Private Attorney General, Author and Webmaster of the Supreme Law Library Common Law Copyright All Rights Reserved without Prejudice

1. Is the Internal Revenue Service ['IRS'] an organization within the U.S. Department of the Treasury?

Answer: No. The IRS is not an organization within the United States Department of the Treasury. The U.S. Department of the Treasury was organized by statutes now codified in Title 31 of the United States Code, abbreviated '31 U.S.C.' The only mention of the IRS anywhere in 31 U.S.C. §§ 301-310 is an authorization for the President to appoint an Assistant General Counsel in the U.S. Department of the Treasury to be the Chief Counsel for the IRS. See 31 U.S.C. 301[f][2.]

At footnote 23 in the case of Chrysler Corp. v. Brown, 441 U.S. 281 [1979,] the U.S. Supreme Court admitted that no organic Act for the IRS could be found, after they searched for such an Act all the way back to the Civil War, which ended in the year 1865 A.D. The Guarantee Clause in the U.S. Constitution guarantees the Rule of Law to all Americans [we are to be governed by Law and not by arbitrary bureaucrats.] See Article IV, Section 4. Since there was no organic Act creating it, IRS is not a lawful organization.

2. If not an organization within the U.S. Department of the Treasury, then what exactly is the IRS?

Answer: The IRS appears to be a collection agency working for foreign banks and operating out of Puerto Rico under color of the Federal Alcohol Administration ['FAA'.] But the FAA was promptly declared unconstitutional inside the 50 States by the U.S. Supreme Court in the case of U.S. v. Constantine, 296 U.S. 287 [1935,] because Prohibition had already been repealed.

In 1998, the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit identified a second 'Secretary of the Treasury' as a man by the name of Manual Díaz-Saldaña. See the definitions of 'Secretary' and 'Secretary or his delegate' at 27 CFR 26.11 [formerly 27 CFR 250.11,] and the published decision in Used Tire International, Inc. v. Manual Díaz-Saldaña, court docket number 97-2348, September 11, 1998. Both definitions mention Puerto Rico.

When all the evidence is examined objectively, IRS appears to be a money laundry, extortion racket, and conspiracy to engage in a pattern of racketeering activity, in violation of 18 U.S.C. 1951 and 1961 et seq. ['RICO'.] Think of Puerto RICO [Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act]; in other words, it is an organized crime syndicate operating under false and fraudulent pretenses.

3. By what legal authority, if any, has the IRS established offices inside the 50 States of the Union?

Answer: After much diligent research, several investigators have concluded that there is no known Act of Congress, nor any Executive Order, giving IRS lawful jurisdiction to operate within any of the 50 States of the Union.

Their presence within the 50 States appears to stem from certain Agreements on Coordination of Tax Administration ['ACTA',] which officials in those States have consummated with the Commissioner of Internal Revenue. A template for ACTA agreements can be found at the IRS Internet website and in the Supreme Law Library on the Internet.

However, those ACTA agreements are demonstrably fraudulent, for example, by expressly defining 'IRS' as a lawful bureau within the U.S. Department of the Treasury. [See Answer to Question 1 above.] Moreover, those ACTA agreements also appear to violate State laws requiring competitive bidding before such a service contract can be awarded by a State government to any subcontractor. There is no evidence to indicate that ACTA agreements were reached after competitive bidding processes; on the contrary, the IRS is adamant about maintaining a monopoly syndicate.

4. Can IRS legally show 'Department of the Treasury' on their outgoing mail?

Answer: No. It is obvious that such deceptive nomenclature is intended to convey the false impression that IRS is a lawful bureau or department within the U.S. Department of the Treasury. Federal laws prohibit the use of United States Mail for fraudulent purposes. Every piece of U.S. Mail sent from IRS with 'Department of the Treasury' in the return address, is one count of mail fraud.

5. Does the U.S. Department of Justice have power of attorney to represent the IRS in federal court?

Answer: No. Although the U.S. Department of Justice ['DOJ'] does have power of attorney to represent federal agencies before federal courts, the IRS is not an 'agency' as that term is legally defined in the Freedom of Information Act or in the Administrative Procedures Act. The governments of all federal Territories are expressly excluded from the definition of federal 'agency' by Act of Congress. See 5 U.S.C. 551[1][C.]

Since IRS is domiciled in Puerto Rico [RICO?,] it is thereby excluded from the definition of federal agencies which can be represented by the DOJ. The IRS Chief Counsel, appointed by the President under authority of 31 U.S.C. 301[f][2,] can appear, or appoint a delegate to appear in federal court on behalf of IRS and IRS employees. Again, see the Answer to Question 1 above. As far as powers of attorney are concerned, the chain of command begins with Congress, flows to the President, and then to the IRS Chief Counsel, and NOT to the U.S. Department of Justice.

6. Were the so-called 14th and 16th amendments properly ratified?

Answer: No. Neither was properly ratified. In the case of People v. Boxer [December 1992,] docket number #S-030016, U.S. Senator Barbara Boxer fell totally silent in the face of an Application to the California Supreme Court by the People of California, for an ORDER compelling Senator Boxer to witness the material evidence against the so-called 16th amendment.

That so-called 'amendment' allegedly authorized federal income taxation, even though it contains no provision expressly repealing two Constitutional Clauses mandating that direct taxes must be apportioned. The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals and the U.S. Supreme Court have both ruled that repeals by implication are not favored. See Crawford Fitting Co. et al. v. J.T. Gibbons, Inc., 482 U.S. 437, 442 [1987.]

The material evidence in question was summarized in AFFIDAVIT's that were properly executed and filed in that case. Boxer fell totally silent, thus rendering those affidavits the 'truth of the case.' The so-called 16th amendment has now been correctly identified as a major fraud upon the American People and the United States. Major fraud against the United States is a serious federal offense. See 18 U.S.C. 1031.

Similarly, the so-called 14th amendment was never properly ratified either. In the case of Dyett v. Turner, 439 P.2d 266, 270 [1968,] the Utah Supreme Court recited numerous historical facts proving, beyond any shadow of a doubt, that the so-called 14th amendment was likewise a major fraud upon the American People.

Those facts, in many cases, were Acts of the several State Legislatures voting for or against that proposal to amend the U.S. Constitution. The Supreme Law Library has a collection of references detailing this major fraud.

The U.S. Constitution requires that constitutional amendments be ratified by three-fourths of the several States. As such, their Acts are governed by the Full Faith and Credit Clause in the U.S. Constitution. See Article IV, Section 1.

Judging by the sheer amount of litigation its various sections have generated, particularly Section 1, the so-called 14th amendment is one of the worst pieces of legislation ever written in American history. The phrase 'subject to the jurisdiction of the United States' is properly understood to mean 'subject to the municipal jurisdiction of Congress.' [See Answer to Question 19 below.]

For this one reason alone, the Congressional Resolution proposing the so-called 14th amendment is provably vague and therefore unconstitutional. See 14 Stat. 358-359, Joint Resolution No. 48, June 16, 1866.

7. Where are the statutes that create a specific liability for federal income taxes?

Answer: Section 1 of the Internal Revenue Code ['IRC'] contains no provisions creating a specific liability for taxes imposed by subtitle A. Aside from the statutes which apply only to federal government employees, pursuant to the Public Salary Tax Act, the only other statutes that create a specific liability for federal income taxes are those itemized in the definition of 'Withholding agent' at IRC section 7701[a][16.] For example, see IRC section 1461. A separate liability statute for 'employment' taxes imposed by subtitle C is found at IRC section 3403.

After a worker authorizes a payroll officer to withhold taxes, typically by completing Form W-4, the payroll officer then becomes a withholding agent who is legally and specifically liable for payment of all taxes withheld from that worker's paycheck. Until such time as those taxes are paid in full into the Treasury of the United States, the withholding agent is the only party who is legally liable for those taxes, not the worker. See IRC section 7809 ['Treasury of the United States'.]

If the worker opts instead to complete a Withholding Exemption Certificate, consistent with IRC section 3402[n,] the payroll officer is not thereby authorized to withhold any federal income taxes. In this latter situation, there is absolutely no liability for the worker or for the payroll officer; in other words, there is no liability PERIOD, specifically because there is no withholding agent.

8. Can a federal regulation create a specific liability, when no specific liability is created by the corresponding statute?

Answer: No. The U.S. Constitution vests all legislative power in the Congress of the United States. See Article I, Section 1. The Executive Branch of the federal government has no legislative power whatsoever. This means that agencies of the Executive Branch, and also the federal Courts in the Judicial Branch, are prohibited from making law.

If an Act of Congress fails to create a specific liability for any tax imposed by that Act, then there is no liability for that tax. Executive agencies have no authority to cure any such omission by using regulations to create a liability.

'[A]n administrative agency may not create a criminal offense or any liability not sanctioned by the lawmaking authority, especially a liability for a tax or inspection fee.' See Commissioner of Internal Revenue v. Acker, 361 U.S. 87, 4 L.Ed.2d 127, 80 S.Ct. 144 [1959,] and Independent Petroleum Corp. v. Fly, 141 F.2d 189 [5th Cir. 1944] as cited at 2 Am Jur 2d, p. 129, footnote 2 [1962 edition] [bold emphasis added.] However, this cite from American Jurisprudence has been removed from the 1994 edition of that legal encyclopedia.

9. The federal regulations create an income tax liability for what specific classes of people?

Answer: The regulations at 26 CFR 1.1-1 attempted to create a specific liability for all 'citizens of the United States' and all 'residents of the United States.' However, those regulations correspond to IRC section 1, which does not create a specific liability for taxes imposed by subtitle A.

Therefore, these regulations are an overly broad extension of the underlying statutory authority; as such, they are unconstitutional, null and void ab initio [from the beginning, in Latin.] The Acker case cited above held that federal regulations can not exceed the underlying statutory authority. [See Answer to Question 8 above.]

10. How many classes of citizens are there, and how did this number come to be?

Answer: There are two [2] classes of citizens: State Citizens and federal citizens. The first class originates in the Qualifications Clauses in the U.S. Constitution, where the term 'Citizen of the United States' is used. [See 1:2:2, 1:3:3 and 2:1:5.] Notice the UPPER-CASE 'C' in 'Citizen.'

The pertinent court cases have defined the term 'United States' in these Clauses to mean 'States United,' and the full term means 'Citizen of ONE OF the States United.' See People v. De La Guerra, 40 Cal. 311, 337 [1870]; Judge Pablo De La Guerra signed the California Constitution of 1849, when California first joined the Union. Similar terms are found in the Diversity Clause at Article III, Section 2, Clause 1, and in the Privileges and Immunities Clause at Article IV, Section 2, Clause 1. Prior to the Civil War, there was only one [1] class of Citizens under American Law. See the holding in Pannill v. Roanoke, 252 F. 910, 914-915 [1918,] for definitive authority on this key point.

The second class originates in the 1866 Civil Rights Act, where the term 'citizen of the United States' is used. This Act was later codified at 42 U.S.C. 1983. Notice the lower-case 'c' in 'citizen.' The pertinent court cases have held that Congress thereby created a municipal franchise primarily for members of the Negro race, who were freed by President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation [a war measure,] and later by the Thirteenth Amendment banning slavery and involuntary servitude. Compelling payment of a 'tax' for which there is no liability statute is tantamount to involuntary servitude, and extortion.

Instead of using the unique term 'federal citizen,' as found in Black's Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, it is now clear that the Radical Republicans who sponsored the 1866 Civil Rights Act were attempting to confuse these two classes of citizens. Then, they attempted to elevate this second class to constitutional status, by proposing a 14th amendment to the U.S. Constitution. As we now know, that proposal was never ratified. [See Answer to Question 6 above.]

Numerous court cases have struggled to clarify the important differences between the two classes. One of the most definitive, and dispositive cases, is Pannill v. Roanoke, 252 F. 910, 914-915 [1918,] which clearly held that federal citizens had no standing to sue under the Diversity Clause, because they were not even contemplated when Article III in the U.S. Constitution was first being drafted, circa 1787 A.D.

Another is Ex parte Knowles, 5 Cal. 300 [1855] in which the California Supreme Court ruled that there was no such thing as a 'citizen of the United States' [as of the year 1855 A.D..] Only federal citizens have standing to invoke 42 U.S.C. 1983; whereas State Citizens do not. See Wadleigh v. Newhall, 136 F. 941 [C.C. Cal. 1905.]

Many more cases can be cited to confirm the existence of two classes of citizens under American Law. These cases are thoroughly documented in the book entitled 'The Federal Zone: Cracking the Code of Internal Revenue' by Paul Andrew Mitchell, B.A., M.S., now in its eleventh edition. See also the pleadings in the case of USA v. Gilbertson, also in the Supreme Law Library.

11. Can one be a State Citizen, without also being a federal citizen?

Answer: Yes. The 1866 Civil Rights Act was municipal law, confined to the District of Columbia and other limited areas where Congress is the 'state' government with exclusive legislative jurisdiction there. These areas are now identified as 'the federal zone.' [Think of it as the blue field on the American flag; the stars on the flag are the 50 States.] As such, the 1866 Civil Rights Act had no effect whatsoever upon the lawful status of State Citizens, then or now.

Several courts have already recognized our Right to be State Citizens without also becoming federal citizens. For excellent examples, see State v. Fowler, 41 La. Ann. 380, 6 S. 602 [1889] and Gardina v. Board of Registrars, 160 Ala. 155, 48 S. 788, 791 [1909.] The Maine Supreme Court also clarified the issue by explaining our 'Right of Election' or 'freedom of choice,' namely, our freedom to choose between two different forms of government. See 44 Maine 518 [1859,] Hathaway, J. dissenting.

Since the Guarantee Clause does not require the federal government to guarantee a Republican Form of Government to the federal zone, Congress is free to create a different form of government there, and so it has. In his dissenting opinion in Downes v. Bidwell, 182 U.S. 244 at 380 [1901,] Supreme Court Justice Harlan called it an absolute legislative democracy.

But, State Citizens are under no legal obligation to join or pledge any allegiance to that legislative democracy; their allegiance is to one or more of the several States of the Union [i.e. the white stars on the American flag, not the blue field.]

12. Who was Frank Brushaber, and why was his U.S. Supreme Court case so important?

Answer: Frank Brushaber was the Plaintiff in the case of Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad Company, 240 U.S. 1 [1916,] the first U.S. Supreme Court case to consider the so-called 16th amendment. Brushaber identified himself as a Citizen of New York State and a resident of the Borough of Brooklyn, in the city of New York, and nobody challenged that claim. The Union Pacific Railroad Company was a federal corporation created by Act of Congress to build a railroad through Utah [from the Union to the Pacific,] at a time when Utah was a federal Territory, i.e. inside the federal zone. Brushaber's attorney committed an error by arguing that the company had been chartered by the State of Utah, but Utah was not a State of the Union when Congress first created that corporation. Brushaber had purchased stock issued by the company. He then sued the company to recover taxes that Congress had imposed upon the dividends paid to its stockholders. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled against Frank Brushaber, and upheld the tax as a lawful excise, or indirect tax. The most interesting result of the Court's ruling was a Treasury Decision ['T.D.'] that the U.S. Department of the Treasury later issued as a direct consequence of the high Court's opinion. In T.D. 2313, the U.S. Treasury Department expressly cited the Brushaber decision, and it identified Frank Brushaber as a 'nonresident alien' and the Union Pacific Railroad Company as a 'domestic corporation.' This Treasury Decision has never been modified or repealed. T.D. 2313 is crucial evidence proving that the income tax provisions of the IRC are municipal law, with no territorial jurisdiction inside the 50 States of the Union. The U.S. Secretary of the Treasury who approved T.D. 2313 had no authority to extend the holding in the Brushaber case to anyone or anything not a proper Party to that court action. Thus, there is no escaping the conclusion that Frank Brushaber was the nonresident alien to which that Treasury Decision refers. Accordingly, all State Citizens are nonresident aliens with respect to the municipal jurisdiction of Congress, i.e. the federal zone.

13. What is a 'Withholding agent'?

Answer: [See Answer to Question 7 first.] The term 'Withholding agent' is legally defined at IRC section 7701[a][16.] It is further defined by the statutes itemized in that section, e.g. IRC 1461 where liability for funds withheld is clearly assigned. In plain English, a 'withholding agent' is a person who is responsible for withholding taxes from a worker's paycheck, and then paying those taxes into the Treasury of the United States, typically on a quarterly basis. See IRC section 7809.

One cannot become a withholding agent unless workers first authorize taxes to be withheld from their paychecks. This authorization is typically done when workers opt to execute a valid W-4 'Employee's Withholding Allowance Certificate.' In plain English, by signing a W- 4 workers designate themselves as 'employees' and certify they are allowing withholding to occur.

If workers do not execute a valid W-4 form, a company's payroll officer is not authorized to withhold any federal income taxes from their paychecks. In other words, the payroll officer does not have 'permission' or 'power of attorney' to withhold taxes, until and unless workers authorize or 'allow' that withholding - by signing Form W-4 knowingly, intentionally and voluntarily.

Pay particular attention to the term 'Employee' in the title of this form. A properly executed Form W-4 creates the presumption that the workers wish to be treated as if they were 'employees' of the federal government. Obviously, for people who do not work for the federal government, such a presumption is a legal fiction, at best.

14. What is a 'Withholding Exemption Certificate'?

Answer: A 'Withholding Exemption Certificate' is an alternative to Form W-4, authorized by IRC section 3402[n] and executed in lieu of Form W-4. Although section 3402[n] does authorize this Certificate, the IRS has never added a corresponding form to its forms catalog [see the IRS 'Printed Products Catalog'.]

In the absence of an official IRS form, workers can use the language of section 3402[n] to create their own Certificates. In simple language, the worker certifies that s/he had no federal income tax liability last year, and anticipates no federal income tax liability during the current calendar year. Because there are no liability statutes for workers in the private sector, this certification is easy to justify.

Many public and private institutions have created their own form for the Withholding Exemption Certificate, e.g. California Franchise Tax Board, and Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland. This fact can be confirmed by using any search engine, e.g. google.com, to locate occurrences of the term 'withholding exemption certificate' on the Internet. This term occurs several times in IRC section 3402.

15. What is 'tax evasion' and who might be guilty of this crime?

Answer: 'Tax evasion' is the crime of evading a lawful tax. In the context of federal income taxes, this crime can only be committed by persons who have a legal liability to pay, i.e. the withholding agent. If one is not employed by the federal government, one is not subject to the Public Salary Tax Act unless one chooses to be treated 'as if' one is a federal government 'employee.' This is typically done by executing a valid Form W-4.

However, as discussed above, Form W-4 is not mandatory for workers who are not 'employed' by the federal government. Corporations chartered by the 50 States of the Union are technically 'foreign' corporations with respect to the IRC; they are decidedly not the federal government, and should not be regarded 'as if' they are the federal government, particularly when they were never created by any Act of Congress.

Moreover, the Indiana Supreme Court has ruled that Congress can only create a corporation in its capacity as the Legislature for the federal zone. Such corporations are the only 'domestic' corporations under the pertinent federal laws. This writer's essay entitled 'A Cogent Summary of Federal Jurisdictions' clarifies this important distinction between 'foreign' and 'domestic' corporations in simple, straightforward language.

If Congress were authorized to create national corporations, such a questionable authority would invade States' rights reserved to them by the Tenth Amendment, namely, the right to charter their own domestic corporations. The repeal of Prohibition left the Tenth Amendment unqualified. See the Constantine case supra.

For purposes of the IRC, the term 'employer' refers only to federal government agencies, and an 'employee' is a person who works for such an 'employer.'

16. Why does IRS Form 1040 not require a Notary Public to notarize a taxpayer's signature?

Answer: This question is one of the fastest ways to unravel the fraudulent nature of federal income taxes. At 28 U.S.C. section 1746, Congress authorized written verifications to be executed under penalty of perjury without the need for a Notary Public, i.e. to witness one's signature.

This statute identifies two different formats for such written verifications: [1] those executed outside the 'United States' and [2] those executed inside the 'United States.' These two formats correspond to sections 1746[1] and 1746[2,] respectively.

What is extremely revealing in this statute is the format for verifications executed 'outside the United States.' In this latter format, the statute adds the qualifying phrase 'under the laws of the United States of America.'

Clearly, the terms 'United States' and 'Unites States of America' are both used in this same statute. They are not one and the same. The former refers to the federal government - in the U.S. Constitution and throughout most federal statutes. The latter refers to the 50 States that are united by, and under, the U.S. Constitution. 28 U.S.C. 1746 is the only federal statute in all of Title 28 of the United States Code that utilizes the term 'United States of America,' as such.

It is painfully if not immediately obvious, then, that verifications made under penalty of perjury are outside the 50 States of the Union [read 'the State zone'] if and when they are executed inside the 'United States' [read 'the federal zone'.]

Likewise, verifications made under penalty of perjury are inside the 50 States of the Union, if and when they are executed outside the 'United States.'

The format for signatures on Form 1040 is the one for verifications made inside the United States [federal zone] and outside the United States of America [State zone.]

17. Does the term 'United States' have multiple legal meanings and, if so, what are they?

Answer: Yes. The term has several meanings. The term 'United States' may be used in any one of several senses. [1] It may be merely the name of a sovereign occupying the position analogous to that of other sovereigns in the family of nations. [2] It may designate the territory over which the sovereignty of the United States extends, or [3] it may be the collective name of the States which are united by and under the Constitution. See Hooven & Allison Co. v. Evatt, 324 U.S. 652 [1945] [bold emphasis, brackets and numbers added for clarity.]

This is the very same definition that is found in Black's Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition. The second of these three meanings refers to the federal zone and to Congress only when it is legislating in its municipal capacity. For example, Congress is legislating in its municipal capacity whenever it creates a federal corporation, like the United States Postal Service.

It is terribly revealing of the manifold frauds discussed in these Answers, that the definition of 'United States' has now been removed from the Seventh Edition of Black's Law Dictionary.

18. Is the term 'income' defined in the IRC and, if not, where is it defined?

Answer: The Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals has already ruled that the term 'income' is not defined anywhere in the IRC: 'The general term 'income' is not defined in the Internal Revenue Code.' U.S. v. Ballard, 535 F.2d 400, 404 [8th Circuit, 1976.]

Moreover, in Mark Eisner v. Myrtle H. Macomber, 252 U.S. 189 [1920,] the high Court told Congress it could not legislate any definition of 'income' because that term was believed to be in the U.S. Constitution. The Eisner case was predicated on the ratification of the 16th amendment, which would have introduced the term 'income' into the U.S. Constitution for the very first time [but only if that amendment had been properly ratified.]

In Merchant's Loan & Trust Co. v. Smietanka, 255 U.S. 509 [1921,] the high Court defined 'income' to mean the profit or gain derived from corporate activities. In that instance, the tax is a lawful excise tax imposed upon the corporate privilege of limited liability, i.e. the liabilities of a corporation do not reach its officers, employees, directors or stockholders.

19. What is municipal law, and are the IRC's income tax provisions municipal law, or not?

Answer: Yes. The IRC's income tax provisions are municipal law. Municipal law is law that is enacted to govern the internal affairs of a sovereign State; in legal circles, it is also known as Private International Law. Under American Law, it has a much wider meaning than the ordinances enacted by the governing body of a municipality, i.e. city council or county board of supervisors. In fact, American legal encyclopedias define 'municipal' to mean 'internal,' and for this reason alone, the Internal Revenue Code is really a Municipal Revenue Code.

A mountain of additional evidence has now been assembled and published in the book 'The Federal Zone' to prove that the IRC's income tax provisions are municipal law.

One of the most famous pieces of evidence is a letter from a Connecticut Congresswoman, summarizing the advice of legal experts employed by the Congressional Research Service and the Legislative Counsel. Their advice confirmed that the meaning of 'State' at IRC section 3121[e] is restricted to the named territories and possessions of D.C., Guam, Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and Puerto Rico.

In other words, the term 'State' in that statute, and in all similar federal statutes, includes ONLY the places expressly named, and no more.

20. What does it mean if my State is not mentioned in any of the federal income tax statutes?

The general rule is that federal government powers must be expressed and enumerated. For example, the U.S. Constitution is a grant of enumerated powers. If a power is not enumerated in the U.S. Constitution, then Congress does not have any authority to exercise that power. This rule is tersely expressed in the Ninth Amendment, in the Bill of Rights.

If California is not mentioned in any of the federal income tax statutes, then those statutes have no force or effect within that State. This is also true of all 50 States.

Strictly speaking, the omission or exclusion of anyone or any thing from a federal statute can be used to infer that the omission or exclusion was intentional by Congress. In Latin, this is tersely stated as follows: Inclusio unius est exclusio alterius. In English, this phrase is literally translated: Inclusion of one thing is the exclusion of all other things [that are not mentioned.] This phrase can be found in any edition of Black's Law Dictionary; it is a maxim of statutory construction.

The many different definitions of the term 'State' that are found in federal laws are intentionally written to appear as if they include the 50 States PLUS the other places mentioned. As the legal experts in Congress have now confirmed, this is NOT the correct way to interpret, or to construct, these statutes.

If a place is not mentioned, every American may correctly infer that the omission of that place from a federal statute was an intentional act of Congress. Whenever it wants to do so, Congress knows how to define the term 'United States' to mean the 50 States of the Union. See IRC section 4612[a][4][A.]

21. In what other ways is the IRC deliberately vague, and what are the real implications for the average American?

There are numerous other ways in which the IRC is deliberately vague. The absence of any legal definition for the term 'income' is a classic deception. The IRS enforces the Code as a tax on everything that 'comes in,' but nothing could be further from the truth. 'Income' is decidedly NOT everything that 'comes in.'

More importantly, the fact that this vagueness is deliberate is sufficient grounds for concluding that the entire Code is null, void and unconstitutional, for violating our fundamental Right to know the nature and cause of any accusation, as guaranteed by the Sixth Amendment in the Bill of Rights.

Whether the vagueness is deliberate or not, any statute is unconstitutionally void if it is vague. If a statute is void for vagueness, the situation is the same as if it had never been enacted at all, and for this reason it can be ignored entirely.

22. Has Title 26 of the United States Code ['U.S.C.'] ever been enacted into positive law, and what are the legal implications if Title 26 has not been enacted into positive law?

Answer: No. Another, less obvious case of deliberate deception is the statute at IRC section 7851[a][6][A,] where it states that the provisions of subtitle F shall take effect on the day after the date of enactment of 'this title.' Because the term 'this title' is not defined anywhere in the IRC, least of all in the section dedicated to definitions, one is forced to look elsewhere for its meaning, or to derive its meaning from context.

Throughout Title 28 of the United States Code - the laws which govern all the federal courts - the term 'this title' clearly refers to Title 28. This fact would tend to support a conclusion that 'this title,' as that term is used in the IRC, refers to Title 26 of the United States Code. However, Title 26 has never been enacted into positive law, as such.

Even though all federal judges may know the secret meaning of 'this title,' they are men and women of UNcommon intelligence. The U.S. Supreme Court's test for vagueness is violated whenever men and women of common intelligence must necessarily guess at the meaning and differ as to the application of a vague statute. See Connally et al. v. General Construction Co., 269 U.S. 385, 391 [1926.] Thus, federal judges are applying the wrong test for vagueness.

Accordingly, the provisions of subtitle F have never taken effect. ['F' is for enForcement!] This subtitle contains all of the enforcement statutes of the IRC, e.g. filing requirements, penalties for failure to file and tax evasion, grants of court jurisdiction over liens, levies and seizures, summons enforcement and so on.

In other words, the IRC is a big pile of Code without any teeth; as such, it can impose no legal obligations upon anyone, not even people with dentures!

23. What federal courts are authorized to prosecute income tax crimes?

This question must be addressed in view of the Answer to Question 22 above. Although it may appear that certain statutes in the IRC grant original jurisdiction to federal district courts, to institute prosecutions of income tax crimes, none of the statutes found in subtitle F has ever taken effect. For this reason, those statutes do not authorize the federal courts to do anything at all. As always, appearances can be very deceiving. Remember the Wizard of Oz or the mad tea party of Alice in Wonderland?

On the other hand, the federal criminal Code at Title 18, U.S.C., does grant general authority to the District Courts of the United States ['DCUS'] to prosecute violations of the statutes found in that Code. See 18 U.S.C. 3231.

It is very important to appreciate the fact that these courts are not the same as the United States District Courts ['USDC'.] The DCUS are constitutional courts that originate in Article III of the U.S. Constitution. The USDC are territorial tribunals, or legislative courts, that originate in Article IV, Section 3, Clause 2 of the U.S. Constitution, also known as the Territory Clause.

This author's OPENING BRIEF to the Eighth Circuit on behalf of the Defendant in USA v. Gilbertson cites numerous court cases that have already clarified the all important distinction between these two classes of federal district courts. For example, in Balzac v. Porto Rico, 258 U.S. 298 at 312 [1922,] the high Court held that the USDC belongs in the federal Territories. This author's OPENING BRIEF to the Ninth Circuit in Mitchell v. AOL Time Warner, Inc. et al. develops this theme in even greater detail; begin reading at section '7[e.]'

The USDC, as such, appear to lack any lawful authorities to prosecute income tax crimes. The USDC are legislative tribunals where summary proceedings dominate.

For example, under the federal statute at 28 U.S.C. 1292, the U.S. Courts of Appeal have no appellate jurisdiction to review interlocutory orders issued by the USDC. Further details on this point are available in the Press Release entitled 'Private Attorney General Cracks Title 28 of the United States Code' and dated November 26, 2001 A.D.

24. Are federal judges required to pay income taxes on their pay, and what are the real implications if they do pay taxes on their pay?

Answer: No. Federal judges who are appointed to preside on the District Courts of the United States - the Article III constitutional courts - are immune from any taxation of their pay, by constitutional mandate.

The fact that all federal judges are currently paying taxes on their pay is proof of undue influence by the IRS, posing as a duly authorized agency of the Executive Branch. See Evans v. Gore, 253 U.S. 245 [1920.]

Even if the IRS were a lawful bureau or department within the U.S. Department of the Treasury [which they are NOT,] the existence of undue influence by the Executive Branch would violate the fundamental principle of Separation of Powers. This principle, in theory, keeps the 3 branches of the federal government confined to their respective areas, and prevents any one branch from usurping the lawful powers that rightly belong to the other two branches.

The Separation of Powers principle is succinctly defined in Williams v. United States, 289 U.S. 553 [1933]; however, in that decision the Supreme Court erred by defining 'Party' to mean only Plaintiffs in Article III, contrary to the definition of 'Party' that is found in Bouvier's Law Dictionary [1856.]

The federal judiciary, contemplated by the organic U.S. Constitution, was intended to be independent and unbiased. These two qualities are the essence, or sine qua non of judicial power, i.e. without which there is nothing. Undue influence obviously violates these two qualities. See Evans v. Gore supra.

In Lord v. Kelley, 240 F.Supp. 167, 169 [1965,] the federal judge in that case was honest enough to admit, in his published opinion, that federal judges routinely rule in favor of the IRS, because they fear the retaliation that might result from ruling against the IRS. There you have it, from the horse's mouth!

In front of a class of law students at the University of Arizona in January of 1997, Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist openly admitted that all federal judges are currently paying taxes on their judicial pay. This writer was an eyewitness to that statement by the Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court - the highest Court in the land.

Thus, all federal judges are now material witnesses to the practice of concealing the Withholding Exemption Certificate from them, when they were first hired as 'employees' of the federal judiciary. As material witnesses, they are thereby disqualified from presiding on all federal income tax cases.

25. Can federal grand juries issue valid indictments against illegal tax protesters?

Answer: No. Federal grand juries cannot issue valid indictments against illegal tax protesters. Protest has never been illegal in America, because the First Amendment guarantees our fundamental Right to express our objections to any government actions, in written and in spoken words.

Strictly speaking, the term 'illegal' cannot modify the noun 'protesters' because to do so would constitute a violation of the First Amendment in the Bill of Rights, one of the most magnificent constitutional provisions ever written.

Accordingly, for the term 'illegal tax protester' to survive this obvious constitutional challenge, the term 'illegal' must modify the noun 'tax.' An illegal tax protester is, therefore, someone who is protesting an illegal tax. Such an act of protest is protected by the First Amendment, and cannot be a crime.

Protest is also recognized and honored by the Uniform Commercial Code; the phrases 'under protest' and 'without prejudice' are sufficient to reserve all of one's fundamental Rights at law. See U.C.C. 1-207 [UCCA 1207 in California.]

By the way, the federal U.C.C. is also municipal law. See the Answer to Question 19 above, and 77 Stat. 630, P.L. 88-243, December 30, 1963 [one month after President John F. Kennedy was murdered.]

26. Do IRS agents ever tamper with federal grand juries, and how is this routinely done?

Answer: Yes. IRS agents routinely tamper with federal grand juries, most often by misrepresenting themselves, under oath, as lawful employees and 'Special Agents' of the federal government, and by misrepresenting the provisions of subtitle F as having any legal force or effect. Such false representations of fact violate Section 43 [a] of the Lanham Act, uncodified at 15 U.S.C. 1125[a.] [Title 15 of the United States Code has not been enacted into positive law either.]

They tamper with grand juries by acting as if 'income' is everything that 'comes in,' when there is no such definition anywhere in the IRC. Such false descriptions of fact also violate Section 43[a] of the Lanham Act.

They tamper with grand juries by presenting documentary evidence which they had no authority to acquire, in the first instance, such as bank records. Bank signature cards do not constitute competent waivers of their customers' fundamental Rights to privacy, as secured by the Fourth Amendment. The high standard for waivers of fundamental Rights was established by the U.S. Supreme Court in Brady v. U.S., 397 U.S. 742, 748 [1970.]

IRS agents tamper with grand juries by creating and maintaining the false and fraudulent pretenses that the IRC is not vague, or that the income tax provisions have any legal force or effect inside the 50 States of the Union, when those provisions do not.

These are all forms of perjury, as well, and possibly also misprision of perjury by omission, i.e. serious federal offenses.

Finally, there is ample evidence that IRS agents bribe U.S. Attorneys, federal judges, and even the Office of the President with huge kickbacks, every time a criminal indictment is issued by a federal grand jury against an illegal tax protester. [See the Answer to Question 25 above.] These kick-backs range from $25,000 to $35,000 in CASH! They also violate the Anti-Kickback Act of 1986, which penalizes the payment of kickbacks from federal government subcontractors. See 41 U.S.C. 51 et seq.

As a trust domiciled in Puerto Rico, the IRS is, without a doubt, a federal government subcontractor that is subject to this Act. See 31 U.S.C. 1321[a][62.] The systematic and premeditated pattern of racketeering by IRS employees also establishes probable cause to dismantle the IRS permanently for violating the Sherman Antitrust Act, first enacted in the year 1890 A.D. See 26 Stat. 209 [1890] [uncodified at 15 U.S.C. 1 et seq.]

27. What is 'The Kickback Racket,' and where can I find evidence of its existence?

The evidence of this 'kickback racket' was first discovered in a table of delegation orders, on a page within the Internal Revenue Manual ['IRM'] - the internal policy and procedure manual for all IRS employees.

Subsequently, this writer submitted a lawful request, under the Freedom of Information Act, for a certified list of all payments that had ever been made under color of these delegation orders in the IRM. Mr. Mark L. Zolton, a tax law specialist within the Internal Revenue Service, responded on IRS letterhead, transmitted via U.S. Mail, that few records existed for these 'awards' because most of them were paid in cash!

When this evidence was properly presented to a federal judge, who had been asked to enforce a federal grand jury subpoena against a small business in Arizona, he ended up obstructing all 28 pieces of U.S. Mail we had transmitted to that grand jury.

Obstruction of correspondence is a serious federal offense, and federal judges have no authority whatsoever to intercept U.S. Mail. See 18 U.S.C. 1702.

Obviously, the federal judge - John M. Roll - did NOT want the grand jury in that case to know anything about these kickbacks. They found out anyway, because of the manner in which this writer defended that small business, as its Vice President for Legal Affairs.

28. Can the IRS levy bank accounts without a valid court order?

Answer: No. The Fifth Amendment prohibits all deprivations of life, liberty, or property without due process of law. Due Process of Law is another honored and well developed feature of American constitutional practice. Put simply, it requires Notice and Hearing before any property can be seized by any federal government employees, agents, departments or agencies.

A levy against a bank account is a forced seizure of property, i.e. the funds on deposit in that account. No such seizure can occur unless due process of law has first run its course. This means notice, hearing, and deliberate adjudication of all the pertinent issues of law and fact.

Only after this process has run its proper or 'due' course, can a valid court order be issued. The holding in U.S. v. O'Dell, 160 F.2d 304 [6th Cir. 1947,] makes it very clear that the IRS can only levy a bank account after first obtaining a Warrant of Distraint, or court ORDER. And, of course, no court ORDER could ever be obtained unless all affected Parties had first enjoyed their 'day in court.'

29. Do federal income tax revenues pay for any government services and, if so, which government services are funded by federal income taxes?

Answer: No. The money trail is very difficult to follow, in this instance, because the IRS is technically a trust with a domicile in Puerto Rico. See 31 U.S.C. 1321[a][62.] As such, their records are protected by laws which guarantee the privacy of trust records within that territorial jurisdiction, provided that the trust is not also violating the Sherman Antitrust Act.

They are technically not an 'agency' of the federal government, as that term is defined in the Freedom of Information Act and in the Administrative Procedures Act. The governments of the federal territories are expressly excluded from the definition of 'agency' in those Acts of Congress. See 5 U.S.C. 551[1][C.] [See also the Answer to Question 5 above.]

All evidence indicates that they are a money laundry, extortion racket, and conspiracy to engage in a pattern of racketeering activity, in violation of 18 U.S.C. 1951 and 1961 et seq.

They appear to be laundering huge sums of money into foreign banks, mostly in Europe, and quite possibly into the Vatican. See the national policy on money laundering at 31 U.S.C. 5341.

The final report of the Grace Commission, convened under President Ronald Reagan, quietly admitted that none of the funds they collect from federal income taxes goes to pay for any federal government services. The Grace Commission found that those funds were being used to pay for interest on the federal debt, and income transfer payments to beneficiaries of entitlement programs like federal pension plans.

30. How can the Freedom of Information Act ['FOIA'] help me to answer other key tax questions?

The availability of correct information about federal government operations is fundamental to maintaining the freedom of the American People. The Freedom of Information Act ['FOIA',] at 5 U.S.C. 552 et seq., was intended to make government documents available with a minimal amount of effort by the People.

As long as a document is not protected by one of the reasonable exemptions itemized in the FOIA, a requester need only submit a brief letter to the agency having custody of the requested document[s.] If the requested document is not produced within 10 working days [excluding weekends and federal holidays,] the requester need only prepare a single appeal letter.

If the requested document is not produced within another 20 working days after the date of the appeal letter, the requester is automatically allowed to petition a District Court of the United States [Article III DCUS, not the Article IV USDC] - to compel production of the requested document, and judicially to enjoin the improper withholding of same. See 5 U.S.C. 552[a][4][B.] The general rule is that statutes conferring original jurisdiction on federal district courts must be strictly construed.

This writer has pioneered the application of the FOIA to request certified copies of statutes and regulations which should exist, but do not exist. A typical request anyone can make, to which the U.S. Treasury has now fallen totally silent, is for a certified copy of all statutes which create a specific liability for taxes imposed by subtitle A of the IRC. For example, see the FOIA request that this writer prepared for author Lynne Meredith.

Of course, by now we already know the answer to this question, before asking it. [Good lawyers always know the answers to their questions, before asking them.]

It should also be clear that such a FOIA request should not be directed to the IRS, because they are not an 'agency' as that term is defined at 5 U.S.C. 551[1][C.] Address it instead to the Disclosure Officer, Disclosure Services, Room 1054-MT, U.S. Department of the Treasury, Washington 20220, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, USA. This is the format for 'foreign' addresses, as explained in USPS Publication #221.

As James Madison once wrote, 'A popular government without popular information or the means of acquiring it, is but a Prologue to a Farce or a Tragedy or perhaps both. Knowledge will forever govern ignorance, and a people who mean to be their own Governors, must arm themselves with the power knowledge gives.'

31. Where can I find more information, and still protect my privacy?

There are many civic organizations throughout America who have dedicated their precious time and energy to acquire and disseminate widely these documented truths about the Internal Revenue Service and the Internal Revenue Code.

The Internet's World Wide Web ['www'] is perhaps the best single source of information [and disinformation] about the IRS, and the major problems now confirmed in the IRC and in the mountains of related policies, procedures, practices, customs, rules, regulations, forms and schedules.

Learn to become a sophisticated consumer of information, and the knowledge you seek will be yours to keep and share - with those you love and endeavor to free from this terrible plague that persists in America.

Good luck, and may God bless your earnest endeavors to ensure the blessings of Liberty for ourselves and our Posterity, as stated in the Preamble to the U.S. Constitution and in the Declaration of Independence.

To order additional certified and embossed copies of this document, please send $30.00 in cash or blank U.S. Postal Money Order to:

Dr. John C. Alden, M.D.
Attention: Forwarding Agent
501 W. Broadway, Suite 'A,' PMB #332
San Diego 92101
CALIFORNIA, USA

A 'blank' U.S. Postal Money Order leaves the 'PAY TO' line blank, permitting us to negotiate it freely. You may, of course, complete the other half; this allows you to obtain a photocopy of the cancelled money order from the U.S. Postal Service without the need for a court order.

Also, be sure to request information about our MOTIONS FOR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION to freeze all IRS assets and to enjoin IRS from depositing any tax collections into any account[s] other than the Treasury of the United States. These MOTIONS were filed in two appeals at the Ninth Circuit in San Francisco, using FRAP Rule 8 and the special procedures available to a Private Attorney General under the RICO laws.

Finally, don't miss this opportunity to request more information about our historic APPLICATION FOR ORDER DISSOLVING THE INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, under a specific authority granted to the District Courts of the United States ['DCUS'] at 18 U.S.C. 1964[a.] Refer to DCUS docket #SA CV 02-0382 GLT[ANx,] Santa Ana, California, or send a blank email message to usintervention@yahoo.com. The vacation autoresponder will respond with a list of Internet folders where several court pleadings and related documents can be found.

VERIFICATION

As the Undersigned, I hereby verify, under penalty of perjury, under the laws of the United States of America, without the 'United States' [federal government,] that the above statement of facts and laws is true and correct, according to the best of My current information, knowledge, and belief, so help Me God, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1746[1.] See the Supremacy Clause for Constitutional authority.

 

________

 

WE DON'T NEED INCOME TAX
THE FEDERAL RESERVE FRAUD

By: Alan Stang

Last week, we looked at the shattering ruling by a Memphis court of appeals that the Internal Revenue Code does not require an American in one of these United States to pay income tax. Now that ruling will percolate through the national consciousness; more and more people will ask IRS the same thing Vernice Kuglin did – Where is the proof that I’m required to pay? – and our friends at IRS still won’t be able to prove it.

Like a dying monster that in the throes of death is more dangerous than it ever was alive, IRS will become even more vindictive, as our dear friends there contemplate well-deserved unemployment. Communist world government traitor George W. Bush will as always come to their rescue. Either everyone will be locked up, or the income tax will be replaced by some other extortion, such as a national sales tax.

Loyal Americans hate the income tax, but they continue to love America – despite what Bush and Clinton and other traitors have done to it – and they worry: Without the income tax, would the government they love collapse? I believe that if enough Americans knew it would not collapse, they would force an end to the putrid, totalitarian monster the income tax has predictably become.

Last week, I offered some proof that the income tax never has been needed to run the government. Today, let’s nail that fact down with a question: If the true purpose of the income tax really is to pay for government services, why doesn’t the government just print what it needs? My readers include some of the most knowledgeable people in this country; many of you already know the answer. For those of you who don’t, this simple, devastating question no doubt causes considerable wonderment. Yes, why doesn’t it?

When your paper currency is backed by gold, you must have more gold to print more paper. If the law requires an ounce of gold behind each paper "dollar," then you must deposit that much gold before you print that "dollar." And you can’t speak that gold into existence. God did that on one of those memorable six days. Now you need to find it.

On the contrary, when there is nothing behind your currency but the promises of the politicians, you can print as much as you like. And today there is nothing behind our currency. If you take it to the government and ask them to redeem it, they will give you another, newer piece of paper, not gold. So, again, the question asks itself: To raise the money to pay for government, why not just print it? Why subject the people to the horror of the income tax, which has turned them into spies on each other.

Because printing it would cause inflation and the inflation would destroy it. There were terrible financial problems in Germany after World War I. The head of the central bank "solved" them by printing paper "money." He had three shifts working around the clock. Every day, he would report to the legislature how much he had printed in the preceding twenty-four hours. The members would applaud. You are a financial genius! You are the savior of Germany! It lasted two years. In 1923, it collapsed and paved the way for Adolf Hitler.

Which brings us back to the income tax. What is it for? Beardsley Ruml spent his entire life as a Rockefeller factotum. He was in and out of their foundations. For ten years, he was a director and then chairman of the New York Fed, far and away the most powerful bank in the system. He was the author of """"""temporary"""""" World War II withholding, known originally as the "Ruml pay-as-you-go plan." If there has ever been a horse’s mouth, Beardsley Ruml certainly was one.

During the last year of World War II, Ruml read a paper before the American Bar Association. A magazine called American Affairs published it in January, 1946, under the title, "Taxes for Revenue Are Obsolete." In the introduction to the paper, the editor said this: ". . . His thesis is that given (1) control of a central banking system and (2) an inconvertible currency, a sovereign national government is finally free of money worries and need no longer levy taxes for the purpose of providing itself with revenue. All taxation, therefore, should be regarded from the point of view of social and economic consequences. . . ." (emphasis added)

Before you write a check, you need to deposit "money" to back it. If you don’t deposit "money" your check will bounce. What would happen if the bank said you could keep writing checks, but no longer need to make deposits? Yee Haa!!! That is what the government arranged for itself when it stopped depositing gold (and silver) to back the "dollar." The "dollars" it printed thenceforth were tantamount to your rubber checks.

Beardsley Ruml himself put it this way: "The necessity for a government to tax in order to maintain both its independence and its solvency is true for state and local governments, but it is not true for a national government. . . ." Ruml says two historic changes have made that possible. "The first of these changes is the gaining of vast new experience in the management of central banks. The second change is the elimination, for domestic purposes, of the convertibility of the currency into gold."

Ruml was talking about the creation of the Federal Reserve, the nation’s central bank, and about the theft of the people’s gold by mass murderer Franklin Roosevelt (Pearl Harbor). So, if we don’t need taxes to run the government, why do we have them? What are they for? Under the heading, "What Taxes Are Really For," the Ruml article lists four purposes:

1.As an instrument of fiscal policy to help stabilize the purchasing power of the dollar; 2. To express public policy in the distribution of wealth and of income, as in the case of the progressive income and estate taxes; 3. To express public policy in subsidizing or in penalizing various industries and economic groups; 4. To isolate and assess directly the costs of certain national benefits, such as highways and social security.

According to Ruml, the first of these purposes is by far the most important, his explanation of which deserves quotation at length: "By all odds, the most important single purpose to be served by the imposition of federal taxes is the maintenance of a dollar which has stable purchasing power over the years. Sometimes this purpose is stated as ‘the avoidance of inflation’ . . . .

". . . If federal taxes are insufficient or of the wrong kind, the purchasing power in the hands of the public is likely to be greater than the output of goods and services with which this purchasing demand can be satisfied. If the demand becomes too great, the result will be a rise in prices and there will be no proportionate increase in the quantity of things for sale. This will mean that the dollar is worth less than it was before – that is inflation. . . .

"The dollars the government spends become purchasing power in the hands of the people who have received them. The dollars the government takes by taxes cannot be spent by the people, and, therefore, these dollars can no longer be used to acquire the things which are available for sale. . . ."

Please go to the library and read this for yourself. Or, you will find it all in my book, TaxScam, How IRS Swindles You and What You Can Do About It, which you can read about on my website, http://www.stangbooks.com. Notice that the true purpose of the income tax, according to Ruml, is to protect the totally unbacked Federal Reserve funny "money" from collapsing like the 1923 German mark. Its true purpose is to pay the people with one hand, and to confiscate with the other; thereby inhibiting the inflationary effect of ravenous government spending.

And the scheme has worked. The income tax has delayed the inevitable collapse of the dollar by offering a safety valve through which the inflationary pressure generated by that spending can more safely be released. The income tax does that by transferring purchasing power from the people to the government. Again, the income tax has nothing to do with supporting the government.

Beardsley Ruml said all this fifty-eight years ago. Is it still true today? On November 21, 2002, Ben S. Bernanke addressed the National Economists Club in the District of Conspiracy. Bernanke is one of seven governors of the Federal Reserve, and belongs to its crucial, top-secret Open Market Committee, so he is another horse’s mouth.

Indeed at a celebration of economist Milton Friedman’s 90th birthday, Bernanke wound up his accolade as follows: "Let me end my talk by abusing slightly my status as an official representative of the Federal Reserve. I would like to say to Milton . . . regarding the Great Depression: You’re right, we did it."

Last November 21st, in the District of Conspiracy, Bernanke told the economists: "Like gold, U.S. dollars have value only to the extent that they are strictly limited in supply. But the U.S. government has a technology, called a printing press (or, today, its electronic equivalent), that allows it to produce as many U.S. dollars as it wishes at essentially no cost. By increasing the number of U.S. dollars in circulation, or even by credibly threatening to do so, the U.S. government can also reduce the value of a dollar in terms of goods and services, which is equivalent to raising the prices in dollars of those goods and services. We conclude that, under a paper-money system, a determined government can always generate higher spending and hence positive inflation."

In other words, nothing has changed. The Federal Reserve – the billionaire totalitarian socialist conspirators who illegally force us to pay interest to use our own money – needs the income tax. Americans don’t.

Related Articles
Federal Income Tax - Proof of Conspiracy


"Published originally at EtherZone.com : republication allowed with this notice and hyperlink intact."

Alan Stang has been a network radio talk show host and was one of Mike Wallace's first writers.  He was a senior writer for American Opinion magazine and has lectured around the world for more than 30 years. He is also the author of ten books, including, most recently, Perestroika Sunset, surrounding our Government's deception in the POW/MIA arena. If you would like him to address your group, please email what you have in mind. He is a regular columnist for Ether Zone.

Alan Stang can be reached at: feedback@stangbooks.com

We invite you to visit his website at: www.stangbooks.com

Published in the August 22, 2003 issue of  Ether Zone.
Copyright © 1997 - 2003 Ether Zone.

________

 


John F. Kennedy vs The Rothschild Private Corporation, Federal Reserve


On June 4, 1963, a virtually unknown Presidential decree, Executive Order 11110, was signed with the authority to basically strip the Federal Reserve Bank of its power to loan money to the United States Federal Government at interest. With the stroke of a pen, President Kennedy declared that the privately owned Federal Reserve Bank would soon be out of business. The Christian Law Fellowship has exhaustively researched this matter through the Federal Register and Library of Congress. We can now safely conclude that this Executive Order has never been repealed, amended, or superceded by any subsequent Executive Order. In simple terms, it is still valid.

When President John Fitzgerald Kennedy - the author of Profiles in Courage -signed this Order, it returned to the federal government, specifically the Treasury Department, the Constitutional power to create and issue currency -money - without going through the privately owned Federal Reserve Bank. President Kennedy's Executive Order 11110 [the full text is displayed further below] gave the Treasury Department the explicit authority: "to issue silver certificates against any silver bullion, silver, or standard silver dollars in the Treasury." This means that for every ounce of silver in the U.S. Treasury's vault, the government could introduce new money into circulation based on the silver bullion physically held there. As a result, more than $4 billion in United States Notes were brought into circulation in $2 and $5 denominations. $10 and $20 United States Notes were never circulated but were being printed by the Treasury Department when Kennedy was assassinated. It appears obvious that President Kennedy knew the Federal Reserve Notes being used as the purported legal currency were contrary to the Constitution of the united States of America.

United States Notes" were issued as an interest-free and debt-free currency backed by silver reserves in the U.S. Treasury. We compared a "Federal Reserve Note" issued from the private central bank of the United States (the Federal Reserve Bank a/k/a Federal Reserve System), with a "United States Note" from the U.S. Treasury issued by President Kennedy's Executive Order. They almost look alike, except one says "Federal Reserve Note" on the top while the other says "United States Note". Also, the Federal Reserve Note has a green seal and serial number while the United States Note has a red seal and serial number.

President Kennedy was assassinated on November 22, 1963 and the United States Notes he had issued were immediately taken out of circulation. Federal Reserve Notes continued to serve as the legal currency of the nation. According to the United States Secret Service, 99% of all U.S. paper "currency" circulating in 1999 are Federal Reserve Notes.

Kennedy knew that if the silver-backed United States Notes were widely circulated, they would have eliminated the demand for Federal Reserve Notes. This is a very simple matter of economics. The USN was backed by silver and the FRN was not backed by anything of intrinsic value. Executive Order 11110 should have prevented the national debt from reaching its current level (virtually all of the nearly $9 trillion in federal debt has been created since 1963) if LBJ or any subsequent President were to enforce it. It would have almost immediately given the U.S. Government the ability to repay its debt without going to the private Federal Reserve Banks and being charged interest to create new "money". Executive Order 11110 gave the U.S.A. the ability to, once again, create its own money backed by silver and realm value worth something.

Again, according to our own research, just five months after Kennedy was assassinated, no more of the Series 1958 "Silver Certificates" were issued either, and they were subsequently removed from circulation. Perhaps the assassination of JFK was a warning to all future presidents not to interfere with the private Federal Reserve's control over the creation of money. It seems very apparent that President Kennedy challenged the "powers that exist behind U.S. and world finance". With true patriotic courage, JFK boldly faced the two most successful vehicles that have ever been used to drive up debt:

1) war (Viet Nam); and,

2) the creation of money by a privately owned central bank. His efforts to have all U.S. troops out of Vietnam by 1965 combined with Executive Order 11110 would have destroyed the profits and control of the private Federal Reserve Bank.

xoxox

Executive Order 11110

AMENDMENT OF EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 10289 AS AMENDED, RELATING TO THE PERFORMANCE OF CERTAIN FUNCTIONS AFFECTING THE DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY. By virtue of the authority vested in me by section 301 of title 3 of the United States Code, it is ordered as follows:

SECTION 1. Executive Order No. 10289 of September 19, 1951, as amended, is hereby further amended - (a) By adding at the end of paragraph 1 thereof the following subparagraph (j): "(j) The authority vested in the President by paragraph (b) of section 43 of the Act of May 12, 1933, as amended (31 U.S.C. 821 (b)), to issue silver certificates against any silver bullion, silver, or standard silver dollars in the Treasury not then held for redemption of any outstanding silver certificates, to prescribe the denominations of such silver certificates, and to coin standard silver dollars and subsidiary silver currency for their redemption," and (b) By revoking subparagraphs (b) and (c) of paragraph 2 thereof. SECTION 2. The amendment made by this Order shall not affect any act done, or any right accruing or accrued or any suit or proceeding had or commenced in any civil or criminal cause prior to the date of this Order but all such liabilities shall continue and may be enforced as if said amendments had not been made.

JOHN F. KENNEDY THE WHITE HOUSE, June 4, 1963

xoxox

Once again, Executive Order 11110 is still valid. According to Title 3, United States Code, Section 301 dated January 26, 1998:

Executive Order (EO) 10289 dated Sept. 17, 1951, 16 F.R. 9499, was as amended by:

EO 10583, dated December 18, 1954, 19 F.R. 8725;

EO 10882 dated July 18, 1960, 25 F.R. 6869;

EO 11110 dated June 4, 1963, 28 F.R. 5605;

EO 11825 dated December 31, 1974, 40 F.R. 1003;

EO 12608 dated September 9, 1987, 52 F.R. 34617

The 1974 and 1987 amendments, added after Kennedy's 1963 amendment, did not change or alter any part of Kennedy's EO 11110. A search of Clinton's 1998 and 1999 EO's and Presidential Directives has also shown no reference to any alterations, suspensions, or changes to EO 11110.

The Federal Reserve Bank, a.k.a Federal Reserve System, is a Private Corporation. Black's Law Dictionary defines the "Federal Reserve System" as: "Network of twelve central banks to which most national banks belong and to which state chartered banks may belong. Membership rules require investment of stock and minimum reserves." Privately-owned banks own the stock of the FED. This was explained in more detail in the case of Lewis v. United States, Federal Reporter, 2nd Series, Vol. 680, Pages 1239, 1241 (1982), where the court said: "Each Federal Reserve Bank is a separate corporation owned by commercial banks in its region. The stock-holding commercial banks elect two thirds of each Bank's nine member board of directors".

The Federal Reserve Banks are locally controlled by their member banks. Once again, according to Black's Law Dictionary, we find that these privately owned banks actually issue money:

"Federal Reserve Act. Law which created Federal Reserve banks which act as agents in maintaining money reserves, issuing money in the form of bank notes, lending money to banks, and supervising banks. Administered by Federal Reserve Board (q.v.)".

The privately owned Federal Reserve (FED) banks actually issue (create) the "money" we use. In 1964, the House Committee on Banking and Currency, Subcommittee on Domestic Finance, at the second session of the 88th Congress, put out a study entitled Money Facts which contains a good description of what the FED is: "The Federal Reserve is a total money-making machine. It can issue money or checks. And it never has a problem of making its checks good because it can obtain the $5 and $10 bills necessary to cover its check simply by asking the Treasury Department's Bureau of Engraving to print them".

Any one person or any closely knit group who has a lot of money has a lot of power. Now imagine a group of people who have the power to create money. Imagine the power these people would have. This is exactly what the privately owned FED is!

No man did more to expose the power of the FED than Louis T. McFadden, who was the Chairman of the House Banking Committee back in the 1930s. In describing the FED, he remarked in the Congressional Record, House pages 1295 and 1296 on June 10, 1932:

"Mr. Chairman, we have in this country one of the most corrupt institutions the world has ever known. I refer to the Federal Reserve Board and the Federal reserve banks. The Federal Reserve Board, a Government Board, has cheated the Government of the United States and he people of the United States out of enough money to pay the national debt. The depredations and the iniquities of the Federal Reserve Board and the Federal reserve banks acting together have cost this country enough money to pay the national debt several times over. This evil institution has impoverished and ruined the people of the United States; has bankrupted itself, and has practically bankrupted our Government. It has done this through the maladministration of that law by which the Federal Reserve Board, and through the corrupt practices of the moneyed vultures who control it".

Some people think the Federal Reserve Banks are United States Government institutions. They are not Government institutions, departments, or agencies. They are private credit monopolies which prey upon the people of the United States for the benefit of themselves and their foreign customers. Those 12 private credit monopolies were deceitfully placed upon this country by bankers who came here from Europe and who repaid us for our hospitality by undermining our American institutions.

The FED basically works like this: The government granted its power to create money to the FED banks. They create money, then loan it back to the government charging interest. The government levies income taxes to pay the interest on the debt. On this point, it's interesting to note that the Federal Reserve Act and the sixteenth amendment, which gave congress the power to collect income taxes, were both passed in 1913. The incredible power of the FED over the economy is universally admitted. Some people, especially in the banking and academic communities, even support it. On the other hand, there are those, such as President John Fitzgerald Kennedy, that have spoken out against it. His efforts were spoken about in Jim Marrs' 1990 book Crossfire:"

Another overlooked aspect of Kennedy's attempt to reform American society involves money. Kennedy apparently reasoned that by returning to the constitution, which states that only Congress shall coin and regulate money, the soaring national debt could be reduced by not paying interest to the bankers of the Federal Reserve System, who print paper money then loan it to the government at interest. He moved in this area on June 4, 1963, by signing Executive Order 11110 which called for the issuance of $4,292,893,815 in United States Notes through the U.S. Treasury rather than the traditional Federal Reserve System. That same day, Kennedy signed a bill changing the backing of one and two dollar bills from silver to gold, adding strength to the weakened U.S. currency.

Kennedy's comptroller of the currency, James J. Saxon, had been at odds with the powerful Federal Reserve Board for some time, encouraging broader investment and lending powers for banks that were not part of the Federal Reserve system. Saxon also had decided that non-Reserve banks could underwrite state and local general obligation bonds, again weakening the dominant Federal Reserve banks".

In a comment made to a Columbia University class on Nov. 12, 1963,

Ten days before his assassination, President John Fitzgerald Kennedy allegedly said:

"The high office of the President has been used to foment a plot to destroy the American's freedom and before I leave office, I must inform the citizen of this plight."

In this matter, John Fitzgerald Kennedy appears to be the subject of his own book... a true Profile of Courage.

This research report was compiled for Lawgiver. Org. by Anthony Wayne

xoxox

What is the Federal Reserve Bank?

What is the Federal Reserve Bank (FED) and why do we have it?

by Greg Hobbs November 1, 1999

The FED is a central bank. Central banks are supposed to implement a country's fiscal policies. They monitor commercial banks to ensure that they maintain sufficient assets, like cash, so as to remain solvent and stable. Central banks also do business, such as currency exchanges and gold transactions, with other central banks. In theory, a central bank should be good for a country, and they might be if it wasn't for the fact that they are not owned or controlled by the government of the country they are serving. Private central banks, including our FED, operate not in the interest of the public good but for profit.

There have been three central banks in our nation's history. The first two, while deceptive and fraudulent, pale in comparison to the scope and size of the fraud being perpetrated by our current FED. What they all have in common is an insidious practice known as "fractional banking."

Fractional banking or fractional lending is the ability to create money from nothing, lend it to the government or someone else and charge interest to boot. The practice evolved before banks existed. Goldsmiths rented out space in their vaults to individuals and merchants for storage of their gold or silver. The goldsmiths gave these "depositors" a certificate that showed the amount of gold stored. These certificates were then used to conduct business.

In time the goldsmiths noticed that the gold in their vaults was rarely withdrawn. Small amounts would move in and out but the large majority never moved. Sensing a profit opportunity, the goldsmiths issued double receipts for the gold, in effect creating money (certificates) from nothing and then lending those certificates (creating debt) to depositors and charging them interest as well.

Since the certificates represented more gold than actually existed, the certificates were "fractionally" backed by gold. Eventually some of these vault operations were transformed into banks and the practice of fractional banking continued.

Keep that fractional banking concept in mind as we examine our first central bank, the First Bank of the United States (BUS). It was created, after bitter dissent in the Congress, in 1791 and chartered for 20 years. A scam not unlike the current FED, the BUS used its control of the currency to defraud the public and establish a legal form of usury.

This bank practiced fractional lending at a 10:1 rate, ten dollars of loans for each dollar they had on deposit. This misuse and abuse of their public charter continued for the entire 20 years of their existence. Public outrage over these abuses was such that the charter was not renewed and the bank ceased to exist in 1811.

The war of 1812 left the country in economic chaos, seen by bankers as another opportunity for easy profits. They influenced Congress to charter the second central bank, the Second Bank of the United States (SBUS), in 1816.

The SBUS was more expansive than the BUS. The SBUS sold franchises and literally doubled the number of banks in a short period of time. The country began to boom and move westward, which required money. Using fractional lending at the 10:1 rate, the central bank and their franchisees created the debt/money for the expansion.

Things boomed for a while, then the banks decided to shut off the debt/money, citing the need to control inflation. This action on the part of the SBUS caused bankruptcies and foreclosures. The banks then took control of the assets that were used as security against the loans.

Closely examine how the SBUS engineered this cycle of prosperity and depression. The central bank caused inflation by creating debt/money for loans and credit and making these funds readily available. The economy boomed. Then they used the inflation which they created as an excuse to shut off the loans/credit/money.

The resulting shortage of cash caused the economy to falter or slow dramatically and large numbers of business and personal bankruptcies resulted. The central bank then seized the assets used as security for the loans. The wealth created by the borrowers during the boom was then transferred to the central bank during the bust. And you always wondered how the big guys ended up with all the marbles.

Now, who do you think is responsible for all of the ups and downs in our economy over the last 85 years? Think about the depression of the late '20s and all through the '30s. The FED could have pumped lots of debt/money into the market to stimulate the economy and get the country back on track, but did they? No; in fact, they restricted the money supply quite severely. We all know the results that occurred from that action, don't we?

Why would the FED do this? During that period asset values and stocks were at rock bottom prices. Who do you think was buying everything at 10 cents on the dollar? I believe that it is referred to as consolidating the wealth. How many times have they already done this in the last 85 years?

Do you think they will do it again?

Just as an aside at this point, look at today's economy. Markets are declining. Why? Because the FED has been very liberal with its debt/credit/money. The market was hyper inflated. Who creates inflation? The FED. How does the FED deal with inflation? They restrict the debt/credit/money. What happens when they do that? The market collapses.

Several months back, after certain central banks said they would be selling large quantities of gold, the price of gold fell to a 25-year low of about $260 per ounce. The central banks then bought gold. After buying at the bottom, a group of 15 central banks announced that they would be restricting the amount of gold released into the market for the next five years. The price of gold went up $75.00 per ounce in just a few days. How many hundreds of billions of dollars did the central banks make with those two press releases?

Gold is generally considered to be a hedge against more severe economic conditions. Do you think that the private banking families that own the FED are buying or selling equities at this time? (Remember: buy low, sell high.) How much money do you think these FED owners have made since they restricted the money supply at the top of this last current cycle?

Alan Greenspan has said publicly on several occasions that he thinks the market is overvalued, or words to that effect. Just a hint that he will raise interest rates (restrict the money supply), and equity markets have a negative reaction. Governments and politicians do not rule central banks, central banks rule governments and politicians. President Andrew Jackson won the presidency in 1828 with the promise to end the national debt and eliminate the SBUS. During his second term President Jackson withdrew all government funds from the bank and on January 8, 1835, paid off the national debt. He is the only president in history to have this distinction. The charter of the SBUS expired in 1836.

Without a central bank to manipulate the supply of money, the United States experienced unprecedented growth for 60 or 70 years, and the resulting wealth was too much for bankers to endure. They had to get back into the game. So, in 1910 Senator Nelson Aldrich, then Chairman of the National Monetary Commission, in collusion with representatives of the European central banks, devised a plan to pressure and deceive Congress into enacting legislation that would covertly establish a private central bank.

This bank would assume control over the American economy by controlling the issuance of its money. After a huge public relations campaign, engineered by the foreign central banks, the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 was slipped through Congress during the Christmas recess, with many members of the Congress absent. President Woodrow Wilson, pressured by his political and financial backers, signed it on December 23, 1913.

The act created the Federal Reserve System, a name carefully selected and designed to deceive. "Federal" would lead one to believe that this is a government organization. "Reserve" would lead one to believe that the currency is being backed by gold and silver. "System" was used in lieu of the word "bank" so that one would not conclude that a new central bank had been created.

In reality, the act created a private, for profit, central banking corporation owned by a cartel of private banks. Who owns the FED? The Rothschilds of London and Berlin; Lazard Brothers of Paris; Israel Moses Seif of Italy; Kuhn, Loeb and Warburg of Germany; and the Lehman Brothers, Goldman, Sachs and the Rockefeller families of New York.

Did you know that the FED is the only for-profit corporation in America that is exempt from both federal and state taxes? The FED takes in about one trillion dollars per year tax free! The banking families listed above get all that money.

Almost everyone thinks that the money they pay in taxes goes to the US Treasury to pay for the expenses of the government. Do you want to know where your tax dollars really go? If you look at the back of any check made payable to the IRS you will see that it has been endorsed as "Pay Any F.R.B. Branch or Gen. Depository for Credit U.S. Treas. This is in Payment of U.S. Oblig." Yes, that's right, every dime you pay in income taxes is given to those private banking families, commonly known as the FED, tax free.

Like many of you, I had some difficulty with the concept of creating money from nothing. You may have heard the term "monetizing the debt," which is kind of the same thing. As an example, if the US Government wants to borrow $1 million ó the government does borrow every dollar it spends ó they go to the FED to borrow the money. The FED calls the Treasury and says print 10,000 Federal Reserve Notes (FRN) in units of one hundred dollars.

The Treasury charges the FED 2.3 cents for each note, for a total of $230 for the 10,000 FRNs. The FED then lends the $1 million to the government at face value plus interest. To add insult to injury, the government has to create a bond for $1 million as security for the loan. And the rich get richer. The above was just an example, because in reality the FED does not even print the money; it's just a computer entry in their accounting system. To put this on a more personal level, let's use another example.

Today's banks are members of the Federal Reserve Banking System. This membership makes it legal for them to create money from nothing and lend it to you. Today's banks, like the goldsmiths of old, realize that only a small fraction of the money deposited in their banks is ever actually withdrawn in the form of cash. Only about 4 percent of all the money that exists is in the form of currency. The rest of it is simply a computer entry.

Let's say you're approved to borrow $10,000 to do some home improvements. You know that the bank didn't actually take $10,000 from its pile of cash and put it into your pile? They simply went to their computer and input an entry of $10,000 into your account. They created, from thin air, a debt which you have to secure with an asset and repay with interest. The bank is allowed to create and lend as much debt as they want as long as they do not exceed the 10:1 ratio imposed by the FED.

It sort of puts a new slant on how you view your friendly bank, doesn't it? How about those loan committees that scrutinize you with a microscope before approving the loan they created from thin air. What a hoot! They make it complex for a reason. They don't want you to understand what they are doing. People fear what they do not understand. You are easier to delude and control when you are ignorant and afraid.

Now to put the frosting on this cake. When was the income tax created? If you guessed 1913, the same year that the FED was created, you get a gold star. Coincidence? What are the odds? If you are going to use the FED to create debt, who is going to repay that debt? The income tax was created to complete the illusion that real money had been lent and therefore real money had to be repaid. And you thought Houdini was good.

So, what can be done? My father taught me that you should always stand up for what is right, even if you have to stand up alone.

If "We the People" don't take some action now, there may come a time when "We the People" are no more. You should write a letter or send an email to each of your elected representatives. Many of our elected representatives do not understand the FED. Once informed they will not be able to plead ignorance and remain silent.

Article 1, Section 8 of the US Constitution specifically says that Congress is the only body that can "coin money and regulate the value thereof." The US Constitution has never been amended to allow anyone other than Congress to coin and regulate currency.

Ask your representative, in light of that information, how it is possible for the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, and the Federal Reserve Bank that it created, to be constitutional. Ask them why this private banking cartel is allowed to reap trillions of dollars in profits without paying taxes. Insist on an answer.

Thomas Jefferson said, "If the America people ever allow private banks to control the issuance of their currencies, first by inflation and then by deflation, the banks and corporations that will grow up around them will deprive the people of all their prosperity until their children will wake up homeless on the continent their fathers conquered."

Jefferson saw it coming 150 years ago. The question is, "Can you now see what is in store for us if we allow the FED to continue controlling our country?"

"The condition upon which God hath given liberty to man is eternal vigilance; which condition if he breaks, servitude is at once the consequence of his crime, and the punishment of his guilt."

John P. Curran, 1790

 

http://www.save-a-patriot.org/files/view/whofed.html

Chart of who "owns" the Federal Reserve

 


Chart 1

 

Federal Reserve Directors: A Study of Corporate and Banking Influence

Published 1976

Chart 1 reveals the linear connection between the Rothschilds and the Bank of England, and the London banking houses which ultimately control the Federal Reserve Banks through their stockholdings of bank stock and their subsidiary firms in New York. The two principal Rothschild representatives in New York, J. P. Morgan Co., and Kuhn,Loeb & Co. were the firms which set up the Jekyll Island Conference at which the Federal Reserve Act was drafted, who directed the subsequent successful campaign to have the plan enacted into law by Congress, and who purchased the controlling amounts of stock in the Federal Reserve Bank of New York in 1914. These firms had their principal officers appointed to the Federal Reserve Board of Governors and the Federal Advisory Council in 1914. In 1914 a few families (blood or business related) owning controlling stock in existing banks (such as in New York City) caused those banks to purchase controlling shares in the Federal Reserve regional banks. Examination of the charts and text in the House Banking Committee Staff Report of August, 1976 and the current stockholders list of the 12 regional Federal Reserve Banks show this same family control.

 


 

                                N.M. Rothschild , London - Bank of England
                                 ______________________________________
                                |                                     |
                                |                           J. Henry Schroder     

                                |                             Banking | Corp.
                                |                                     |
                          Brown, Shipley - Morgan Grenfell - Lazard - |
                           & Company        & Company       Brothers  |
                                |               |              |      |
            --------------------|        -------|              |      |
            |                   |        |      |              |      |
 Alex Brown - Brown Bros. - Lord Mantagu - Morgan et Cie -- Lazard ---| 
 & Son      |  Harriman       Norman     |    Paris          Bros     |
            |                   |        /      |            N.Y.     |
            |                   |       |       |              |      |
            |            Governor, Bank | J.P. Morgan Co -- Lazard ---| 
            |            of England    /  N.Y. Morgan       Freres    |   
            |            1924-1938    /   Guaranty Co.      Paris     |
            |                        /    Morgan Stanley Co.  |      / 
            |                       /           |              \Schroder Bank   
            |                      /            |              Hamburg/Berlin
            |                     /      Drexel & Company         /  
            |                    /       Philadelphia            / 
            |                   /                               /
            |                  /                           Lord Airlie
            |                 /                               /
            |                /     M. M. Warburg       Chmn J. Henry Schroder
            |                |      Hamburg ---------  marr. Virginia F. Ryan
            |                |         |               grand-daughter of Otto
            |                |         |                Kahn of Kuhn Loeb Co.
            |                |         |                        
            |                |         |                        
Lehman Brothers N.Y -------------- Kuhn Loeb Co. N. Y.                         
            |                |     --------------------------                     
   µ
            |                |       |                      |                     
           8
            |                |       |                      |
Lehman Brothers - Mont. Alabama   Solomon Loeb           Abraham Kuhn
            |                |     __|______________________|_________
Lehman-Stern, New Orleans   Jacob Schiff/Theresa Loeb  Nina Loeb/Paul Warburg
-------------------------    |       |                      |
             |               | Mortimer Schiff        James Paul Warburg
_____________|_______________/       |
|            |          |   |        |
Mayer Lehman |     Emmanuel Lehman    \
|            |          |              \
Herbert Lehman     Irving Lehman        \
|            |          |                \
Arthur Lehman \    Phillip Lehman     John Schiff/Edith Brevoort Baker
              /         |             Present Chairman Lehman Bros
             /  Robert Owen Lehman    Kuhn Loeb - Granddaughter of
            /           |             George F. Baker
           |           /               |
           |          /                |
           |         /           Lehman Bros Kuhn Loeb (1980)
           |        /                  |
           |       /             Thomas Fortune Ryan
           |      |                    |
           |      |                    |
      Federal Reserve Bank Of New York |
           ||||||||                    |
  ______National City Bank N. Y.       |
  |        |                           |
  |   National Bank of Commerce N.Y ---|
  |        |                            \
  |   Hanover National Bank N.Y.         \
  |        |                              \
  |   Chase National Bank N.Y.             \
  |                                        |
  |                                        |
Shareholders - National City Bank - N.Y.   | 
-----------------------------------------  |  
  |                                        /
James Stillman                            /
Elsie m. William Rockefeller             /
Isabel m.  Percy Rockefeller            / 
William Rockefeller          Shareholders - National Bank of Commerce N. Y.   
J. P. Morgan                 -----------------------------------------------
M.T. Pyne                    Equitable Life - J.P. Morgan
Percy Pyne                   Mutual Life - J.P. Morgan
J.W. Sterling                H.P. Davison - J. P. Morgan
NY Trust/NY Edison           Mary W. Harriman
Shearman & Sterling          A.D. Jiullard - North British Merc. Insurance
|                            Jacob Schiff
|                            Thomas F. Ryan
|                            Paul Warburg
|                            Levi P. Morton - Guaranty Trust - J. P. Morgan
|
|
Shareholders - First National Bank of N.Y.
-------------------------------------------
J.P. Morgan
George F. Baker
George F. Baker Jr.
Edith Brevoort Baker
US Congress - 1946-64
|
|
|
|
|
Shareholders - Hanover National Bank N.Y.
------------------------------------------
James Stillman
William Rockefeller
|
|
|
|
|
Shareholders - Chase National Bank N.Y.
---------------------------------------
George F. Baker

 


Chart 2

 

Federal Reserve Directors: A Study of Corporate and Banking Influence

- Published 1983

The J. Henry Schroder Banking Company chart encompasses the entire history of the twentieth century, embracing as it does the program (Belgium Relief Commission) which provisioned Germany from 1915-1918 and dissuaded Germany from seeking peace in 1916; financing Hitler in 1933 so as to make a Second World War possible; backing the Presidential campaign of Herbert Hoover ; and even at the present time, having two of its major executives of its subsidiary firm, Bechtel Corporation serving as Secretary of Defense and Secretary of State in the Reagan Administration.

The head of the Bank of England since 1973, Sir Gordon Richardson, Governor of the Bank of England (controlled by the House of Rothschild) was chairman of J. Henry Schroder Wagg and Company of London from 1963-72, and director of J. Henry Schroder,New York and Schroder Banking Corporation,New York,as well as Lloyd's Bank of London, and Rolls Royce. He maintains a residence on Sutton Place in New York City, and as head of "The London Connection," can be said to be the single most influential banker in the world.

 


 

                               J. Henry Schroder
                               -----------------
                                      |
                                      |
                                      |
                          Baron Rudolph Von Schroder
                           Hamburg - 1858 - 1934
                                      |
                                      |
                                      |
                            Baron Bruno Von Schroder
                            Hamburg - 1867 - 1940
 F. C. Tiarks                         |
 1874-1952                            |
     |                                |
 marr. Emma Franziska                 |
 (Hamburg)                    Helmut B. Schroder
 J. Henry Schroder 1902               |
 Dir. Bank of England                 |
 Dir. Anglo-Iranian                   |
 Oil Company         J. Henry Schroder Banking Company N.Y.
                                      |
                                      |
                       J. Henry Schroder Trust Company N.Y.
                                      |
                                      |
                                      |
                   ___________________|____________________
                  |                                        |
            Allen Dulles                              John Foster Dulles
          Sullivan & Cromwell                        Sullivan & Cromwell
          Director - CIA                             U. S. Secretary of State
                                                     Rockefeller Foundation

 Prentiss Gray
 ------------
Belgian Relief Comm.                     Lord Airlie
Chief Marine Transportation              -----------
US Food Administration WW I          Chairman; Virgina Fortune
Manati Sugar Co. American &          Ryan daughter of Otto Kahn
British Continental Corp.            of Kuhn,Loeb Co.
       |                                    |
       |                                    |
 M. E. Rionda                               |
 ------------                               |
Pres. Cuba Cane Sugar Co.                   |
Manati Sugar Co. many other                 |
sugar companies.                     _______|       
       |                            |
       |                            |
 G. A. Zabriskie                    |
 ---------------                    |                Emile Francoui
Chmn U.S. Sugar Equalization        |                --------------
Board 1917-18; Pres Empire          |            Belgian Relief Comm. Kai
Biscuit Co., Columbia Baking        |            Ping Coal Mines, Tientsin
Co. , Southern Baking Co.           |            Railroad,Congo Copper, La
                                    |            Banque Nationale de Belgique
             Suite 2000 42 Broadway | N. Y                      |
          __________________________|___________________________|_
         |                          |                           |
         |                          |                           |
    Edgar Richard            Julius H. Barnes             Herbert Hoover
    -------------            ----------------             --------------   
Belgium Relief Comm         Belgium Relief Comm       Chmn Belgium Relief Com
Amer Relief Comm            Pres Grain Corp.           U.S. Food Admin
U.S. Food Admin             U.S. Food Admin           Sec of Commerce 1924-28
1918-24, Hazeltine Corp.    1917-18, C.B Pitney       Kaiping Coal Mines
   |                        Bowes Corp, Manati        Congo Copper, President
   |                        Sugar Corp.                  U.S. 1928-32
   |
   |
   |
John Lowery Simpson
-------------------                      
Sacramento,Calif Belgium Relief                       |
Comm. U. S. Food Administration             Baron Kurt Von Schroder
Prentiss Gray Co. J. Henry Schroder         -----------------------
Trust, Schroder-Rockefeller, Chmn         Schroder Banking Corp. J.H. Stein
Fin Comm, Bechtel International           Bankhaus (Hitler's personal bank
Co. Bechtel Co. (Casper Weinberger        account) served on board of all
Sec of Defense, George P. Schultz         German subsidiaries of ITT . Bank
Sec of State (Reagan Admin).              for International Settlements,
            |                             SS Senior Group Leader,Himmler's
            |                             Circle of Friends (Nazi Fund),
            |                             Deutsche Reichsbank,president
            |
            |
Schroder-Rockefeller & Co. , N.Y.
---------------------------------
Avery Rockefeller, J. Henry Schroder
Banking Corp., Bechtel Co., Bechtel
International Co. , Canadian Bechtel
Company.          |
                  |
                  |
                  |
         Gordon Richardson
         -----------------
Governor, Bank of England
1973-PRESENT C.B. of J. Henry Schroder N.Y.
Schroder Banking Co., New York, Lloyds Bank
Rolls Royce

 


Chart 3

 

Federal Reserve Directors: A Study of Corporate and Banking Influence

- Published 1976

The David Rockefeller chart shows the link between the Federal Reserve Bank of New York,Standard Oil of Indiana,General Motors and Allied Chemical Corportion (Eugene Meyer family) and Equitable Life (J. P. Morgan).

 


 

DAVID ROCKEFELLER
----------------------------
Chairman of the Board
Chase Manhattan Corp
      |
      |
______|_______________________
Chase Manhattan Corp.        |    
Officer & Director Interlocks|---------------------
------|-----------------------                    |
      |                                           |
Private Investment Co. for America       Allied Chemicals Corp.
      |                                           |
Firestone Tire & Rubber Company          General Motors              
      |                                           |
Orion Multinational Services Ltd.        Rockefeller Family & Associates
      |                                           |
ASARCO. Inc                              Chrysler Corp.
      |                                           |
Southern Peru Copper Corp.               Intl' Basic Economy Corp.
      |                                           |
Industrial Minerva Mexico S.A.           R.H. Macy & Co.
      |                                           |
Continental Corp.                        Selected Risk Investments S.A.
      |                                           |
Honeywell Inc.                           Omega Fund, Inc.
      |                                           |
Northwest Airlines, Inc.                 Squibb Corporation
      |                                           |
Northwestern Bell Telephone Co.          Olin Foundation  
      |                                           |
Minnesota Mining & Mfg Co (3M)           Mutual Benefit Life Ins. Co. of NJ
      |                                           |
American Express Co.                            AT & T   
      |                                           |
Hewlett Packard                          Pacific Northwestern Bell Co.
      |                                           |
FMC Corporation                          BeachviLime Ltd.
      |                                           |
Utah Intl' Inc.                          Eveleth Expansion Company
      |                                           |
Exxon Corporation                        Fidelity Union Bancorporation
      |                                           |
International Nickel/Canada              Cypress Woods Corporation
      |                                           |
Federated Capital Corporation            Intl' Minerals & Chemical Corp.
      |                                           |
Equitable Life Assurance Soc U.S.        Burlington Industries
      |                                           |
Federated Dept Stores                    Wachovia Corporation
      |                                           |
General Electric                         Jefferson Pilot Corporation
      |                                           |
Scott Paper Co.                          R. J. Reynolds Industries Inc.
      |                                           |
American Petroleum Institute             United States Steel Corp.
      |                                           |
Richardson Merril Inc.                   Metropolitan Life Insurance Co.
      |                                           |
May Department Stores Co.                Norton-Simon Inc.
      |                                           |
Sperry Rand Corporation                  Stone-Webster Inc.
      |                                           |
San Salvador Development Company         Standard Oil of Indiana

 


Chart 4

 

Federal Reserve Directors: A Study of Corporate and Banking Influence

- Published 1976

This chart shows the interlocks between the Federal Reserve Bank of New York J. Henry Schroder Banking Corp., J. Henry Schroder Trust Co., Rockefeller Center, Inc., Equitable Life Assurance Society ( J.P. Morgan), and the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.

 


 

 Alan Pifer, President
 Carnegie Corporation
 of New York
----------------------
         |
         |
----------------------
 Carnegie Corporation
 Trustee Interlocks       --------------------------
----------------------                            |
         |                                        |
Rockefeller Center, Inc                 J. Henry Schroder Trust Company
         |                                        |
The Cabot Corporation                   Paul Revere Investors, Inc.
         |                                        |
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston          Qualpeco, Inc.
         |
Owens Corning Fiberglas
         |
New England Telephone Co.
         |
Fisher Scientific Company
         |
Mellon National Corporation
         |
Equitable Life Assurance Society
         |
Twentieth Century Fox Corporation
         |
J. Henry Schroder Banking Corporation

 


Chart 5

 

Federal Reserve Directors: A Study of Corporate and Banking Influence

- Published 1976

This chart shows the link between the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, Brown Brothers Harriman,Sun Life Assurance Co. (N.M. Rothschild and Sons), and the Rockefeller Foundation.

 


 

Maurice F. Granville
Chairman of The Board
Texaco Incorporated
----------------------
        |
        |
Texaco Officer & Director Interlocks  ---------------- Liggett & Myers, Inc.
------------------------------------           |
        |                                      |
        |                                      |
 L  Arabian American Oil Company            St John d'el Ray Mining Co. Ltd.
 O      |                                      |
 N  Brown Brothers Harriman & Co.           National Steel Corporation
 D      |                                      |
 O  Brown Harriman & Intl' Banks Ltd.       Massey-Ferguson Ltd.
 N      |                                      |
    American Express                        Mutual Life Insurance Co.
        |                                      |
 N. American Express Intl' Banking Corp.    Mass Mutual Income Investors Inc.
 M.     |                                      |
    Anaconda                                United Services Life Ins. Co.
 R      |                                      |
 O  Rockefeller Foundation                  Fairchild Industries
 T      |                                      |
 H  Owens-Corning Fiberglas                 Blount, Inc.
 S      |                                      |
 C  National City Bank (Cleveland)          William Wrigley Jr. Co
 H      |                                      |
 I  Sun Life Assurance Co.                  National Blvd. Bank of Chicago
 L      |                                      |
 D  General Reinsurance                     Lykes Youngstown Corporation
        |                                      |
    General Electric (NBC)                  Inmount Corporation
 

** Source: Federal Reserve Directors: A Study of Corporate and Banking Influence. Staff Report,Committee on Banking,Currency and Housing, House of Representatives, 94th Congress, 2nd Session, August 1976.

[END]


The Serpent of the Elders of Zion, 

Illuminated into full circle. Money, Mammon, the root of all evil.

On May 23, 1933, Congressman, Louis T. McFadden, brought formal charges against the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve Bank system, The Comptroller of the Currency and the Secretary of United States Treasury for numerous criminal acts, including but not limited to, CONSPIRACY, FRAUD, UNLAWFUL CONVERSION, AND TREASON.

The petition for Articles of Impeachment was thereafter referred to the Judiciary Committee and has YET TO BE ACTED ON. So, this ELECTRONIC BOOKLET should be reprinted, reposted,set up on web pages and circulated far and wide.

Congressman McFaddenon the Federal Reserve Corporation

Remarks in Congress, 1934

AN ASTOUNDING EXPOSURE

Reprinted by permission 1978 Arizona Caucus Club

Congressman McFadden's Speech
On the Federal Reserve Corporation

Quotations from several speeches made on the Floor of the House of Representatives by the Honorable Louis T. McFadden of Pennsylvania. Mr. McFadden, due to his having served as Chairman of the Banking and Currency Committee for more than 10 years, was the best posted man on these matters in America and was in a position to speak with authority of the vast ramifications of this gigantic private credit monopoly. As Representative of a State which was among the first to declare its freedom from foreign money tyrants it is fitting that Pennsylvania, the cradle of liberty, be again given the credit for producing a son that was not afraid to hurl defiance in the face of the money-bund. Whereas Mr. McFadden was elected to the high office on both the Democratic and Republican tickets, there can be no accusation of partisanship lodged against him. Because these speeches are set out in full in the Congressional Record, they carry weight that no amount of condemnation on the part of private individuals could hope to carry.

The Federal Reserve-A Corrupt Institution

"Mr. Chairman, we have in this Country one of the most corrupt institutions the world has ever known. I refer to the Federal Reserve Board and the Federal Reserve Banks, hereinafter called the Fed. The Fed has cheated the Government of these United States and the people of the United States out of enough money to pay the Nation's debt. The depredations and iniquities of the Fed has cost enough money to pay the National debt several times over.

"This evil institution has impoverished and ruined the people of these United States, has bankrupted itself, and has practically bankrupted our Government. It has done this through the defects of the law under which it operates, through the maladministration of that law by the Fed and through the corrupt practices of the moneyed vultures who control it.

"Some people who think that the Federal Reserve Banks United States Government institutions. They are private monopolies which prey upon the people of these United States for the benefit of themselves and their foreign customers; foreign and domestic speculators and swindlers; and rich and predatory money lender. In that dark crew of financial pirates there are those who would cut a man's throat to get a dollar out of his pocket; there are those who send money into states to buy votes to control our legislatures; there are those who maintain International propaganda for the purpose of deceiving us into granting of new concessions which will permit them to cover up their past misdeeds and set again in motion their gigantic train of crime.

"These twelve private credit monopolies were deceitfully and disloyally foisted upon this Country by the bankers who came here from Europe and repaid us our hospitality by undermining our American institutions. Those bankers took money out of this Country to finance Japan in a war against Russia. They created a reign of terror in Russia with our money in order to help that war along. They instigated the separate peace between Germany and Russia, and thus drove a wedge between the allies in World War. They financed Trotsky's passage from New York to Russia so that he might assist in the destruction of the Russian Empire. They fomented and instigated the Russian Revolution, and placed a large fund of American dollars at Trotsky's disposal in one of their branch banks in Sweden so that through him Russian homes might be thoroughly broken up and Russian children flung far and wide from their natural protectors. They have since begun breaking up of American homes and the dispersal of American children. "Mr. Chairman, there should be no partisanship in matters concerning banking and currency affairs in this Country, and I do not speak with any.

"In 1912 the National Monetary Association, under the chairmanship of the late Senator Nelson W. Aldrich, made a report and presented a vicious bill called the National Reserve Association bill. This bill is usually spoken of as the Aldrich bill. Senator Aldrich did not write the Aldrich bill. He was the tool, if not the accomplice, of the European bankers who for nearly twenty years had been scheming to set up a central bank in this Country and who in 1912 has spent and were continuing to spend vast sums of money to accomplish their purpose.

"We were opposed to the Aldrich plan for a central bank. The men who rule the Democratic Party then promised the people that if they were returned to power there would be no central bank established here while they held the reigns of government. Thirteen months later that promise was broken, and the Wilson administration, under the tutelage of those sinister Wall Street figures who stood behind Colonel House, established here in our free Country the worm-eaten monarchical institution of the "King's Bank" to control us from the top downward, and from the cradle to the grave.

"The Federal Reserve Bank destroyed our old and characteristic way of doing business. It discriminated against our 1-name commercial paper, the finest in the world, and it set up the antiquated 2-name paper, which is the present curse of this Country and which wrecked every country which has ever given it scope; it fastened down upon the Country the very tyranny from which the framers of the Constitution sough to save us.

PRESIDENT JACKSON'S TIME

"One of the greatest battles for the preservation of this Republic was fought out here in Jackson's time; when the second Bank of the United States, founded on the same false principles of those which are here exemplified in the Fed was hurled out of existence. After that, in 1837, the Country was warned against the dangers that might ensue if the predatory interests after being cast out should come back in disguise and unite themselves to the Executive and through him acquire control of the Government. That is what the predatory interests did when they came back in the livery of hypocrisy and under false pretenses obtained the passage of the Fed.

"The danger that the Country was warned against came upon us and is shown in the long train of horrors attendant upon the affairs of the traitorous and dishonest Fed. Look around you when you leave this Chamber and you will see evidences of it in all sides. This is an era of misery and for the conditions that caused that misery, the Fed are fully liable. This is an era of financed crime and in the financing of crime the Fed does not play the part of a disinterested spectator.

"It has been said that the draughtsman who was employed to write the text of the Aldrich bill because that had been drawn up by lawyers, by acceptance bankers of European origin in New York. It was a copy, in general a translation of the statues of the Reichsbank and other European central banks. One-half million dollars was spent on the part of the propaganda organized by these bankers for the purpose of misleading public opinion and giving Congress the impression that there was an overwhelming popular demand for it and the kind of currency that goes with it, namely, an asset currency based on human debts and obligations. Dr. H. Parker Willis had been employed by Wall Street and propagandists, and when the Aldrich measure failed- he obtained employment with Carter Glass, to assist in drawing the banking bill for the Wilson administration. He appropriated the text of the Aldrich bill. There is no secret about it. The test of the Federal Reserve Act was tainted from the first.

"A few days before the bill came to a vote, Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, of Massachusetts, wrote to Senator John W. Weeks as follows:


New York City,


December 17, 1913


"'My Dear Senator Weeks:






"'Throughout my public life I have supported all measures designed to take the Government out of the banking business. This bill puts the Government into the banking business as never before in our history. "'The powers vested in the Federal Reserve Board seen to me highly dangerous especially where there is political control of the Board. I should be sorry to hold stock in a bank subject to such dominations. The bill as it stands seems to me to open the way to a vast inflation of the currency. "'I had hoped to support this bill, but I cannot vote for it cause it seems to me to contain features and to rest upon principles in the highest degree menacing to our prosperity, to stability in business, and to the general welfare of the people of the United States.
Very Truly Yours,





Henry Cabot Lodge.'"

"In eighteen years that have passed since Senator Lodge wrote that letter of warning all of his predictions have come true. The Government is in the banking business as never before. Against its will it has been made the backer of horse thieves and card sharps, bootlegger's smugglers, speculators, and swindlers in all parts of the world. Through the Fed the riffraff of every country is operating on the public credit of the United States Government.

THE GREAT DEPRESSION

"Meanwhile and on account of it, we ourselves are in the midst of the greatest depression we have ever known. From the Atlantic to the Pacific, our Country has been ravaged and laid waste by the evil practices of the Fed and the interests which control them. At no time in our history, has the general welfare of the people been at a lower level or the minds of the people so full of despair.

"Recently in one of our States, 60,000 dwelling houses and farms were brought under the hammer in a single day. 71,000 houses and farms in Oakland County, Michigan, were sold and their erstwhile owners dispossessed. The people who have thus been driven out are the wastage of the Fed. They are the victims of the Fed. Their children are the new slaves of the auction blocks in the revival of the institution of human slavery.

The Scheme of the Fed

"In 1913, before the Senate Banking and Currency Committee, Mr. Alexander Lassen made the following statement: "The whole scheme of the Fed with its commercial paper is an impractical, cumbersome machinery- is simply a cover to secure the privilege of issuing money, and to evade payment of as much tax upon circulation as possible and then control the issue and maintain, instead of reducing interest rates. It will prove to the advantage of the few and the detriment of the people. It will mean continued shortage of actual money and further extension of credits, for when there is a shortage of money people have to borrow to their cost.' "A few days before the Fed passed, Senator Root denounced the Fed as an outrage on our liberties. He predicted: 'Long before we wake up from our dream of prosperity through an inflated currency, our gold- which alone could have kept us from catastrophe- will have vanished and no rate of interest will tempt it to return.'

"If ever a prophecy came true, that one did.

"The Fed became law the day before Christmas Eve, in the year 1913, and shortly afterwards, the German International bankers, Kuhn, Loeb and Co. sent one of their partners here to run it.

"The Fed Note is essentially unsound. It is the worst currency and the most dangerous that this Country has ever known. When the proponents of the act saw that the Democratic doctrine would not permit them to let the proposed banks issue the new currency as bank notes, they should have stopped at that. They should not have foisted that kind of currency, namely, an asset currency, on the United States Government. They should not have made the Government [liable on the private] debts of individuals and corporations, and, least of all, on the private debts of foreigners. "As Kemerer says: 'The Fed Notes, therefore, in form, have some of the qualities of Government paper money, but in substance, are almost a pure asset currency possessing a Government guarantee against which contingency the Government has made no provision whatever.'

"Hon. L.J.Hill, a former member of the House, said, and truly: "They are obligations of the Government for which the United States received nothing and for the payment of which at any time, it assumes the responsibility: looking to the Fed to recoup itself.'

"If this United States is to redeem the Fed Notes, when the General Public finds it costs to deliver this paper to the Fed, and if the Government has made no provisions for redeeming them, the first element of unsoundness is not far to seek.

"Before the Banking and Currency Committee, when the bill was under discussion Mr. Crozier of Cincinnati said: 'The imperial power of elasticity of the public currency is wielded exclusively by the central corporations owned by the banks. This is a life and death power over all local banks and all business. It can be used to create or destroy prosperity, to ward off or cause stringencies and panics. By making money artificially scarce, interest rates throughout the Country can be arbitrarily raised and the bank tax on all business and cost of living increased for the profit of the banks owning these regional central banks, and without the slightest benefit to the people. The 12 Corporations together cover y and monopolize and use for private gain- every dollar of the public currency and all public revenue of the United States. Not a dollar can be put into circulation among the people by their Government, without the consent of and on terms fixed by these 12 private money trusts.'

"In defiance of this and all other warnings, the proponents of the Fed created the 12 private credit corporations and gave them an absolute monopoly of the currency of these United States- not of the Fed Notes alone- but of all other currency! The Fed Act providing ways and means by which the gold and general currency in the hands of the American people could be obtained by the Fed in exchange for Fed Notes- which are not money- but mere promises to pay.

"Since the evil day when this was done, the initial monopoly has been extended by vicious amendments to the Fed and by the unlawful and treasonable practices of the Fed.

Money for the Scottish Distillers

"Mr. Chairman, if a Scottish distiller wishes to send a cargo of Scotch whiskey to these United States, he can draw his bill against the purchasing bootlegger in dollars and after the bootlegger has accepted it by writing his name across the face of it, the Scotch distiller can send that bill to the nefarious open discount market in New York City where the Fed will buy it and use it as collateral for a new issue of Fed Notes. Thus the Government of these United States pay the Scotch distiller for the whiskey before it is shipped, and if it is lost on the way, or if the Coast Guard seizes it and destroys it, the Fed simply write off the loss and the government never recovers the money that was paid to the Scotch distiller.

"While we are attempting to enforce prohibition here, the Fed are in the distillery business in Europe and paying bootlegger bills with public credit of these United States. "Mr. Chairman, by the same process, they compel our Government to pay the German brewer for his beer. Why should the Fed be permitted to finance the brewing industry in Germany either in this way or as they do by compelling small and fearful United States Banks to take stock in the Isenbeck Brewery and in the German Bank for brewing industries? "Mr. Chairman, if Dynamit Nobel of Germany, wishes to sell dynamite in Japan to use in Manchuria or elsewhere, it can drew its bill against the Japanese customers in dollars and send that bill to the nefarious open discount market in New York City where the Fed will buy it and use it as collateral for a new issue of Fed Notes- while at the same time the Fed will be helping Dynamit Nobel by stuffing its stock into the United States banking system.

"Why should we send our representatives to the disarmament conference at Geneva- while the Fed is making our Government pay Japanese debts to German Munitions makers?

"Mr. Chairman, if a German wishes to raise a crop of beans and sell them to a Japanese customer, he can draw a bill against his prospective Japanese customer in dollars and have it purchased by the Fed and get the money out of this Country at the expense of the American people before he has even planted the beans in the ground. "Mr. Chairman, if a German in Germany wishes to export goods to South America, or any other Country, he can draw his bill against his customers and send it to these United States and get the money out of this Country before he ships, or even manufactures the goods.

"Mr. Chairman, why should the currency of these United States be issued on the strength of German Beer? Why should it be issued on the crop of unplanted beans to be grown in Chili for Japanese consumption? Why should these United States be compelled to issue many billions of dollars every year to pay the debts of one foreigner to another foreigner? "Was it for this that our National Bank depositors had their money taken out of our banks and shipped abroad? Was it for this that they had to lose it? Why should the public credit of these United States and likewise money belonging to our National Bank depositors be used to support foreign brewers, narcotic drug vendors, whiskey distillers, wig makes, human hair merchants, Chilean bean growers, to finance the munition factories of Germany and Soviet Russia?

THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN RANSACKED

"The United States has been ransacked and pillaged. Our structures have been gutted and only the walls are left standing. While being perpetrated, everything the world would rake up to sell us was brought in here at our expense by the Fed until our markets were swamped with unneeded and unwanted imported goods priced far above their value and make to equal the dollar volume of our honest exports, and to kill or reduce our favorite balance of trade. As Agents of the foreign central banks the Fed try by every means in their power to reduce our favorable balance of trade. They act for their foreign principal and they accept fees from foreigners for acting against the best interests of these United States. Naturally there has been great competition among among foreigners for the favors of the Fed.

"What we need to do is to send the reserves of our National Banks home to the people who earned and produced them and who still own them and to the banks which were compelled to surrender them to predatory interests.

"Mr. Chairman, there is nothing like the Fed pool of confiscated bank deposits in the world. It is a public trough of American wealth in which the foreigners claim rights, equal to or greater than Americans. The Fed are the agents of the foreign central banks. They use our bank depositors' money for the benefit of their foreign principals. They barter the public credit of the United States Government and hire it our to foreigners at a profit to themselves.

"All this is done at the expense of the United States Government, and at a sickening loss to the American people. Only our great wealth enabled us to stand the drain of it as long as we did.

"We need to destroy the Fed wherein our national reserves are impounded for the benefit of the foreigners. "We need to save America for Americans.

SPURIOUS SECURITIES

"Mr. Chairman, when you hold a $10.00 Fed Note in your hand, you are holding apiece of paper which sooner or later is going to cost the United States Government $10.00 in gold (unless the Government is obliged to go off the gold standard). It is based on limburger cheese (reported to be in foreign warehouses) or in cans purported to contain peas (but may contain salt water instead), or horse meat, illicit drugs, bootleggers fancies, rags and bones from Soviet Russia (of which these United States imported over a million dollars worth last year), on wines whiskey, natural gas, goat and dog fur, garlic on the string, and Bombay ducks.

"If you like to have paper money- which is secured by such commodities- you have it in Fed Note. If you desire to obtain the thing of value upon which this paper currency is based, that is, the limburger cheese, the whiskey, the illicit drugs, or any of the other staples- you will have a very hard time finding them.

"Many of these worshipful commodities are in foreign Countries. Are you going to Germany to inspect her warehouses to see if the specified things of value are there? I think more, I do not think that you would find them there if you did go.

"On April 27, 1932, the Fed outfit sent $750,000 belonging to American bank depositors in gold to Germany. A week later another $300,000 in gold was shipped to Germany. About the middle of May $12,000,000 in gold was shipped to Germany by the Fed. Almost every week there is a shipment of gold to Germany. These shipments are not made for profit on the exchange since the German marks are blow parity with the dollar.

"Mr. Chairman, I believe that the National Bank depositors of these United States have a right to know what the Fed are doing with their money. There are millions of National Bank depositors in the Country who do not know that a percentage of every dollar they deposit in a Member Bank of the Fed goes automatically to American Agents of the foreign banks and that all their deposits can be paid away to foreigners without their knowledge or consent by the crooked machinery of the Fed and the questionable practices of the Fed.

[Ed. Note- Problem with next paragraph in original] "Mr. Chairman, the American people should be told the truth by their servants in office. In 1930, we had over a half billion dollars outstanding daily to finance foreign goods stored in or shipped between several billion dollars. What goods are these on which the Fed yearly pledge several billions of dollars. In its yearly total, this item amounts to several billions of dollars of the public credit of these United States?

"What goods are those which are hidden in European and Asiatic stores have not been seen by any officer of our Government but which are being financed on the public credit of the United States Government? What goods are those upon which the 17 United States Government is being obligated by the Fed to issue Fed Notes to the extent of several billions of dollars a year?

The Bankers' Acceptance Racket

"The Fed have been International Banks from the beginning, with these United States as their enforced banker and supplier of currency. But it is none the less extraordinary to see these these twelve private credit monopolies, buying the debts of foreigners against foreigners, in all parts of the world and asking the Government of these United States for new issues of Fed notes in exchange for them. "The magnitude of the acceptance racket as it has been developed by the Fed, their foreign correspondents, and the predatory European born bankers, who set up the Fed here and taught your own, by and of pirates, how to loot the people: I say the magnitude of this racket is estimated to be in the neighborhood of 9,000,000,000 per year. In the past ten years it is said to have amounted to $90,000,000,000.00. In my opinion it has amounted to several times that much. coupled to this you have to the extent of billions of dollars, the gambling in the United States securities, which takes place in the same open discount market- a gambling on which the Fed is now spending $100,000,000.00 per week.

"Fed Notes are taken from the U.S. Government in unlimited quantities. Is is strange that the burden of supplying these immense sums of money to the gambling fraternity has at last proved too heavy for the American people to endure? Would it not be a national [calamity to] again bind down this burden on the backs of the American people and by means of a long rawhide whip of the credit masters, compel them to enter another seventeen years of slavery?

"They are trying to do that now. They are trying to take $100,000,000.00 of the public credit of the United States every week, in addition to all their other seizures and they are sending that money to the nefarious open market in a desperate gamble to reestablish their graft as a going concern.

"They are putting the United States Government in debt to the extent of $100,000,000 a week, and with the money they are buying our Government securities for themselves and their foreign principals. Our people are disgusted with the experiences of the Fed. The Fed is not producing a loaf of bread, a yard of cloth, a bushel of corn, or a pile of cordwood by its check-kiting operations in the money market.

"Mr. Speaker, on the 13th of January of this year I addressed the House on the subject of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation. In the course of my remarks I made the following statement: In 1928 the member banks of the Fed borrowed $60,598,690,000. from the Fed on their fifteen-day promissory notes. Think of it. Sixty billion dollars payable on demand in gold in the course of one single year. The actual amount of such obligations called for six times as much monetary gold as there is in the world. Such transactions represent a grant in the course of one single years of about $7,000,000 to every member of the Fed.

"Is it any wonder that American labor which ultimately pays the cost of all banking operations of this Country has at last proved unequal to the task of supplying this huge total of cash and credit for the benefit of the stock market manipulators and foreign swindlers? "In 1933 the Fed presented the staggering amount of $60,598,690,000 to its member banks at the expense of the wage earners and tax payers of these United States. In 1929, the year of the stock market crash, the Fed advanced $58,000,000,000 to member banks.

"In 1930 while the speculating banks were getting out of the stock market at the expense of the general public, the Fed advanced them $13,022,782,000. This shows that when the banks were gambling on the public credit of these United States as represented by the Fed currency they were subsidized to any amount they required by the Fed. When the swindle began to fall, the bankers knew it in advance and withdrew from the market. They got out with whole skins- and left the people of these United States to pay the piper. "My friend from Kansas, Mr. McGugin, has stated that he thought the Fed lent money on rediscounting. So they do, but they lend comparatively little that way. The real discounting that they do has been called a mere penny in the slot business. It is too slow for genuine high flyers. They discourage it. They prefer to subsidize their favorite banks by making them $60,000,000,000 advances and they prefer to acquire assistance in the notorious open discount market in New York, where they can use it to control the price of stocks and bonds on the exchanges.

"For every dollar they advanced on discounts in 1928, they lent $33.00 to their favorite banks for whom they do a business of several billion dollars income tax on their profits to these United States.

The John Law Swindle

"This is the John Law swindle over again. The theft of Teapot Dome was trifling compared to it. What King ever robbed his subject to such an extent as the Fed has robbed us? Is it any wonder that there have been lately ninety cases of starvation in one of the New York hospitals? Is there any wonder that the children are being abandoned?

"The government and the people of these United States have been swindled by swindlers deluxe to whom the acquisition of American or a parcel of Fed Notes presented no more difficulty than the drawing up of a worthless acceptance in a Country not subject to the laws of these United States, by sharpers not subject to the jurisdiction of these United States, sharpers with strong banking "fence" on this side of the water, a "fence" acting as a receiver of a worthless paper coming from abroad, endorsing it and getting the currency out of the Fed for it as quickly as possible exchanging that currency for gold and in turn transmitting the gold to its foreign confederates.

Ivar Kreuger, the Match King!

"Such were the exploits of Ivar Krueger, Mr. Hoover's friend, and his rotten Wall Street bakers. Every dollar of the billions Kreuger and his gang drew out of this Country on acceptances was drawn from the government and the people of the United States through the Fed. The credit of the United States Government was peddled to him by the Fed for their own private gain. That is what the Fed has been doing for many years.

"They have been peddling the credit of this Government and the [signature of this] Government to the swindlers and speculators of all nations. That is what happens when a Country forsakes its Constitution and gives its sovereignty over the public currency to private interests. Give them the flag and they will sell it.

"The nature of Kreuger's organized swindle and the bankrupt condition of Kreuger's combine was known here last June when Hoover sought to exempt Krueger's loan to Germany of $125,000,000 from the operation of the Hoover Moratorium. The bankrupt condition of Krueger's swindle was known her last summer when $30,000,000 was taken from the American taxpayers by certain bankers in New York for the ostensible purpose of permitting Krueger to make a loan to Colombia. Colombia never saw that money.

"The nature of Krueger's swindle was known here in January when he visited his friend, Mr. Hoover, at the White House. It was known here in March before he went to Paris and committed suicide.

"Mr. Chairman, I think the people of the United States are entitled to know how many billions of dollars were placed at the disposal of Krueger and his gigantic combine by the Fed, and to know how much of our Government currency was issued and lost in the financing of that great swindle in the years during which the Fed took care of Krueger's requirements.

"A few days ago, the President of the United States with a white face and shaking hands, went before the Senate of behalf of the moneyed interests and asked the Senate to levy a tax on the people so that foreigners might know that these United States would pay its debt to them.

"Most Americans thought it was the other way around. What does these United States owe foreigners? When and by whom was the debt incurred? It was incurred by the Fed, when they peddled the signature of the Government to foreigners- for a Price. It is what the United States Government has to pay to redeem the obligations of the Fed.

Thieves Go Scot Free

"Are you going to let these thieves get off scot free? Is there one law for the looter who drives up to the door of the United States Treasury in his limousine and another for the United States Veterans who are sleeping on the floor of a dilapidated house on the outskirts of Washington?

"The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad is here asking for a large loan from the people, and the wage earners and the taxpayers of these United States. It is begging for a handout from the Government. It is standing, cap in hand, at the door of the R.F.C. where all the jackals have gathered to the feast. It is asking for money that was raised from the people by taxation and wants this money of the poor for the benefit of Kuhn, Loeb and Co., the German International Bankers.

"Is there one law for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and another for the hungry veterans it threw off its freight cars the other day? Is there one law for sleek and prosperous swindlers who call themselves bankers and another law for the soldiers who defended the flag? "The R.F.C. is taking over these worthless securities from the Investment Trusts with United States Treasury money at the expense of the American taxpayer and the wage earner.

"It will take twenty years to redeem our Government. Twenty years of penal servitude to pay off the gambling debts of the traitorous Fed and to vast flood of American wages and savings, bank deposits, and the United States Government credit which the Fed exported out of this country to their foreign principals.

"The Fed lately conducted an anti-hoarding campaign here. They they took that extra money which they had persuaded the American people to put into the banks- they sent it to Europe- along with the rest. In the last several months, they have sent $1,300,000,000 in gold to their foreign employers, their foreign masters, and every dollar of that gold belonged to the people of these United States and was unlawfully taken from them.

Fiat Money

"Mr. Chairman, within the limits of the time allowed me, I cannot enter into a particularized discussion of the Fed. I have singled out the Fed currency for a few remarks because there has lately been some talk here of "fiat money". What kind of money is being pumped into the open discount market and through it into foreign channels and stock exchanges? Mr. Mills of the Treasury has spoken here of his horror of the printing presses and his horror of dishonest money. He has no horror of dishonest money. If he had, he would be no party to the present gambling of the Fed in the nefarious open discount market of New York, a market in which the sellers are represented by 10 discount corporations owned and organized by the very banks which own and control the Fed.

"Fiat money, indeed!

"What Mr. Mills is fighting for is the preservation, whole and entire, of the banker's monopoly of all the currency of the United States Government.

"Mr. Chairman, last December, I introduced a resolution here asking for an examination and an audit of the Fed and all related matters. If the House sees fit to make such an investigation, the people of these United States will obtain information of great value. This is a Government of the people, by the people, for the people. Consequently, nothing should be concealed from the people. The man who deceives the people is a traitor to these United States.

"The man who knows or suspects that a crime has been committed and who conceals and covers up that crime is an accessory to it. Mr. Speaker, it is a monstrous thing for this great nation of people to have its destinies presided over by a traitorous government board acting in secret concert with international usurers.

"Every effort has been made by the Fed to conceal its powers- but the truth is- the Fed has usurped the Government. It controls everything here and it controls all of our foreign relations. It makes and breaks governments at will.

"No man and no body of men is more entrenched in power than the arrogant credit monopoly which operated the Fed. What National Government has permitted the Fed to steal from the people should now be restored to the people. The people have a valid claim against the Fed. If that claim is enforced the Americans will not need to stand in the bread line, or to suffer and die of starvation in the streets. Women will be saved, families will be kept together, and American children will not be dispersed and abandoned.

"Here is a Fed Note. Immense numbers of the notes are now held abroad. I am told that they amount to upwards of a billion dollars. They constitute a claim against our Government and likewise a claim against our peoples' money to the extent of $1,300,000,000 which has within the last few months been shipped abroad to redeem Fed Notes and to pay other gambling debts of the traitorous Fed. The greater part of our money stock has been shipped to other lands.

"Why should we promise to pay the debts of foreigners to foreigners? Why should the Fed be permitted to finance our competitors in all parts of the world? Do you know why the tariff was raised? It was raised to shut out the flood of Fed Goods pouring in here from every quarter of the globe- cheap goods, produced by cheaply paid foreign labor, on unlimited supplies of money and credit sent out of this Country by the dishonest and unscrupulous Fed.

"The Fed are spending $100,000,000 a week buying government securities in the open market and are making a great bid for foreign business. They are trying to make rates so attractive that the human hair merchants and the distillers and other business entities in foreign land will come her and hire more of the public credit of the United States Government to pay the Fed outfit for getting it for them.

World Enslavement Planned

"Mr. Chairman, when the Fed was passed, the people of these United States did not perceive that a world system was being set up here which would make the savings of the American school teacher available to a narcotic-drug vendor in Acapulco. They did not perceive that these United States was to be lowered to the position of a coolie country which has nothing but raw material and heart, that Russia was destined to supply the man power and that this country was to supply the financial power to an "international superstate". A superstate controlled by international bankers, and international industrialists acting together to enslave the world for their own pleasure?

"The people of these United States are being greatly wronged. They have been driven from their employments. They have been dispossessed from their homes. They have been evicted from their rented quarters. They have lost their children. They have been left to suffer and die for lack of shelter, food, clothing and medicine.

"The wealth of these United States and the working capital have been taken away from them and has either been locked in the vaults of certain banks and the great corporations or exported to foreign countries for the benefit of the foreign customers of these banks and corporations. So far as the people of the United States are concerned, the cupboard is bare.

"It is true that the warehouses and coal yards and grain elevators are full, but these are padlocked, and the great banks and corporations hold the keys.

"The sack of these United States by the Fed is the greatest crime in history.

"Mr. Chairman, a serious situation confronts the House of Representatives today. We are trustees of the people and the rights of the people are being taken away from them. Through the Fed the people are losing the rights guaranteed to them by the Constitution. Their property has been taken from them without due process of law. Mr. Chairman, common decency requires us to examine the public accounts of the Government and see what crimes against the public welfare have been committed.

"What is needed here is a return to the Constitution of these United States.

"The old struggle that was fought out here in Jackson's time must be fought our over again. The independent United States Treasury should be reestablished and the Government should keep its own money under lock and key in the building the people provided for that purpose.

"Asset currency, the devise of the swindler, should be done away with. The Fed should be abolished and the State boundaries should be respected. Bank reserves should be kept within the boundaries of the States whose people own them, and this reserve money of the people should be protected so that the International Bankers and acceptance bankers and discount dealers cannot draw it away from them.

"The Fed should be repealed, and the Fed Banks, having violated their charters, should be liquidated immediately. Faithless Government officials who have violated their oaths of office should be impeached and brought to trial.

"Unless this is done by us, I predict, that the American people, outraged, pillaged, insulted and betrayed as they are in their own land, will rise in their wrath, and will sweep the money changers out of the temple.

"Mr. Chairman, the United States is bankrupt: It has been bankrupted by the corrupt and dishonest Fed. It has repudiated its debts to its own citizens. Its chief foreign creditor is Great Britain, and a British bailiff has been at the White House and the British Agents are in the United States Treasury making inventory arranging terms of liquidations!

Great Britain, Partner in Blackmail

"Mr. Chairman, the Fed has offered to collect the British claims in full from the American public by trickery and corruption, if Great Britain will help to conceal its crimes. The British are shielding their agents, the Fed, because they do not wish that system of robbery to be destroyed here. They wish it to continue for their benefit! By means of it, Great Britain has become the financial mistress of the world. She has regained the position she occupied before the World War.

"For several years she has been a silent partner in the business of the Fed. Under threat of blackmail, or by their bribery, or by their native treachery to the people of the United States, the officials in charge of the Fed unwisely gave Great Britain immense gold loans running into hundreds of millions of dollars. They did this against the law! Those gold loans were not single transactions. They gave Great Britain a borrowing power in the United States of billions. She squeezed billions out of this Country by means of her control of the Fed.

"As soon as the Hoover Moratorium was announced, Great Britain moved to consolidate her gains. After the treacherous signing away of American rights at the 7-power conference at London in July, 1931, which put the Fed under the control of the Bank of International Settlements, Great Britain began to tighten the hangman's noose around the neck of the United States.

"She abandoned the gold standard and embarked on a campaign of buying up the claims of foreigners against the Fed in all parts of the world. She has now sent her bailiff, Ramsey MacDonald, here to get her war debt to this country canceled. But she has a club in her hands! She has title to the gambling debts which the corrupt and dishonest Fed incurred abroad.

"Ramsey MacDonald, the labor party deserter, has come here to compel the President to sign on the dotted line, and that is what Roosevelt is about to do! Roosevelt will endeavor to conceal the nature of his action from the American people. But he will obey the International Bankers and transfer the war debt that Great Britain should pay to the American people, to the shoulders of the American taxpayers.

"Mr. Chairman, the bank holiday in the several States was brought about by the corrupt and dishonest Fed. These institutions manipulated money and credit, and caused the States to order bank holidays.

"These holidays were frame-ups! "They were dress rehearsals for the national bank holiday which Franklin D. Roosevelt promised Sir Ramsey MacDonald that he would declare.

"There was no national emergency here when Franklin D. Roosevelt took office excepting the bankruptcy of the Fed- a bankruptcy which has been going on under cover for several years and which has been concealed from the people so that the people would continue to permit their bank deposits and their bank reserves and their gold and the funds of the United States Treasury to be impounded in these bankrupt institutions.

"Under cover, the predatory International Bankers have been stealthily transferring the burden of the Fed debts to the people's Treasury and to the people themselves. They the farms and the homes of the United States to pay for their thievery! That is the only national emergency that there has been here since the depression began.

"The week before the bank holiday ws declared in New York State, the deposits in the New York savings banks were greater than the withdrawals. There were no runs on New York Banks. There was no need of a bank holiday in New York, or of a national holiday.

Roosevelt and the International Bankers

"Roosevelt did what the International Bankers ordered him to do!

"Do not deceive yourself, Mr. Chairman, or permit yourself to be deceived by others into the belief that Roosevelt's dictatorship is in any way intended to benefit the people of the United States: he is preparing to sign on the dotted line! "He is preparing to cancel the war debts by fraud!

"He is preparing to internationalize this Country and to destroy our Constitution itself in order to keep the Fed intact as a money institution for foreigners. "Mr. Chairman, I see no reason why citizens of the United States should be terrorized into surrendering their property to the International Bankers who own and control the Fed. The statement that gold would be taken from its lawful owners if they did not voluntarily surrender it, to private interests, show that there is an anarchist in our Government.

"The statement that it is necessary for the people to give their gold- the only real money- to the banks in order to protect the currency, is a statement of calculated dishonesty!

"By his unlawful usurpation of power on the night of March 5, 1933, and by his proclamation, which in my opinion was in violation of the Constitution of the United States, Roosevelt divorced the currency of the United States from gold, and the United States currency is no longer protected by gold. It is therefore sheer dishonesty to say that the people's gold is needed to protect the currency.

"Roosevelt ordered the people to give their gold to private interests- that is, to banks, and he took control of the banks so that all the gold and gold values in them, or given into them, might be handed over to the predatory International Bankers who own and control the Fed.

"Roosevelt cast his lot with the usurers. "He agreed to save the corrupt and dishonest at the expense of the people of the United States.

"He took advantage of the people's confusion and weariness and spread the dragnet over the United States to capture everything of value that was left in it. He made a great haul for the International Bankers.

"The Prime Minister of England came here for money! He came here to collect cash!

"He came here with Fed Currency and other claims against the Fed which England had bought up in all parts of the world. And he has presented them for redemption in gold.

"Mr. Chairman, I am in favor of compelling the Fed to pay their own debts. I see no reason why the general public should be forced to pay the gambling debts of the International Bankers.

Roosevelt Seizes the Gold

"By his action in closing the banks of the United States, Roosevelt seized the gold value of forty billions or more of bank deposits in the United States banks. Those deposits were deposits of gold values. By his action he has rendered them payable to the depositors in paper only, if payable at all, and the paper money he proposes to pay out to bank depositors and to the people generally in lieu of their hard earned gold values in itself, and being based on nothing into which the people can convert it the said paper money is of negligible value altogether.

"It is the money of slaves, not of free men. If the people of the United States permit it to be imposed upon them at the will of their credit masters, the next step in their downward progress will be their acceptance of orders on company stores for what they eat and wear. Their case will be similar to that of starving coal miners. They, too, will be paid with orders on Company stores for food and clothing, both of indifferent quality and be forced to live in Company-owned houses from which they may be evicted at the drop of a hat. More of them will be forced into conscript labor camps under supervision.

"At noon on the 4th of March, 1933, FDR with his hand on the Bible, took an oath to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the U.S. At midnight on the 5th of March, 1933, he confiscated the property of American citizens. He took the currency of the United States standard of value. He repudiated the internal debt of the Government to its own citizens. He destroyed the value of the American dollar. He released, or endeavored to release, the Fed from their contractual liability to redeem Fed currency in gold or lawful money on a parity with gold. He depreciated the value of the national currency.

"The people of the U.S. are now using unredeemable paper slips for money. The Treasury cannot redeem that paper in gold or silver. The gold and silver of the Treasury has unlawfully been given to the corrupt and dishonest Fed. And the Administration has since had the effrontery to raid the country for more gold for the private interests by telling our patriotic citizens that their gold is needed to protect the currency.

"It is not being used to protect the currency! It is being used to protect the corrupt and dishonest Fed. "The directors of these institutions have committed criminal offense against the United States Government, including the offense of making false entries on their books, and the still more serious offense of unlawfully abstracting funds from the United States Treasury! "Roosevelt's gold raid is intended to help them out of the pit they dug for themselves when they gambled away the wealth and savings of the American people.

Dictatorship

"The International Bankers set up a dictatorship here because they wanted a dictator who would protect them. They wanted a dictator who would protect them. They wanted a dictator who would issue a proclamation giving the Fed an absolute and unconditional release from their special currency in gold, or lawful money of any Fed Bank.

"Has Roosevelt relieved any other class of debtors in this country from the necessity of paying their debts? Has he made a proclamation telling the farmers that they need not pay their mortgages? Has he made a proclamation to the effect that mothers of starving children need not pay their milk bills? Has he made a proclamation relieving householders from the necessity of paying rent?

Roosevelt's Two Kinds of Laws

"Not he! He has issued one kind of proclamation only, and that is a proclamation to relieve international bankers and the foreign debtors of the United States Government.

"Mr. Chairman, the gold in the banks of this country belongs to the American people who have paper money contracts for it in the form of national currency. If the Fed cannot keep their contracts with United States citizens to redeem their paper money in gold, or lawful money, then the Fed must be taken over by the United States Government and their officers must be put on trial.

"There must be a day of reckoning. If the Fed have looted the Treasury so that the Treasury cannot redeem the United States currency for which it is liable in gold, then the Fed must be driven out of the Treasury.

"Mr. Chairman, a gold certificate is a warehouse receipt for gold in the Treasury, and the man who has a gold certificate is the actual owner of a corresponding amount of gold stacked in the Treasury subject to his order.

"Now comes Roosevelt who seeks to render the money of the United States worthless by unlawfully declaring that it may No Longer be converted into gold at the will of the holder.

"Roosevelt's next haul for the International Bankers was the reduction in the pay of all Federal employees.

"Next in order are the veterans of all wars, many of whom are aged and inform, and other sick and disabled. These men had their lives adjusted for them by acts of Congress determining the amounts of the pensions, and, while it is meant that every citizen should sacrifice himself for the good of the United States, I see no reason why those poor people, these aged Civil War Veterans and war widows and half-starved veterans of the World War, should be compelled to give up their pensions for the financial benefit of the International vultures who have looted the Treasury, bankrupted the country and traitorously delivered the United States to a foreign foe.

"There are many ways of raising revenue that are better than that barbaric act of injustice.

"Why not collect from the Fed the amount they owe the U.S. Treasury in interest on all the Fed currency they have taken from the Government? That would put billions of dollars into the U.S. Treasury.

"If FDR is as honest as he pretends to be, he will have that done immediately. And in addition, why not compel the Fed to disclose their profits and to pay the Government its share?

"Until this is done, it is rank dishonesty to talk of maintaining the credit of the U.S. Government. "My own salary as a member of Congress has been reduced, and while I am willing to give my part of it that has been taken away from me to the U.S. Government, I regret that the U.S. has suffered itself to be brought so low by the vultures and crooks who are operating the roulette wheels and faro tables in the Fed, that is now obliged to throw itself on the mercy of its legislators and charwomen, its clerks, and it poor pensioners and to take money out of our pockets to make good the defalcations of the International Bankers who were placed in control of the Treasury and given the monopoly of U.S. Currency by the misbegotten Fed. "I am well aware that the International Bankers who drive up to the door of the United States Treasury in their limousines, look down with scorn upon members of Congress because we work for so little, while they draw millions a year. The difference is that we earn, or try to earn, what we get- and they steal the greater part of their takings.

Enemies of the People They Rob

"I do not like to see vivisections performed on human beings. I do not like to see the American people used for experimental purposes by the credit masters of the United States. They predicted among themselves that they would be able to produce a condition here in which American citizens would be completely humbled and left starving and penniless in the streets.

"The fact that they made that assertion while they were fomenting their conspiracy against the United States that they like to see a human being, especially an American, stumbling from hunger when he walks. "Something should be done about it, they say. Five-cent meals, or something! "But FDR will not permit the House of Representatives to investigate the condition of the Fed. FDR will not do that. He has certain International Bankers to serve. They not look to him as the man Higher Up who will protect them from the just wrath of an outraged people.

"The International Bankers have always hated our pensioners. A man with a small pension is a ward of the Government. He is not dependent upon them for a salary or wages. They cannot control him. They do not like him. It gave them great pleasure, therefore, to slash the veterans.

"But FDR will never do anything to embarrass his financial supporters. He will cover up the crimes of the Fed.

"Before he was elected, Mr. Roosevelt advocated a return to the earlier practices of the Fed, thus admitting its corruptness. The Democratic platform advocated a change in the personnel of the Fed. These were campaign bait. As a prominent Democrat lately remarked to me; "There is no new deal. The same old crowd is in control."

"The claims of foreign creditors of the Fed have no validity in law. The foreign creditors were the receivers- and the willing receivers- of stolen goods! They have received through their banking fences immense amounts of currency, and that currency was unlawfully taken from the United States Treasury by the Fed.

"England discovered the irregularities of the Fed quite early in its operations and through fear, apparently, the Fed have for years suffered themselves to be blackmailed and dragooning England to share in the business of the Fed. "The Fed have unlawfully taken many millions of dollars of the public credit of the United States and have given it to foreign sellers on the security of the Debt paper of foreign buyers in purely foreign transactions, and when the foreign buyers refused to meet their obligations and the Fed saw no honest way of getting the stolen goods back into their possession, they decided by control of the executive to make the American people pay their losses!

Conspiracy of War Debts

"They likewise entered into a conspiracy to deprive the people of the U.S. of their title to the war debts and not being able to do that in the way they intended, they are now engaged in an effort to debase the American dollar so that foreign governments will have their debts to this country cut in two, and then by means of other vicious underhanded arrangements, they propose to remit the remainder.

"So far as the U.S. is concerned, the gambling counters have no legal standing. The U.S. Treasury cannot be compelled to make good the gambling ventures of the corrupt and dishonest Fed. Still less should the bank deposits of the U.S. be used for that purpose. Still less should the national currency have been made irredeemable in gold so that the gold which was massed and stored to redeem the currency for American citizens may be used to pay the gambling debts of the Fed for England's benefit. "The American people should have their gold in their own possession where it cannot be held under secret agreement for any foreign control bank, or world bank, or foreign nation. Our own citizens have the prior claim to it. The paper [money men] have in their possession deserves redemption far more than U.S. currency and credit which was stolen from the U.S. Treasury and bootlegged abroad.

"Why should the foreigners be made preferred creditors of the bankrupt U.S.? Why should the U.S. be treated as bankrupt at all? This Government has immense sums due it from the Fed. The directors of these institutions are men of great wealth. Why should the guilty escape the consequences of their misdeeds? Why should the people of these U.S. surrender the value of their gold bank deposits to pay off the gambling debts of these bankers? Why should Roosevelt promise foreigners that the U.S. will play the part of a good neighbor, 'meeting its obligations'?

"Let the Fed meet their own obligations.

"Every member of the Fed should be compelled to disgorge, and every acceptance banker and every discount corporation which has made illegal profits by means of public credit unlawfully bootlegged out of the U.S. Treasury and hired out by the crooks and vultures of the Fed should be compelled to disgorge.

Federal Reserve Pays No Taxes

"Gambling debts due to foreign receivers of stolen goods should not be paid by sacrificing our title to our war debts, the assets of the U.S. Treasury- which belong to all the people of the U.S. and which it is our duty to preserve inviolate in the people's treasury.

"The U.S. Treasury cannot be made liable for them. The Fed currency must be redeemed by the Fed banks or else these Fed banks must be liquidated.

"We know from assertions made here by the Hon. John N. Garner, Vice-President of the U.S. that there is a condition in the [United States such] would cause American citizens, if they knew what it was, to lose all confidence in their government.

"That is a condition that Roosevelt will not have investigated. He has brought with him from Wall Street, James Warburg, the son of Paul M. Warburg. Mr. Warburg, alien born, and the son of an alien who did not become naturalized here until several years after this Warburg's birth, is a son of a former partner of Kuhn, Loeb and Co., a grandson of another partner, a nephew of a former partner, and a nephew of a present partner.

"He holds no office in our Government, but I am told that he is in daily attendance at the Treasury, and that he has private quarters there! In other words, Mr. Chairman, Kuhn, Loeb and Company now has control and occupy the U.S. Treasury.

Preferred Treatment for Foreigners

"The text of the Executive order which seems to place an embargo on shipments of gold permits the Secretary of the Treasury, a former director of the corrupt, to issue licenses at his discretion for the export of gold coin, or bullion, earmarked or held in trust for a recognized foreign government or foreign central bank for international settlement. Now, Mr. Chairman, if gold held in trust for those foreign institutions may be sent to them, I see no reason why gold held in trust for American as evidenced by their gold certificates and other currency issued by the U.S. Government should not be paid to them. "I think that American citizens should be entitled to treatment at least as good as that which the person is extending to foreign governments, foreign central banks, and the bank of International Settlements. I think a veteran of the world war, with a $20.00 gold certificate, is at least as much entitled to receive his own gold for it, as any international banker in the city of New York or London.

"By the terms of this executive order, gold may be exported if it is actually required, for the fulfillment of any contract entered into prior to the date of this order by an applicant who, in obedience to the executive order of April 5, 1933, has delivered gold coin, gold bullion, or gold certificates. "This means that gold may be exported to pay the obligations abroad of the Fed which were incurred prior to the date of the order, namely, April 20, 1933.

"If a European Bank should send 100,000,000 dollars in Fed currency to a bank in this country for redemption, that bank could easily ship gold to Europe in exchange for that currency. Such Fed currency would represent "contracts" entered into prior to the date of the order. If the Bank of International Settlements or any other foreign bank holding any of the present gambling debt paper of the Fed should draw a draft for the settlement of such obligation, gold would be shopped to them because the debt contract would have been entered into prior to the date of order.

Crimes and Criminals

"Mr. Speaker, I rise to a question of constitutional privilege.

"Whereas, I charge. . .Eugene Meyer, Roy A. Young, Edmund Platt, Eugene B. Black, Adolph Casper Miller, Charles S. Hamlin, George R. James, Andrew W. Mellon, Ogden L. Mills, William H. Woo W. Poole, J.F.T. O'Connor, members of the Federal Reserve Board; F. H. Curtis, J.H. Chane, R.L. Austin, George De Camp, L.B. Williams, W.W. Hoxton, Oscar Newton, E.M. Stevens, J.S. Wood, J.N. Payton, M.L. McClure, C.C. Walsh, Isaac B. Newton, Federal Reserve Agents, jointly and severally, with violations of the Constitution and laws of the United States, and whereas I charge them with having taken funds from the U.S Treasury which were not appropriated by the Congress of the United States, and I charge them with having unlawfully taken over $80,000,000,000 from the U.S. Government in the year 1928, the said unlawful taking consisting of the unlawful creation of claims against the U.S. Treasury to the extent of over $80,000,000,000 in the year 1928; and I charge them with similar thefts committed in 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932 and 1933, and in years previous to 1928, amounting to billions of dollars; and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally with having unlawfully created claims against the U.S. Treasury by unlawfully placing U.S. Government credit in specific amounts to the credit of foreign governments and foreign central banks of issue; private interests and commercial and private banks of the U.S. and foreign countries, and branches of foreign banks doing business in the U.S., to the extent of billions of dollars; and with having made unlawful contracts in the name of the U.S. Government and the U.S. Treasury; and with having made false entries on books of account; and

"Whereas I charge them jointly and severally, with having taken Fed Notes from the U.S. Treasury and with having put Fed Notes into circulation without obeying the mandatory provision of the Fed Act which requires the Fed Board to fix an interest rate on all issues of Fed Notes supplied to Fed Banks, the interest resulting therefrom to be paid by the Fed Banks to the government of the U.S. for the use of the Fed Notes, and I charge them of having defrauded the U.S. Government and the people of the U.S. of billions of dollars by the commission of this crime, and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having purchased U.S. Government securities with U.S. Government credit unlawfully taken and with having sold the said U.S. Government securities back to the people of the U.S. for gold or gold values and with having again purchased U.S. Government securities with U.S. Government credit unlawfully taken and with having again sold the said U.S. Government security for gold or gold values, and I charge them with having defrauded the U.S. Government and the people of the U.S. by this rotary process; and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having unlawfully negotiated U.S. Government securities, upon which the Government liability was extinguished, as collateral security for Fed Notes and with having substituted such securities for gold which was being held as collateral security for Fed Notes, and with having by the process defrauded the U.S. Government and the people of the U.S., and I charge them with the theft of all the gold and currency they obtained by this process; and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having unlawfully issued Fed currency on false, worthless and fictitious acceptances and other circulating evidence of debt, and with having made unlawful advances of Fed currency, and with having unlawfully permitted renewals of acceptances and renewals of other circulating evidences of debt, and with having permitted acceptance bankers and discount dealer corporations and other private bankers to violate the banking laws of the U.S.; and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having conspired to have evidences of debt to the extent of $1,000,000,000 artificially created at the end of February, 1933, and early in March 1933, and with having made unlawful issues and advances of Fed currency on the security of said artificially created evidences of debt for a sinister purpose, and with having assisted in the execution of said sinister purpose; and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having brought about the repudiation of the currency obligations of the Fed Banks to the people of the U.S. and with having conspired to obtain a release for the Fed Board and the Fed Banks from their contractual liability to redeem all Fed currency in gold or lawful money at the Fed Bank and with having defrauded the holders of Fed currency, and with having conspired to have the debts and losses of the Fed Board and the Fed Banks unlawfully transferred to the Government and the people of the U.S., and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having unlawfully substituted Fed currency and other irredeemable paper currency for gold in the hands of the people after the decision to repudiate the Fed currency and the national currency was made known to them, and with thus having obtained money under false pretenses; and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having brought about a repudiation of the notes of the U.S. in order that the gold value of the said currency might be given to private interests, foreign governments, foreign central banks of issues, and the Bank of International Settlements, and the people of the U.S. to be left without gold or lawful money and with no currency other that a paper currency irredeemable in gold, and I charge them with having done this for the benefit of private interests, foreign governments, foreign central banks of issue, and the bank of International Settlements; and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with conniving with the Edge Law banks, and other Edge Law institutions, accepting banks, and discount corporations, foreign central banks of issue, foreign commercial banks, foreign corporations, and foreign individuals with funds unlawfully taken from the U.S. Treasury; and I charge them with having unlawfully permitted and made possible 'new financing' for foreigners at the expense of the U.S. Treasury to the extent of billions of dollars and with having unlawfully permitted and made possible the bringing into the United States of immense quantities of foreign securities, created in foreign countries for export to the U.S. and with having unlawfully permitted the said foreign securities to be imported into the U.S. instead of gold, which was lawfully due to the U.S. on trade balances and otherwise, and with having lawfully permitted and facilitated the sale of the said foreign securities in the U.S., and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having unlawfully exported U.S. coins and currency for a sinister purpose, and with having deprived the people of the U.S. of their lawful medium of exchange, and I charge them with having arbitrarily and unlawfully reduced the amount of money and currency in circulation in the U.S. to the lowest rate per capita in the history of the Government, so that the great mass of the people have been left without a sufficient medium of exchange, and I charge them with concealment and evasion in refusing to make known the amount of U.S. money in coins and paper currency exported and the amount remaining in the U.S. as a result of which refusal the Congress of the U.S. is unable to ascertain where the U.S. coins and issues of currency are at the present time, and what amount of U.S. currency is now held abroad; and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having arbitrarily and unlawfully raised and lowered the rates of money and with having arbitrarily increased and diminished the volume of currency in circulation for the benefit of private interests at the expense of the Government and the people of the U.S. and with having unlawfully manipulated money rates, wages, salaries and property values both real and personal, in the U.S. by unlawful operations in the open discount market and by resale and repurchase agreements unsanctioned by law, and

"Whereas I charge them jointly and severally, with having brought about the decline in prices on the New York Stock Exchange and other exchanges in October, 1929, by unlawful manipulation of money rates and the volume of U.S. money and currency in circulation: by theft of funds from the U.S. Treasury by gambling in acceptances and U.S. Government securities; by service rendered to foreign and domestic speculators and politicians, and by unlawful sale of U.S. gold reserves abroad, and

"Whereas the unconstitutional inflation law imbedded in the so-called Farm Relief Act by which the Fed Banks are given permission to buy U.S. Government securities to the extent of $3,000,000,000 and to drew forth currency from the people's Treasury to the extent of $3,000,000,000 is likely to result in connivance on the part of said accused with others in the purchase by the Fed of the U.S. Government securities to the extent of $3,000,000,000 with U.S. Government's own credit unlawfully taken, it being obvious that the Fed do no not intend to pay anything of value to the U.S. Government for the said U.S. Government securities no provision for payment in gold or lawful money appearing in the so-called Farm Relief bill- and the U.S. Government will thus be placed in a position of conferring a gift of $3,000,000,000 in the U.S. Government securities on the Fed to enable them to pay more on their bad debts to foreign governments, foreign central banks of issue, private interests, and private and commercial banks, both foreign and domestic, and the Bank of International Settlements, and

"Whereas the U.S. Government will thus go into debt to the extent of $3,000,000,000 and will then have an additional claim of $3,000,000,000 in currency unlawfully created against it and whereas no private interest should be permitted to buy U.S. Government securities with the Government's own credit unlawfully taken and whereas currency should not be issued for the benefit of said private interest or any interests on U.S. Government securities so acquired, and whereas it has been publicly stated and not denied that the inflation amendment of the Farm Relief Act is the matter of benefit which was secured by Ramsey MacDonald, the Prime Minister of Great Britain, upon the occasion of his latest visit to the U.S. Treasury, and whereas there is grave danger that the accused will employ the provision creating U.S. Government securities to the extent of $3,000,000,000 and three millions in currency to be issuable thereupon for the benefit of themselves and their foreign principals, and that they will convert the currency so obtained to the uses of Great Britain by secret arrangements with the Bank of England of which they are the agents, and for which they maintain an account and perform services at the expense of the U.S. Treasury, and that they will likewise confer benefits upon the Bank of International Settlements for which they maintain an account and perform services at the expense of the U.S. Treasury; and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having concealed the insolvency of the Fed and with having failed to report the insolvency of the Fed to the Congress and with having conspired to have the said insolvent institutions continue in operation, and with having permitted the said insolvent institutions to receive U.S. Government funds and other deposits, and with having permitted them to exercise control over the gold reserves of the U.S. and with having permitted them to transfer upward of $100,000,000,000 of their debts and losses to the general public and the Government of the U.S., and with having permitted foreign debts of the Fed to be paid with the property, the savings, the wages, and the salaries of the people of the U.S. and with the farms and the homes of the American people, and whereas I charge them with forcing the bad debts of the Fed upon the general public covertly and dishonestly and and with taking the general wealth and savings of the people of the U.S. under false pretenses, to pay the debts of the Fed to foreigners; and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with violations of the Fed Act and other laws; with maladministration of the h evasions of the Fed Law and other laws; and with having unlawfully failed to report violations of law on the part of the Fed Banks which, if known, would have caused the Fed Banks to lose their charters, and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with failure to protect and maintain the gold reserves and the gold stock and gold coinage of the U.S. and with having sold the gold reserves of the U.S to foreign Governments, foreign central banks of issue, foreign commercial and private banks, and other foreign institutions and individuals at a profit to themselves, and I charge them with having sold gold reserves of the U.S. so that between 1924 and 1928 the U.S. gained no gold on net account but suffered a decline in its percentage of central gold reserves from the 45.9 percent in 1924 to 37.5 percent in 1928 notwithstanding the fact that the U.S. had a favorable balance of trade throughout that period, and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having conspired to concentrate U.S. Government securities and thus the national debt of the U.S. in the hands of foreigners and international money lenders and with having conspired to transfer to foreigners and international money lenders title to and control of the financial resources of the U.S.; and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having fictitiously paid installments on the national debt with Government credit unlawfully taken; and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with the loss of the U.S. Government funds entrusted to their care; and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having destroyed independent banks in the U.S. and with having thereby caused losses amounting to billions of dollars to the said banks, and to the general public of the U.S., and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with the failure to furnish true reports of the business operations and the true conditions of the Fed to the Congress and the people, and having furnished false and misleading reports to the congress of the U.S., and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having published false and misleading propaganda intended to deceive the American people and to cause the U.S. to lose its independence; and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with unlawfully allowing Great Britain to share in the profits of the Fed at the expense of the Government and the people of the U.S.; and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having entered into secret agreements and illegal transactions with Montague Norman, Governor of the Bank of England; and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with swindling the U.S. Treasury and the people of the U.S. in pretending to have received payment from Great Britain of the amount due on the British ware debt to the U.S. in December, 1932; and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having conspired with their foreign principals and others to defraud the U.S. Government and to prevent the people of the U.S. from receiving payment of the war debts due to the U.S. from foreign nations; and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with having robbed the U.S Government and the people of the U.S. by their theft and sale of the gold reserves of the U.S. and other unlawful transactions created a deficit in the U.S. Treasury, which has necessitated to a large extent the destruction of our national defense and the reduction of the U.S. Army and the U.S. Navy and other branches of the national defense; and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, of having reduced the U.S. from a first class power to one that is dependent, and with having reduced the U.S. from a rich and powerful nation to one that is internationally poor; and

"Whereas I charge them, jointly and severally, with the crime of having treasonable conspired and acted against the peace and security of the U.S. and with having treasonable conspired to destroy constitutional Government in the U.S.

"Resolve, That the Committee on the Judiciary is authorized and directed as a whole or by subcommittee, to investigate the official conduct of the Fed agents to determine whether, in the opinion of the said committee, they have been guilty of any high crime or misdemeanor which in the contemplation the Constitution requires the interposition of the Constitutional powers of the House. Such Committee shall report its finding to the House, together with such resolution or resolutions of impeachment or other recommendations as it deems proper.

"For the purpose of this resolution the Committee is authorized to sit and act during the present Congress at such times and places in the District of Columbia or elsewhere, whether or not the House is sitting, has recessed or has adjourned, to hold such clerical, stenographic, and other assistants, to require of such witnesses and the production of such books, papers, and documents, to take such testimony, to have such printing and binding done, and to make such expenditures as it deems necessary."

After some discussion and upon the motion of Mr. Byrns, the resolution and charge was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.

"Attacks on McFadden's Life Reported"

Commenting on Former Congressman Louis T. McFaddens's "heart-failure sudden-death" on Oct. 3, 1936, after a "dose" of "intestinal flu," "Pelley's Weekly" of Oct. 14 said:
Now that this sterling American patriot has made the Passing, it can be revealed that not long after his public utterance against the encroaching powers of Judah, it became known among his intimates that he had suffered two attacks against his life. The first attack came in the form of two revolver shots fired at him from ambush as he was alighting from a cab in front of one of the Capital hotels. Fortunately both shots missed him, the bullets burying themselves in the structure of the cab.




"He became violently ill after partaking of food at a political banquet at Washington. His life was only saved from what was subsequently announced as a poisoning by the presence of a physician friend at the banquet, who at once procured a stomach pump and subjected the Congressman to emergency treatment."
/s/ Robert Edward Edmondson (Publicist-Economist)

The Constitution of the Republic of the United States of America

Section. 8.
Clause 1: The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;
Clause 5: To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures;

 

"Money is the barometer of a society's virtue. When you see that trading is done, not by consent, but by compulsion - when you see that in order to produce, you need to obtain permission from men who produce nothing - when you see that money is flowing to those that deal, not in goods, but in favors - when you see that men get richer by graft and pull than by work, and your laws don't protect you against them, but protect them against you - when you see corruption being rewarded and honesty becoming self-sacrifice - you may know that your society is doomed."
 
 

-- Ayn Rand (from "Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal")

______

Federal Judge Warns US
Attorney That Tax Protester
Will Be Allowed to Present Evidence

From Steven Swan
stevenswan@earthlink.net
11-4-3

MANCHESTER, NH -- From 1996 through 2002, Steven Swan of Manchester, New Hampshire was a follower and promoter of nationally-known income tax protester Irwin Schiff of Las Vegas, Nevada. Schiff believes that there is no law making the federal income tax mandatory; that anyone can legally stop paying it; and that the Internal Revenue Code was purposely written in a confusing manner so as to obscure these facts. Schiff estimates that up to 1 million Americans have stopped paying income taxes based upon his theories.
 
Up until 2002, Swan conducted his own tax seminars and did everything he could think of to disseminate Schiff's income tax theories to others. Then in Jaunuary of that year, IRS Special Agents executed a search warrant at Swan's home and office and informed him that he was the target of a criminal investigation for alleged violations of the internal revenue laws. In March of 2003, Swan was indicted on 18 felony counts of these alleged violations. Swan pleaded "not guilty" to all charges and is defending himself in federal court. His trial is scheduled to commence on February 3, 2004 in the U.S. District Court at Concord, New Hampshire.
 
At a motion hearing a couple of weeks ago, Swan informed Chief U.S. District Judge Paul J. Barbadoro that he was not attempting to suppress any of the Government's evidence against him; that he was even providing the Government with more evidence that the IRS agents had missed when they searched his house (in order to be able to use it in his defense at trial), such as copies of radio and television interviews of Swan, video-tapes of other tax seminars that he had conducted; legal research which Swan has conducted over the years; etc.; and that Swan was probably going to stipulate or admit to most of the evidence that the Government was going to present at trial.
 
Swan is charged with intentionally violating the internal revenue laws and assisting others in intentionally violating the internal revenue laws. Swan told the judge that he is going to argue at trial that he is not guilty of intentionally violating the internal revenue laws because, as a follower and promoter of the income tax theories of Irwin Schiff, he never believed that there were any laws making the federal income tax mandatory in the first place and that he has a tremendous amount of evidence and many witnesses who can vouch for that fact.
 
Swan told the judge that the Government is going to be arguing at trial that Swan had intentionally violated the internal revenue laws, whereas Swan is going to be offering a tremendous amount of evidence proving that he never believed that the federal income tax was mandatory in the first place and that he is, therefore, not guilty of committing any crimes.
 
The judge then informed the U.S. Attorney that in cases such as this, where the issue is whether or not the defendant had intentionally violated the law, that he was going to allow Swan to present much of the evidence he wants to present and that he is going to allow Swan to call many of the witnesses he wants to call.
 
For more information, Swan can be contacted at (603) 622-3236; by e-mail at <mailto:stevenswan@earthlink.net>stevenswan@earthlink.net; and by regular mail at P.O. Box 453, Auburn, NH 03032. Swan's case can be followed docket entry by docket entry at <http://www.stevenswan.com>www.stevenswan.com.

The Last Deception

Section 2

  section 3   

section 4 

  section 5  

section 6  

section 7 

  section 8 

section  9     

section 10  

section 11  

section 12  

section 13 

section 14 "The Protocols of the Illuminated Elders of Tzion"

  section 15 

      section 16 "The Beast Has Risen" 

 section 16-B

 section 17  

  section 17-B  

  section 17-C   

section 17-D

  section 18    

section 18-B

section 19    

section 19-B

section 20  

 section 20-B 

  section 20-C 

  section 20-D 

  section 20-E

section 21 

  section 22  

section 23

section 24

section 25

Daniel's Seventy Weeks

Was Peter a Jew?

The Two Witnesses

"The Whore of Babylon"

Mystery Babylon

 Are the " Ael-ians coming"

Ael-ians II

Wall Street " The Mark" is Here

Wall Street II

Wall Street III

It has happened "War Declared upon and in America"

Declared section Part II

"Questions"

"All you ever need to know about their god and Qabalah"

Qabalah Part II

Qabalah Part III

National Identification Card

Prophecy Unfolding

A Sincere Request to  "Rapture" Teachers

"Seventh Trumpet"

Compulsory Constitutional Cremation

Homeland Security, "The Police State"

"The Fourth Beast"

The Babylonian Talmudic Mystical Qabalah

The Scribes of Baal

How will they do it- " The false-christ"

False Christ Part II

The Word

Baal's food Tax

"The Changing of the Guards"

"Summation" The beginning of sorrows has begun

"Moshiach ben Lucifer"

Satan's Tales "Wagging the Global Dog"

"Satan's Plan", Protocols of Zion ( of course they will dispute it's authenticity)

I Witch, New One World Order Seal

Satan's Enforcers of Quaballah

Satan's Enforcers Part 2

Satan's Enforcers Part 3

Satan's Enforcers Part 4

The Seed of God or the Seed of Satan, Your choice by faith

Pledge of Allegiance Part Two

I AM, the Revelation of Jesus Christ

King of the Noachides

"Beware the Mark"

"Beware the Mark" part two

"Beware the Mark" Part 3

"Beware the Mark" Part Four

"Beware the Mark" Part Five

 Harvest of Fear

"Harvest of Fear" Part Two

"Harvest of Fear" Part Three

National Organization Against Hasidic International Talmudic Enforcement

Where's Da Plane Boss, wheres da plane?

The Tarot Card Killer of Olam Ha Ba

The "Lessor Jew"

Temporary Coup d' Etat

The Federal Reserve, Fed up with the Fed?

The Protocols Today. Dispute this, Liars !

Protocols Today Part Two

Letter to a friend "It's not the Jews Dummy"

Identity of the Illuminati

The "Son's of the Synagogue of Satan"Chabad Lubavitch

Chabad Satan Part 1A

Chabad Satan Part 2

Chabad Satan Part 2A

Chabad Satan Part 2B

Chabad Satan Part 3

Chabad Satan Part 3A

Chabad Satan Part 4

Chabad Satan Part 4A

Chabad Satan Part 4B

Chabad Satan Part 4C

Chabad Satan Part 5

Chabad satan Part 5A

Chabad Satan Part 5B

Chabad Satan Part 5C

Chabad Satan Part 6

Chabad Satan Part 6B

Chabad Satan Part 6C

Chabad Satan Part 6D

Chabad Satan Part 7

Chabad Satan Part 7A

Chabad Satan Part 7B

Chabad Satan Part 7C

Chabad Satan Part 8

Chabad Satan Part 8A

Chabad Satan Part 8B

Chabad Satan Part 8C

Chabad Satan Part 8D

Chabad Satan Part 9

Chabad Satan Part 9A

Chabad Satan Part 9B

Chabad Satan Part 9C

Chabad Satan Part 9D

Chabad Satan Part 10

Chabad Satan Part 10A

Chabad Satan Part 10B

Chabad Satan Part 10C

Chabad Satan Part 10D

The Chabad Satan Wall of Destruction

Chabad Wall Part 2

Chabad Wall Part 3

Chabad Wall Part 4

The Chabad Phoenix is Rising

Columbia "The Queen of Heaven"

Patriot Akt II, Comrad 

The Infiltration of the leaven "Jerusalem Council"

Satan's One World Religion

OWR Part 2

OWR Part 3

OWR Part 4

One World Religion Part 5

One World Religion Part 6

One World Religion Part 7  

Re the god of Talmud Bavli

Perpetual Purim

"The Raiser of Taxes"

Jewish Persecution

Obedient Ishmael Kislev 19, 5764

The Final Nazi

Nazi Part 2

Nazi Part 3

Nazi Part 4

The Lord of the Ring, the Return of the Talmudic king

Changing the Time and the Laws

anti-semitism?

Who murdered Jesus the Christ

"Replacement Theology" of Judaic Talmudism

Eating Rainbow Stew with a Silver Spoon, underneath a Noahide Sky

the gods

"The Two Whores"

Noahide News

Noahide News 2

infosam@bellsouth.net