Latest Bin Laden Tape:
Another of the NeoCons' "Greatest Hits"
Experts already begin to come forward with revelations
that Latest tape just another CIA fake
Watson | January 20 2006
Spying? Torture? Illegal airstrikes? SHUT UP
and hate Bin Laden.
The NeoCon use of Osama Bin Laden as a tool
of fear and control is a tried and tested method whenever the going gets tough.
It's predictable and it's tiresome, but the masses buy it every time and that's
why he has reappeared once again.
Just as the NSA spying tidal wave gathers
increasing momentum, as the media demand more answers on rendition and torture
and days after the bizarre airstrike on innocent women and children in Pakistan,
we all magically get a timely reminder of just why the government is spying on
its own citizens and torturing and killing anyone it likes anywhere in the
Just like Orwell's ubiquitous Emmanuel
Goldstein, Bin Laden always seems to pop up right on cue so we can disengage
our minds from reality and join in the two
We are reliably informed by the mainstream
media that this is because he is a very clever man and has
an impeccable sense of timing. Yet if this is the case, why can he not
work out that EVERYTIME he has released a video or a tape it has HELPED Bush and
the NeoCon agenda tenfold?
Even the BBC lays this out in the open with
the headline Bin
Laden threats may boost Bush:
The commander-in-chief has been under
intense pressure in recent weeks, accused of trampling on civil liberties in
pursuit of terror suspects. His defence has been that America is a nation at
war. So Bin Laden's latest threats to launch new attacks on the US will only
serve to underline this argument.
The White House will also cite the tape when trying
to convince allies abroad that the use of tough tactics is justified - even when
civilians are killed, as in last week's air raid in Pakistan.
That just says it all really.
Bin Laden was created by US intelligence , worked with US
intelligence in the late 70s and 80s, was used as a patsy by US intelligence
before and after 911 and is now being used as a manipulative tool of fear by the
criminal elite faction currently in power in the US.
The last time Bin Laden appeared was October 2004,
days before the election.
The same headline "Boost
for Bush" appeared and some, including Walter
Conkite went as far as to suggest that the whole thing
was manufactured by Karl rove in order to secure the election for Bush.
The Tehran Times suggested that Bin
Laden was "dancing
to Bush’s tune" and a "premeditated
plan devised by Bush administration neoconservatives is unfolding".
The report also noted that the CIA immediately confirmed the tape to be the
voice of Bin Laden, something they had never previously done. They have also
done this this time around too.
Bin Laden personally criticized Bush's reaction on the
day of 911, a move that undoubtedly instilled a rejuvenated support for the
President amongst the American sheeple.
If Bin Laden is so clever and so calculated and
determined to justify himself to the American people, why can he not fathom that
a personal attack could only ever help Bush? I thought it was common knowledge
that you always steer clear of personal attacks in debates and arguments.
Bush immediately took a
six point lead and subsequently won the election.
Of course, we shouldn't find it
surprising that Bin Laden consistently helps Bush, after all it was the Bush
Administration that allowed
all members of the Bin Laden family to fly out of America immediately after
911 whilst all other air traffic was grounded.
It was Bush himself who signed document W199I,
ordering the FBI to back off investigating the Bin Ladens before 911.
It was George W Bush who went
into business with Bin laden's brother in the 1970s.
It is George W Bush's father who is STILL DOING business
with the Bin Ladens via
the Carlyle Group, an international consulting firm.
FBI Special agent
Robert Wright broke down when testifying that he had been gagged and could
not reveal the true extent of what he knew about the Bush-Bin Laden connection
and 911. his lawyer stepped up and said live on C-Span that "The Bush
Family vacations with the Bin Ladens".
The ties run deep and all lead to money,
huge amounts of money. This is how the Bushes do business, this is how they have
always done business, they own the best
enemies money can buy.
Previous to the 2004 election, Bin Laden surfaced on a
video on the eve of the two year anniversary of 911. Once again impeccable
timing to deliver a video, given that he was reported to be hiding in the
mountains of Pakistan.
However, the video was quickly recognized by experts as
simply a re-hash of
old material cobbled together quickly and so amateurish that it could not
have fooled anyone.
Previous to the beginning of the Iraq war, Bin Laden
appeared in February 2003 on an audio tape that was touted
as proof positive of Al Qaeda links with Saddam Hussein.
In another amazing timing coincidence, the tape came
barely a week after Colin Powell's attempts to link Al Qaeda and Saddam in his
botched presentation of lies and exaggerations before the UN Security Council.
In an even more bizarre twist, just hours before the tape
was found and aired by AlJazeera, Colin Powell announced in the US Senate that a
“Bin Laden tape is coming proving Iraq’s links with
How does Colin Powell know what
AlJazeera are going to broadcast before they do?
The tape voiced support for Iraq, but did not prove any
link between al-Qaeda and the Iraqi leadership. It was described as dubious at
best and at worst as an outright fake.
Previous to this tape a poor quality release in November
2002, deemed to be completely authentic by US Experts, was determined to be a total
fake by the Dalle Molle Institute for Perceptual Artificial Intelligence in
This time Bin Laden was said to be admitting to recent
small scale terror attacks. Yet the voice on the tape was different to around
twenty previous recordings of Bin Laden.
And of course, then there is the all time classic Bin
Laden video, the number one hit from december 2001. The one we like to call the
"Fat nosed" Bin Laden video.
This one was magically found
in a house in Jalalabad after anti-Taliban forces moved in. It featured a
fat Osama laughing and joking about how he'd carried out 9/11. The video was
in order to manipulate viewer opinion and featured "Bin Laden"
praising two of the hijackers, only he got their names wrong.
This Osama also uses the wrong hand to write with and
wears gold rings, a practice totally in opposition to the Muslim faith.
Despite the fact that the man in the video looks nothing
like Bin Laden, the CIA stood by the video whilst many have declared it an
And so we come back to this week's tape, Osama's
"latest release". Already experts are coming forward to suggest that
yet again this is a fake that has been put out at a very convenient time to
divert attention away from important events.
Bruce Lawrence has described the tape as "like a voice from the
He thinks bin Laden is dead and has doubts about the
tape. Lawrence recently analyzed more than 20 complete speeches and interviews
of the al Qaida leader for his book. He says the new message is missing several
We have previously highlighted the evidence to suggest
that Bin Laden is
dead. More and more experts are now coming forward with the same opinion.
Every time a new tape is released it seems to become shorter and more vague as
if whoever is making them is running out of material to work with .
If it is conceivable that there is one group of
fundamentalist individuals who wish to change the way we live because "they
hate our freedom", then it is equally as conceivable that there is another
group of richer, more sophisticated fundamentalists that wish to do the same
thing themselves and will use the first group as a cover for what they do.
They have groomed Bin Laden for their own ends and will
continue to use his image (whether he is dead or not) until they no longer have
a cause to, this is simply another example of his usefulness in the fake war on
Even More Hassidic Education and Shearing Day
Bush's Fowl Play
by Jeffrey Tucker
[Posted on Wednesday,
November 09, 2005]
[Subscribe at email services
and tell others]
a classic case of News of the Weird, President Bush gave a press
conference the other day to announce yet another central plan to deal
with yet another disaster — this time an impending disaster, or so he claimed.
It seems that some birds are catching a flu called Avian Influenza or, more
commonly, the bird flu. It causes ruffled feathers and a drop in egg production.
It can kill a chicken in two days flat. Scary.
The Chicken Littles at the White House got wind of this and decided to hatch
a plan for dealing with the eventuality that it will wipe out whole cities
inhabited by people. That's people, not birds. He wants
$7.1 billion from you and me, in emergency funding no less, to protect us from
the wrath of this disease, which, he says, could sweep the country and kill 1.9
million people and hospitalize another 9.9 million. Part of the money
will go for "pandemic preparedness," and part will go to individual
states so they can cobble together their own plans for our health and well
As part of this plan, there is a website, pandemicflu.gov,
which is also a helpful link if you haven't so far believed a word you have
read. Here you can click around and find the Mother of All Flu Reports: The
National Strategy for Pandemic Influenza. Be assured that "the federal
government will use all instruments of national power to address the pandemic
threat." That includes FEMA, the Department of Homeland Security, and a
hundred other concrete palaces in DC.
In this report you will find what you must do: be "prepared to follow
public health guidance that may include limitation of attendance at public
gatherings and non-essential travel for several days or weeks." The
government, meanwhile, will establish "contingency systems to maintain
delivery of essential goods and services during times of significant and
sustained worker absenteeism."
Yes, we are really supposed to believe that the government will
"maintain delivery" of "essential goods and services." Your
job is to sit in your house and wait. Let's just say that government has a
credibility problem here.
Also, the Bush administration has a role for the military to do for the flu
what it did for terrorism in Iraq: "Determine the spectrum of public
health, medical and veterinary surge capacity activities that the U.S. military
and other government entities may be able to support during a pandemic."
Remarkable what the military can do, from spreading democracy to liberating the
oppressed to curing the sick — that is, when it is not making people sick or
killing them for their own good.
Just to show that this isn't merely a perfunctory line, Bush went out of his
way to defend the role of the military in his press conference. "One option
is the use of a military that's able to plan and move," he said. "So
that's why I put it on the table. I think it's an important debate for Congress
Now, should this mass-death come about, our future would be rife with many
uncertainties. But one thing we can know for sure: any attempt by government to
manage the crisis will add calamity to disaster. It will be 9-11 plus New
Orleans plus a few other amazing failures all rolled into one.
And the worst part of government failure will present itself: rather than
make a mess of its own responsibilities, the government acts to prevent people
from doing what they should be doing to deal with the crisis. "Stop in the
name of the law" isn't just a slogan from cop shows; it is the sum total of
everything the government does.
The Bush administration, however — which is supposedly staffed by people
learned in the wisdom of classical- conservative thought and informed by
revelation from America's traditional religious heritage — is just darn sure
that the government is the best and only means to handle a crisis such as this.
A dazzling display of absurdity and chutzpah — that's what the
Bush press conference on the flu was. Even if the flu does come, and taxpayers
have coughed up, the government will surely have a ball imposing travel
restrictions, shutting down schools and businesses, quarantining cities, and
banning public gatherings.
It's a bureaucrat's dream! Whether it will make us well again is another
matter. And why should individuals on their own have no incentive to deal with
disease? Why should the private sector have no reason to make cures available if
they exist? Why are we to believe that the government would somehow do a better
job at this level of crisis management than the private sector?
None of these questions have been asked much less answered.
So I'm reading along in The New York Times, and it casually says
this: "This bird flu has infected about 120 people and killed 60. But the
virus has yet to pass easily among humans, as is necessary to create a pandemic.
Experts debate whether it ever will, but most believe that a pandemic flu is
Well, as Roderick Long often says about such contingencies, anything can
happen. Men from Mars could land in capsules and plant red weed all over the
world. The question we need to ask is how likely is it and who or what should
address the problem should it arise.
The World Health Organization provides a link
to data about human infection. It says the following: "Although avian
influenza A viruses usually do not infect humans, several instances of human
infections have been reported since 1997."
So we've gone from hundreds of infections to "several." And when
you look at the specifics, most were not human-to-human infections but
people in closer contact with sick birds than most anyone ever is. And even
among them, most patients recovered. For example: "A (H9N2) infection was
confirmed in a child in Hong Kong. The child was hospitalized and
recovered." In another case in Canada, infections resulted in "eye
infections." Among those who did die, it was not a clear case of Avian,
though the site offers the following odd phrasing: "the possibility of
person-to-person transmission could not be ruled out."
For this, we get a presidential news conference? As far as I can tell, the
prospect of millions dying from bird flu is pretty remote. If it does
happen—and anything canhappen—why must government be involved at
all? Economists might invoke a public-goods rationale: pandemic disease
protection is a service that can be consumed by additional consumers at no
additional cost and the beneficiaries cannot be excluded from the good once
produced, and thus this service will not be produced in sufficient quantity in
the private sector.
The point is so far flung that it makes a case for Randall Holcombe's theory
of the theory of public goods: "it is in the best interest of the those
who run the government to promote public goods theory" and so the best way
to understand the theory is as a justification for the legitimacy of the
programs the government wants for itself. It is a tool the government uses for
its own benefit.
What about the private-sector alternative? It will manage it
as well as can be expected. The price of vaccines will rise and draw more
producers into the market. Businesses will establish their own rules about who
can come and go. Private charities will deal with sickness. It isn't a perfect
solution but it is an improvement on dispatching the Marines or having the
government provide "essential goods and services."
What's more, the problem of the bird flu isn't even news, since the incidents
of human infection are several years old. Why does the Bush administration
choose right now to make such a big showing of its preparations for mass death
Could it be that it is running out of other pretexts for expanding power?
Terrorism is getting boring, floods come only rarely, communism is long gone,
the China "threat" is no longer selling, the Middle East is dull,
Global Warming is just too silly, and people have gone back to ignoring most
anything that comes out of Washington. Meanwhile, the regime is desperate to be
liked again, and forever relive its salad days after 9-11.
That still leaves the question of why so many public health officials seem so
hopped up about the bird flu, even though the data doesn't come anywhere near
supporting their frenzy. The answer is buried somewhere in those gargantuan
budget numbers. Someone somewhere is going to get that $8 billion, and it is not
going to be you or me.
What's remarkable is how little comment the bird flu plan provoked. We seem to
have reached the stage in American public opinion where hysterical frenzies by
government and totalitarian plans to take away all liberties are treated as just
another day. We see the president telling us to fork over billions, and we turn
the channel. Was it this way in the old Soviet Union or East Germany when the
state newscasts went on every night about the march of socialism? Has crisis
management become the great white noise of American life?
It is a serious matter when the government purports to plan to abolish all
liberty and nationalize all economic life and put every business under the
control of the military, especially in the name of a bug that seems largely
restricted to the bird population. Perhaps we should pay more attention. Perhaps
such plans for the total state ought to even ruffle our feathers a bit.
Jeffrey Tucker is editor of Mises.org. email@example.com. Comment
on the blog.
You can receive the Mises Daily Article in your inbox. Go
here to subscribe or unsubscribe.
1/17/2006 4:58:00 PM
To: National Desk
Contact: Trevor Fitzgibbon, 212-584-5000 ext. 210; or Jessica Smith,
202-822-5200 ext. 234
WASHINGTON, Jan. 17 /U.S. Newswire/ -- Following is a statement by former
Vice President Al Gore:
"The Administration's response to my speech illustrates perfectly the
need for a special counsel to review the legality of the NSA wiretapping
program. The Attorney General is making a political defense of the President
without even addressing the substantive legal questions that have so troubled
millions of Americans in both political parties.
"There are two problems with the Attorney General's effort to focus
attention on the past instead of the present Administration's behavior. First,
as others have thoroughly documented, his charges are factually wrong. Both
before and after the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act was amended in 1995,
the Clinton/Gore Administration complied fully and completely with the terms of
"Second, the Attorney General's attempt to cite a previous
administration's activity as precedent for theirs -- even though factually wrong
-- ironically demonstrates another reason why we must be so vigilant about their
brazen disregard for the law. If unchecked, their behavior would serve as a
precedent to encourage future presidents to claim these same powers, which many
legal experts in both parties believe are clearly illegal.
"The issue, simply put, is that for more than four years, the executive
branch has been wiretapping many thousands of American citizens without warrants
in direct contradiction of American law. It is clearly wrong and disrespectful
to the American people to allow a close political associate of the president to
be in charge of reviewing serious charges against him.
"The country needs a full and independent investigation into the facts
and legality of the present Administration's program."
Photo: O. Litzman
Chabad Representatives Gather at West Coast Convention
LOS ANGELES, CA, — Wednesday, January 18, 2006
More than 170 Chabad rabbis and emissaries of the Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi
Menachem M. Schneerson, of blessed memory, gathered in Long Beach, California
over the last two days for the annual West Coast Chabad Lubavitch Convention of
Shluchim. The convention provided a forum for speakers and workshops, as well as
a platform to launch initiatives to help Chabad representatives serve their
The convention’s central initiative was the official announcement of Camp Gan
Israel Running Springs, a new Jewish overnight camp located n Chabad’s Kiryas
Schneerson mountaintop campus. Set
on 70 acres inside the spectacular S. Bernardino National Forest, the
state-of-the-art camp will open this summer, with separate sessions for boys and
girls. CGI Running Springs will focus on children who may not have had prior
access to a Jewish education, and will also welcome those already attending
Chabad Hebrew schools and programs.
Another initiative was the introduction of “The Rebbe’s Gelt,” a program
designed to help Chabad emissaries meet their personal financial needs while
they tend to the needs of others. Funded by West Coast Chabad Lubavitch as well
as voluntary contributions from Chabad representatives, this new program will
provide grants and loans to those rabbis who need short-term financial aid.
Chabad also announced its plan to organize the first annual Woman’s Convention
of Shluchos on the West Coast. Soon, the women who play such a vital role in
Chabad’s community efforts on the West Coast will enjoy their own convention
where they can share ideas, hear motivational peakers, and attend workshops. The
event is tentatively scheduled for early May.
Another program, which was unveiled during a workshop on marketing Chabad’s
mission, is the establishment of a communication and outreach department that
will help local representatives effectively present their activities to the
public and reach a broader audience.
West Coast Chabad Lubavitch Convention of Shluchim was held on January 15 and 16
at the Renaissance Long Beach Hotel and the Hebrew Academy in Huntington Beach.
The highlight of the event was a gala dinner featuring several prominent
speakers, including Rabbi Boruch Shlomo Cunin, Director of West Coast Chabad
Lubavitch; Rabbi Cunin addressed the group shortly after his return from Chabad’s
Bolshoya Bronnaya headquarters and synagogue in Moscow, site of a recent
anti-Semitic attack. Syndicated radio commentator and Chabad Telethon host
Dennis Prager also spoke to the crowd, as did noted speaker and author, Rabbi
Blasphemy and Theft, Fleecing apostate "Amaraka" at every turn
JEWISH COMMUNAL LIFE
Kazakhstan is the second-largest successor state,
after Russia, occupying 12 percent of the former Soviet Union. It is nearly
four-times the size of Texas and borders Russia,
China, the Kyrgyz Republic, Uzbekistan,
Turkmenistan, and the
Caspian Sea. Long dominated by the Mongols, the lands comprising Kazakhstan were
annexed by Russia in the 18th century; in 1920, the area was
incorporated into the Soviet Union. At independence in 1991, Kazakhstan had an
equal population of ethnic Kazakhs and ethnic Russians – a legacy of
Stalin’s policies of deportation and collectivization along with later Soviet
population resettlement. Since independence, many ethnic Russians have returned
to Russia, and many Kazakhs have repatriated from other regions of the former
Soviet Union and beyond, giving ethnic Kazakhs a majority. Thousands of Chechens
deported to Kazakhstan in the 1940s remained in the country, and thousands more
arrived in the mid- to late-1990s, fleeing their war-torn homeland.
The Kazakh constitution
establishes a bicameral 114-member parliament,
a judiciary, and an executive branch headed by a popularly elected President.
The constitution and subsequent presidential decrees concentrate power in the
President, and virtually no power is granted to the legislature, the judiciary,
or local governments. The last legislative elections were held in October 1999;
according to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE),
the elections – while showing improvement – were deeply
flawed. The lack of an independent judiciary has made it extremely difficult
to deal with pervasive official corruption.
Kazakhstan’s mix of ethnic groups shares no unifying national identity. Ethnic
Kazakhs form the majority in the agricultural south, while Russians are
concentrated in the northern industrial areas. After independence, ethnic
tensions in Kazakhstan – over the native population’s feelings of
subjugation by Russians and other “foreigners” – erupted into violent
clashes, as in other Central Asian states. In Soviet-era Kazakhstan, the large
Russian population had enjoyed more favorable treatment than the ethnic Kazakhs,
but since independence the situation has reversed, with the government often
discriminating in favor of ethnic Kazakhs – granting automatic citizenship to
repatriated Kazakhs and requiring Kazakh language proficiency for government
return to headings
President Nursultan Nazarbayev was originally elected in December 1991, but
since December 1995 the President and Cabinet of Ministers have governed the
country by decree. A referendum allowed Nazarbayev to bypass elections in 1996,
and in January 1999 he won 80 percent of the vote in a hastily rescheduled
election that the OSCE declared non-democratic and below international
standards. The next presidential election is scheduled for 2006.
In December 1997, the capital of Kazakhstan was transferred north from Almaty to
Astana, a move apparently
intended to strengthen Kazakh control of the Russian-populated north and to
distance the capital from the Chinese border.
The Kazakh government discourages independent political activity, and freedom of
association and assembly is hindered by state regulations. Freedom of the press,
in theory assured by the constitution, is not protected, and security services
such as the KNB (Committee for National Security) routinely commit human rights
abuses. The government permits some peaceful demonstration, but opposition
leaders have been frequently harassed and imprisoned. The Kazakh government’s
recent crackdown on independent media outlets has reinforced these claims.
For the most part, religious activity is not restricted, and the government
often invites the national leaders of the two largest Kazakh religions – Islam
and Russian Orthodoxy – to participate jointly in state events. On occasion,
the government has acted against Islamic and Christian groups it claims are
return to headings
Kazakhstan is on reasonably good terms with its neighbors, though its past
relationship with Russia has been rocked by disputes ranging from the treatment
of Kazakhstan’s ethnic Russians, to Russian rental of the Baykonur Cosmodrome
for rocket launches, to pipeline routes for Kazakh oil. Border disputes with
neighboring Uzbekistan have been peacefully resolved. Drought has triggered
disputes over water rights among all the Central Asian nations. Kazakhstan is a
member of NATO’s Partnership
In September 2001, the Shanghai Cooperation group (China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz
Republic, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan) signed a memorandum on increasing
cooperation in economic policy, foreign trade and investment, and made a joint
statement pledging cooperation in the war against terror.
In June 2002, 15 countries established the Conference on Interaction and
Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA)
in Almaty. President Nazarbayev had lobbied strongly for the creation of CICA as
a forum, similar to the OSCE, to defuse tensions and resolve conflicts. The CICA
founding document is the Almaty
Act. The CICA “Declaration
on Eliminating Terrorism and Promoting Dialogue Among Civilizations”
commits member states to cooperation in the war on terror.
In February 2003, the Kazakh government hosted the International Conference on
Peace and Harmony, which brought together Central Asian and Caspian leadership,
and representatives of Jewish and Muslim groups from many nations, to promote
interfaith tolerance and condemn terrorism and extremism. A follow-up conference
in September 2003 brought political and religious delegations from all regions
of the world, including the United States.
return to headings
Kazakhstan enjoys good relations with Israel. Diplomatic ties were established
in 1992, and both countries have reciprocal embassies. Israel’s
Center for International Cooperation, MASHAV,
has partnered with the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)
to develop Kazakh agriculture and microenterprise. The current MASHAV/USAID
five-year Aral Sea project supplements MASHAV’s three agribusiness training
centers in Kazakhstan. in Kazakhstan.
President Nazarbayev and Jewish
leaders visiting Israel
In April 2000, President Nazarbayev led a Kazakh delegation on his second
official visit to Israel. Focusing on bilateral economic ties, the two countries
agreed to establish a joint committee to promote cooperation, including a
customs agreement. 3,000 trees were planted in the Jerusalem vicinity in honor
of President Nazarbayev’s visit.
Fadder why are there not more trees from the righteous
shabbos goyim, child to rib-eye eikstein of the TBN Fame
Numerous Israeli companies are involved in projects in Kazakhstan, and by early
2001 Israeli investments exceeded $270 million. Israel has participated in CICA,
including the 2002 Summit where it signed the Almaty Act. The Israel-Kazakhstan
Parliamentary Friendship League had 20 parliamentary members in 1999. Kazakhstan
was among those countries interceding on behalf of 13 Jews who were put on trial
in Iran in 2001.
return to headings
Kazakhstan has major reserves of copper, chromium, magnesium, titanium, zinc,
and massive hydrocarbon reserves. It was a major exporter of raw materials and
industrial goods during the Soviet era and these continue to be a major source
of revenue. The breakup of the Soviet Union and elimination of demand for Kazakh
products led to an economic collapse that persisted until 1997. Accelerated
privatization and economic reform in 1995-97, supported by
the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World
Bank, (Woflofnowitz) halted the
slide and the Kazakh economy is now growing. In June 2003, Kazakhstan passed
legislation allowing private ownership of land.
Since independence from Soviet rule, Kazakhstan has received approximately $13
billion in foreign investment in its oil and natural gas industries. The oil
industry currently accounts for approximately 30 percent of Kazakhstan's
government budget, and oil accounts for half of Kazakhstan's exports.
Kazakhstan’s proven petroleum reserves are estimated at 5.4 billion barrels of
oil, and its potential reserves at 30-50 billion barrels. According to Kazakh
officials, the offshore Kashagan field alone may contain up to 50 billion
barrels of oil. Kazakhstan also has proven reserves of 65 trillion cubic feet of
Relations with Russia are
especially close. Kazakhstan is dependent on the use of Russian pipelines to
export oil, and Russia is Kazakhstan’s largest trading partner. In March 2001,
Kazakhstan opened a new pipeline that leads from the Tenghiz oil field through
Russian territory to the Black Sea port of Novorossisk. This is the first
pipeline to connect Caspian oil reserves to international markets, and is
expected to generate substantial revenue for Kazakhstan.
In January 2004, Russian President Vladimir
Putin visited Kazakhstan, signing an agreement to extend the rental of the
Baikonur Cosmodrome until 2050, at a rate of $115 million per year.
Baikonur is the site for 70 percent of Russian space launches.
|1975 Soyuz lift-off:
Russia continues to launch space flights from Kazakhstan's Baykonur
As one of the Caspian Sea's five littoral states (along with Azerbaijan,
Iran, Russia, and Turkmenistan)
Kazakhstan has been involved in longstanding disputes over control of potential
Caspian Sea oil reserves. In May 2002, Russia and Kazakhstan signed an agreement
dividing several northern Caspian oil fields on an equal basis. Despite many
similar bilateral and tri-lateral accords, many questions of ownership among the
five nations remain unresolved.
Kazakhstan joined Belarus, Russia and Ukraine in February 2002 in a tentative
agreement to create a common economic space. Russia hopes to achieve consensus
on the final framework by late-2003.
While Kazakhstan has enacted significant economic reforms, restructuring remains
to be done. In December 1999, the IMF approved a three-year, $453 million loan
to Kazakhstan to assist in macroeconomic stabilization, and in August 2003 the
IMF closed its offices in Almaty, citing Kazakhstan’s economic progress, and
urging government assistance for health care, education, and other social
programs. The World Bank has approved over $1.8 billion in loans and aid for
various economic projects since 1993. The European Bank for Reconstruction and
Development has contributed over $449 million in aid during the last decade. The
Asian Development Bank and other non-governmental organizations are active in
economic and political projects as well. In December 2001, Kazakhstan’s
largest bank, Kazcommertsbank, secured a $100 million loan, the largest in the
country’s history. Kazakhstan’s success in obtaining the loan, arranged by Deutsche
Bank AG London and backed by 22 investors, is seen by some as an
encouraging sign of confidence in Kazakhstan’s suitability for foreign
Despite economic progress, ecological devastation in Kazakhstan is widespread
and a serious threat to further national development. The Kazakh government
faces the prospect of a massive environmental cleanup to deal with disasters
left over from Soviet-era nuclear weapons tests, unsuccessful agricultural
projects, and almost-nonexistent industrial pollution controls. The Aral Sea, a
principal source of irrigation and drinking water, has shrunk dramatically,
posing serious environmental and health hazards.
return to headings
JEWISH COMMUNAL LIFE
Most Jews in Kazakhstan today are Ashkenazi. Many Kazakh Jews are descended from
Russian army conscripts sent to Kazakhstan from the Pale of Settlement in the 17th
century. The Jewish population grew during the Soviet period as a result of
deportations to collective farms, and voluntary migration by Jews escaping
pervasive anti-Semitism. Thousands of Jews were evacuated to Kazakhstan from
Soviet Europe during World War II to escape the German occupation. Bukharan Jews
have also lived there for almost 2,000 years, but most have emigrated. Today
between 15,000 and 20,000 Jews reside in Kazakhstan; 11,000 of them live in
Almaty city. Smaller communities exist in other big cities, including Karaganda,
Chimkent, Astana, Semipalatinsk and Kokchetav.
The Kazakh Jewish community enjoys a stable environment, and Jewish religious
and cultural life is well organized. Established in 1992, Mitzvah, the
Association of Jewish National Organizations of Kazakhstan, coordinates the
social services and cultural and religious work of 15 Jewish cultural
associations, 12 Hesed (welfare) organizations, and 12 Jewish community centers.
The Hesed organizations, funded by the American Jewish
Joint Distribution Committee (JDC/ “Joint”) help 10,000 Jews in more
than 90 cities and towns through programs including soup kitchens, home care for
the elderly, medical services, and summer camps.
The Jewish Congress of Kazakhstan was created in December 1999, and businessman
and philanthropist Alexander Mashkevich was named its president. In March 2002,
Mashkevich also assumed the presidency of the new region-wide Euro-Asian Jewish
The Association of Jewish Communities of Kazakhstan, a Chabad
Lubavitch organization, also plays an active role in Kazakhstan’s
Jewish community and is a member of the Federation of Jewish Communities of the
Lubavitch operates a Jewish center called Beis Menachem (“the House of
Menachem”) and conducts services at synagogues in Almaty, Astana, and Chimkent.
Synagogues in Kzyl-Orda and Pavlodar hold services, and JDC-trained religious
program coordinators also work with communities throughout Kazakhstan.
The Jewish Agency for Israel (JAFI/ “Sokhnut”) maintains an office in Almaty
and actively participates in Jewish life throughout Kazakhstan, promoting Jewish
identity while working with other Jewish organizations.
Jewish education and cultural activities have expanded steadily since
independence. Fourteen Jewish supplementary schools operate in Kazakhstan,
serving up to 600 students. Chabad’s
Ohr Avner Gershuni Jewish Day School enrolls nearly 100 children. The community
at Aktyubinsk operates a Hebrew school for its children. In early 2000, the Jews
of Uralsk established a Jewish Culture Society and have since received offers of
material and financial aid from the local government. Jewish Community Centers
also play an important role in youth education. The community published four
Jewish newspapers and one magazine.
Jewish leaders in Kazakhstan characterize their
relationship with the government as positive. President
Nazarbayev personally presented historical records on the late Rabbi Menachem
Mendel Schneerson’s father – who was exiled to Kazakhstan during the Soviet
period and is buried in Almaty – to Lubavitch
leaders in a December 1999 visit to New York (Rabbi
Schneerson was the last Lubavitcher Rebbe). Many government officials, as
well as the U.S.
Ambassador, attended the founding session of the All-Kazakhstan Jewish
Congress in December 1999.
At a Washington, D.C., ceremony in October 2003, Kazakhstan’s National
Security Committee opened part of its archives to the U.S. Holocaust Memorial
Museum. The documents detail the prosecution of Nazi collaborators in Kazakhstan
after World War II.
Anti-Semitism is not prevalent in Kazakhstan and rare incidents are reported in
the press. None have been reported in the last two years.
return to headings
Defense Department photo:
Helene C. Stikkel
November 2001: U.S.
Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz
(right) escorting Foreign Minister Erlan Idrisov into the Pentagon
The United States opened diplomatic relations in 1991, and has commercial as
well as strategic interests in Kazakhstan. U.S. foreign assistance to Kazakhstan
has been growing, from $47.9 million in 2000 to a projected $90 million for
2002, in addition to funding administered under the
Departments of Defense and Energy
and the U.S. commitment to NATO’s Partnership for Peace.
Nearly $36 million of the 2003 U.S. aid budget for Kazakhstan funds is
designated to enhance communications and political reform, education, health
care, microenterprise, and community development; another $14 million supports
market reforms. Peace Corps volunteers in Kazakhstan numbered 102 as of December
2002, and 36 more were expected in 2003.
Participating for the first time in international peacekeeping efforts,
Kazakhstan contributed 27 soldiers and other personnel to the peacekeeping
coalition in Iraq, in August 2003. In their first month in Iraq, Kazakh military
engineers had destroyed 30,000 explosives.
With the advent of the international anti-terrorism
coalition, the United States has pledged to expand democracy initiatives such as
the Peace Corps while enhancing its commitments to security and law enforcement
programming (budgeted at $41.6 million for 2003). Funding is allocated
under the FREEDOM Support Act and Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining and
Related Activities (NADR) to secure former Soviet nuclear, biological and
chemical weapons facilities within Kazakhstan. Stockpiles have also been reduced
through such programs as Cooperative Threat Reduction (“Nunn-Lugar”). This
funding also supports the strengthening of border security, counterterrorism,
and law enforcement. The Department of Defense
administered nearly $6 million in additional funding for security and
anti-terrorism programs in 2002.
During the Fall 2001 conflict in Afghanistan, Kazakhstan’s support for the
U.S.-led mobilization included emergency landing and fly-over rights. The two
countries have engaged in joint military exercises and training for several
years. At a White House summit in
December 2001, Presidents Nazarbayev and Bush issued a joint
statement supporting Kazakh economic development and democratic reform,
Kazakhstan’s entry into the World Trade
Organization, and its “graduation” from the Jackson-Vanik
Amendment. In March 2002, the U.S. granted Kazakhstan market-economy
status. During U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld’s visit to Astana
2002, President Nazarbayev pledged to continue this cooperation.
Concerns about government corruption have caused created tension between the two
countries. An ongoing U.S. federal grand jury probe has raised allegations that
American oil companies, competing for Kazakh oil and gas production rights, have
paid hundreds of millions of dollars in bribes to senior Kazakh government
officials, including President Nazarbayev. President Nazarbayev’s appeals to
President Bush to discontinue the investigation
have been unsuccessful, while disputes between foreign and regional energy
companies over market rights remain unresolved.
U.S. Department of Defense
|U.S. Marines training
Kazakh soldiers at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina (June 1998
Pure Global Theft of the
Hassidim of their Sanhedrin Great harlot
Robbing "Amaraka" to the
"poorhouse of Noahide slavery"